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Sustainable Digitalization – Guidelines For A Digitalization We Need For The Future We Want

Weblinks - 3. Dezember 2019 - 17:44

Comments:

  • Forum Umwelt und Entwicklung: Mit dem Diskussionspapier “Sustainable Digitalization – Guidelines For A Digitalization We Need For The Future We Want” (auf Englisch) wollen wir zur Diskussion über eine nachhaltige Digitalisierung beitragen. Alle darin enthaltenen Forderungen sollten als Vorschläge angesehen werden. Es sind Ideen, welche Grundbedingungen eine nachhaltige Digitalisierung umfassen sollte, ebenso wie konkrete Ideen zu einzelnen Elementen einer digitalen Welt. Mit diesen Ideen wollen wir zum Dialog mit verschiedenen Akteuren und einer Vernetzung innerhalb verschiedener Bereiche der Zivilgesellschaft beitragen. - Karsten Weitzenegger

Tags: sustainable, Digitaler Wandel, digitalisierung, diskussion

by: Karsten Weitzenegger

BürgerStiftung: Neue Förderung „Junges Engagement im Umwelt-/Klimaschutz“ (bis 10.1.2020)

#Nachhaltigkeit in #Hamburg - 2. Dezember 2019 - 9:45
Über diesen Fördertopf möchten die BürgerStiftung Hamburg Jugendliche von 10 bis 25 Jahre unterstützen, ihre eigenen Projekte und Ideen im Umwelt- und Klimaschutz in Hamburg umzusetzen. Es können sowohl Sach- als auch Honorarmittel bis 3.000 Euro pro Projekt beantragt werden. [...]

Fixing the Climate? How Geoengineering Threatens to Undermine the SDGs and Climate Justice

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

Geoengineering—large-scale technological interventions in the Earth’s natural processes and ecosystems promoted to counteract some of the symptoms of climate change—threaten to undermine the achievement of SDGs and climate justice. Both Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Radiation Management schemes are bound to exacerbate concomitant socio-ecological and socio-economic global crises, deepen societal dependence on technocratic elites and large-scale technological systems and create new spaces for profit and power for new and old economic elites.

The Social Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador Before and During the Revolución Ciudadana

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

This article investigates the evolution of social inclusion among indigenous peoples in Ecuador. It highlights how some policies have deepened social problems like poverty and inequality and reviews the literature on social inclusion to define the reference framework of the investigation, also considering some qualitative aspects, like cultural and linguistic barriers that are crucial for the effectiveness of the policies and essential to understand the indigenous social system. The article compares the actual indigenous condition with the period prior to the Revolución Ciudadana to highlight if notable changes occurred in the quality of life of the Ecuadorian indigenous peoples.

Labour, Justice and the Mechanization of Interpretation

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The biggest frontier of mechanization of the past 10 years has been the automation, broadly speaking, of interpretation. This includes recognition (for example, image recognition technologies used by security services), translation (Google Translate), searching for information (search engines), understanding (‘predictive algorithms’ that learn what books or movies you will like or what kind of propaganda will appeal to you, as used by Amazon, Netflix, or the Donald Trump campaign), trust (blockchain technologies such as Bitcoin), and negotiation (‘smart contracts’ as pioneered by firms such as Ethereum). This article explores how these technologies benefit business and why they have come to prominence now, the ways they degrade and exhaust the work of both humans and nonhumans, the parallels with earlier uses of machines to discipline and extract value from labour, and the implications for social movement strategy. The article also suggests some directions for research.

Exterminator Genes: The Right to Say No to Ethics Dumping

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The scientific-industrial complex is promoting a new wave of genetically modified organisms, in particular gene drive organisms, using the same hype with which they tried to persuade society that GMOs would be a magic bullet to solve world hunger. The Gates Foundation claims that GDOs could help wipe out diseases such as malaria. Powerful conservation lobby groups claim GDOs will protect engendered species. Not only are the benefits from GDOs based, like their predecessors, on flawed ecological thinking, but they are backed by the same agri-business interests that have devastated agroecological farming systems. The rights of communities to say ‘no’ to new genetic technologies is being eroded, despite United Nations agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, which call for the free, prior and informed consent of affected communities to be respected. By exporting their field trials to countries with weak regulatory regimes and lowering of the standards of consent the Gates Foundation’s Target Malaria project has already been guilty of ethics dumping. These developments demonstrate the urgent need to democratize the development of new technologies.

SDG Indicators and BS/Index: The Power of Numbers in the Sustainable Development Debate

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

Four years after the adoption of the SDGs, measuring progress towards them has been elusive. The ‘silo approach’ of pursuing each goal independently is stretched to its limit by the official Global Indicators Framework trying to count for each target, but lacking data or even agreed methodology for more than half of them. On the other hand, the attempt to reduce progress towards the SDGs to a single number ends up ignoring the many trade-offs between well-being associated to material consumption and planetary boundaries.

Anti-development Impacts of Tax-Related Provisions in Proposed Rules on Digital Trade in the WTO

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

The ability of developing countries to achieve the SDGs will depend in large part on their ability to mobilize resources including through taxation. But new proposed rules in the WTO are threatening all countries’ ability to generate fiscal revenues through taxing the activity of transnational corporations. Under the guise of new talks on ‘e-commerce’, the largest TNCs are seeking to rig international rules to prevent governments from being able to assess tariffs on international transactions, as well as to assess taxes on corporate profits. If the talks in the WTO result in a binding agreement, the fastest-growing and most profitable sectors of the economy will be permanently released from the responsibility of contributing to the social and physical infrastructure on which their businesses are based, and governments will be unable to meet the social and development needs of their populations.

Economic Rights Over Data: A Framework for Community Data Ownership

DEVELOPMENT - 1. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Abstract

With digitalization increasingly pervading every aspect of the economy, data rights cannot be seen solely as about privacy or otherwise just in an individualistic framework. Valuable data is often aggregated, group or anonymized data, and thus we make a case for collective rights over the economic resource of data. The article proposes a framework for community data ownership as being necessary for economic justice. It means that a national community, city, village or neighbourhood community, as well as communities/groups of workers, traders and producers, collectively have primary economic rights over the data that they contribute to different digital platforms. Unless such new alternative frameworks are developed, the proliferation of free trade agreements as well as efforts at a WTO plurilateral on e-commerce—with their ‘global free flow of data’ doctrine—will lock the default of de facto data ownership rights being solely that of the collectors of data.

Imme Scholz Teilnehmerin am UNSSC Panel

DIE Blog - 28. November 2019 - 11:58

UNSSC Panel with Imme Scholz. ©DIE

Im Rahmen des UNSSC-Kurses “Multi-sectoral Country Leadership on Health and Well-being in the context of the 2030 Agenda” nahm Dr. Imme Scholz an einem Panel zum Thema „Integrated approaches to delivering on the 2030 Agenda” teil. Teilnehmende des Kurses, der vom 11. bis 14. November am UNSSC Campus in Bonn stattfand, waren Mitarbeitende verschiedener Ministerien aus sechs Golfstaaten (Oman, Bahrain, Saudi-Arabien, Kuwait, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate und Katar).

Der Beitrag Imme Scholz Teilnehmerin am UNSSC Panel erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Imme Scholz as panelist in UNSSC course

DIE Blog - 28. November 2019 - 11:42

UNSSC Panel with Imme Scholz, ©DIE

In the context of the UNSSC course “Multi-sectoral Country Leadership on Health and Well-being in the context of the 2030 Agenda”, Imme Scholz took part in the expert panel “Integrated approaches to delivering on the 2030 Agenda”. Civil servants from different Ministries of six Gulf countries (Oman, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE and Qatar) participated in the course, which took place at the UNSSC Campus in Bonn from 11 to 14 November 2019.

Der Beitrag Imme Scholz as panelist in UNSSC course erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Das DIE bei der Konferenz Earth System Governance (ESG) in Mexico

DIE Blog - 28. November 2019 - 11:36

Clara Brandi (DIE), Citlali Ayala Martínez (Instituto Mora, Mexico), Steffen Bauer (DIE), Aarti Gupta (Wageningen University, Netherlands) , Dimitris Stevis (Colorado State University, USA), ©Clara Brandi

Am 6. bis 8. November richtete das DIE als Co-Veranstalter die „2019 Mexico Conference on Earth System Governance – Urgent Transformations and Earth System Governance“: Towards Sustainability and Justice“ aus. Weitere Co-Veranstalter waren die Universität Utrecht (NL) und die Universität Arizona (USA). Als Co-Moderator moderierte das DIE eine der speziellen „Semi-Plenar“-Sitzungen der Konferenz zum Thema „Earth System Governance and the pursuit of the Global Common Good“. Die Sitzung beinhaltete eine Keynote von Steffen Bauer mit dem Titel „Earth System Governance and the pursuit of the Global Common Good“, gefolgt von Kommentaren von Aarti Gupta (Universität Wageningen & Co-Autor des ESG Science and Implementation Plan 2018), Citlali Ayala Martínez (Instituto Mora, Mexico City & auch Partner Managing Global Governance (MGG) Netzwerk), Dimitris Stevis (Universität Colorado State, USA & Co-Chairman der ESG Task Force on Planetary Justice“. Die Diskussion am Runden Tisch unter dem Vorsitz von Clara Brandi war sehr fruchtbar, stieß auf großes Interesse und löste eine lebhafte Debatte mit dem Publikum über die Versprechungen und Fallstricke des Konzepts des globalen Gemeinwohls für Forschung und Politikberatung aus.

In einer weiteren Session zum Thema „Politische Herausforderungen für Nachhaltigkeit und Umweltgerechtigkeit“ unter dem Vorsitz der IPCC-Chefautorin Diana Liverman (Universität Arizona) war das DIE durch Sander Chan mit einem Keynote-Vortrag zum Thema „Gerechtigkeit als zentrale Herausforderung für die EU-Klimapolitik“ vertreten.

Mehrere wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter*innen des DIE präsentierten ihre Arbeiten in verschiedenen parallelen Paneldiskussionen der Konferenz, darunter Forschungsarbeiten von u.a. Steffen Bauer, Clara Brandi, Anita Breuer, Sander Chan, Jean Carlo Rodriguez de Francisco, Mirja Schoderer und Andreas Stamm (alphabetische Reihenfolge).

Der Beitrag Das DIE bei der Konferenz Earth System Governance (ESG) in Mexico erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

DIE at the Earth System Governance Conference (ESG) in Mexico

DIE Blog - 28. November 2019 - 11:34

Clara Brandi (DIE), Citlali Ayala Martínez (Instituto Mora, Mexico), Steffen Bauer (DIE), Aarti Gupta (Wageningen University, Netherlands) , Dimitris Stevis (Colorado State University, USA), ©Clara Brandi

On 6-8 November, DIE co-hosted the, „2019 Mexico Conference on Earth System Governance – Urgent Transformations and Earth System Governance: Towards Sustainability and Justice“, together with Universiteit Utrecht (NL) and The University of Arizona (US). As co-host, DIE hosted one of the conference’s dedicated „semi-plenary“ sessions on „Earth System Governance and the pursuit of the Global Common Good“. The session included a keynote by Steffen Bauer, titled „Earth System Governance and the pursuit of the Global Common Good“ followed by commentaries by Aarti Gupta (Wageningen University & co-author of the ESG Science and Implementation Plan 2018), Citlali Ayala Martínez (Instituto Mora, Mexico City & also a partner in our MGG Network), Dimitris Stevis (Colorado State University, USA & Co-chair of the ESG Task Force on Planetary Justice“. The roundtable discussion, chaired by Clara Brandi, was very fruitful, sparked substantial interest and generated a lively debate with the audience about the promises and pitfalls of the concept of the global common good for research and policy advice.

In another semi-plenary on „Political challenges to sustainability and environmental justice“, chaired by IPCC lead author Diana Liverman (University of Arizona), DIE was represented by Sander Chan with a keynote presentation on „Justice as a core challenge for EU climate policy.“

Several DIE researchers presented their work in various of the conference’s parallel panel sessions including research papers from inter alia Steffen Bauer, Clara Brandi, Anita Breuer, Sander Chan, Jean Carlo Rodriguez de Francisco, Mirja Schoderer and Andreas Stamm (alphabetical order).

Der Beitrag DIE at the Earth System Governance Conference (ESG) in Mexico erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Expert talk on the next EU budget

DIE Blog - 27. November 2019 - 16:40

In June 2018, the European Commission tabled an ambitious new EU budget characterised by reform, tough choices, new aspirations and a budget where the 27 member states would increase relative spending so as to compensate for the anticipated withdrawal of the United Kingdom.

Good progress has been made during the past months in formulating the legal framework to govern the use of the budget under its various headings, ranging from research to the Union’s structural funds. However, the negotiations of the overall budget have been characterised by shadow boxing and limited concrete progress. This has to change rapidly during the coming months, including under the German Presidency of the EU during the second half of 2020, with the end of December 2020 as the absolute deadline for reaching an agreement.

Against this backdrop, the European Council on Foreign Relations, the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) and the European Think Tanks Group (ETTG) jointly organised an event in Berlin on 20 November. Held under the Chatham House rules, this event brought together a small group of policy-makers, researchers and civil society representatives – both from within and beyond Germany. The overall challenges and opportunities of the EU budget negotiations, and the specific challenges for ensuring a well-funded and effective foreign and development policy were considered.

Der Beitrag Expert talk on the next EU budget erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Fachgespräch zum nächsten EU-Haushalt

DIE Blog - 27. November 2019 - 16:34

Im Juni 2018 legte die Europäische Kommission einen ehrgeizigen Entwurf für den nächsten Mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen (MFR) der EU für die Jahre 2021 bis 2027 vor. Angesichts des geplanten Brexit und neuer Prioritäten wie Migration, Klima und Sicherheit sind die Verhandlungen für diesen MFR besonders schwierig. Bislang sind die Fortschritte in den Verhandlungen begrenzt. Dies muss sich in den kommenden Monaten rasch ändern, damit vor Ende 2020 eine Einigung erzielt werden kann.

Vor diesem Hintergrund hat das Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) zusammen mit dem European Council on Foreign Relations und der European Think Tanks Group (ETTG) am 20. November ein Fachgespräch mit Entscheidungsträger aus Deutschland, den EU-Institutionen, Vertretern der Zivilgesellschaft und Think Tanks organisiert. Im Mittelpunkt der Diskussion stand die Frage wie angesichts der Herausforderungen in den Verhandlungen des MFR insgesamt die Finanzierung einer starken und effektiven EU Außen- und Entwicklungspolitik garantiert werden kann.

Der Beitrag Fachgespräch zum nächsten EU-Haushalt erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

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