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Abschluss der 5. Verhandlungsrunde über ein UN-Abkommen zu Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte - Bericht

Global Policy Forum - 22. Oktober 2019 - 17:18

Nach fünf Verhandlungstagen schlossen die Verhandlungen der zwischenstaatlichen Arbeitsgruppe zu einem verbindlichen UN-Abkommen zu Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte am 18. Oktober 2019 mit der Annahme des Verhandlungsberichts und mit Beschlüssen über den weiteren Verlauf des Prozesses. Am Morgen wurden die letzten Artikel (Artikel 14-22) des Abkommensentwurfs diskutiert, die sich insbesondere mit dem Inkrafttreten und der Umsetzung des zukünftigen Abkommens befassen. Da diese Artikel bei der letzten Verhandlungsrunde im Oktober 2018 kaum diskutiert worden waren, wurden hinsichtlich des neuen Abkommensentwurfs („Revised Draft“) kaum Änderungen gegenüber dem vorherigen Entwurf („Zero Draft“) vorgenommen, so der ecuadorianische Vorsitzende der zwischenstaatlichen Arbeitsgruppe.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Tag 4 der Verhandlungen über ein UN-Abkommen für Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte - Bericht

Global Policy Forum - 22. Oktober 2019 - 16:21

Auch am vierten Tag gab es wieder zwei Verhandlungsrunden. Am Morgen wurde neben den Artikeln zur justiziellen Zusammenarbeit der Staaten (Artikel 10) und internationalen Kooperation bei der Umsetzung des Abkommens (Artikel 11) der Artikel zur Vereinbarkeit des UN-Abkommens mit anderen völkerrechtlichen Verträgen diskutiert (Artikel 12). Insbesondere das letzte Thema birgt einiges an Sprengkraft, da es in diesem Artikel unter anderem um das Verhältnis von Handels- und Investitionsabkommen mit einem zukünftigen UN-Abkommen zu Wirtschaft und Menschenrechten geht. In den sogenannten „Elements“ von 2017 war noch klar formuliert worden, dass menschenrechtliche Verpflichtungen, die sich aus einem zukünftigen UN-Abkommen ergeben, Vorrang vor Handels- und Investitionsabkommen haben sollten. Der Vertragsentwurf aus diesem Jahr („Revised Draft“) hingegen ist nicht ganz eindeutig darin, ob bestehende und zukünftige völkerrechtliche Verträge wie zum Beispiel Handelsabkommen dem UN-Abkommen rechtlich widersprechen dürfen.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Tag 4 der Verhandlungen über ein UN-Abkommen für Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte - Bericht

Global Policy Forum - 22. Oktober 2019 - 16:21

Auch am vierten Tag gab es wieder zwei Verhandlungsrunden. Am Morgen wurde neben den Artikeln zur justiziellen Zusammenarbeit der Staaten (Artikel 10) und internationalen Kooperation bei der Umsetzung des Abkommens (Artikel 11) der Artikel zur Vereinbarkeit des UN-Abkommens mit anderen völkerrechtlichen Verträgen diskutiert (Artikel 12). Insbesondere das letzte Thema birgt einiges an Sprengkraft, da es in diesem Artikel unter anderem um das Verhältnis von Handels- und Investitionsabkommen mit einem zukünftigen UN-Abkommen zu Wirtschaft und Menschenrechten geht. In den sogenannten „Elements“ von 2017 war noch klar formuliert worden, dass menschenrechtliche Verpflichtungen, die sich aus einem zukünftigen UN-Abkommen ergeben, Vorrang vor Handels- und Investitionsabkommen haben sollten. Der Vertragsentwurf aus diesem Jahr („Revised Draft“) hingegen ist nicht ganz eindeutig darin, ob bestehende und zukünftige völkerrechtliche Verträge wie zum Beispiel Handelsabkommen dem UN-Abkommen rechtlich widersprechen dürfen.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Tag 3 der Verhandlungen über ein UN-Abkommen für Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte - Bericht

Global Policy Forum - 22. Oktober 2019 - 15:58

Am 16. Oktober begann der dritte Tag der Verhandlungen der UN-Working Group on Business and Human Rightsüber ein „Binding Treaty“. Im Zentrum standen Artikel 6-9 des Entwurfs. Diese seien als verbindliche Haftungsregeln „Herz des Vertrages“. So die Delegierten Brasiliens, Ägyptens und Chinas, sowie der geladene Experte, Prof. Olivier De Schutter. Am dritten Tag der Verhandlungen wurde deutlich, dass der Treaty in Sachen Haftung noch verbesserungswürdig ist. Insbesondere an der Beschränkung auf vertragliche Beziehungen, die Unklarheit, ob zivil- oder strafrechtliche Haftung gemeint ist und der Einfügung einer Notzuständigkeit lässt sich noch arbeiten. Viele dieser Fragen sind auf EU-Ebene bereits im Rahmen der Brüssel- und Rom-Verordnungen geklärt. Umso bedauerlicher ist es, dass die EU während dieses Verhandlungstages weitestgehend auf stumm schaltete. Dies hinderte jedoch Mitgliedsstaaten nicht daran, sich an den Verhandlungen zu beteiligen. Frankreich, Belgien und auch Spanien nahmen teil.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

The Security Council Visits South Sudan. Can It Revive a Fledgling Peace Agreement?

UN Dispatch - 22. Oktober 2019 - 15:30

Ed note. This is a guest post from By Daniel P. Sullivan, Senior Advocate for Human Rights, Refugees International 

With a deadline looming for peace in South Sudan, a delegation from the United Nations Security Council landed in Juba, the beleaguered country’s capital, on Sunday. The visit comes at a crucial time. As part of a peace deal, former enemies must form a transitional government by the middle of next month. Failure to do so might fatally undermine an already fragile peace.

More than a year since the signing of the peace agreement, a third of the population—some four million people—remains forcibly displaced from their homes and more than half of the overall population are severely food insecure. Most of the displaced South Sudanese I spoke with on a recent visit lacked confidence in the peace deal, and for good reason. Much of the agreement remains unfulfilled and the clock is ticking on a November 12 deadline to form a transitional government.

The implementation of the agreement has faltered in three key areas: 1) relocating and integrating soldiers from the two sides into a smaller, unified army; and 2) agreeing on the number and borders of states for purposes of political representation; and 3) opposition leader and former Vice President Riek Machar’s return.

According to the agreement, the government and opposition should begin the process of cantonment (relocating troops into agreed-upon sites) and integrating fighters from the government and opposition into a smaller, unified national army. But despite a promise by the government to allocate $100 million for peace implementation efforts like this, very little money has actually been spent. The political will is just not there. The result? No one knows the actual number of soldiers to be relocated, and cantonment sites remain in poor shape.

Disagreement over the number of states and their borders represents an even greater risk to peace. In what critics have called “ethnic gerrymandering,” President Salva Kiir in 2015 and 2017 decrees increased the number of states from 10 to 32, a move that could disenfranchise ethnic minorities and lead to renewed violence. As part of the peace agreement, a commission to address the issue was established but it was unable to reach a consensus.

Third, opposition leader Riek Machar is supposed to return as one of five transitional vice presidents. Since the signing of the agreement, Machar has only come back to Juba for three short visits. His return is tied up in disagreements over the formation of a VIP protection force and memories of violence following his previous returns.

The UN Security Council visit is an opportunity to consolidate international pressure on the parties to the agreement to implement these and other important issues while there is still time. The delegation should make clear that peace is a priority. Concrete actions in the coming weeks should include the return of Machar, regular face-to-face meetings between the two leaders, and increased verifiable movement of troops and resources to cantonment sites. Failure to show meaningful progress should result in consequences, such as targeted sanctions aimed at South Sudan’s leaders and withholding of further cantonment funding, troop training, and other important measures.

The ongoing levels of hunger and displacement and the high risk of a return to devastating violence make clear the risks of a failed peace. The UN Security Council delegation should make the consequences for South Sudan’s leaders equally as clear.

By Daniel P. Sullivan, Senior Advocate for Human Rights, Refugees International 

The post The Security Council Visits South Sudan. Can It Revive a Fledgling Peace Agreement? appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Textiles, Electronics, Plastics/Packaging Sectors Come Together at the CSCP Workshop on Circular Business Models

SCP-Centre - 22. Oktober 2019 - 14:32

What can we learn from companies who have successfully transitioned to circular business models? If closing the loop is the way forward, what are the many benefits in transitioning to circular economy? The answers to these questions were discussed in the workshop with insights from 20+ case studies on the benefits, enablers and barriers of circular business models. The CSCP organised this workshop as a part of the R2Pi project on circular economy – funded by the EU and Horizon 2020.

What steps can businesses take to contribute to a more circular economy, and how can I encourage them in my own business?” were key questions from the attendees at the Transitioning to Circular Economy Workshop held in Cologne on 1 October. Experts and business leaders from the textiles, electronics, and plastics sectors came together to learn about some of the many intricacies surrounding the application of circular economy business models to the real world.

Discussions and breakout groups were centred around real-world case studies, and the barriers and potential opportunities that must be navigated and leveraged to improve business and the European Union (EU) towards a more circular system. Some of the topics included were extended producer responsibility schemes, circular economy case studies, social equity in a circular economy and the role of sector coordination and policy in the managing of market externalities. The attendees discussed challenges and solutions in their respective sectors, and they defined actions that could be taken at the organisational, the sectoral and the policy level. Only through consistent multi-stakeholder coordination can we further the status quo towards a future that addresses these issues and more.

A few of the takeaways from the workshop were that while businesses may face many external barriers in adopting fully circular practices, there are many opportunities especially in the initiation of sectoral coordination.

Are you interested in applying circular solutions to your own business? Feel free to contact the CSCP, and we will help you explore circular economy potential within your organisation.

Please contact Raymond Slaughter for more information.

Der Beitrag Textiles, Electronics, Plastics/Packaging Sectors Come Together at the CSCP Workshop on Circular Business Models erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Critical Connectivity: Isolated Protected Areas Could Become Epicenters of Extinction

#ALERT - 22. Oktober 2019 - 11:10

Famed biologist Daniel Janzen once proclaimed, “No park is an island.”  What Janzen meant is that the isolation of a park is corrosive for its ecology and deadly for its biodiversity

The natural movements of species across landscapes are as essential to life as the flows of wind and water.  But such movements are being stymied as parks and protected areas become increasingly isolated from their surrounding natural habitats—thanks to the ever-expanding footprint of agriculture, infrastructure, and other human activities.

Isolated protected areas lack the gene flow and demographic stability that arise from wildlife movement.  As a result, they can become “extinction vortices” for vulnerable species—areas where small population sizes, inbreeding, losses to poachers and encroachers, and high mortality in surrounding modified habitats collectively conspire to drive species to local extinction.   

Indonesia’s Palm Oil

A massive worry is Indonesia—where species are plummeting toward extinction twice as fast as almost anywhere else.  Sprawling agribusiness crops, such as palm-oil plantations, create oceans of monocultures that are hostile to most native species.  

Borneo’s oil palm plantations have lost up to 90 percent of their mammal diversity, and plant biodiversity has slumped to almost zero.  Nearly all of the biodiversity in oil-palm landscapes survives only in small fragments of native forest, which harbor some forest-dependent species.  

Sustainability certification is trying to conserve these critical fragments.  For instance, corporations and smallholders that have joined the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil are being urged to set aside habitats with “High Conservation Value” if they wish to be certified as sustainable.  

Such efforts are important but far from adequate.  In Borneo, most High Conservation Value habitats are themselves highly degraded, with just one-fifth still being fully forested.  Forest-dependent species will be highly vulnerable in such wounded landscapes. 

Hence, oil palm is taking a giant bite out of biodiversity and the practical measures being used to limit its burgeoning impacts are marginal at best.

North America

Can wildlife corridors help to link protected areas and thereby reduce extinction vortices?  A study of fishers—a predatory mammal similar to the wolverine—across Alberta, Canada found that protected areas alone had little effect on their movements.  

Rather than stay in a single protected area, fishers used corridors of native vegetation to move across the landscape and exploit a variety of different areas for survival.  This implies that protected areas alone can’t sustain vulnerable species, if we ignore environmental disruption in lands surrounding the protected areas. 

Such insights underscore the limitations of voluntary guidelines—such as Aichi Target 11, which asserts that 17 percent of a country’s terrestrial habitats should be protected.  Such metrics provide simple guideposts for conservation, but fail to emphasize that the ecological integrity of habitats surrounding protected areas is often as crucial for wildlife as the protected areas themselves.

Eye of the Storm: Australia

Australia has the worst historical extinction record of any nation on Earth—and its recent political record suggests the situation is only worsening.  

One problem is that Australia’s national parks are largely in residual locations—places that weren’t useful for anything else.  Even these marginal areas are now fair game for shooting, development, and livestock grazing during droughts.  

At present, land-clearing rates in Australia are among the highest in the world.  Conservative politicians have disbanded a Ministerial Council that oversaw Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy from 2010 to 2030.

And there is virtually no core funding for large-landscape programs in Australia.  Government policy does not embrace connectivity conservation.   A forward-thinking National Wildlife Corridor Program was scrapped in 2015, leaving heroic programs like the Gondwana Link project stranded.

And Australia’s efforts to counter forest loss are paltry.  For example, a flagship program to plant 20 Million Trees is grossly inadequate when compared to the 400 million trees being cleared each year in the state of Queensland alone. 

With its increasingly glaring conservation weaknesses, Australia has rightly fallen in the eyes of the world.  It’s time for Australia to return to the vanguard of global conservation thinking—and to advocate the critical role of connectivity in sustaining nature and environmental quality.

Kategorien: english

Kors and Nyong’o: Food, fashion and film join forces at UN, for the world’s hungry

UN #SDG News - 22. Oktober 2019 - 0:08
For the seventh year in a row, fashion mogul and UN Goodwill Ambassador Michael Kors, launched his Watch Hunger Stop campaign on Monday - an initiative that supports the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) in its work to feed schoolchildren around the world.  
Kategorien: english

Rethinking capacity and complementarity for a more local humanitarian action

ODI - 22. Oktober 2019 - 0:00
Reflecting on two years of research into capacity and complementarity between local and international actors to inform a more local humanitarian action.
Kategorien: english

Monday’s Daily Brief: Online hate, gender equality in Africa, Chile protests, African migrants in Europe, Security Council in South Sudan

UN #SDG News - 21. Oktober 2019 - 22:58
A recap of Monday’s main stories: companies ‘failing’ to address offline harm incited by online hate; gender equality ‘precursor’ to sustaining peace; UN rights chief urges ‘immediate dialogue’ to resolve Chile crisis; African migrants would make perilous Europe journey again; Security Council visits South Sudan. 
Kategorien: english

Monday’s Daily Brief: Online hate, gender equality in Africa, Chile protests, African migrants in Europe, Security Council in South Sudan

UN ECOSOC - 21. Oktober 2019 - 22:58
A recap of Monday’s main stories: companies ‘failing’ to address offline harm incited by online hate; gender equality ‘precursor’ to sustaining peace; UN rights chief urges ‘immediate dialogue’ to resolve Chile crisis; African migrants would make perilous Europe journey again; Security Council visits South Sudan. 
Kategorien: english

Comment bien négocier son crédit immobilier ?

UN Food and Hunger - 21. Oktober 2019 - 17:54
Dans le secteur immobilier, les taux d’emprunt n’ont jamais été aussi bas depuis 2016. Afin de bénéficier des conditions les plus avantageuses, la négociation d’un prêt nécessite toutefois une certaine préparation. Voici quelques conseils permettant d’obtenir un meilleur taux, de diminuer le montant des garanties et des frais de dossier.

Réduire son taux d’endettement Le taux d’endettement permet d’estimer la capacité d’emprunt, c’est-à-dire la possibilité de faire face aux échéances d’un prêt immobilier. En pratique, le ratio maximal autorisé varie entre 33 et 36 % des revenus fixes de l’emprunteur : salaires, revenus professionnels non salariés, primes, pensions alimentaires et d’invalidité, etc. En outre, les organismes de crédit s prennent en compte le montant du “reste à vivre”, après déduction des mensualités de remboursement.

Disposer d’un apport personnel élevé L’apport personnel représente un atout majeur dans la négociation d’un crédit immobilier. Il peut notamment provenir du déblocage de produits d’épargne (livret A, compte épargne logement…), d’une donation ou encore d’un héritage. Le plus souvent, les banques exigent une participation au moins égale à 10 % du coût total de l’achat, équivalant aux frais de notaire. Un apport plus élevé (entre 20 et 30 %) offre toutefois une plus grande marge de négociation.

Présenter une situation professionnelle stable L’analyse de la situation professionnelle de l’emprunteur permet également aux banques d’évaluer sa solvabilité. L’objectif est de s’assurer de la nature, régularité ainsi que de la pérennité des revenus. Différents éléments sont ainsi pris en compte par les organismes de crédit : le statut (salarié, fonctionnaire, intérimaire, indépendant…), l’ancienneté et les perspectives d’évolution professionnelle.

Comparer les offres de crédit Chaque banque dispose de sa propre grille de taux d’intérêt concernant les prêts immobiliers. Il est donc conseillé de contacter plusieurs établissements afin de pouvoir comparer les conditions de crédit. Chaque organisme est tenu de fournir au client une fiche d’information standardisée européenne (fise). Ce document précontractuel, qui décrit les principales caractéristiques du prêt, facilite la comparaison entre les différentes offres.

Faire appel à un courtier Le courtier en immobilier a pour mission de rechercher l’offre la mieux adaptée au projet et aux capacités de financement de son client. Il bénéficie également de taux préférentiels en tant que partenaire privilégié des banques. Son important réseau lui permet ainsi de sélectionner les offres plus compétitives. Le courtier est en principe directement rémunéré par l’établissement prêteur, qui lui reverse un pourcentage du montant emprunté.

The post Comment bien négocier son crédit immobilier ? appeared first on burudi.net.

Kategorien: english

Comment identifier l’origine d’une panne électrique ?

UN Food and Hunger - 21. Oktober 2019 - 17:50

Quand nous sommes face à une panne électrique, notre premier réflexe est de paniquer. Certes, ce n’est pas un moyen efficace pour résoudre ce problème. Si une panne électrique survient alors chez vous, il faut passer par une étape de vérification, en allant du plus simple au plus complexe.

Les étapes d’identification basiques

L’origine d’une panne électrique peut ne pas être grave. Passer au contrôle des lampes est alors la première étape pour pouvoir identifier une panne. C’est dans ce sens également que la vérification des protections sur le tableau est de rigueur. En effet, les branchements de vos lampes peuvent être une source de panne électrique. Si ce cas de figure se produit, il faut alors démonter votre luminaire et changer la prise. Cela peut se faire par vous-même ou en optant pour un dépannage en électricité.

Le court-circuit

Le court-circuit est un des incidents électriques le plus fréquent, mais aussi, le plus dangereux et dévastateur. Ainsi, il est très important de trouver son origine. Elle peut être d’origine mécanique, c’est-à-dire, que c’est peut-être une erreur de câblage ou une rupture de conducteur. Pour les foyers qui possèdent des animaux domestiques, ils peuvent aussi être une des origines d’un court-circuit. Les branches des arbres sont aussi souvent une des causes majeures du court-circuit. Comme origine climatique, nous pouvons constater que la foudre provoque rapidement un court-circuit. Outre cela, nombreuses sont les origines internes, notamment les manœuvres et travaux dans la maison. Ou bien, l’humidité et l’usure qui contribuent à dégrader l’état de votre circuit électrique. Ces origines peuvent être détectées par des professionnels en électricité. En cas de court-circuit, il est important de tout de suite les appeler, afin que la situation ne se dégrade pas un peu plus.

En cas de coupure générale

On dit qu’il y a coupure générale lorsque le disjoncteur est sur « 1 » ou « ON ». Dans le cas où votre voisinage vivrait la même chose, c’est une coupure réseau. Sinon, c’est un problème lié à votre système électrique de logement. Ainsi, il faut identifier l’appareil responsable de cette coupure. Cela va se faire en plusieurs étapes. Tout d’abord, il faut que les disjoncteurs divisionnaires soient sur « 0 » ou « OFF ». Ensuite, faites réenclencher le disjoncteur général, puis les disjoncteurs divisionnaires un à un. Dans le cas où ces derniers sauteraient à nouveau, c’est un des appareils électriques alimentés par ce réseau qui est défaillant.

Si un appareil électrique n’arrive pas à fonctionner

Un appareil électrique ne fonctionne pas pour 3 raisons : panne, prise défectueuse ou circuit en surcharge. Dans le cas où les prises dans une même pièce ne fonctionneraient pas, cela veut dire qu’il y a probablement un court-circuit ou une surcharge électrique. Toutefois, si ces dernières marchent, c’est l’appareil électrique qu’il faut réparer ou changer. Dans le cas où la prise serait défectueuse, il faut la remplacer par une nouvelle.

Si les lampes ne s’allument pas

Si toutes les lampes de la maison ne s’allument pas, c’est un problème plus grave. Il faut alors vérifier le tableau électrique. Dans le cas où le disjoncteur en lui-même serait déclenché, il est nécessaire de le réarmer. Dans un problème plus simple, il suffit juste de changer l’ampoule ou la lampe en question.

The post Comment identifier l’origine d’une panne électrique ? appeared first on burudi.net.

Kategorien: english

Africa’s growing mobile economy

INCLUDE Platform - 21. Oktober 2019 - 16:04

In 2019, sub-Saharan Africa will continue to have the fastest-growing mobile economy in the world, states GSMA’s recently-released report The Mobile Economy: Sub-Saharan Africa 2019. Figure 1 predicts that sub-Saharan Africa will add an additional 167 million unique mobile subscribers in the period between 2018 and 2025, reaching a total mobile subscriber base of 623 million in 2025, or around half of Africa’s population. The report states that around half of these new mobile subscribers will likely come from Nigeria, Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Kenya.

Figure 1: Sub-Saharan Africa’s unique mobile subscribers, 2012-2025

Source: The Mobile Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa 2019. GSMA 2019.

This growth in unique mobile subscribers will be mirrored by growth in the mobile ecosystem’s contribution to sub-Saharan Africa’s economy. In 2018, mobile technologies and services contributed to 8.6 percent of Africa’s GDP, or around $144 billion. This number includes the direct contribution of the mobile industry, indirect contributions from other sectors that benefit from mobile industry activity, and increases in economic productivity due to mobile activity.

Figure 2 shows that mobile’s contribution to economic growth will continue to grow in all of these areas through 2023, when the mobile industry will contribute almost $185 billion, or 9.1 percent of GDP, to Africa. The majority of this contribution will occur through improvements to productivity brought by increased adoption of mobile services. The mobile industry will also continue to be a major employer; already in 2018, the report states that almost 500,000 people were formally employed in the mobile industry and 1.2 million people informally employed, mostly in distribution and retail of mobile services.

Figure 2: The economic contribution of mobile in sub-Saharan Africa, 2018-2023 (billions of USD, % of GDP)

Source: The Mobile Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa 2019. GSMA 2019.

Despite encouraging growth statistics, mobile inclusion remains a challenge across the continent. More than three quarters of the population—over 800 million people—remained offline at the end of 2018. Among this group, Figure 3 shows that about 300 million lack mobile coverage, while an additional 500 million have mobile coverage but do not subscribe to mobile internet. Improving mobile inclusion is important, as mobile technology can play a large role in development and economic progress. Mobile connectivity can, for example, enable better delivery of and access to services such as education, health, and financial inclusion. The report states that mobile has the potential to play a particularly large role in development in Africa, where it is more difficult to provide services using conventional means because of infrastructure and funding gaps.

Figure 3: Gaps in mobile inclusion in sub-Saharan Africa (% of population)
(MBB stands for mobile broadband)

Source: The Mobile Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa 2019. GSMA 2019.

 

This blog post originally appeared on the Brookings Institution ‘AFRICA IN FOCUS’ blog. You can find the original through the following link: Figure of the week: Africa’s growing mobile economy.

 

Het bericht Africa’s growing mobile economy verscheen eerst op INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

What the Trouble Between the NBA and China Tells Us About the Future of International Relations

UN Dispatch - 21. Oktober 2019 - 15:20

On October 4th, the General Manager of the Houston Rockets basketball team shared a message on Twitter. It was which was an image with the words: “Fight for Freedom. Stand with Hong Kong.”

The post was almost immediately deleted, but not before it caught the attention of Chinese authorities who began threatening huge sanctions on the Houston Rockets and on the NBA. The NBA quickly went into damage control mode with various officials profusely apologizing for this one tweet; and even the world’s biggest NBA star, LeBron James suggested Morey was uniformed and uneducated about the situation in Hong Kong.

What has unfolded between China and the NBA is to my mind one of the biggest stories of the last several years because it is such a blatant demonstration of the power that both the Chinese communist party and middle class consumers in China have over large western companies — and that they are willing to use that power to punish and deter free speech outside of China.

On the line with me to talk discuss what this incident with the NBA says about China’s global reach, the future of freedom of expression, and the future of capitalism is Derek Thompson. He is a staff Writer at the Atlantic and host of the CRAZY/GENIUS podcast.

Get the Global Dispatches podcast Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

 

The post What the Trouble Between the NBA and China Tells Us About the Future of International Relations appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Yasemin Saltuk Lamy, CDC

Devex - 21. Oktober 2019 - 13:41
Kategorien: english

The Human-Centred Business Model: An Innovative Ecosystem for Sustainable Development

OECD - 21. Oktober 2019 - 10:00
By Federico Bonaglia, Deputy Director, OECD Development Centre, and Marco Nicoli, Special Advisor to the Director of the OECD Development Centre This blog is part of a special series exploring subjects at the core of the Human-Centred Business Model (HCBM). The HCBM seeks to develop an innovative – human-centred – business model based on a common, holistic and integrated set of economic, … Continue reading The Human-Centred Business Model: An Innovative Ecosystem for Sustainable Development
Kategorien: english

Global Indicator Framework on SDGs: update and CSO perspectives

Global Policy Watch - 20. Oktober 2019 - 17:41

By Barbara Adams and Karen Judd

Download UN Monitor #09 (pdf version).

The UN Inter-Agency and Expert Group on the SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) is in the final stages of preparing its proposals for the 2020 Comprehensive Review of the global indicator framework of the SDGs, to be submitted to the Statistical Commission by 30 November.

The IAEG-SDGs was established by the UN Statistical Commission to identify a set of indicators by which to measure progress on the SDGs. The resulting global indicator framework was debated at the Commission meeting in March 2016 and accepted subject to refinements as methodologies improved. Thereafter the framework was submitted for an extensive online consultation and the process of revising it has continued through nine biannual IAEG-SDGs meetings—attended by agencies and member states as well as civil society.

At the UN Statistical Commission meeting in March 2019, the IAEG-SDGs submitted, in addition to regular indicator refinements and tier reclassifications, a set of proxy indicators for those lacking agreed methodology, along with 37 possible additional indicators. It also issued a call for proposals for additions, deletions, revisions and replacements to be considered as part of the 2020 Comprehensive Review of the global indicator framework.

According to the criteria set out by the IAEG-SDGs for the Comprehensive Review, an additional indicator may be considered “only in exceptional cases” such as a crucial aspect of an SDG target not being monitored or to address a critical or emerging issue that is not monitored; or when an SDG has very few indicators at Tier I or Tier II.

Following its extensive review of the proposals, and an online consultation in June 2019, the IAEG-SDGs submitted a subset of these proposals, covering 15 of the 17 SDG, to an open consultation 6 August- 8 September 2019.

The subset included (at a rough count) 21 replacements of existing indicators, 4 revisions of existing indicators, 25 additional indicators, 3 deletions of existing indicators and “in a few cases, requests for proposals replacing existing indicators where methodological progress or data collection efforts have stalled.” It included several indicators, including the Gini and the Palma ratios, to measure inequalities between states as well as among them, long requested by civil society organizations (CSOs). There are no proposals to change the indicators used to measure SDG 6 (clean water and sanitation) or SDG 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure).

The IAEG-SDGs website reiterates, “The aim of the review will be to maintain the same number of indicators currently in the framework in order not to alter significantly the original framework, which is already being implemented in most countries and not to increase the reporting burden on national statistical systems.”

After reviewing the inputs a revised set of proposals will be presented and discussed at the 10th meeting of the IAEG-SDGs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 21-24 October 2019.

In preparation for the Addis meeting, a webinar briefing for CSOs was held on 10 October. Addressing next steps, Benjamin Rae of the UN Statistics Division indicated that, depending on how much is agreed upon at Addis, there may be a short additional consultation of one or two weeks before the final list of proposals is drawn up for submission to the Statistical Commission.

Participants at the webinar understood that this stage is the final opportunity to influence the revised global indicator framework. Recognizing that there is not a huge appetite for additional indicators, John Romano of the TAP Network observed that it is “all a bit blurred” now that review process is being merged with comprehensive 2020 review. “At a minimum we should request greater transparency – why proposals included, or accepted and why” and suggested a joint statement requesting greater transparency to clarify which proposals are accepted and why, and focusing on what specifics the IAEG-SDGs should deal with.

Civil society perspectives

The dedicated and expert contributions of CSOs broke new ground during the elaboration of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs, and these efforts have continued through the implementation process, including with the IAEG-SDGs (see GPW briefing #29, “Who influences whom in the policy arena? Statisticians seek greater voice”).

During the webinar several CSOs offered their comments on the process and opportunities for engagement, recognizing increased openness and interaction, formal and informal, compared with that for the MDGs. However, they expressed disappointment on the disconnect between opportunities to input and opportunities to engage on substance as well as the lack of transparency on decision-making.

Antonia Wulff of Education International, speaking of the proposed additional indicators, stated that it is important to understand why previously sound additional indicators are now discarded, “particularly as we were told they could only be added as part of the comprehensive review”. (See Spotlight Report on Sustainable Development 2019, SDG 4)

Sarah Long, of the World Justice Project explained that “there were no opportunities to answer questions and clarify issues” and detailed her organization’s experience.

Speaking of the World Justice Project proposal to add an indicator on access to civil justice to Target 16.3 on rule of law, she noted that the proposal they submitted in June, endorsed by UNDP and OECD, did not get into the open consultation. She eventually was told that UNODC also submitted two other proposals for this indicator, so they should get together to submit one joint proposal. As the current indicator framework only measures access to criminal justice, she explained, Member States agreed to add an indicator on civil justice. Their proposed methodology is the only one there is, she added; countries do not collect data from administrative agencies – which only records use, not access. (See World Justice Project Rule of Law Index)

By the time the joint proposal was submitted, she said, the consultation had closed.  When asked if it was on the agenda for review, she added, the response was equivocal. “It is still not clear if all those that were in consultation will be considered or if some will be dropped.”

Romano joined in on this, saying “We thought this one was safe – but it is not clear yet.”

Later Benjamin Rae of UNSD confirmed it is on the agenda–despite the apparent lack of feedback. He said, “We have 200 proposals, 25 went into consultations, nowhere that many will go into the 2020 review – most likely one will probably make it. In general, replacement indicators more likely than additional indicators.” He added, regarding CSO participation, that the 6th IAEG-SDGs meeting in Beirut was “very strained”, and in 2018 in Vienna the mechanism for stakeholders shifted to support greater participation.

At the 10th meeting, the IAEG-SDGs will first meet in a closed session to review workplans of various working groups, updates on Tier III workplans not proposed for reclassification and data availability of Tier I and Tier II indicators.

The following day, open to all participants, will review the proposals for “revision, replacement, addition and deletion” to the global indicator framework which currently includes 104 Tier I indicators, 89 Tier II indicators, and 23 Tier III indicators.

Also on the agenda is a session on integrating statistical and geospatial information for SDG monitoring and an IAEG-SDGs working meeting on data disaggregation, “by invitation and other meeting participants may attend as observers”.

The next steps in the process will depend on how much is agreed in Addis. Once a new indicator is approved, monitoring begins immediately in order to allow for all of the approved changes to be incorporated into the process of reporting on progress on the SDGs.

CSOs share perspectives on the process going forward

Sarah Long advised, “The IAEG-SDGs wants to consider proposals on technical grounds only and does not want to take up conceptual issues.” She added that they will also not respond advocacy pressure, so it is important to submit the five most important technical points.

Marianne Haslegrave of the Commonwealth Medical Trust, stated: “The role of the custodial agencies is critical – if you can engage separately with them it is useful. It had not been clear to CSOs that everything had to go through custodial agencies.”

This observation echoed the detailed accounts of several participants in the IAEG-SDGs process, many of which are collected in a special edition of Global Policy, called Knowledge and Politics in Setting and Measuring the SDGs, edited by Sakiko Fukada-Parr and Desmond McNeill.

Throughout the process, CSOs have made clear that opportunities to make inputs and to be present at some meetings do not constitute meaningful consultation and participation in contributing with technical and policy relevant expertise and experience. Furthermore accountability extends beyond transparency of documentation and timetables to transparency of and access to key decision-making processes and players.

The post Global Indicator Framework on SDGs: update and CSO perspectives appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

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Global economy: ‘we must do everything possible’ to avoid global ‘fracture’ caused by US-China tensions, urges Guterres

UN ECOSOC - 20. Oktober 2019 - 0:51
Tensions around global trade and technology continue to rise and the international community needs to “do everything possible” to prevent the world being split into two competing spheres, led by the United States and China. 
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