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Sound advice – Information points highlight job opportunities in Western Balkans

GIZ Germany - 12. Dezember 2019 - 23:20
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13.02.2017 – German Information Points for Migration, Vocational Training and Careers Advice (DIMAK) advise young people on work and training opportunities.
Kategorien: english

Examples of GIZ’s work: Health insurance for over a hundred million people

GIZ Germany - 12. Dezember 2019 - 23:20
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16.03.2015 – The Indonesian Government intends to offer state health insurance cover to all its citizens – whether rich or poor.
Kategorien: english

Examples of GIZ’s work: India reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 163 million tonnes

GIZ Germany - 12. Dezember 2019 - 23:20
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05.06.2015 – As India’s economy grows, so does awareness for protecting the environment. The Indian Government is striving for ecologically sound development.
Kategorien: english

Bonn Conference for Global Transformation: between theory, politics and practice

GIZ Germany - 12. Dezember 2019 - 23:20
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18.05.2015 – Inaugural Bonn Conference for Global Transformation a complete success: 700 delegates from 70 countries all agreed that we need to work together for our sustainable activities to succeed.
Kategorien: english

Citrus growers in Ghana improve their yields

GIZ Germany - 12. Dezember 2019 - 23:20
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02.04.2015 – Ghana’s Government promotes local citrus sector through training. GIZ has supported this process since 2012 under a special cooperation Arrangement.
Kategorien: english

Thursday’s Daily Brief: South Sudan floods, Somalis leave Yemen, LATAM economic slowdown

UN ECOSOC - 12. Dezember 2019 - 22:58
In today’s Daily Brief: Flooding could push millions in South Sudan into humanitarian crisis, Somalis return home from war-torn Yemen; historically low growth in Latin American and Caribbean economies; UN’s top court will deliberate on Myanmar genocide accusations; and alpinism’s classified a “cultural treasure”.
Kategorien: english

Characteristics of the UN General Assembly Second Committee

Global Policy Watch - 12. Dezember 2019 - 21:06

By Elena Marmo

The ways of working and tensions within the Second Committee are not unique to its agenda and delegates, but rather manifestations of greater challenges across Committees, and UN organs. The Committee’s Bureau consists of Member State Representatives from all UN regions. This year’s 74th Session was chaired by Cheikh Niang, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Senegal to the United Nations, supported by Vice-Chairs Ahmad Saif Al-Kuwari of Qatar, Yuliana Angelova of Bulgaria, and Anat Fisher-Tsin of Israel and Rapporteur David Mulet of Guatemala. The Bureau chairs meetings, appoints facilitators for informal negotiations on resolutions and are responsible for seeing the Committee’s programme of work is completed. Distinct from the Bureau is the Secretariat, comprised of independent UN staff. The Second and Third Committee’s Secretariats are housed and staffed by the ECOSOC Affairs Branch, which is also responsible for conferencing for ECOSOC, the Peacebuilding Commission, Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) and the HLPF. In addition to the Secretariat, the Second Committee sees substantive contributions in the form of reports and guidance documents from actors across the UN System, among them: UNCTAD, FfD Office, Department for Economic and Social Affairs on behalf of the Secretary-General, and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).

In the Second Committee and various others UN fora, Member States choose to participate both individually and through informal or formal positional or geographical coalitions, with an elected Representative on a fixed term. The most active in the Second Committee include the Group of 77 and China (G77 and China), the European Union (EU), Canada, Australia, and New Zealand (CANZ), the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Given the limited capacity of small developing state delegations to the UN, the G77 and China relies heavily on its coalition representation, particularly when negotiating texts and drafting agreed upon language.

Due to the inability of small delegations to cover the many simultaneous meetings across all of the General Assembly Committees, the coalition statements and draft resolutions, while presented by one Member State (or Observer) reflect a pre-negotiated position on behalf of all members of the G77 and China. Notably, the 2019 representative for the G77 and China has been the State of Palestine, represented in the Second Committee by Nada Tarbush and Saed Katkhuda. In 2020, the Representative will be from the State of Guyana.

For a number of decades, Member States have undertaken both official debate on the various agenda items as well as informal consultations and negotiations on resolutions with the aim to adopt the resolutions by consensus. The process of reaching consensus means often some substance is dropped, as illustrated in this 74th Session of the Second Committee. In this article several examples of the failure and/or impediment of consensus-reaching will be explored.

While themes explored in the Second Committee are often reiterated in ECOSOC, the Executive Boards of UN Funds and Programmes and the HLPF, the Second Committee has a different role. It provides policy guidance and holds the capacity to mandate, request or call for certain types of policy or research work to be done across the UN System. These actions keep items on the agenda and the authorities responsible for carrying out the research and work determines the “slant” or scope and as such the potential for that work to advance more robust and innovative agendas in the future. On macroeconomic governance this is particularly salient, where it is clear that both the drive for consensus and competition for control of the agenda have led to certain substance dropping altogether.

The post Characteristics of the UN General Assembly Second Committee appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

‘Embrace the transformation’ to a carbon-neutral world by 2050, UN chief tells COP25

UN ECOSOC - 12. Dezember 2019 - 18:27
With millions of workers increasingly affected by the climate crisis the route to securing livelihoods in the future lies in a wholesale transformation of how we power the planet and manage our resources, the UN chief said on Thursday, at a COP25 climate action event focused on greener jobs.
Kategorien: english

Empowering Africa’s women farmers

INCLUDE Platform - 12. Dezember 2019 - 16:21

More than 60% of all employed women in Africa south of the Sahara work in agriculture. Yet the region’s women farmers often reap a meager harvest, not because of inclement weather or poor soil quality, but because of their gender—or, more specifically, because of a dense web of laws, policies, programs, and customs that put them at a significant disadvantage.

Closing the gender gap in agriculture will require action on three fronts. The first is land rights. In most of Africa south of the Sahara, women rarely own land. Instead, women farmers usually access land through a male relative, most commonly a husband, brother, or father. This arrangement leaves them highly vulnerable; a death, divorce, or simply a man’s change of mind can leave a woman farmer landless overnight.

The resulting insecurity affects the way women farm. At constant risk of displacement, long-term productivity-enhancing investments don’t make financial sense. Why build terraces to reduce erosion and improve soil health if someone else can claim the land and its improvements as soon as the work is finished? Why plant an orchard if it can simply be taken away once the final tree is in the ground?

Over the last two decades, many countries have taken important steps to promote and protect women’s land rights. For example, Ethiopia introduced joint land registration—with the names and photographs of both husband and wife included on certificates—thus formalizing women’s rights to the land they farm. Such reform has been shown to lead to increased investment in land, especially by women. The investment rises even higher among women who are also educated about their land rights, highlighting the importance of legal literacy programs.

But land is only the first step. Women also lack equal access to inputs, including fertilizer, better seeds, mechanical equipment, and agricultural extension services that would connect them with information about improved agricultural practices. This inequality is compounded by unequal access to the credit farmers need to purchase inputs. In Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, studies have shown that women are less likely to benefit from financial services.

Improving access to financial services and agricultural inputs thus constitutes the second front for empowering women farmers. Development agencies and NGOs have begun working to design woman-focused financial services and programs to improve access to agricultural inputs. African women are also helping one another, with a growing number of women’s organizations, such as microfinance groups, working to improve access to financial services, new technologies, and information. In Kenya, members of such self-help groups are likelier than other women to know about climate-smart agricultural practices, for example.

The final front is perhaps the trickiest: decision-making power. In far too many contexts, women farmers lack the authority to manage the crops they produce or the income they generate. This has far-reaching implications for development.

In Africa south of the Sahara, agriculture is 2-4 times more effective in reducing poverty than growth in other sectors. Moreover, as the Goalkeepers report released last month by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation showed, women are likelier than men to invest resources under their control in meeting their children’s needs (food and education).

Given this, enabling women farmers to control their resources is important to achieving not only UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5—gender equality and empowerment of women and girls—but also many others, including eliminating poverty (SDG1) and ending hunger (SDG2).

Though some progress has been made on all three fronts to empower women farmers, it is nowhere near enough. To encourage and guide further action, my colleagues at IFPRI and I designed the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index, which measures decision-making power, access to resources (including credit), control over income, time burdens, and membership in groups.

By providing insight into the extent and sources of women’s agricultural disempowerment in various contexts, the WEAI—and a later adaptation, pro-WEAI, which facilitates project impact assessments—is helping governments, donors, and NGOs to design effective interventions. So far, the WEAI (including adaptations) has been used by 99 different organizations in 54 countries. For example, WEAI insights guided the design of Bangladesh’s ANGeL project, which aims to identify actions and investments in agriculture that will improve nutrition and empower women.

When Africa’s women farmers thrive, everyone benefits: the women themselves, the children in whom they invest, the communities that they feed, and the economies to which they contribute. With the right investments and policies, Africa’s woman-run farms could produce a bumper crop of development.

This blog was originally published through Project Syndicate here. You can also read it through the IFPRI website here.

Het bericht Empowering Africa’s women farmers verscheen eerst op INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Conseil du Café Cacao — Living Income (en Français)

SNRD Africa - 12. Dezember 2019 - 15:24
Presented by Mamadou Gbongue
Kategorien: english

Les grandes tendances et leurs effets sur l’avenir de l’Afrique rurale — Changement climatique

SNRD Africa - 12. Dezember 2019 - 14:14
Discours d'ouverture par Laouali Garba, responsable en chef du changement climatique à la Banque africaine de développement
Kategorien: english

Welcome Note by the New SNRD Speaker Rita Weidinger

SNRD Africa - 12. Dezember 2019 - 13:23
It is with great pleasure to address you in my new function as SNRD Africa Speaker!
Kategorien: english

Minister Mahougnon Kakpo of Benin

UIL UNESCO Hamburg - 12. Dezember 2019 - 11:16
Kategorien: english, Hamburg

Nachhaltige Entwicklung braucht Steuern

Global Policy Forum - 12. Dezember 2019 - 10:14

Zur Verwirklichung der Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung brauchen Länder stabile Einnahmequellen. Dazu gehört auch die Besteuerung international tätiger Unternehmen. Die Verteilung der Besteuerungsrechte zwischen Staaten ist über Doppelbesteuerungsabkommen (DBA) geregelt. Über die sozialen und ökologischen Auswirkungen der Abkommen, die Deutschland mit Ländern im globalen Süden geschlossen hat, liegen bislang keine umfassenden Analysen vor. Diese Lücke gilt es zu schließen, um Kohärenz zwischen internationaler Steuerpolitik und Entwicklungsfinanzierung zu ermöglichen. Das vorliegende Papier bietet einen ersten Überblick über die nachhaltigkeitspolitischen Wirkungen deutscher DBA und formuliert Fragestellungen für die weitere Arbeit.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Reaching universal health coverage: a political economy review of trends across 49 countries

ODI - 12. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
This paper reviews expanded healthcare in 49 countries.
Kategorien: english

Universal Health Coverage will ‘drive progress’ on 2030 Development Agenda

UN #SDG News - 11. Dezember 2019 - 23:05
Last September world leaders at the United Nations endorsed an ambitious political declaration on universal health coverage, “reaffirming that health is a human right”, Secretary-General António Guterres said on Wednesday in his message for International Universal Health Coverage Day.
Kategorien: english

In the New UN Human Development Report Norway Tops the List as the Country With the Highest Quality of Life

UN Dispatch - 11. Dezember 2019 - 16:38

Compared to 20 years ago, the world’s poorest are doing far better. But millions of people are still anxious about their present conditions and future prospects; and they’re taking to the streets in Hong Kong, Chile, Haiti and around the world to air their grievances. The problem? Inequality, according to the 2019 Human Development Report, published Monday by the UN Development Program (UNDP) – and not just income inequality.

“Different triggers are bringing people onto the streets – the cost of a train ticket, the price of fuel, demands for political freedoms, the pursuit of fairness and justice,” UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said in a press release. “This is the new face of inequality, and as this Human Development Report sets out, inequality is not beyond solutions.”

For decades, the global development community has worked tirelessly to reduce “extreme deprivations” in the world, according to the report. Things like the number of people living on less than $2 a day, life expectancy at birth and primary education enrollment have improved dramatically. Although these are noteworthy achievements, just making it to these minimum levels of human development is no longer enough, the report says.

Today, in order for people to “own the narrative of their lives,” the report says it is just as important for them to have access to quality health care at all levels, to have quality education at all levels, to be resilient against shocks – climate and otherwise – and to have reliable access to current technologies like the internet. Without these capabilities, too many people are unable to exercise their “freedoms to be and do what they aspire to in life” because of deep inequalities that begin at birth and accumulate throughout their lifetimes.

To demonstrate, the report outlines the vastly different outcomes of two children both born in 2000. One of the children “won the birth lottery” and was born in a very high human development country – like Norway, Germany or Iceland, for example. The other was born in a low human development country, like Sierra Leone, South Sudan or the Central African Republic. In 2020, the first child will have more than a 50 percent chance of being enrolled in a university, but there’s a 17 percent chance the second child won’t even be alive. If the second child does live to his 20th birthday, there’s only a 3 percent chance he’ll be in higher education.

In very high human development countries, the percentage of adults with a post-high school-level education is increasing six times faster than in low human development countries. Fixed broadband subscriptions for internet are also increasing 15 times faster in very high human development countries than in low human development countries.

Every year, the UNDP report includes the latest Human Development Index, which ranks countries based on their average life expectancy, education and per capita income.

This year, Norway topped the index, followed by Switzerland, Ireland, Germany and Hong Kong. At the bottom of the index is Niger.

But even the report says that these averages oversimplify the global picture. To account for inequalities that exist within countries, the UNDP has published an annual Inequality-Adjusted Human Development Index since 2010. But to really assess and respond to inequalities, the report says we need more data and a “revolution” in how we measure inequality. That’s why this year’s report also includes a transparency index regarding inequality statistics.

“Even though everyone is concerned about inequality, not all governments are providing enough information about it,” says Thomas Piketty, the French economist famous for his work on inequality and co-director at the World Inequality Lab. “In fact, what this transparency index is showing is that we simply do not have enough data. We need relevant information for a meaningful debate.”

Complete and new data – beyond gross domestic product – is especially important as inequality continues to evolve with climate change and technological advancements. And there is no silver bullet solution, the report warns, though tackling the problem is possible. Depending on the country, solutions may include policies that reduce certain groups’ disproportionate influence in politics, antitrust measures that promote competition, addressing social norms that hinder equality, putting a price on carbon emissions and redistributive tax policies.

Although the political debates to determine which solutions are best for each country will no doubt be difficult, the report urges action now. Otherwise, inaction may quickly turn protests into economic, social and political turmoil.

The post In the New UN Human Development Report Norway Tops the List as the Country With the Highest Quality of Life appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Sustainability Is a Result of Reacting Properly to Short-Term Needs

SNRD Africa - 11. Dezember 2019 - 14:31
Brief testimonial by Michael Sunbola, founder of the Lagos Foodbank
Kategorien: english

The Decent Jobs for Youth Knowledge Facility: Learning, sharing, and engaging

INCLUDE Platform - 11. Dezember 2019 - 8:04

Partners of the UN Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth launch knowledge facility and data finder on youth employment

INCLDE and partners of the UN Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth have launched a joint Knowledge Facility.

The Knowledge Facility is a place for policy makers and practitioners to learn, share, and engage on youth employment themes through searchable, shareable, and downloadable resources and tools. Partners power the platform by supplying curated content.

Watch this one-minute animated video to get oriented and see how it works:

The Knowledge Facility offers many tools:

  • Data finder: What is the rate of young people not in employment, education or training in your country? Use this interactive data discovery tool to explore key youth employment indicators from all over the world, create charts, and download versions.
  • Publications: Discover text-based resources that provide guidance for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers, including global and country-level reports and case studies.
  • Tools: Browse practical tools, including guides and checklists that help policy makers and practitioners in the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of youth employment policies and programmes.
  • Policy platforms: Explore a diversity of platforms full of information relevant to youth employment policies, standards, and legislation.
  • Partner platforms: Access a curated list of platforms from trusted partners, which provide insights into best practices for youth employment.
  • News and blogs: Read inspiring stories about commitments, actions, and solutions from partners working to achieve decent jobs for youth.
  • Multimedia: Learn from interactive resources about youth employment, including videos, webinars, and online courses.
  • Events: Attend an event near you that aims to advance the goal of decent jobs for youth.
Key features for a user-friendly platform:
  • Lean meta-website, leveraging existing platforms: The Knowledge Facility is available through the Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth online engagement platform. It builds on the work of existing knowledge platforms on youth employment, and maps and links resources and tools related to youth employment and allows users to manage knowledge of, and communicate about, youth employment interventions.
  • Curated approach: The “What is it?” and “Highlights” sections offer a summary of the resource in a few sentences and bullet points. The “Fast facts” column provides even quicker comprehension of the most important characteristics and related information. This curation ensures that all resources are immediately useful and highly practical.
  • Powerful search engine: The strong search functionality, cross-references and a shared taxonomy between resources and tools facilitate maximum visibility and interactivity throughout all platform content. Users can easily search, download, and contribute resources and tools, as well as read about news and events and discuss key topics, using the search feature.
  • Thematic areas: Resources are organized around thematic priorities, which tackle the youth employment challenge. These thematic areas are used across the Decent Jobs for Youth Knowledge Facility and focus on interventions that are locally owned, aligned with national development priorities, and based on rigorous evidence of what works in different contexts.
What’s next?

Now that you’ve gotten familiar how users might leverage the Knowledge Facility, get started! The Knowledge Facility becomes more powerful when stakeholders and partners utilize, share and add new resources and tools to the platform.

Browse the platform using the search feature, explore thematic priorities, and consider becoming a partner of our alliance and contributing to the Knowledge Facility. We are an alliance that strives to make decent jobs for youth a reality, and the Knowledge Facility is one important way we’re working to achieve it.

About: The UN Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth is the multi-stakeholder alliance to scale up action and impact on youth employment under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It brings together governments, social partners, youth and civil society organizations, the private sector, the UN System and others working together to share knowledge, leverage resources and take action at country and regional levels to support young people in accessing decent work and productive employment worldwide.

Het bericht The Decent Jobs for Youth Knowledge Facility: Learning, sharing, and engaging verscheen eerst op INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

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