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Reimagining adaptation: opportunities to manage risk and build resilience in an interconnected world

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
What are the key considerations for a future world where climate adaptation transcends borders?
Kategorien: english

Moving away from aid: the experience of the Republic of Korea

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
This report examines how the Republic of Korea has managed the transition from aid.
Kategorien: english

Moving away from aid: the experience of Botswana

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
This report examines how Botswana has managed the transition from aid.
Kategorien: english

Moving away from aid: the experience of Chile

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
This report examines how Chile has managed the transition from aid.
Kategorien: english

Moving away from aid: the experience of Mexico

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
This report examines how Mexico has managed the transition from aid.
Kategorien: english

Moving away from aid: lessons from country studies

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Summarising key lessons from the transition and graduation from overseas development assistance.
Kategorien: english

Reimagining adaptation: Opportunities to manage risk and build resilience in an interconnected world

ODI - 9. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
What are the key considerations for a future world where climate adaptation transcends borders?
Kategorien: english

Corruption thwarts attempts to build a better world and ‘must be fought by all, for all’

UN ECOSOC - 8. Dezember 2019 - 19:40
As we enter a decade of ambitious action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), stepping up efforts to eradicate corruption and promote good governance is “essential…to deliver on our global pledge to leave no one behind”, the UN anti-crime chief has said.
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Introducing Mission Green for Vodafone Germany Employees

SCP-Centre - 8. Dezember 2019 - 18:23

The CSCP supports Vodafone Germany in the development of sustainable lifestyle activities as part of its innovative Mission Green employee engagement programme for approximately 16,000 employees throughout Germany.

Going on business trips, commuting to work or having lunch at the canteen. Employee behaviour both at work and at home contributes to carbon emissions, and therefore presents huge potential for reducing the carbon footprint of both a company, as well as the individual members of staff. At the same time, employees who are motivated to make a difference for sustainability in their own life are also more likely to drive new sustainability actions and innovations in the workplace.

As a scientific and implementation partner, the CSCP has supported the development of Vodafone’s Mission Green programme with its expertise on sustainable behaviours and guidance in behavioural change, while the Wuppertal Institute has provided estimations for carbon emission savings related to each action.

Mission Green started in October 2019 with an eight week kick-off phase, followed by a one year consolidation phase. Through the programme, Vodafone employees learn everything about their personal CO2 footprint and how to reduce it by participating in a wide range of activities. The approach is to raise awareness on sustainable lifestyles and encourage behavioural change. Employees can take part in over 40 missions in the categories Mobility & Travel, Nutrition & Health, Shopping & Consumption, Housing & Energy and Nature & Leisure via an app developed for this purpose. Suggestions from the app include; Riding a bicycle to work, eating vegan food or setting up a video conference instead of flying to a meeting – everything helps to reduce the personal CO2 budget. In addition, there are lots of interesting facts, as well as tips and tricks, to make everyday life more environmentally conscious. In addition, the company helps its employees with a variety of other offers: from company bicycle leasing and car sharing to subsidies for public transport tickets. If flights are unavoidable, the company will soon offset the CO2 emitted. Weekly actions on the Vodafone campus support the missions, including the presentation of low carbon alternatives by cooperation partners like electric scooter manufacturers, farmers from the region or e-bike suppliers.

“We have set ourselves ambitious goals when it comes to sustainability. We are significantly increasing our pace on the road to becoming a green company”, says Hannes Ametsreiter, CEO of Vodafone Germany. The ‘Mission Green’ is part of ‘GIGA Green’, a supporting pillar of the corporate strategy. The declared goal: Vodafone wants to become a green company. This is based on measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. By 2022, the company aims to reduce its CO2 emissions by 92%.

Please contact Rosa Strube for further questions.

Der Beitrag Introducing Mission Green for Vodafone Germany Employees erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Von der Leyen pledges to back Africa on Ethiopia trip

EURACTIV.com - 8. Dezember 2019 - 9:00
European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen assured Africa of the EU's strong support during a visit to Ethiopia on Saturday (7 December), her first trip outside Europe since assuming her post.
Kategorien: english

‘We all must step up’ collective action on disability inclusion – UN deputy chief

UN #SDG News - 7. Dezember 2019 - 19:11
The international community has agreed truly ground-breaking frameworks to advance the rights of persons with disabilities, including in the context of development, but there remains a significant gap between these ambitions and the reality experienced daily by millions of persons with disabilities, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed told a conference in Doha on Saturday. 
Kategorien: english

Snakes and ladders in sustainable development indexing

Global Policy Watch - 6. Dezember 2019 - 19:56

By Roberto Bissio

versión en español

Are Finland and Norway a model to follow if you want to achieve sustainable development or an example of bad practices to avoid? It all depends who you ask.

The two Nordic countries are listed among the top ten in the Global SDG Index1 published last September by the Bertelsmann Stiftung and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (BS-SDGI). But they rank among the bottom 10 worst performers in the Sustainable Development Index (JH-SDI) published by anthropologist Jason Hickel in the January 2020 edition of the Ecological Economics Journal.2

Both indexes use the same raw data from the same international databases (even when Hickel uses 2015 as the latest year of the JH-SDI series) and the difference in the rankings derives from how sustainable development is understood.

The difference is not a minor one, as Table 1 illustrates by showing the extreme ends of the rankings on both indexes. Many of the top-ranked countries by the BS-SDG Index are at the bottom of the table in the JH-SD Index.

Table 1: Top 10 and bottom 10 countries in two different sustainable development indexes3

Country

BS-SDG Index 2019 (0-100)

 

Country

JH-SD Index
(0-1)

Top 10

 

 

Top 10

 

Denmark

85.2

 

Cuba

0.859

Sweden

85.0

 

Costa Rica

0.830

Finland

82.8

 

Sri Lanka

0.825

France

81.5

 

Albania

0.811

Austria

81.1

 

Panama

0.808

Germany

81.1

 

Algeria

0.805

Czech Rep.

80.7

 

Georgia

0.801

Norway

80.7

 

Armenia

0.800

Netherlands

80.4

 

Azerbaijan

0.798

Estonia

80.2

 

Peru

0.788

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom 10

 

 

Bottom 10

 

Afghanistan

49.6

 

Iceland

0.233

Niger

49.4

 

Finland

0.227

Sierra Leone

49.2

 

Estonia

0.209

Haiti

48.4

 

Norway

0.200

Liberia

48.2

 

Canada

0.194

Madagascar

46.7

 

United States

0.184

Nigeria

46.4

 

Australia

0.153

Congo, DR

44.9

 

UAE

0.108

Chad

42.8

 

Kuwait

0.102

Central Africa

39.1

 

Singapore

0.081

The BS-SDGI is computed by averaging some indicators for each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and then averaging these 17 sub-indices into a final global positioning number. Since a majority of the chosen indicators actually measure well-being (in areas like health, education or nutrition) or material wealth (in energy, infrastructure) the final average correlates highly with the UN Human Development Index (For a detailed analysis see: https://www.globalpolicywatch.org/blog/2019/07/03/bs-sdg-index-can-progress-on-sustainable-development-be-reduced-to-a-single-number/

The JH-SDI also takes the UN Human Development Index as a starting point, but it acknowledges, in the words of its main author, Jason Hickel, that “the countries that score highest on the HDI also contribute most, in per capita terms, to climate change and other forms of ecological breakdown. In this sense, HDI promotes a model of development that is empirically incompatible with ecological key indicators of ecological impact: CO2 emissions and material footprint, both calculated in per capita consumption-based terms and rendered vis-à-vis planetary boundaries.”

The BS-SDGI also reflects damaging material consumption in its sub-index for SDG 12 (sustainable consumption and production) and on SDG 13 (climate change). The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, found that “some countries that have poor performance on SDG 12 (on sustainable production and consumption patterns) and SDG 13 (on climate) have good performance on all the other goals and vice-versa. (…) The top five countries in the index are ranked among the bottom positions of SDG12 and SDG13. For example, Sweden tops the list on the SDG Index, but is in the 138th position on the SDG12 ranking. On the other direction, Central African Republic which is at the bottom of the SDG Index gets the second best position on SDG13.”

In the average of 17 sub-indices, the bad ranking of rich countries in two of them is diluted in the BS-SDG Index, while on the JH-SD Index, CO2 emissions and material footprint combined directly penalize the final ranking. This is clearly shown in the Figures 1 and 2, which show the performance on the two sustainable development indexes in relation to per capita income.

Figure 1: JH-Sustainable Development Index in relation to per capita income

Source: Compiled by the author with data from the JH-SDI

In the JH-SDI, the index grows as countries get richer but its value peaks at an annual income of around US$ 20,000 dollars per capita in purchasing parity terms. As income grows beyond that amount, the index values drop, as more wealth is associated with higher CO2 emissions and a bigger material footprint.
The picture is different in the BS-SDG Index:

Figure 2: BS-Sustainable Development Goals Index in relation with per capita income

Source: Compiled by the author with data from the BS-SDGI

In this Index the left part of the graph, grouping the low income countries, is similar to the JH-SDI. Their performance improves as income grows, but the ranking keeps growing more and more and reaches its peak for Nordic countries with annual incomes of around US$ 50,000 in purchasing parity terms. However, from that point countries stop improving as they get richer, either because of their comparative poorer social services, their high CO2 emissions, unsustainable consumption or a combination of these and other factors.

Which path to choose?

Both indices have a similar message for the countries at the left of the graph, with average incomes under US$ 8,600 a year: as your economies grow you will have more opportunities to provide the essential public services that will improve the well-being of your peoples, as required by the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

But from there on the two indices offer diverging paths. If you want to reach the top, the BS-SDGI tells you to keep growing, but to do so with efficient social services and, ideally recycling your garbage and paying attention to energy efficiency… as the Nordics do.

The JH-SDI tells a different story. If all countries had the lifestyle of the Nordics the planet would suffer an ecological breakdown. The average material footprint of nations with “very high” Human Development scores is 26t per capita (four times over the sustainable boundary), while their average CO2 emissions is 11t per capita (six times over the boundary). It is not ecologically possible for all nations to consume at this level. In other words, “this is not a tenable approach for the 21st century”.

On the other hand, Hickel notices that high income is not necessary to achieve well-being. “Greece, Chile, and Portugal have higher life expectancy than the US with less than half the income per capita. Costa Rica has a life expectancy that exceeds that of the US with one-fourth of the income per capita. Similarly, there are a number of countries that score highly on the education index with relatively low levels of income. Kazakhstan’s education levels rival Austria’s, with half of the income per capita. Belarus exceeds Austria with one-third of the income per capita. Georgia and Ukraine rival Austria with less than one-fifth of the income per capita.”

From a sustainable development view, the countries that manage to perform well within planetary boundaries should be commended and celebrated. But they are not at the top of any indicator ranking. The world records are for nations that achieve them thanks to the unsustainable “steroids” of CO2 emissions and wasteful consumption. The JH-SDI does justice to these frugal achievers. And it breaks with the conventional “development” wisdom that systematically places the richer countries, which also happen to be the biggest donors to development agencies, as “models”. This narrative, argues Hickel, “represents the countries of the global North as automatically superior to the countries of the South, erasing and indeed even legitimizing the violence that the former have deployed in order to accumulate their surplus, through for example colonization, the slave trade, structural adjustment, land grabs, labour exploitation, resource extraction and other methods by which nations at the core of the world system have sabotaged the periphery for the sake of their own development.”

Without any mention of history, the introduction of ecological indicators that reflect the negative effects of the excess extraction, consumption and accumulation practiced by rich countries, and demoting them accordingly challenges mainstream wisdom.

While this is not a minor achievement, this new JH-SDI cannot yet claim to be a proxy for the Sustainable Development Goals, as it does not account in any way for inequalities (including gender inequalities) or governance issues (including human rights and access to justice). There is room for improvement, certainly, but this does not in any way diminish the intellectual accomplishment of Jason Hickel. Using only five indicators (life expectancy, education, per capita income, material footprint and CO2 emissions) his Sustainable Development Index pushes the debate forward and improves our understanding of where we are on the 2030 Agenda in a way that the SDG Indicators Framework with its 300 indicators (most lacking sufficient data) has not yet been able to do.

Notes:

1 J. Sachs, G. Schmidt-Traub, C. Kroll, G. Lafortune, G. Fuller, Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), 2019.

2 Jason Hickel, “The Sustainable Development Index: Measuring the Ecological Efficiency of Human Development in the Anthropocene,” Ecological Economics vol 167, January 2020.

3 The JH-SDI can be found online at www.sustainabledevelopmentindex.org. The BS-SDGI can be found online at https://www.sdgindex.org/

The post Snakes and ladders in sustainable development indexing appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

From global refugee norms to local realities: implementing the global compact on refugees in Kenya

GDI Briefing - 6. Dezember 2019 - 14:03
Adopted by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in December 2018, the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and its Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) point to a paradigm shift in international refugee policy. The social and economic independence of refugees in destination countries and communities in particular is to be increased. In return, the international community commits to engage in burden- and responsibility-sharing by supporting hosting countries and communities with knowledge and resources. With this new deal, the UN announced its intention to break existing vicious cycles of displacement and dependence on aid in order to ensure that refugees and host communities benefit equally from the measures.
The East African nation of Kenya is one of 15 pilot countries working to promote the implementation of the CRRF. The Kenyan Government pledged at the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants in September 2016 to integrate refugees more effectively and involve them in national and local development planning processes. It underscored its commitments in March 2017 in the context of the regional Nairobi Declaration and Action Plan (NAP). While the national operational plan announced at the time has not yet been adopted, individual commitments are already being implemented. These also include the (further) development of the integrated refugee settlement of Kalobeyei in Turkana Country in the far north-west of the country, a project supported by the international community as part of the CRRF, but originally initiated at local level.
The example of Kenya and Turkana County shows that the (capacity for) implementation of global agreements depends not least on the specific interests of sub-national actors. Requirements of the CRRF, such as better infrastructure for refugees and host communities, are compatible with the local government’s economic development priorities. The capacity of Kenyan counties to take action has also been improved as a result of the decentralisation process in 2010. To a certain degree at least, counties can challenge the national security-related narratives which restrict the opportunities of refugees to participate in society to this day. In neighbouring Tanzania, implementation of the CRRF failed due in no small part to the fact that barely any consideration was given to the concerns of local actors in the nation’s centralised political system.
Based on our analysis, we make the following recommendations for German development policy:
  • Local state and non-governmental actors should be involved in drafting global norms and dialogue between municipalities should be promoted,
  • Partner governments should be made aware of the benefits of integrating refugees and political and administrative implementation should be supported,
  • Local stakeholders should be actively involved and supported in the planning and prioritisation of refugee integration strategies.


Kategorien: english

Where Lies the Future of Aforestation Initiatives?

SNRD Africa - 6. Dezember 2019 - 12:37
Brief statement by CCLNRM working group speaker Désiré Tchigangkong
Kategorien: english

Adaptation Is a Matter of Policy Level Integration

SNRD Africa - 6. Dezember 2019 - 11:20
Brief statement by Abdramane N'golo Diarra, Advisor Climate Change, GIZ Mali
Kategorien: english

BOOM Holiday Camp’s Registration Is Open for Summer 2020 – Share it on Your Network!

SCP-Centre - 6. Dezember 2019 - 11:13

“How will I live and work in 2030? What products and services will be needed in the future and how can they be designed more sustainably? Will there still be the same jobs in 2030? What skills will I need for the future?” The CSCP will be exploring these questions among many others with teenagers and young adults in the BOOM holiday camps.

“BOOM – Berufsorientierung und grüne Jobs mal anders” are camps where participants can explore future jobs in the fields of “daily consumption and product design”, “energy and mobility”, “building and housing” and “food and agriculture”.

The BOOM camps are free for participants and is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, European Social Fund and Nuclear Safety.

If you want to share this exciting opportunity on your network, feel free to download our media kit which includes short descriptions as well as banners for newsletters, social media or websites.

For a longer description of the project feel free to use the text on our project website.

Furthermore, you can follow and share our social media channels on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook with your network. Additionally, we would be glad to send you printed materials. Further information can be found on our website.

 Plus, we are now looking for exciting practical partners who would like to support us in our project in the coming year. Please contact Marius Mertens if you are interested!

Der Beitrag BOOM Holiday Camp’s Registration Is Open for Summer 2020 – Share it on Your Network! erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Counting the invisible: Three priorities for strengthening statistical capacities in the SDG era

OECD - 6. Dezember 2019 - 10:28
By Johannes Jütting, Executive Head PARIS21, Rolando Avendano, Economist, Asian Development Bank and Manuel Kuhm, Research Support Officer (PARIS21) Better policies need better data. High-quality data and official statistics are vital for governments, civil society, the private sector and the public to make informed decisions, create effective polices, and establish good governance. Under the 2030 … Continue reading Counting the invisible: Three priorities for strengthening statistical capacities in the SDG era
Kategorien: english

UK General Election 2019: putting sustainable development centre-stage

ODI - 6. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
The key takeaways from what UK party manifestos have to say about development spending, climate, health and education, and human rights and equality.
Kategorien: english

The untold story of water in climate adaptation. II. 15 countries speak

ODI - 6. Dezember 2019 - 0:00
Joint ODI/GWP report assessing 15 countries' progress on building resilience and achieving development goals through water resources management.
Kategorien: english

Join us at the Urban Sharing Society Workshop on 7 Feburary in Wuppertal

SCP-Centre - 5. Dezember 2019 - 20:30

Can sharing as a guiding principle and strategy for sustainable development provide new impetus for sustainable living and economic activity in cities? How can urban space and coexistence be shaped in such a way that everyone can benefit from (alternative) prosperity as well as social and ecological sustainability? How is it possible to facilitate cooperative patterns in the design of (urban) transformation processes?

We want to discuss these questions together with you based on inputs from research and practice. The concept of an Urban Sharing Society should serve as a guiding idea for the discussion and describes the frame within which cities could develop more sustainably: A future urban society could be based on governance principles of sharing and participation, redefining prosperity and conserving resources and thus create an alternative paradigm of urban development.

Join our workshop on the Urban Sharing Society, on 7 February 2020 in Wuppertal.

In three sessions we will take a closer look at the Urban Sharing Society:

Session 1: Companies as actors of urban transformation

Session 2: Narratives and co-production in a shared city

Session 3: Impact assessment and practices of sharing – methodological and practical implications

Date: 7 February 2020

Event: Urban Sharing Society Workshop

Time: 10.30 – 17.00

Location: Wuppertal Institut, Döppersberg 19, 42103 Wuppertal

Language: German

Cost: Free

For more information on the workshop and to register please check out our website.

Please contact Alexandra Kessler for further questions.

Der Beitrag Join us at the Urban Sharing Society Workshop on 7 Feburary in Wuppertal erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

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