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Population Growth and Youth Employment

SNRD Africa - 13. November 2019 - 16:01
Keynote by Agnes Babugura of IIE MSA
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The Future Is Female — Rural Women and Gender

SNRD Africa - 13. November 2019 - 12:28
Keynote by Agnes Babugura of IIE MSA
Kategorien: english

What’s the Latest Research in Development Economics? A Round-up from NEUDC 2019

INCLUDE Platform - 13. November 2019 - 9:52
In October 2019, over 150 research papers were presented at the North East Universities Development Consortium annual conference covering a wide range of topics in development economics. The Centre for Global Development’s David Evans summarises these research findings in his recent World Bank blog. Below, INCLUDE provides a shortened version of this blog, relaying those results related to the African region.

 

Households and human capital Child nutrition and child health:
  • A training program for parents of young children in Rwanda that included “listening to a radio show and…discussions over the course of seventeen weekly village-level meetings” led to improved child development outcomes nearly three years later. (Justino et al.)
  • Providing community-based parent training and nutrition counseling in Sierra Leone reduced wasting, improved parenting practices, increased fathers’ involvement in parenting, and reduced physical and violent punishments. (Chandra et al.) #RCT
Education
  • Randomly selected lower secondary school students in Ghana received guidance on how to apply to upper secondary schools and information on which were the best. It changed which schools students applied to, but it didn’t change whether they graduated. (Ajayi, Friedman, and Lucas) #RCT
  • Scorecards, i.e., providing school performance information to parents, improved school management outcomes (parental satisfaction, public access to school information) in the Angolan province of Kwanza Sul. Collective action, especially  when combined with information, is a relevant component of these effects. There was no impact on students’ test scores and absenteeism.  (Di Maro et al.)
Health
  • Richer patients in the Democratic Republic of the Congo receive better health care. More than half of that is explained by the fact that richer areas have better health facilities, but the relationship holds even within facilities. (Fink, Kandpal, and Shapira)
  • What is the demand for glasses in a resource-poor setting? In Burkina Faso, willingness to pay for glasses is low, amounting to 20 percent of their market price. A layaway scheme does not affect willingness to pay, while a video intervention raises the willingness to pay by 16 percent without having a lasting influence on the use of corrective glasses.  (Grimm and Hartwig)
Household bargaining and community interactions
  • Is following traditions driven by social image concerns? In Malawi, those who plan to marry off their under-age daughters are seen as more pro-social in villages where child marriage prevalence is high, but alternative signals (public donations) change perceptions and decrease favorable attitudes towards harmful traditions by 20–30 percent. (Haenni and Lichand)
Intimate partner violence and gender discrimination
  • Providing women in Ethiopia with jobs increases their income but has no impact on physical intimate partner violence. There are reductions in emotional abuse in the short-run, but for women who had little bargaining power in their relationships before the jobs, the job offers may have increased abuse. (Kotsadam and Villanger) #RCT
Migration
  • Increased female migration within South Africa at the end of Apartheid reduced employment and hours of low-skilled male non-migrants. (Sharp)
Government, institutions, and conflict Civil service
  • Performance pay attracted more money-oriented teachers in Rwanda, without comprising teacher effectiveness. Overall, the effect of performance pay is at 0.21 standard deviation of pupil learning. One quarter of this impact can be attributed to selection at the recruitment stage, with the remaining three quarters arising from increased effort. (Leaver et al.)
Conflict
  • Exposure to terrorist attacks in Kenya reduced children’s primary school enrolment attendance. (Alfano and Görlach)
Corruption
  • Regions receive more health aid when a region-born health minister is in New borns from the same region as the health minister are less likely to die, as data from 45 African countries shows. (Widmer and Zurlinden)
Infrastructure and property
  • Even though the Bus Rapid Transit system reduced commuting time by about 18 percent in Accra, Ghana, it did not dramatically change howpeople commute. (Abeka-Nkrumah, Opoku Asuming, and Telli)
Political economy, institutions, and voting
  • Mobile phone and internet access reduced violent collective action by 21 percent during the Libyan (Absher and Grier)
  • Are the state and traditional leaders (village chiefs) substitutes or complements? If chiefs are integrated into the institutional structure, chiefs become complements (state presence will increase service provision by the chief).  If they are not integrated,  they  are  substitutes (service provision by the chief will decrease with greater state presence). (Henn)
  • Do voters care about (education) service delivery in Liberia? Yes! The presidential candidate who had set up private-public partnerships to improve school quality was rewarded  by  voters  in  places  where  the  program was successful, and punished where the program diminished school quality. (Sandholtz)
  • An anti-vote-buying campaign in Ugandastruggled to instill norms of refusing gifts from politicians in exchange for votes, but it levelled the electoral playing field by convincing some voters to abandon norms of reciprocity—thus accepting gifts from politicians but still voting for their preferred candidate. (Blattman et al.)
Public finance
  • Are tax rates too high in developing countries? in Kananga, Democratic Republic of the Congo, when tax liability decreases by half, tax compliance increases by 94 percent, bribes decrease by 75 percent, and there is no change in contributions to informal taxes, particularly among the poorest and least politically connected citizens. (Bergeron, Tourek, and Weigel) #RCT
Utilities and Energy
  • A field experiment of energy efficient cookstoves in Nairobi, Kenya, shows “an average rate of return of 300% and savings of $120 per year in fuel costs—around one month of income…  Factoring in financial savings and avoided environmental damages we estimate that a subsidy on the energy efficient technology would have a marginal value of public funds of $20 per $1 spent.” (Berkouwer & Dean)
Working and saving Agriculture
  • What drives subsistence farmers to start growing cash crops in Uganda? Agricultural extension did, especially for farmers who started with poor info on the price of the crops. (Bonan, Kazianga, and Mendola) #RCT
  • Providing subsidized watchmen to farmers in Kenya increased agricultural production and dramatically reduced disputes among farmers. (Dyer) #RCT
  • Village level inequity aversion and fairness norms protect tenants by lowering the rent landowners can charge in rural Malawi. (Krah et al.)
  • Training farmers on aflatoxin (a food safety hazard) and its prevention substantially improves post-harvest practices in Northern Ghana. (Magnan et al.) #RCT
  • In Burkina Faso, households with access to warrantage substantially increased the take-up  of  storage   (94 percent),  while  credit  take-up  was  moderate (38 percent). (Delavallade and Godlonton)
  • Two different interventions in Kenya—including a game that helped farmers understand how weather index insurance works—both led more farmers to indicate they’d buy it in an auction. Two months later, very few bought it regardless. (Janzen et al.)
  • In Rwanda, irrigation enables dry season horticultural production, which boosts farm cash profits by 70 percent. However, adoption is constrained: Access to irrigation causes farmers to substitute labor and inputs away from their other plots. Eliminating this substitution would increase adoption by at least 21 percent.  Substitution is largest for smaller households and wealthier households. (Jones et al.) #RDD
Firms
  • Chinese  FDI in district-sector induces competing domestic Ethiopian firms to shrink, as output prices drop, while firms in up/downstream sectors expand. There is a zero effect on the local economy. (Crescenzi and Limodio)
  • Placing “young professionals for one month in established firms to shadow middle managers” in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, increases their likelihood of subsequent wage employment (but not self-employment). (Abebe et al.)
  • A seven-day training for firms in Liberia on how to bid on “contracts from large buyers that are awarded through a formal bidding process” led firms to bid on more contracts and to win both more and better contracts. The biggest effects were for firms that had access to the internet. (Hjort, Iyer, and Rochambeau) #RCT
Labor
  • Among women school-feeding workers in South Africa, “private feedback on performance is more effective at boosting effort than competing for public recognition,” and “image motivation crowds out intrinsic motivation.” (Delavallade and Burns) #RCT
  • Certifying the skills of youth looking for jobs in urban South Africa “and allowing them to share the certification with firms substantially increases employment and earnings.” (Carranza et al.)
Risk
  • How does risk affect technology adoption by farmers? In Malawi, a one standard deviation increase in the coefficient of variationof predicted yields reduces fertilizer application (use of improved seeds) by between 12.2–18.8 percent. Sensitivity to price risk is highest early in the season, when reliable information on output prices is still many months away. (Soumaila and Dillon)
Savings and credit
  • A large expansion of microcredit in Rwanda led more people to take loans not only from microlenders but also from commercial banks. (Agarwal et al.)
  • Offering a savings account that automatically deducts from the paycheck and then pays out after three months (with zero interest) led agricultural workers in Malawi to save more and then make more large purchases after the payout. They also work more. (Brune, Chyn, and Kerwin)
Methods Measurement
  • “Using  nationally  representative  data  from four sub-Saharan African countries, we find strong evidence that measurement error in plot size reflects a mixture of farmer misreporting and misperceptions.” (Abay, Bevis, and Barrett)

Het bericht What’s the Latest Research in Development Economics? A Round-up from NEUDC 2019 verscheen eerst op INCLUDE Platform.

Kategorien: english

Delivering climate resilience programmes in fragile and conflict-affected contexts

ODI - 13. November 2019 - 0:00
This review explores how climate resilience projects can be designed, set up and run to be resilient themselves in fragile and conflict-affected contexts.
Kategorien: english

In Bahrain, Global Forum for Entrepreneurs and Investment examines empowerment of women, youth through innovation

UN ECOSOC - 12. November 2019 - 22:46
Spotlighting the role of targeted investment and innovation towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with special focus on ‘Harnessing the Potential of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the Digital Economy,’ the World Entrepreneurs Investment Forum kicked off on Tuesday in the Bahraini capital, Manama.
Kategorien: english

Can the Paris Agreement Succeed Without the United States?

UN Dispatch - 12. November 2019 - 19:23

Ed note.  On Nov. 4, the Trump administration formally notified the United Nations that it planned to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Agreement on climate change, which 196 countries adopted in 2015. The pact is designed to keep global temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels in this century, and if possible, to limit the increase to 1.5°C. Boston University international relations scholar Henrik Selin explains how U.S. withdrawal will affect prospects for avoiding the worst effects of global warming. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

1. What is the process for a country to leave the Paris Agreement?

President Trump announced in the summer of 2017 that he intended to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement, as he had pledged during the 2016 campaign. The agreement was adopted in 2015 and entered into international legal force on Nov. 4, 2016.

Article 28 of the agreement stipulates that a member can begin a formal withdrawal process no earlier than three years after the treaty enters into force. The Trump administration took this step when it notified the Secretary-General of the United Nations on Nov. 4, 2019 that it intends to leave.

Trump’s notice of withdrawal will become effective one year later, on Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020 – one day after the next presidential election.

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern hails a parliamentary vote on Nov. 7, 2019, committing the nation to reducing its carbon emissions to zero by 2050 in line with the Paris Agreement. 2. What does the US exit mean for curbing climate change?

The Trump administration’s action will have political and practical implications, but it is unclear exactly how severe they will be.

The Paris Agreement was adopted thanks in part to strong political backing from the Obama administration, and U.S. disengagement now creates a political void. Other major emitters, including China and the European Union, have made it clear that they still support the treaty, but U.S. absence will change the political dynamics.

U.S. withdrawal makes it more important for the remaining countries to show strong political commitment to collectively implementing the treaty. At the New York Climate Action Summit in September 2019, U.N. Secretary General António Guterres called on countries to accelerate action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions

“The climate emergency is a race we are losing, but it is a race we can win,” Guterres said.

Many countries’ voluntary pledges under the Paris Agreement are modest, and scientists estimate that taken together, they are wholly inadequate to meet stated temperature goals focused on average global temperature increases of 2 degrees Celsius and 1.5°C.

Currently the U.S. is the world’s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, producing roughly 15% of global annual carbon dioxide emissions. In addition to pulling out of the the Paris Agreement, the Trump administration is rolling back relevant federal mandates and making it harder for U.S. states such as California to take action to reduce fossil fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions.

As the world’s second-largest carbon dioxide emitter, the U.S. plays a central role in global efforts to slow climate change.
Our World in Data/Hannah Ritchie, CC BY-ND

But the future trajectory of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions is not determined by whether or not the country belongs to the Paris Agreement. Key factors are federal and state-level policy decisions, economic trends in energy markets and the pace of technological development. Renewable energy sources are rapidly becoming cheaper, making them more economically attractive.

Even after exiting the Paris Agreement, the United States may end up meeting its commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26%-28% below the 2005 level by 2025. But that’s only a fraction of what will be required over the next few decades to constitute a serious contribution toward meeting global temperature goals. Put another way, addressing climate change will require strong efforts by all major emitters – including the U.S. – to speed up the transition to a lower-carbon economy.

3. How many other countries have not joined the Paris Agreement?

Currently 186 countries – counting the U.S. – plus the European Union are parties to the Paris Agreement. When the U.S. leaves, it will join a short but eclectic list of nations that have signed but not ratified the agreement, including Angola, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, South Sudan, Turkey and Yemen.

4. Can the US rejoin the Paris Agreement?

Yes. The pact sets out procedures for both leaving and joining the treaty after its entry into force.

Article 21 states that a country that is not a party to the agreement can join it by submitting a formal notification, which will take effect 30 days later. This procedure is the same whether a country used to be a party and then withdrew, or is joining for the first time.

If a candidate other than President Trump wins the 2020 election, he or she will take office on Jan. 20, 2021 and could serve notice that day that the U.S. planned to rejoin the Paris Agreement. In this scenario, the United States could be back by late February of 2021, less than four months after President Trump’s move to withdraw becomes official.

However, when the U.S. joined the Paris Agreement in late 2015, the Obama administration made a legal assessment that this decision was up to the president, classifying it as an executive agreement that did not require Senate approval or changes to U.S. domestic laws. If a future return were conditioned on Senate ratification, it is highly unlikely that it would receive the necessary 67 votes, due to strong opposition mainly from Republican senators.

Even if the United States does rejoin the Paris Agreement in the future, other countries will remember that it unilaterally left an agreement that had global support and may well believe that the U.S. could do so again in the future. America’s reputation as a reliable international partner has already suffered damage that will take a long time to repair.

[ Expertise in your inbox. Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter and get a digest of academic takes on today’s news, every day. ]

Henrik Selin, Associate Professor in the Frederick S Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The post Can the Paris Agreement Succeed Without the United States? appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

12.11.2019 Germany steps up its international efforts for family planning

German BMZ - 12. November 2019 - 16:00
On the occasion of the World Population Summit in Nairobi, the BMZ has announced that it will step up its activities on family planning and that it will help set up new maternity centres in Cameroon, Malawi and Niger. German Development Minister Gerd Müller commented: "As development policymakers, we [...] have to contribute towards reducing birth rates. We will only be able to make that happen if women can choose how many children they want to have. This requires gender equality, education ...
Kategorien: english

What would eliminating OCO mean for US aid funding?

Devex - 12. November 2019 - 14:50
Kategorien: english

“Swimming against the tide”

D+C - 12. November 2019 - 14:21
Bangladeshi scholar Saleemul Huq assesses the role of the EU in international climate talks

In what sense is the EU important in climate talks?
It is extremely important because it is a block of rich nations which are still willing to be ambitious. By contrast, the USA under President Donald Trump is abandoning the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. His administration is now arguably the most corrupt government in the world. It has entirely sold out to the special interests of fossil fuel industries. The governments of other important countries, such as Japan, Australia and even Canada, have not declared intentions to quit the Paris Agreement, but they really aren’t doing much to live up to the promises made in Paris. The EU is thus the only block of prosperous nations that developing countries can still rely on in climate negotiations, and without its proactive stance in past talks, we would never have got the Paris Agreement. We must not forget, moreover, that the prosperous nations emit much more greenhouse gases than least-developed countries do. It is therefore good that the EU, as a big group of countries, is still committed to climate action.

European environmentalists find its action unconvincing however.
Yes, and they have a point. We should acknowledge, of course, that it is difficult to achieve consensus in a supranational orga­nisation with so many members. At the same time, there is an irritating ambivalence. Germany, for example, tends to be a leader internationally when it comes to spelling out ambitions, but your country is currently lagging behind the targets your own government set. Let’s hope you will speed up climate protection and not begin to lower the ambitions. The international community really needs to aim much higher. The climate crisis is escalating faster than even some of the most worried scientists predicted, but policymakers are not responding to the growing danger. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has evidently failed. In its context, we keep patting one another on the shoulder for all too moderate aspirations. At the same time, extreme weather keeps having worse impacts – from wildfires in California to drought in the Sahel region and the devastating typhoons, cyclones and hurricanes that build up over all three oceans. The multinational system is not working.

What do you want Europe to do in this setting?
At this point, I no longer expect much of governments. What I find inspiring is the energy and dynamism of protest movements like the school strikes or Extinction Rebellion. The young people understand that their future is at risk, and they are taking the lead. Greta Thunberg, the Swedish teenager, inspired millions of her peers to rally for climate protection. It adds force to their protests that they are skipping lessons and thus breaking rules. This international movement started in Sweden, spread to other European countries and is now mobilising young people everywhere. This is the spirit we need. We need global action to rise to global problems, and global solidarity must be the foundation. Nation states on their own cannot rise to the climate challenges. As governments tend to respond to public opinion, however, protests may yet make a difference, egging them on to more effective cooperation.

Is it a coincidence that both the school strikes and Extinction Rebellion started in Europe?
No, it is not. First of all, the young people want their governments to rise to the challenges and fulfil environmental promises made in the past. That is the same in the USA, where the young generation is demanding a Green New Deal. It also matters that international media are still dominated by institutions like the BBC, CNN or Deutsche Welle. They are based in prosperous nations and define what is considered important around the world. However, they really only take into account what is happening in their own world regions. Teenagers in Dhaka, our capital city, are just as worried about global heating as members of their age group are in Europe, but they cannot get the kind of attention that Greta got in Stockholm. The international media are only interested in our countries when we suffer disasters. They do not cover the legitimate policy demands we raise. Al Jazeera is different. It does not run the same headlines. The good news, how­ever, is that the climate protests we have been witnessing for about a year now are indeed international.

You say the multilateral system is not working. How do you assess the Sustainable Development Goals, which, by the way, EU members endorsed?
I think the SDGs are valuable. They are not legally binding, so they are only soft law, but they do reorient policymakers’ attention to crucial issues. Our prime minister, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, for example, keeps referring to them as a yardstick. She is also a UN champion, promoting the water SDG at an international level. It is crucially important, moreover, that the SDGs are a truly global agenda and not just something developing countries are supposed to finally take care of. That was what was irritating about the Millennium Development Goals. The SDGs emphasise global efforts, and that we need that, cannot be stated too often. My impression is that we are all swimming against the tide, but we have to keep on fighting. Perhaps we can still make a difference, and in that context, the SDGs are a resource.

Soft law is not enough for rising to global challenges though. We need binding commitments. Do you see the EU as a model for supranational governance?
As far as I can tell, various regional organisations are copying the EU approach to trade issues, establishing free trade areas, customs unions et cetera. How effective those organisations are, varies from region to region. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is more dynamic than the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), which has been hampered by India and Pakistan always being at loggerheads. However, not even ASEAN is doing anything to stop the human-rights offences against the Muslim minority in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, and Bangladesh must take care of the refugees on its own. So no, I don’t see supranational governance evolving according to the EU model.

Unlike most other regional organisations, the EU has powerful joint institutions, including an administrative body, a law court and a parliament. It has indeed pooled sovereignty. Is that desirable?
Yes, I think it is. I have lived in Britain with my family for two decades. We have dual citizenship. We very much appreciated the growing sense of a European identity which is increasingly supplementing many people’s national identity. The Erasmus programme which allows students to spend a semester at a university in another EU member country is wonderful in this regard. My son went to Spain. It is interesting to note, moreover, that many Britons now appreciate their European identity more than they ever did in the past. Before the Brexit referendum, the European flag was hardly ever seen in the United Kingdom. Now, “remainers” are displaying it all the time. That said, Brexit has proven incredibly disruptive and it has been distracting people from more urgent matters, especially the climate crisis.

But doesn’t the British government insist it will not trim down environmental standards?
That is what it says, but the deregulation agenda it is pursuing speaks a different language. The Brexiteers pretend that British industries will become more competitive once they are basically allowed to do whatever they want. Environmental regulations obviously limit that freedom. More generally speaking, I find it striking that climate denial is common among right-wing populists everywhere, and that is true of many Brexiteers too. It is quite evident that powerful fossil industries are supporting this trend. We know now that Exxon scientists accurately predicted how the climate crisis would evolve in the 1980s, so the top management must have known too. Nonetheless, fossil industries have always fought determined climate action and they still are doing so.

So they are running the show?
Well, apart from mass climate protests, there is another bright light: private-sector investors are now shying away from coal. Only governments worried about voters in coal-mining regions still invest in that sector. Who knows: if mass rallies manage to raise more awareness internationally yet, that may stop too.

Saleemul Huq is the director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) at Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) in Dhaka. He is also a senior fellow at the London-based International Institute for Environment and Development.
saleemul.huq@iied.org
http://www.icccad.net/

Kategorien: english

The Changing Landscape for Agriculture and Rural Development Policy in Africa?

SNRD Africa - 12. November 2019 - 13:25
Brief statement by Steve Wiggins of ODI
Kategorien: english

Globalisation

SNRD Africa - 12. November 2019 - 13:06
Keynote address by Steve Wiggins of ODI
Kategorien: english

Digitalisation and New Technologies

SNRD Africa - 12. November 2019 - 13:02
Keynote address at the 2019 SNRD conference by Michael Hailu of CTA
Kategorien: english

INHERIT Publishes 3 Policy Briefs on Integrated Governance, Health Equity, and Behaviour Change

SCP-Centre - 12. November 2019 - 9:52

How can policymakers promote interventions that foster a “triple-win” — a benefit for environmental sustainability, health and health equity? Our INHERIT project’s new policy briefs suggest ways forward for integrated governance, behaviour change, and health equity, and cover the areas of living, moving, and consuming. They also include recommendations for actions and set out concrete examples of what can and has been achieved in different contexts across Europe, highlighting possibilities for scaling-up. The briefs have been developed by the Horizon 2020 INHERIT research project (2016-2019).

The problems are clear: chronic diseases are increasing, the environment and the climate are under threat, and inequalities are on the rise, with disadvantaged populations likely to suffer most from ill-health and the negative effects of climate change.

There are solutions: Integrated governance can help ensure that interconnected environmental, health, and equity issues are addressed cohesively. Participatory approaches allow citizens to engage with policymaking that affects their lives. Enabling and encouraging people to change behaviours is a crucial but often overlooked aspect of transitioning towards greater sustainability. Making sure that policy actions do not contribute to widening inequalities is not only just, it is also good for society as a whole. Policymakers at European, national, regional, and local levels are crucial, and can take concrete actions to put these solutions into place.

The policy briefs provide guidance on three critical areas at the heart of sustainable change:

  • Integrated governance is essential to harness synergies and can be fostered by setting strategic common goals across sectors, encouraging joint programming and financing, and creating institutional cultures that value collaboration over individual success.

Example: A range of local government sectors and actors are coming together in the STOEMP initiative, part of the award-winning city-wide Gent en Garde programme (Belgium), to determine how healthy and sustainable food can be made available to everyone.

  • Understanding and considering the impact of behaviour from the outset of policy-making can help policymakers to provide everybody with the capability, opportunity and motivation to make sustainable change.

Example: Measures to ensure that children connect with and learn through nature and enjoy healthy, sustainably produced food in school-settings can help them develop better habits throughout their lives, as is being done through the GemüseAckerdemie (Vegetable Academy) in schools across Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

  • Health equity can be promoted and mainstreamed in practice by making it easier for everybody to engage in active travel, ensuring access to engaging green spaces that respond to residents’ needs, and subsidsing the cost of fruits and vegetables.

Example: The municipality of Malvik (Norway), converted a decomissioned railway into a path through an inclusive participatory process, and the path is now being increasingly used, particularly by people facing socioeconomic disadvantages.

Click here to view the policy briefs.

In December, INHERIT will complement the policy briefs with a broader policy toolkit, which will build on and further develop these elements, as well as areas for further work including collaborating with the private sector, meaningful public engagement, and education and training for the triple-win.

The results of the project will be discussed at the high-level conference ‘A Future for all to INHERIT: Taking Action Now’, taking place in Brussels on 10 December 2019. During this conference, EU Health Ministers, Members of the European Parliament, local policymakers, and leading researchers and economists, will debate what can be done now to ensure a more socially, environmentally, and economically sustainable future, against the backdrop of the Sustainable Development Goals.

For more information, please contact Rosa Strube.

Der Beitrag INHERIT Publishes 3 Policy Briefs on Integrated Governance, Health Equity, and Behaviour Change erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Europe gives go ahead to market Ebola vaccine

EURACTIV.com - 12. November 2019 - 8:10
The European Union authorised the marketing of a vaccine against Ebola on Monday (11 November), permitting the first wider commercial use of a protection that has helped stem an outbreak in DR Congo.
Kategorien: english

Women in the gig economy: paid work, care and flexibility in Kenya and South Africa

ODI - 12. November 2019 - 0:00
Report presenting findings from an in-depth study of women’s engagement in the gig economy in Kenya and South Africa.
Kategorien: english

How G20 governments can show real climate leadership

ODI - 12. November 2019 - 0:00
G20 leaders must be bold and end financing for fossil fuels immediately to avoid facing a climate reality that is beyond what the world can cope with.
Kategorien: english

Localising protection responses in conflicts: challenges and opportunities

ODI - 12. November 2019 - 0:00
Exploring the tensions, challenges and opportunities inherent in a more localised approach to civilian protection.
Kategorien: english

New UN forestry project bids to help countries meet climate change commitments

UN ECOSOC - 11. November 2019 - 17:00
More than two dozen countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America are set to benefit from a UN project to help tackle climate change through better forestry management.
Kategorien: english

Iraq Protests: A Reporter in Baghdad Explains Why Thousands of Iraqis are Protesting the Government

UN Dispatch - 11. November 2019 - 16:32

For the past several weeks, Washington Post reporter Mustafa Salim has had a front row view to massive protests that have erupted in Baghdad and other cities in Iraq. As he explains in this Global Dispatches podcast episode, these protests are neither centrally organized, nor do they have an explicit set of demands. Yet, they may prove to be powerful enough to bring down the Iraqi government of Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi.

The protests began in early October, mostly by young men from poorer Shi’ite cities and towns angered by corruption and their own economic distress. But now, the protests have since expanded to include women and men from all walks of life.

In our conversation, Mustafa Salim describes the scene on the ground in Baghdad where I reached him a few days ago. We discuss how these protests originated, where they may be heading, why Iran is a target of the protesters, and how humble drivers of three wheel taxis that cater to the urban poor, known as Tuk Tuks, became symbolic heroes of this protest movement.

If you have 20 minutes and want both a deeper understanding of what is driving the Iraq protests and what the mood is on the ground in Baghdad, have a listen.

 

Get the Global Dispatches podcast Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

The post Iraq Protests: A Reporter in Baghdad Explains Why Thousands of Iraqis are Protesting the Government appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Digital Transformation and Sustainability; The Mittelstand 4.0 Zooms in on These Megatrends

SCP-Centre - 11. November 2019 - 9:08

87% of companies believe that digital transformation is a competitive opportunity! [1] Climate change, digitalisation, blockchain and new work environments have already arrived – How is your business affected? The Mittelstand 4.0 event presents answers to these questions during insightful, practice-orientated workshops.

Digital transformation and sustainability present a wealth of opportunities and challenges for Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SME’s). Crucial for the global agenda, these two major topics were the focal point of an event hosted by Mittelstand 4.0 Kompetenzzentrum eStandards on 10 October 2019. The keynote speeches and active workshops enabled participants to consider how their companies could benefit from becoming more digital and sustainable.

Michael Kuhndt, the director of the CSCP, opened the event with a speech on the importance of digitalisation for a good life. Elisabeth Kraut, sustainability manager of Adolf Würth GmbH & Co. KG, focused on the importance of data gathering, particularly with regards to product ingredients. Anna Yona, Founder of Wilding Shoes, demonstrated how digitalisation can be at the core of sustainable business models.

Workshop topics were diverse, yet complementary of each other. True to the core CSCP approach, they fostered collaboration and enabled participants to see the bigger picture. The main topics were:

  • Supply chain transparency: examples from sustainabill regarding supply chain traceability, along with the GS1’s tool Ecotraxx and blockchain project.
  • Resource efficiency and climate change mitigation: case studies presented by Maag, producer of flexible packaging, Happy Power Hour project and Cambio Analytics Gmbh.
  • Corporate digital responsibility: highlighted that digitalisation should take place in harmony with society and the environment and addressed how this could be achieved.
  • New work: presented workplaces of the future thanks to the Durchblick exhibition, as well as input from Impact Hub Ruhr
  • Digital sustainable business models: The CSCP and Resourcify helped participants to evaluate their status quo and understand the related challenges.
  • Circular economy: example of Cradle-to-Cradle certified Würth assembly system, circularity challenges faced by Wilding Shoes company and tools from R2Pi project helping companies to become circular.

Every workshop finished with open discussions or brainstorming on possible solutions. Participating companies engaged with speakers but also learned from each other.

“The practical orientation of the input providers has made complex topics very tangible. We benefit greatly from the fact that practical examples were used in such concrete ways”. Elisabeth Kraut was impressed by the diverse real-world examples.

The final panel-discussion on the future of digitalisation involved representatives from different organisations who provided perspectives on what companies could already do short-term, and which goals are to be accomplished long-term, in order to develop sustainably.

Anna Yona praised the insightfulness of the event:

“Even though we are already a very sustainable and digital company, we were able to take many concrete points for new ideas and further improvements with us from the event.”

For further information contact Patrik Eisenhauer.

[1] The secret to a successful digital transformation

 

Der Beitrag Digital Transformation and Sustainability; The Mittelstand 4.0 Zooms in on These Megatrends erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

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