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What momentum has the G7 given to sustainable development?

5. September 2019 - 13:16

© The White House, from Washington, DC.

The G7 is a strange exercise: while this club of “historic” powers created in 1975 represents around 45% of global GDP, it is no longer representative of current international power relations, with the main “emerging” countries (China, India and Brazil) being absent. The French Presidency has nevertheless succeeded in keeping the international community’s attention on environmental and climate issues. Through sectoral agreements, through the announcement of new contributions to the Green Climate Fund, but also by addressing the link between trade regulation and sustainable development, the Biarritz G7 has made it possible to renew the progress of such a plurilateral body.

Setting a critical agenda

The G7 is today an increasingly problematic club: while its members were once seen as being able to gather around common values of liberal democracy, the heads of these States instead show their disagreements and conflicts, sometimes even around these issues of democracy. In this context, the French Presidency has undeniably succeeded in taking advantage of this political attention to put a series of initiatives and discussions onto the agenda, despite these differences. One month prior to the New York United Nations summits, which will deal with climate, Sustainable Development Goals, and sustainable development funding, how are the G7 announcements more than a taster of what will be officially discussed among all countries on the planet? Several key elements justify the importance of this particular moment.

Firstly, the French Presidency’s insistence on keeping together initiatives on the ocean, biodiversity and climate, at a time when these three subjects have entered into decisive negotiation phases, and where the necessary transformations in sectors such as food, must consider these three issues together and not separately.

Secondly, it was expected that the G7 countries, the main development aid donors, would clarify much more explicitly the nature of the partnership they wish to offer to Africa, in light of the projects and interventions of major emerging countries such as China.[1] This was the objective of the invitation, which extended to several African Heads of State, and the announcement of an initiative on female entrepreneurship in Africa was an important step. However, we can consider that the G7 countries, particularly the European countries, still have much further to go in the formulation of their project with and for Africa, especially regarding the African Continental Free Trade Area. [2]

Thirdly, the French Presidency’s management of the agenda and political developments has put the issue of the link between the regulation of trade and sustainable development at the heart of the debate and media attention in an unexpected way, given the difficulty of approaching these topics with a US administration that flies solo in this area. By seizing the media focus on the exceptional intensity of the Amazon fires, the French Presidency announced its intention to block the agreement between the European Union and Mercosur,[3] putting the climate, along with the trade issue, at the heart of the agenda in a much more critical way than could have been expected. And while this possibility of a blockage may have exerted only very weak pressure on the Brazilian president, this does not take into account the commercial relations with consuming countries, particularly in the European Union: environmental ambitions for all countries throughout the world could be achieved through trade relations, which has been highlighted by this G7: it seems that the Brazilian agri-food sector is relatively more sensitive than the Brazilian President would lead us to believe.

Announcements to be implemented

Environmental issues, particularly making the Paris Climate Agreement a reality, therefore represented one of the five priorities of the G7. Prior to the New York climate summit on climate ambition (23 September), and following a Japanese G20 that was nearly silent on these issues, the summit came at a key moment to seal political commitment. Ultimately, the G7 missed an opportunity to send a unified signal of support to the UN Secretary General who was present in Biarritz: climate issues were not mentioned in the final declaration of Heads of State, although this is hardly surprising given the US position on climate (the US however signed the Metz Charter on Biodiversity, even though they did not ratify the Convention on Biological Diversity). The Biarritz Chair’s Summary on Climate, Biodiversity and Oceans, however, refers to the objectives and processes of the Paris Agreement, notes the commitment of some countries to raising their climate contributions, and mentions some notable advances.

Among these advances, in addition to an action plan presented by France and Chile for the Amazon, the main positive point is the announcement of new contributions to the Green Climate Fund from France, the United Kingdom (expected to co-organise COP 26 with Italy) and Canada. Only France and the United Kingdom have announced an amount equivalent to a doubling of their contribution in line with the wishes of the Green Fund, as Germany and Norway did before them [press release]. The G7 has also led to many voluntary commitments, supported by States (such as the Metz Charter on Biodiversity) or industries, or a combination of both, on issues as varied as efficiency in the cooling sector, the decarbonisation of the international maritime sector, the ecological footprint of the textile sector, and the preservation of biodiversity by the agri-food sector.

The Biarritz G7 has therefore led to: innovative announcements on the initiative of a small group of countries, the implementation of which will have to be monitored; incremental or more substantial progress on certain negotiations in line with current events, that must be followed up to ensure the transformation into actual agreements; and the inclusion of new topics on the agenda, some more anticipated than others, focusing on the latest headlines.

The French presidency of the G7, praised in France but criticised in the international media, has apparently used all of the possible levers made available by this type of meeting. This G7 clearly demonstrated that, if strategically piloted, such multilateral meetings can lead to certain types of agreement and pressures exerted on each party, serving as a deterrent to taking action in isolation, which obliges, at least to a certain extent, the consideration of our common destiny.

1. https://www.iddri.org/fr/publications-et-evenements/rapport/comment-les-pays-du-g7-peuvent-ils-contribuer-reduire-les
2. https://www.iddri.org/fr/publications-et-evenements/billet-de-blog/lentree-en-vigueur-de-la-zone-de-libre-echange
3. https://www.iddri.org/fr/publications-et-evenements/billet-de-blog/accord-ue-mercosur-comment-sortir-de-lopposition-entre

This piece is also published on the blog of the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI)

Der Beitrag What momentum has the G7 given to sustainable development? erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Workshop „Social Cohesion“ at DIE

28. August 2019 - 12:41

Workshop „Social Cohesion“

On 7 and 8 August, the workshop ‚Contributing to Social Cohesion Through Development Cooperation – Trends, Approaches and Challenges‘ took place at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). A growing number of projects in development cooperation addresses social cohesion. DIE has been increasingly investigating social cohesion with a particular focus on African societies within the project „Social Cohesion in Africa“ since 2018.

During the workshop, participants active in development work and research from different national and international institutes exchanged their knowledge on the topic. Among the participating institutions were GIZ (German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH), KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau), UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa), SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation), FriEnt (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Frieden und Entwicklung), LSE (London School of Economics and Political Science) und SeeD (The Centre for Sustainable Peace and Democratic Development).

The workshop focused on the definition of social cohesion and its measurement. Further, participants discussed drivers of social cohesion and its importance for development cooperation. The subsequent presentation of specific programmes yielded practical insights into their experiences regarding the implementation of such programmes and opened the concluding round of discussion. Significant challenges regarding the strengthening of social cohesion were identified and it was specified what different sectors can learn from each other. The workshop fostered the international dialogue on the topic, brought together a variety of different perspectives and facilitated the exchange between research and practice on social cohesion in development policy.

 

Der Beitrag Workshop „Social Cohesion“ at DIE erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Workshop „Social Cohesion“ am DIE

28. August 2019 - 12:40

Workshop „Social Cohesion“

Am 7. und 8. August fand der Workshop „Contributing to Social Cohesion Through Development Cooperation – Trends, Approaches and Challenges“ am Deutschen Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) in Bonn statt. Eine zunehmende Zahl an Projekten in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit beschäftigt sich mit sozialer Kohäsion von Gesellschaften. Seit 2018 forscht das DIE in dem Projekt „Social Cohesion in Africa“ verstärkt zu sozialer Kohäsion mit besonderem Blick auf afrikanische Gesellschaften.

Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmer aus Forschung und Praxis verschiedener nationaler und internationaler Einrichtungen tauschten bei dem Workshop ihr Fachwissen aus. Dazu gehörten Akteure wie GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH), KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau), UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa), SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation), FriEnt (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Frieden und Entwicklung), LSE (London School of Economics and Political Science) und SeeD (The Centre for Sustainable Peace and Democratic Development).

Inhaltlich ging es eingangs um die Definition und die Messung von sozialer Kohäsion. Weiter wurden Einflussfaktoren diskutiert und der Frage nachgegangen, warum soziale Kohäsion wichtig für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit ist. Die anschließende Präsentation konkreter Projekte der Expertinnen und Experten zur Förderung sozialer Kohäsion gewährte greifbare Einblicke in die Erfahrungen bei der Umsetzung und eröffnete die abschließende Diskussionsrunde. Dabei wurden wesentliche Herausforderungen zur Stärkung sozialer Kohäsion herausgearbeitet und zusammengefasst, was verschiedene Sektoren bei der Umsetzung von Projekten voneinander lernen können. Der Workshop brachte eine Vielzahl an Perspektiven auf soziale Kohäsion an einen Tisch, stärkte den internationalen Dialog und förderte den Austausch zwischen Wissenschaft und Praxis zu diesem Thema.

Der Beitrag Workshop „Social Cohesion“ am DIE erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Hallo, Politik – DIE showcases its work at the open Day of the Bundesregierung

27. August 2019 - 17:13

Open Day in BMZ with Maria Flachsbarth, Parliamentary State Secretary.

On the third weekend of August, the German Federal Government for the 21st time invited the public to its traditional Open Day in Berlin. As in previous years, the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) followed the invitation by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to present itself on 17 and 18 August to the Berlin audience and to seek the dialogue with countless guests. The weekend was once again themed around the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Picking up on this important topic, DIE used the opportunity to showcase – among other things – its work on SDG 16 “Peace, Justice and strong Institutions”. Guests could learn about DIE’s research on state fragility, inclusive governance, peace and democracy from the experts Michael Roll and Charles Martin-Shields – members of DIE’s research programme Transformation of Political (Dis-)order. Other popular topics of conversation with the audience in Berlin were DIE’s Postgraduate Training Programme for Development Cooperation and the Bonn Alliance for Sustainability Research, a regional network in Bonn to further strengthen research in the field of sustainable development and global change.

Despite intermittent rainy weather, both days featured several thousand attendees. We were especially delighted to welcome BMZ’s leadership, represented by state secretaries Maria Flachsbarth and Martin Jäger, who also serves as Chair of DIE’s Board of Trustees, at our booth.

Der Beitrag Hallo, Politik – DIE showcases its work at the open Day of the Bundesregierung erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Hallo, Politik – DIE präsentiert sich bei Tag der offenen Tür der Bundesregierung

27. August 2019 - 17:05

Tag der offenen Tür im BMZ mit Maria Flachsbarth, Parlamentarische Staatssekretärin.

Am dritten Augustwochenende lud die deutsche Bundesregierung zum 21. Mal zu ihrem traditionellen Besuchertag nach Berlin. Wie schon in den Vorjahren, kam das Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) der Einladung des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) nach, sich am 17. und 18. August dem Berliner Publikum vorzustellen und den Dialog mit den Bürgerinnen und Bürgern zu suchen. Das Wochenende im Entwicklungsministerium an der Stresemannstraße stand wieder ganz im Zeichen der Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung (SDGs).

Unter diesem thematischen Dach präsentierte das DIE, unter anderem, seine Arbeit rund um das nachhaltige Entwicklungsziel Nummer 16 „Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und starke Institutionen“. Im persönlichen Austausch mit den wissenschaftlichen Experten Michael Roll und Charles Martin-Shields aus dem Forschungsprogramm „Transformation politischer (Un-)Ordnung“ des DIE konnten die Gäste mehr über die Forschung des DIE zu staatlicher Fragilität, inklusiver Regierungsführung sowie Frieden und Demokratie erfahren. Andere beliebte Gesprächsthemen des Berliner Publikums am Stand waren das Postgraduierten-Programm des DIE sowie die Bonner Allianz für Nachhaltigkeitsforschung.

Bei zeitweiligem Regenwetter herrschte an beiden Tagen reger Betrieb am Stand des DIE. Besonders gefreut hat uns, die BMZ-Hausleitung in Person von Staatssekretärin Maria Flachsbarth und Staatssekretär Martin Jäger, der zudem DIE-Kuratoriumsvorsitzender ist, an unserem Stand begrüßen zu dürfen.

Der Beitrag Hallo, Politik – DIE präsentiert sich bei Tag der offenen Tür der Bundesregierung erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Paul Gross Obituary

26. August 2019 - 15:33

Paul Groß

The DIE mourns the loss of his esteemed colleague Paul Gross, who left us too soon. His death came suddenly and unexpectedly. With him we lose a longtime, humorous and well-liked employee and colleague. Our thoughts are with his family.

Der Beitrag Paul Gross Obituary erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Nachruf Paul Groß

26. August 2019 - 15:29

Paul Groß

Das DIE trauert um seinen geschätzten Kollegen Paul Groß, der viel zu früh von uns gegangen ist. Sein Tod kam plötzlich und unerwartet. Mit ihm verlieren wir einen langjährigen, humorvollen und allseits beliebten Mitarbeiter und Kollegen. In Gedanken sind wir bei seiner Familie.

Der Beitrag Nachruf Paul Groß erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

MGG Conference in Mexico: The Power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of global governance

26. August 2019 - 14:55

Conference Participants

On 25-26 July, the Managing Global Governance (MGG) network organised together with the Mexican Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AMEXCID) and the research organisation Instituto Mora the conference „The Power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of global governance“. It took place at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Mexico City.

Alumni of all years of the MGG Academy, – the training and dialogue format of the MGG network – partners from the MGG network, and guests from politics, academia, civil society, and the private sector discussed how to hold open spaces for dialogue in times of increasing polarisation and nationalist tendencies. The discussions focused on the direct exchange between all stakeholders, the agreement on problem and possible solutions and the work in multi-sectoral networks in the fields of migration and international development cooperation.

The conference was part of a series of events in all MGG partner countries (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa) to examine positive narratives of global governance. The conference in Mexico built on the discussions in India (28 – 29 April 2019) and its results will feed into the follow-up event in Brazil (18 – 20 September 2019).

The great interest in the discussion is documented by related media coverage.

Der Beitrag MGG Conference in Mexico: The Power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of global governance erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

MGG Konferenz in Mexiko: The Power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of Global Governance

26. August 2019 - 12:53

Conference Participants

Zusammen mit der mexikanischen Agentur für Entwicklungszusammenarbeit AMEXCID (Agencia Mexicana de Cooperación International) und der Forschungseinrichtung Instituto Mora veranstaltete das Managing Global Governance (MGG) Netzwerk am 25. und 26. Juli 2019 die Konferenz „The power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of Global Governance“ im mexikanischen Außenministerium in Mexiko-Stadt.

Absolventinnen und Absolventen aus allen Jahrgängen der MGG Academy – dem Trainings- und Dialogformat des MGG-Netzwerks – diskutierten gemeinsam mit Partnern aus dem MGG-Netzwerk sowie Gästen aus Politik, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft, wie ein fairer Dialog in Zeiten zunehmender Polarisierung und nationalistischer Tendenzen geführt werden kann. Der direkte Austausch zwischen den beteiligten Akteuren, die Verständigung über Problem und Lösungsoptionen und die Arbeit in multisektoralen Netzwerken in den Themenbereichen Migration und internationale Entwicklungszusammenarbeit standen dabei im Vordergrund

Die Konferenz war Teil einer Serie von Veranstaltungen in allen MGG Partnerländern (Brasilien, China, Indien, Indonesien, Mexiko, Südafrika), die einem positiven Narrativ von Global Governance nachspüren. Die Konferenz in Mexiko griff die Diskussion aus der vorangegangenen Konferenz in Indien (28. – 29. April 2019) auf. Ihre Ergebnisse werden in die Folgeveranstaltung in Brasilien (18. – 20. September 2019) einfließen.

Das große Interesse an der Diskussion wird unter anderem durch die mediale Verarbeitung der Veranstaltung dokumentiert.

 

Der Beitrag MGG Konferenz in Mexiko: The Power of Cooperation: Shaping a positive narrative of Global Governance erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Start of MGG Academy 2019

26. August 2019 - 12:04

MGG Academy 2019 Participants

On 19 August, the MGG Academy 2019 has kicked-off at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), bringing together 23 participants from Brazil, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Mexico, and South Africa. The MGG Academy is a four-month dialogue and training course for young professionals from governmental institutions, research institutions, civil society and the private sector that aims at developing the competencies of future change makers to address global challenges. On 23 August, the participants hosted the Global Village for colleagues from DIE and other institutions in Bonn. They set up stalls that showcased facts and current issues in their countries. The informal event was also an opportunity to socialise and get to know the participants and their cultures through food, art, and various activities.

 

Der Beitrag Start of MGG Academy 2019 erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Start der MGG Academy 2019

26. August 2019 - 12:02

MGG Academy 2019 Participants

Am 19. August startete die MGG Academy 2019 mit 23 Teilnehmenden aus Brasilien, China, Deutschland, Indien, Indonesien, Mexiko und Südafrika. Die MGG Academy ist ein viermonatiger Dialog- und Ausbildungskurs für Nachwuchsführungskräfte in Regierungseinrichtungen, Forschungsinstituten, der Zivilgesellschaft und dem Privatsektor. Sie zielt darauf ab, die Kompetenzen künftiger Transformationsakteure für die Bearbeitung globaler Herausforderungen zu stärken. Am 23. August luden die Teilnehmenden Kollegen aus dem DIE und aus anderen Institutionen in Bonn zu einem „Global Village“ ein, bei dem sie in Form von Ständen aktuelle Themen und Informationen aus ihren Heimatländern vorstellten. Die informelle Veranstaltung bot eine gute Gelegenheit sich gegenseitig kennenzulernen, u.a. auch über Kultur, Kunst, Essen und weitere Aktivitäten.

Der Beitrag Start der MGG Academy 2019 erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

The G7 Summit in Biarritz: Finding agreement amid discord

21. August 2019 - 14:10

It is a common practice today to speak about the demise of the liberal world order. Threats to multilateralism, free trade and democratic values seem to arise from everywhere; both through a growing assertiveness of authoritarian regimes, but also from within liberal democracies.

This creates particular challenges for international cooperation at a time when the world is increasingly confronted with new or (re-)emerging and transversal issues such as digital privacy and inequality. These issues are insufficiently regulated within our existing system of institutions, necessitating new and renewed forms of multilateral cooperation.

In light of these challenges, on the occasion of the 2018 G7 Summit in Charlevoix, Canada and the accompanying Think 7 Summit (a meeting of researchers from G7 countries extended to include a number of outreach partners), we looked at the particular institutional characteristics of the G7 and how they impact its ability to tackle new and transversal issues in global governance. In an article that was the output of our involvement in the Think 7 Summit, we highlighted two important features of the G7 that make it better suited than other international institutions to address these issues: the informality and like-mindedness of G7 members when it comes to social, economic and political values. We argued the G7’s relatively high level of informality, along with its focus on shared values among members make it well adapted to address new and complex issues that have „no home”. At the same time, its members are frequently expected to share problem definitions that enable them to reach faster solutions. Both at the previous Charlevoix and the upcoming Biarritz Summits, leaders of the G7 have committed to dealing with increasingly complex threats to multilateralism and emerging problems such as growing inequality, green finance, and the taxation of the digital economy.

However, as the G7 Summit in Biarritz approaches, it has become clear that the likemindedness of G7 member states is in flux and what we are presented with is a “G6 plus one.” Given the current global context, reaching solutions on these issues has proven to be difficult in light of, in particular, domestic developments in the United States. Yet, with creative solutions building on the G7’s informality and the flexibility it provides, the current era of the G6 plus one will not necessarily relegate the G7 to a phase of decline and inactivity. Ahead of the upcoming summit, we call on leaders to make the most of the G7 by intensifying their debate on a long-term coherent vision strengthening common values and, where this proves to be impossible, to create mini-lateral solutions and long-term plans for particular problems at hand.

Playing to the G7’s strengths

Over a history of forty-five summits from Rambouillet in 1975 to the upcoming summit in Biarritz, the G7 has had an overall mixed record of tackling global issues. Building on the competitive advantages offered by its informal nature and generally like-minded membership, the G7 has been relatively more successful at tackling new and complex issues than conventional issues.

In 2018, for example, G7 leaders addressed both well-established and emerging issues. Within the first category, they acknowledged that trade liberalization contributes to economic growth, urged North Korea to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction, and expressed concern for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Not surprisingly, these statements did not contribute to solving these entrenched issues.

The G7 was more productive in framing emerging issues, such as sexual violence in digital contexts, foreign interference in elections, the governance of artificial intelligence, and ocean plastic waste. These problems are not adequately governed by other international institutions and G7 declarations adopted in 2018 will contribute to framing these issues in the years to come.

Likewise, the Biarritz agenda includes traditional issues that are already on the work program of existing intergovernmental organizations, such as fighting terrorism, protecting biodiversity, maintaining a resilient financial system and promoting access to education, as well as emerging issues that are in need of global leadership, including digital trust and supply chains for agricultural commodities. We expect the Biarritz Summit to be of greater importance for the second category of issues.

Making the most of the “G6 plus one”

Over a history of forty-five summits from Rambouillet in 1975 to the upcoming summit in Biarritz, the G7 has had an overall mixed record of tackling global issues. Building on the competitive advantages offered by its informal nature and generally like-minded membership, the G7 has been relatively more successful at tackling new and complex issues than conventional issues.

In 2018, for example, G7 leaders addressed both well-established and emerging issues. Within the first category, they acknowledged that trade liberalization contributes to economic growth, urged North Korea to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction, and expressed concern for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Not surprisingly, these statements did not contribute to solving these entrenched issues.

The G7 was more productive in framing emerging issues, such as sexual violence in digital contexts, foreign interference in elections, the governance of artificial intelligence, and ocean plastic waste. These problems are not adequately governed by other international institutions and G7 declarations adopted in 2018 will contribute to framing these issues in the years to come.

Likewise, the Biarritz agenda includes traditional issues that are already on the work program of existing intergovernmental organizations, such as fighting terrorism, protecting biodiversity, maintaining a resilient financial system and promoting access to education, as well as emerging issues that are in need of global leadership, including digital trust and supply chains for agricultural commodities. We expect the Biarritz Summit to be of greater importance for the second category of issues.

The G7 remains an informal institution, despite its 45 years of meetings and efforts – both deliberate and organic – to institutionalize its processes. Yet, growing divergences in preferences, such as the United States’ “America First” foreign policy, puts the like-mindedness of G7 members at risk. At Biarritz next week, in areas ranging from international trade to climate change mitigation, G7 discussions seem likely to fragment, with dividing lines forming between the positions of the G6 (and the European Union) and that of the United States.

Reduced like-mindedness could harm the G7 in two ways. First, it may impede members’ ability to reach consensus on important issues. Second, as host states set the agenda, with the Trump Administration assuming the G7 Presidency at the end of the year, it could make transitions between summits increasingly erratic. Yet, building on the G7’s informality and the flexibility it conveys, solutions are available.

In areas where the G7 fails to reach consensus, there are no rules preventing smaller, “mini-lateral” groupings of like-minded member states from coordinating on pressing matters or the addition of external like-minded states to a summit. Like-minded sub-group or extended group mini-lateral solutions can serve as the basis for broader solutions at future summits. The sub-group strategy was successfully used in the early years of Russia’s G7 (then G8) participation where the G7—excluding Russia—met alongside the G8. The extended groups solution is being used again this year, with Australia, India, Egypt, South Africa, Rwanda and Chile set to attend the Summit.

G7 themes have historically been set by the host country, affecting the coherence of transitions from one summit to the next. With the United States in line to host the upcoming 2020 G7 Summit, there may be a clear agenda shift after Biarritz. To minimize disruption, at Biarritz, the G7 should prioritize a small number of long-term initiatives to be followed up at the next summit, as recommended by this year’s Think Tank 7 report. Doing so will ensure a degree of consistency is maintained from one summit to the next, while leaving host states room to incorporate their choice items on the agenda and respond to new pressing issues.

Conclusion

As would be expected of one of the progenitors of the G7, the French Presidency has been proactive in its organization of and boosterism surrounding this year’s summit. It has arranged the usual run-up of ministerial meetings and social media campaigns to build a steady drum roll of anticipation ahead of the leaders’ summit at the end of August. In addition, it has reached out not only to external partners as mentioned above but also domestic groups in an effort to placate the gilets jaunes. Moreover, for the first time in a decade, the summit will be organised across three days rather than two. We applaud this proactivity, especially if it reinforces the G7’s comparative advantages as an informal (and therefore flexible) as well as like-minded grouping. However, the French Presidency needs to proceed with caution.

We welcome the extended groups solution as one way to keep the G7 relevant. Utilizing a ‘variable geometry’ and rebooting each summit in terms of inviting like-minded leaders to discuss emerging issues can ensure that the right people to address a specific issue are sat at the same table. It should be embraced as the ‘new normal’ of the way future G7 summits are organized, rather than presented as a novelty. However, there are associated risks. Invited guests need to feel that they are part of a meaningful discussion with tangible outcomes and follow-through to ensure they do not become disillusioned, disengaged and look to form their own groups of outsiders defined by little more than their perceived exclusion by the traditional G7 elite. The way in which the G5 of Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa failed to articulate successfully with the G8 provides a cautionary lesson that should be heeded to ensure the reboot in design of the G7 at Biarritz does not become just one more attempt at rearranging chairs on the Titanic.

In terms of the summit agenda, the French Presidency has placed the emphasis on the nebulous and potentially meaningless soundbite of ‘fighting inequality’. This is all very well as an attempt to grab attention and elicit some buy-in but requires greater specificity around the issues to be addressed. As we have argued elsewhere, the G7 is well placed to address new and transversal issues, and we hope to see concrete progress at Biarritz particularly in terms of framing the issues of digital trust, supply chains for agricultural commodities, and given its theme, the underlying dimensions of inequality and its impact on other issue areas. The G7 should provide a home for these issues and resist the urge to fall back solely on traditional, headline issues that are often little more than soundbites.

This year’s G7 summit has the opportunity to provide a template for the way future summits are organized in a more nimble and agile way than has been the case at recent summits. This template is all the more necessary as the G7 Presidency rotates from a proactive France to a capricious Trump administration seeking re-election in 2020 and a UK in 2021 still seeking political stability and leadership as a result of the Brexit debacle. Mini-lateralism and long-term thinking provide two viable ways through these uncertain times.

Der Beitrag The G7 Summit in Biarritz: Finding agreement amid discord erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

HLPF Side Event in New York

26. Juli 2019 - 13:53

Conference Photo of HLPF

Im Rahmen des Hochrangigen Politischen Forums zur Überprüfung der SDG-Umsetzung, das am 9.-19. Juli 2019 in New York stattfand, hat das DIE am 11. Juli ein Side Event ausgerichtet. Dort wurden die Ergebnisse einer sich im Erscheinen befindlichen Studie zu zweckgebundener Finanzierung im multilateralen Entwicklungssystem vorgestellt. Internationale Organisationen wie UNDP, die WHO, oder UNFP verfügen über multilaterale Vorzüge, die ihnen einzigartige Rollen bei der Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 zuweisen. Diese werden aber durch die derzeit vorherrschende Finanzierung des UN-Entwicklungssystem unterlaufen: Mittlerweile mehrheitlich zweckgebundene Mittel, welche vor allem von OECD/DAC Geber an bestimmte thematische und geografische Schwerpunkte geknüpft werden, führen zu Fragmentierung, Angebotsorientierung, Konkurrenz, und Unterfinanzierung multilateraler Kerntätigkeiten. Trotz einiger hilfreicher Varianten, die die Zusammenarbeit und innovatives Handeln fördern, läuft ein Großteil der zweckgebunden Finanzierung dem Ruf der 2030 Agenda nach transformativem, integriertem und übergreifendem Vorgehen zuwider. Im New Yorker Büro der Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation diskutierten rund 20 Vertreterinnen und Vertreter von internationalen sowie UN-Organisationen und Mitgliedstaaten darüber, wie laufende Reformprozesse Fortschritte erzielen können.

 

Der Beitrag HLPF Side Event in New York erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Side Event beim HLPF in New York

26. Juli 2019 - 13:52

Conference Photo of HLPF

Im Rahmen des Hochrangigen Politischen Forums zur Überprüfung der SDG-Umsetzung, das am 9.-19. Juli 2019 in New York stattfand, hat das DIE am 11. Juli ein Side Event ausgerichtet. Dort wurden die Ergebnisse einer sich im Erscheinen befindlichen Studie zu zweckgebundener Finanzierung im multilateralen Entwicklungssystem vorgestellt. Internationale Organisationen wie UNDP, die WHO, oder UNFP verfügen über multilaterale Vorzüge, die ihnen einzigartige Rollen bei der Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 zuweisen. Diese werden aber durch die derzeit vorherrschende Finanzierung des UN-Entwicklungssystem unterlaufen: Mittlerweile mehrheitlich zweckgebundene Mittel, welche vor allem von OECD/DAC Geber an bestimmte thematische und geografische Schwerpunkte geknüpft werden, führen zu Fragmentierung, Angebotsorientierung, Konkurrenz, und Unterfinanzierung multilateraler Kerntätigkeiten. Trotz einiger hilfreicher Varianten, die die Zusammenarbeit und innovatives Handeln fördern, läuft ein Großteil der zweckgebunden Finanzierung dem Ruf der 2030 Agenda nach transformativem, integriertem und übergreifendem Vorgehen zuwider. Im New Yorker Büro der Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation diskutierten rund 20 Vertreterinnen und Vertreter von internationalen sowie UN-Organisationen und Mitgliedstaaten darüber, wie laufende Reformprozesse Fortschritte erzielen können.

Der Beitrag Side Event beim HLPF in New York erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

EU Migration Policy and Free Movement of Persons in Africa: Expert Discussion with Clare Castillejo

26. Juli 2019 - 13:46

On 8 July, an expert discussion took place at DIE on the influence of EU migration policy on freedom of movement in West and North-East Africa. Since the so-called European refugee crisis of 2015, the control of irregular migration from Africa has been the focus of European migration policy. This conflicts not least with African initiatives to promote the free movement of persons and regional integration. The Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is now regarded as established, and similar agreements are being prepared in other regions.

Clare Castillejo, Associate Researcher at DIE, presented the results of a study, which was conducted as part of the BMZ-funded research project „Reducing the causes of flight and shaping migration“. Representatives of the European Commission and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) commented on the study. In addition, colleagues from BMZ, GIZ and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) took part in the discussion.

Der Beitrag EU Migration Policy and Free Movement of Persons in Africa: Expert Discussion with Clare Castillejo erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

EU-Migrationspolitik und Personenfreizügigkeit in Afrika: Fachgespräch mit Clare Castillejo

26. Juli 2019 - 13:42

Am 8. Juli fand am DIE ein Fachgespräch über den Einfluss der EU-Migrationspolitik auf Freizügigkeit in West- und Nordostafrika statt. Seit der sogenannten Europäischen Flüchtlingskrise 2015 bildet die Kontrolle irregulärer Migration aus Afrika den Schwerpunkt der europäischen Migrationspolitik. Dieser konfligiert nicht zuletzt mit afrikanischen Initiativen zur Förderung der Personenfreizügigkeit und regionaler Integration. Das Freizügigkeitsprotokoll der Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft westafrikanischer Staaten (ECOWAS) gilt mittlerweile als etabliert, ähnliche Abkommen werden in anderen Regionen vorbereitet.

Clare Castillejo, assoziierte Wissenschaftlerin des DIE, stellte die Ergebnisse einer Studie vor, die im Rahmen des BMZ-finanzierten Forschungsprojektes „Fluchtursachen reduzieren und Migration gestalten“ durchgeführt wurde. Vertreterinnen und Vertreter der europäischen Kommission und der Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) kommentierten die Studie. Des Weiteren nahmen Kolleginnen und Kollegen von BMZ, GIZ und der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP) an der Diskussion teil.

Der Beitrag EU-Migrationspolitik und Personenfreizügigkeit in Afrika: Fachgespräch mit Clare Castillejo erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

News from SDSN Germany

26. Juli 2019 - 13:32

On June 27 2019, the international symposium „From Copenhagen to Katowice – 10 Years of Climate Policy and Climate Change“ took place at the Climate House Bremerhaven. The event was held on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Climate House. The aim of the symposium was to discuss the development of climate change and international climate policy with representatives from politics, business, civil society and science. After a keynote speech by Professor Harald Welzer (Futurzwei Stiftung Zukunftsfähigkeit) on climate policy communication and economic growth, a panel discussed the past, present and future development of international climate policy. After urgent calls by representatives from Fridays for Future and Youth Climate Bremerhaven, two workshops highlighted the impact of climate change on different parts of the world. Jewel Tuitama (Ministry of Climate, Oceans and Resilience, Tokelau) shared her experiences in the South Pacific, while Ibrahim Kane Annour shared his impressions from Niger. SDSN Germany was involved as a partner in the international symposium at the Climate House Bremerhaven.

Since July 2019, the network „Sustainability at Higher Education Institutions: develop – network – report“ (HOCHN) has joined SDSN Germany as a partner. Focal points of the project are questions such as how Higher Education Institutions (HEI) can contribute to a sustainable development in the field of governance, sustainability reporting, teaching & education, research, operations and transfer. Moreover, the project is also interested in the question which joint understanding of sustainability and transformation might be developed in the university network. SDSN Germany and HOCHN have identified many synergy opportunities in their work and aim to put these synergies into value within the framework of the partnership.

Der Beitrag News from SDSN Germany erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Neues von SDSN Germany

26. Juli 2019 - 13:30

Am 27. Juni 2019 fand im Klimahaus Bremerhaven das Internationale Symposium „From Copenhagen to Katowice – 10 Years of Climate Policy and Climate Change“ statt. Die Veranstaltung wurde anlässlich des zehnjährigen Bestehens des Klimahauses in Bremerhaven ausgerichtet. Ziel des Symposiums war es, mit Vertreterinnen und Vertretern aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Zivilgesellschaft und Wissenschaft über die Entwicklung des Klimawandels und der internationalen Klimapolitik zu diskutieren. Nach einer Keynote von Prof. Dr. Harald Welzer (Futurzwei Stiftung Zukunftsfähigkeit) über klimapolitische Kommunikation und Wirtschaftswachstum fand eine Podiumsdiskussion statt. In dieser wurde die vergangene, gegenwärtige und zukünftige Entwicklung der internationalen Klimapolitik diskutiert. Nach eindringlichen Aufrufen durch Vertreterinnen von Fridays for Future und Youth Climate Bremerhaven machten zwei Workshops den Einfluss des Klimawandels auf unterschiedliche Gebiete der Welt deutlich. Jewel Tuitama (Ministry of Climate, Oceans and Resilience, Tokelau) berichtete von ihren Erfahrungen im Süd-Pazifik, während Ibrahim Kane Annour seine Eindrücke aus dem Niger schilderte. SDSN Germany war als Partner am internationalen Symposiums im Klimahaus Bremerhaven beteiligt.

SDSN Germany begrüßt einen neuen Partner in seinem Netzwerk. Das Netzwerk Nachhaltigkeit an Hochschulen: entwickeln – vernetzen – entwickeln (HOCHN) ist seit Juli 2019 Partner von SDSN Germany. Im Fokus von HOCHN steht die Fragestellung, welchen Beitrag Hochschulen zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung in den Handlungsfeldern Nachhaltigkeitsberichterstattung, Governance, Lehre, Forschung, Betrieb und Transfer leisten können. Darüber hinaus geht es aber auch um die Frage, wie ein gemeinsames Verständnis von Nachhaltigkeit und Transformation im Hochschulverbund entwickelt werden kann. SDSN Germany und HOCHN sehen viele Synergiemöglichkeiten in ihrer Arbeit, die sie im Rahmen der Partnerschaft zukünftig in Wert setzen möchten.

Der Beitrag Neues von SDSN Germany erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

New awareness for sustainability in public procurement at the Global Revolution Conference in Nottingham

26. Juli 2019 - 13:07

Lecture by Max Müngersdorff

From 16 to 18 June, the Public Procurement: Global Revolution IX Conference took place in Nottingham, UK, for the ninth time. Dr Maximilian Müngersdorff and Tim Stoffel, both researcher at DIE, presented their research on sustainable public procurement to an international audience.

At the conference, tendencies in approaching the topic became visible that have also been shown in the MUPASS research project, conducted together with the Service Agency Communities in One World (SKEW): Sustainable public procurement is receiving increasing attention by policy makers and practitioners alike. At the same time, there is a shift in how the topic is being approached. Presentations by representatives of international organisations, like OECD, showed that those organisations have already integrated sustainability into their concepts for public procurement and now increasingly focus on implementation and mutual learning, when dealing with the topic. Based on the research at DIE, this was a predictable development: “Legal frameworks worldwide already allow for the consideration of social and ecological aspects in public procurement. The main challenge now is to support actors in implementation”, Tim Stoffel put it.

The MUPASS project shows that change management within administrations and supporting them with practical implementation is central for the realisation of sustainable procurement practices in municipalities. At the third MUPASS Dialogue Forum, which will take place in October 2019, municipal actors from Germany, Europe, Sub-Sahara Africa, and Latin America come together to learn from each other within a framework of transformative research for sustainable public procurement.

Der Beitrag New awareness for sustainability in public procurement at the Global Revolution Conference in Nottingham erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

Neue Aufmerksamkeit für Nachhaltigkeit in öffentlicher Beschaffung auf der Global Revolution Konferenz in Nottingham

26. Juli 2019 - 13:03

Vortrag von Max Müngersdorff

Vom 16. Bis 18. Juni 2019 fand in Nottingham mit 300 Teilnehmenden die Public Procurement: Global Revolution IX Conference zum neunten Mal statt. Dr. Maximilian Müngersdorff und Tim Stoffel, Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter am DIE, präsentierten dort ihre Forschung zu nachhaltiger öffentlicher Beschaffung einem internationalen Fachpublikum.

Auf der Global Revolution bestätigte sich, was auch die Forschung von Müngersdorff und Stoffel im Rahmen des mit der Servicestelle Kommunen in der Einen Welt (SKEW) durchgeführten MUPASS-Projektes zeigt: Nachhaltige öffentliche Beschaffung gewinnt bei politischen Entscheidungsträgerinnen und Entscheidungsträgern sowie Praktikerinnen und Praktikern weiter an Bedeutung. Gleichzeitig verlagert sich der Fokus der Politik und der Begleitforschung von den Rahmenbedingungen auf Umsetzungsprozesse und wechselseitige Lernprozesse, wie unter anderem Vertreter der OECD betonten. Auf Grundlage der laufenden Forschung am DIE zu diesem Thema war dies eine absehbare Entwicklung: „Rechtsrahmen ermöglichen weltweit bereits die Einbeziehung von sozialen und ökologischen Aspekten in die öffentliche Auftragsvergabe. Jetzt geht es vor allem darum, Akteure bei der Implementierung zu unterstützen“, sagte Tim Stoffel.

Das MUPASS-Projekt zeigt, dass verwaltungsinternes Change Management und die Unterstützung bei der praktischen Umsetzung gerade für Kommunen von entscheidender Bedeutung sind. Beim dritten MUPASS-Dialogforum, das im Oktober 2019 stattfindet, werden kommunale Akteure aus Deutschland, Europa, Sub-Sahara Afrika und Lateinamerika zusammenkommen, um im Rahmen transformativer Forschung voneinander und miteinander zu lernen.

Der Beitrag Neue Aufmerksamkeit für Nachhaltigkeit in öffentlicher Beschaffung auf der Global Revolution Konferenz in Nottingham erschien zuerst auf International Development Blog.

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