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The French response to the Corona Crisis: semi-presidentialism par excellence

GDI Briefing - 19. Januar 2038 - 4:14

This blog post analyses the response of the French government to the Coronavirus pandemic. The piece highlights how the semi-presidential system in France facilitates centralized decisions to manage the crisis. From a political-institutional perspective, it is considered that there were no major challenges to the use of unilateral powers by the Executive to address the health crisis, although the de-confinement phase and socio-economic consequences opens the possibility for more conflictual and opposing reactions. At first, approvals of the president and prime minister raised, but the strict confinement and the reopening measures can be challenging in one of the European countries with the highest number of deaths, where massive street protests, incarnated by the Yellow vests movement, have recently shaken the political scene.

Kategorien: english

How can the G20 support innovative: mechanisms to mobilise financial resources for LDCs in a post-pandemic world?

GDI Briefing - 26. Dezember 2022 - 14:05

Innovative financing for development can contribute to closing the financial gap by mobilising new funds for sustainable development and leveraging existing scarce public concessional resources (ODA). In addition to domestic resources and traditional external financial resources, innovative financing mechanisms can mobilise further financial resources for LDCs. In view of the LDCs’ enormous sustainable investment needs, mobilising private financial resources is both crucial and inescapable. Blended finance represents an important instrument to combine ODA with private finance, thereby leveraging scarce concessional public financial resources. The G20 should consider promoting the adoption and implementation of the OECD Blended Finance Principles in LICs to enhance blended finance in these countries. As many LDCs do not have sufficient institutional capacity. To adopt blended finance instruments the G20 should support LDC in developing institutional capacity to effectively implement blended finance tools and to lower risks associated with blended finance. An additional instrument to enhance external financial resources to LDCs is to allocate the recently approved new SDR allocation to LDCs exceeding LDCs quota. The G20 should take on a leading by example/frontrunner role and donate as well as lend a percentage of their allocations, discuss establishing a special purpose fund (i.e. a green or health fund), support allocating a large amount of SDRs to LDCs exceeding their quota and discuss proposals how to allocate them among LICs and discuss how these financial instruments can be used to ensure a sustainable and inclusive recovery from the covid-19 crisis. As the fragmented architecture of sustainable bond standards represent one main challenge in mobilising financial resources for attaining the SDGs by issuing sustainable bonds the G20 should discuss and promote harmonisation of sustainable bond standards. Moreover, the G20 countries should provide capacity building for LDCs for developing the sustainable bond market in these countries.

Kategorien: english

How can the G20 support innovative: mechanisms to mobilise financial resources for LDCs in a post-pandemic world?

DIE - 26. Dezember 2022 - 14:05

Innovative financing for development can contribute to closing the financial gap by mobilising new funds for sustainable development and leveraging existing scarce public concessional resources (ODA). In addition to domestic resources and traditional external financial resources, innovative financing mechanisms can mobilise further financial resources for LDCs. In view of the LDCs’ enormous sustainable investment needs, mobilising private financial resources is both crucial and inescapable. Blended finance represents an important instrument to combine ODA with private finance, thereby leveraging scarce concessional public financial resources. The G20 should consider promoting the adoption and implementation of the OECD Blended Finance Principles in LICs to enhance blended finance in these countries. As many LDCs do not have sufficient institutional capacity. To adopt blended finance instruments the G20 should support LDC in developing institutional capacity to effectively implement blended finance tools and to lower risks associated with blended finance. An additional instrument to enhance external financial resources to LDCs is to allocate the recently approved new SDR allocation to LDCs exceeding LDCs quota. The G20 should take on a leading by example/frontrunner role and donate as well as lend a percentage of their allocations, discuss establishing a special purpose fund (i.e. a green or health fund), support allocating a large amount of SDRs to LDCs exceeding their quota and discuss proposals how to allocate them among LICs and discuss how these financial instruments can be used to ensure a sustainable and inclusive recovery from the covid-19 crisis. As the fragmented architecture of sustainable bond standards represent one main challenge in mobilising financial resources for attaining the SDGs by issuing sustainable bonds the G20 should discuss and promote harmonisation of sustainable bond standards. Moreover, the G20 countries should provide capacity building for LDCs for developing the sustainable bond market in these countries.

Kategorien: Ticker

Project Manager for Cultural and Structural Change (f/m/d) (Berlin)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

 

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is a private and independent international medical aid organisation. Diversity, open mindedness and mutual respect are of particular importance in our organisation. MSF provides medical aid in more than 70 countries worldwide. The headquarters of the German section of MSF - Ärzte ohne Grenzen e.V. is in Berlin. In the headquarters, over 250 employees work in the fundraising, communications and engagement, finance and administration, human resources and project departments.


Project Manager for Cultural and Structural Change (f/m/d)


Job Location
Berlin

Start Date
01.10.2022

Job Duration
31.12.2023

Job Dimension
40 hours per week

Application Deadline
04.09.2022


In your role you will

  • Lead and execute project management activities of two strategic projects under the Culture and Structure Strategy Plan Goal (1. EDI: introduce organization-wide EDI criteria and implement them across the organizational context and 2. "Structural Review": holistically examine MSF-Germany's organizational structure, key processes and position-specific responsibilities).
  • Assist the Strategy Process and Change Lead in the strategic and conceptual realignment of MSF-Germany in the area of EDI and structural organizational development
  • Identify, prepare, initiate and actively communicate needs for decision-making to all relevant stakeholders (management team, works council, project management community, all-staff, etc.)
  • Engage, lead and motivate project team members and project stakeholders in delivering against the project plan
  • Maintain a solid project administration and reporting of progress
  • Plan and coordinate project communication and change management activities
  • Coordinate various internal and external project stakeholders and align expectations
  • Coordinate project meetings and maintain documentation


You Have

  • You have demonstrated experience in the fields of organizational development, change management, project management, culture change and EDI.
  • You are comfortable analyzing and understanding complex organizational contexts and finding creative solutions together as a team and with stakeholders.
  • You work in a structured manner and are experienced in using common project management methodologies and tools.
  • Transparency, commitment, openness, a practiced culture of error and the ability to deal with conflict are important to you and you exemplify this yourself.
  • Good communication, analytical reasoning and problem-solving skills.
  • Proven experience in delivering projects on timely basis and within budget.
  • Professional experience in a consulting context is an asset.
  • You like to take on responsibility and are a born team player.


Our Offer

Financial benefits

  • Payment according to a transparent internal salary structure; in this position according to group 4 with full-time employment (40h/week) from 3177 Euro to a maximum of 4019 Euro, depending on the relevant professional experience
  • 13th salary, regular salary increases within the salary structure and annual inflation adjustment
  • Company pension plan after 24 months of seniority
  • Subsidy for job ticket
  • Financial allowance for remote work and company laptop with additional accessories for mobile working

non-financial benefits

  • 30 days holidays plus days off on 12/24 and 12/31
  • Flexible working hours, remote work incl. possibilities to work up to 6 weeks per year from abroad within the EU
  • Wide range of internal training opportunities and annual external trainings budget

Additional benefits

  • Insights on international field projects through regular reports, presentations and exchange with colleagues
  • Opportunity to exchange ideas in our inspiring MSF Germany specific and international network and to help shape the future of the organization
  • A meaningful, varied job in a respectful and positive organizational culture where empowerment and team decision-making are valued


As an internationally operating organisation, we welcome diversity, open mindedness and mutual respect. In accordance with our values, we only analyze the professional qualifications in the applications, regardless of ethnical and social origin, religion or belief, gender, sexual orientation or age of the applicant.

Online-Bewerbung

Kategorien: Jobs

Mitarbeiter in der Finanzbuchhaltung (w/m/d) (Aachen)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

Das Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. ist das Kinderhilfswerk der katholischen Kirche in Deutschland. Die größte Aktion des Kindermissionswerks ist die Sternsingeraktion. Weltweit unterstützt das Kindermissionswerk Hilfsprojekte in rund 100 Ländern.

Am Standort Aachen besetzen wir ab sofort die Funktion


Mitarbeiter in der Finanzbuchhaltung (w/m/d)


in Voll- oder Teilzeit.


Ihr Aufgabenfeld – herausfordernd und zukunftsorientiert

  • Zusammen mit den Kolleginnen und Kollegen im Buchhaltungsteam stellen Sie die ordnungsgemäßen Zahlungen und die ordnungsgemäße Buchführung sicher.
  • Sie bearbeiten abschließend alle Vorgänge aus dem Bereich der Finanzsachbearbeitung unter fach- und sachgerechter Anwendung der gesetzlichen Bestimmungen.
  • Nach Vorgabe des Fachbereiches Ausland führen Sie Projektauszahlungen ins Ausland aus.
  • Sie erstellen regelmäßig die Umsatzsteuervoranmeldung.
  • Sie unterstützen bei der Vorbereitung der Jahresabschlüsse.


Ihre Qualifikationen – fundiert und adäquat

  • Sie haben eine kaufmännische Ausbildung absolviert und verfügen idealerweise über eine Fortbildung zum/r Finanzbuchhalter/in.
  • Sie haben bereits Erfahrung in der Finanzbuchhaltung und im Auslandszahlungsverkehr.
  • Kenntnisse im Vereins- und Stiftungsrecht sind vorteilhaft.
  • Ihre Arbeitsweise ist sehr sorgfältig, strukturiert und zuverlässig.
  • Gängige EDV-Programme (insbesondere Excel) wenden Sie sicher an.


Unser Angebot – sinnstiftend und motivierend
Wir Sternsinger gestalten gemeinsam die weltweit größte Hilfsaktion von Kindern für Kinder. Unsere Arbeit motiviert uns täglich aufs Neue und prägt unser Betriebsklima: Wir sind füreinander da. Deshalb freuen wir uns, auch Bewerbungen von Menschen mit Beeinträchtigung und Behinderung zu erhalten. Wir bieten eine Stelle gemäß der Grundordnung des kirchlichen Dienstes, der Kirchlichen Arbeits- und Vergütungsordnung (KAVO-NW) sowie der Leitlinie für den Kinderschutz im Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. Die Stelle wird vergütet nach Entgeltgruppe 9b und erfordert die Vorlage eines erweiterten Führungszeugnisses, da wir mit und für Kinder arbeiten.


Haben wir Ihr Interesse geweckt? Dann senden Sie uns bitte umgehend, spätestens bis zum 10.09.2022, Ihre aussagefähigen Bewerbungsunterlagen mit Angabe des möglichen Beschäftigungsbeginns vorzugsweise in einer pdf-Datei an bewerbung@sternsinger.de.                                                                                          


Unsere Adresse:
Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger’ e.V. – Frau Dörte Gueth – Personalreferentin –
Stephanstr. 35 - 52064 Aachen

Kategorien: Jobs

Referent finanzielle Zusammenarbeit (w/m/d) (Aachen)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

Das Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. ist das Kinderhilfswerk der katholischen Kirche in Deutschland. Die größte Aktion des Kindermissionswerks ist die Sternsingeraktion. Weltweit unterstützt das Kindermissionswerk Hilfsprojekte in rund 100 Ländern.

Am Standort Aachen besetzen wir zum nächstmöglichen Zeitpunkt die Stelle


Referent finanzielle Zusammenarbeit (w/m/d)


mit einem Beschäftigungsumfang von 100 %
in einem zunächst befristeten Beschäftigungsverhältnis (Elternzeit)


Ihr Aufgabenfeld – herausfordernd und zukunftsorientiert

  • Schwerpunkt Ihrer Tätigkeit ist die Betreuung der Finanzabwicklung von Projekten mit hohem Finanzvolumen und komplexer Finanzierungsgestaltung.
  • Dazu übernehmen Sie die finanzielle Prüfung von Projektanträgen sowie das Finanzmonitoring. Sie prüfen Finanz- und Auditberichte ebenso wie die Bilanzen unserer Projektpartner.
  • Die Steuerung von Audits übernehmen Sie von der Auswahl externer Auditoren über die Vertragserstellung bis zur Umsetzung der Handlungsempfehlungen.
  • Sie arbeiten zusammen mit unseren Länderreferent(inn)en und bei Bedarf mit der Stabsstelle Controlling & Compliance in der Bearbeitung von Korruptionsverdachtsfällen.
  • Desweiteren obliegt Ihnen die Erstellung, Implementierung und Weiterentwicklung von finanziellen Prüfinstrumenten in enger Zusammenarbeit mit Fachkolleg(inn)en.
  • Sie führen Beratungen und Schulungen von Projektpartnern in Fragen des Rechnungs- und Berichtswesens (auch im Ausland) durch.
  • Sie tauschen sich mit Vertreter(inne)n anderer Hilfswerke und Entwicklungsorganisationen in Deutschland aus und stimmen sich mit ihnen ab.


Ihre Qualifikationen – fundiert und adäquat

  • Sie verfügen über ein abgeschlossenes wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Studium mit entwicklungspolitischer Ausrichtung oder eine vergleichbare kaufmännische Ausbildung.
  • Sie besitzen berufliche Erfahrung in der Finanz- und Rechnungsprüfung von Projekten sowie in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit.
  • Fachspezifische Englischkenntnisse bringen Sie ebenso mit wie eine weitere Verkehrssprache (bevorzugt Spanisch oder Französisch).
  • Ihre Bereitschaft zu Dienstreisen im In- und Ausland setzen wir voraus.


Unser Angebot – interessant und abwechslungsreich
Wir Sternsinger gestalten gemeinsam die weltweit größte Hilfsaktion von Kindern für Kinder. Unsere Arbeit motiviert uns täglich aufs Neue und prägt unser Betriebsklima: Wir sind füreinander da. Deshalb freuen wir uns auch Bewerbungen von Menschen mit Beeinträchtigungen und Behinderungen zu erhalten. Wir bieten eine Stelle gemäß der Grundordnung des kirchlichen Dienstes, der Kirchlichen Arbeits- und Vergütungsordnung (KAVO-NW) sowie der Leitlinie für den Kinderschutz im Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. Die Stelle wird vergütet nach Entgeltgruppe 11 und erfordert die Vorlage eines erweiterten Führungszeugnisses, da wir mit und für Kinder arbeiten.  


Haben wir Ihr Interesse geweckt? Dann senden Sie uns bitte umgehend Ihre aussagefähigen Bewerbungsunterlagen mit Angabe des möglichen Beschäftigungsbeginns vorzugsweise in einer pdf-Datei an bewerbung@sternsinger.de.                                                                                          

Unsere Adresse:
Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger’ e.V. – Frau Dörte Gueth – Personalreferentin –
Stephanstr. 35 - 52064 Aachen

Kategorien: Jobs

Mitarbeiter Spendenservice (w/m/d) (Aachen)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

Das Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. ist das Kinderhilfswerk der katholischen Kirche in Deutschland. Die größte Aktion des Kindermissionswerks ist die Sternsingeraktion. Weltweit unterstützt das Kindermissionswerk Hilfsprojekte in rund 100 Ländern.

Am Standort Aachen besetzen wir ab sofort die Funktion


Mitarbeiter Spendenservice (w/m/d)


im Bereich Spenderkommunikation und Fundraising
in Voll- oder Teilzeit.


Ihr Aufgabenfeld – herausfordernd und zukunftsorientiert

  • Sie erstellen Zuwendungsbestätigungen und Dankschreiben für unsere Spenderinnen und Spender.
  • Dies umfasst sowohl die Erstellung von Vorlagen und individuellen Dankschreiben als auch den Druck von Serienbriefen.
  • Sie pflegen unsere Datenbank, indem Sie Adressen neu erfassen und Änderungen einarbeiten.
  • Sie sind zentrale Ansprechperson für unsere Spenderinnen und Spender und beantworten Fragen kompetent und zuverlässig.
  • Dabei klären Sie spezifische Problemstellungen in Abstimmung mit den Kolleginnen und Kollegen der Spenderkommunikation sowie anderer Bereiche des Hauses.  
  • Die Kommunikation mit Pfarrgemeinden unterstützen Sie durch das Versenden von Dankbriefen, Berichten aus den Projekten und Erinnerungsschreiben.
  • Während des Aktionszeitraums der Sternsingeraktion verstärken Sie unsere Hotline und bearbeiten Support-Tickets.


Ihre Qualifikationen – fundiert und adäquat

  • Sie haben idealerweise eine kaufmännische Ausbildung absolviert oder verfügen über ein gutes kaufmännisches Grundverständnis.
  • Sie haben Freude an der Kommunikation mit Spenderinnen und Spendern und an der Erarbeitung von Lösungen für diese Zielgruppe.
  • Sie haben hervorragende Deutschkenntnisse und sind versiert im Formulieren von Briefen.
  • Ihre Arbeitsweise ist sehr sorgfältig, strukturiert und zuverlässig.  
  • Gängige EDV-Programme (MS-Office) wenden Sie sicher an.


Unser Angebot – sinnstiftend und motivierend
Wir Sternsinger gestalten gemeinsam die weltweit größte Hilfsaktion von Kindern für Kinder. Unsere Arbeit motiviert uns täglich aufs Neue und prägt unser Betriebsklima: Wir sind füreinander da. Deshalb freuen wir uns, auch Bewerbungen von Menschen mit Beeinträchtigung und Behinderung zu erhalten. Wir bieten eine Stelle gemäß der Grundordnung des kirchlichen Dienstes, der Kirchlichen Arbeits- und Vergütungsordnung (KAVO-NW) sowie der Leitlinie für den Kinderschutz im Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger‘ e.V. Die Stelle wird vergütet nach Entgeltgruppe 9a und erfordert die Vorlage eines erweiterten Führungszeugnisses, da wir mit und für Kinder arbeiten.  


Haben wir Ihr Interesse geweckt? Dann senden Sie uns bitte umgehend spätestens bis zum 10.09.2022 Ihre aussagefähigen Bewerbungsunterlagen mit Angabe des möglichen Beschäftigungsbeginns vorzugsweise in einer pdf-Datei an bewerbung@sternsinger.de.                                                                                          

Unsere Adresse:
Kindermissionswerk ,Die Sternsinger’ e.V. – Frau Dörte Gueth – Personalreferentin –
Stephanstr. 35 - 52064 Aachen

Kategorien: Jobs

Projektcontroller:innen Internationale Zusammenarbeit (m/w/d) (Hamburg)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

Plan International ist eine religiös und weltanschaulich unabhängige Hilfsorganisation, die sich weltweit für die Chancen und Rechte der Kinder engagiert: effizient, transparent, intelligent. Seit mehr als 80 Jahren arbeiten wir daran, dass Mädchen und Jungen ein Leben frei von Armut, Gewalt und Unrecht führen können. Dabei binden wir Kinder in über 70 Ländern aktiv in die Gestaltung der Zukunft ein. Die nachhaltige Gemeindeentwicklung und Verbesserung der Lebensumstände in unseren Partnerländern ist unser oberstes Ziel. Wir reagieren schnell auf Notlagen und Naturkatastrophen, die das Leben von Kindern bedrohen. Die nachhaltigen Entwicklungsziele der Vereinten Nationen bestärken uns in unserem Engagement für die Gleichberechtigung von Mädchen und Frauen. Unser globales Ziel: 100 Millionen Mädchen sollen lernen, leiten, entscheiden und ihr volles Potenzial entfalten. Plan ist dem Kinderschutz verpflichtet.

Wir suchen für unsere Abteilung Internationale Zusammenarbeit in Hamburg ab sofort drei


Projektcontroller:innen Internationale Zusammenarbeit (m/w/d)


- befristet auf zwei Jahre / Vollzeit (39 Wochenstunden) -


Ihre Aufgaben:

  • Steuerung und Überwachung der Finanzen eines Portfolios von öffentlich und privat finanzierten internationalen Projekten der Humanitären Hilfe und der Entwicklungs-zusammenarbeit
  • Sicherstellung der Einhaltung von Geberrichtlinien (z.B. AA, BMZ, EU, KfW, UN-Organisationen)
  • Erstellung und Prüfung von Projektbudgets, finanziellen Verwendungsnachweisen und Mittelanforderungen
  • Unterstützung der Länderbüros und Projektpartner vor Ort in der finanziellen Abwicklung der Projekte und Einhaltung der Geberrichtlinien  
  • Vorbereitung und Begleitung von Audits sowie Unterstützung im Vertragsmanagement
  • Mitarbeit bei Wissensmanagement und Prozessoptimierung innerhalb der Abteilung


Ihr Profil:

  • Studium im Bereich Finanz- bzw. Projekt-Controlling oder vergleichbare Berufsausbildung
  • Erste Berufserfahrung (1-3 Jahre) im Finanz-Controlling von Projekten
  • Erfahrung mit nationalen und internationalen Gebern und deren Richtlinien von Vorteil
  • Sehr gute MS-Office-Kenntnisse (insbesondere MS Excel) und Kenntnisse über IT-basierte Projekt-Management-Systeme (z.B. SAP, MS Dynamics 365, etc.)
  • Gute Englisch- und Deutschkenntnisse sind Voraussetzung. Weitere relevante Sprachkenntnisse (z.B. Französisch, Spanisch, etc.) sind von Vorteil
  • Beruflich relevante Auslandserfahrungen sowie Erfahrungen im Managen von Multi-country/Konsortialprojekten sind von Vorteil
  • Strukturiertes, eigenverantwortliches, proaktives und ergebnisorientiertes Arbeiten
  • Hohes Maß an interkultureller Kompetenz und sehr gute Kommunikationsfähigkeiten
  • Teamfähig, flexibel, lösungsorientiert und kommunikationsstark
  • Flexible Arbeitszeiten und 10 Tage mobiles Arbeiten im Monat


Wir bieten Ihnen

  • Einen ergonomischen und modern ausgestatteten Arbeitsplatz
  • Flexible Arbeitszeiten und 10 Tage mobiles Arbeiten im Monat
  • Ein engagiertes Arbeitsumfeld
  • Getränke zur freien Verfügung
  • Zuschuss zum HVV-ProfiTicket und der hauseigenen Kantine/Cafeteria
  • Ein gutes Betriebsklima


Das Handeln von Plan International Deutschland e.V. ist geprägt von unseren Werten Solidarität, Toleranz, Freiheit, Gleichheit und Gerechtigkeit. Wir leben Vielfalt und begrüßen daher ausdrücklich Bewerbungen aller Mitglieder der Gesellschaft.

Wenn Sie Interesse an dieser anspruchsvollen Aufgabe haben, bewerben Sie sich bitte bis zum 29. August 2022 zum auf Deutsch unter Angabe Ihrer Gehaltsvorstellung und des frühestmöglichen Eintrittstermins online.

Kategorien: Jobs

Project Controller (m/f/d) – International Cooperation (Hamburg)

epojobs - 15. August 2022 - 22:00

Plan International is one of the oldest independent children's aid organisations working in 51 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The self-help projects are financed through sponsorships, individual donations, foundations, public funds and corporate cooperation. Plan International Germany looks after more than 310,000 child sponsorships and thus reaches about three million people in the programme areas. Plan is committed to child protection.

For our International Cooperation Department in Hamburg, Germany we are looking for three


Project Controller (m/f/d) – International Cooperation


- 2 years contract/full-time (39 hours per week) -


Your tasks:

  • Controlling and monitoring of publicly and privately financed international humanitarian aid and development cooperation projects
  • Ensuring compliance with donor guidelines (German Government, EU, UN organisations) and other standards with regards to German grant law
  • Preparation and review of project budgets, financial statements, and requests for funds
  • Supporting the country offices and project partners on site in the financial management of projects and compliance with donor guidelines  
  • Preparation and monitoring of audits and support in contract management
  • Contribution to knowledge management and process optimization within the department


Your Profile:

  • University degree in the field of economics or project controlling or comparable completed training
  • First professional experience (1-3 years) in financial controlling of projects
  • Experience with national and international donors and their guidelines is an advantage
  • Very good knowledge of MS Office (especially MS Excel) and knowledge of IT-based project management systems (e.g., SAP, MS Dynamics) would be an advantage
  • Good English skills are a prerequisite, German, French, Spanish and other language skills is an advantage
  • Relevant working experience as well as experience in managing multi-country/consortia projects is an advantage
  • Structured and independent working style
  • High level of intercultural competence and very good communication skills
  • Team player, flexible, solution-oriented, and strong communicator


We offer:

  • Flexible working hours and up to ten days mobile working per month
  • A committed working environment
  • An ergonomic and modern equipped workplace
  • Water and coffee at your disposal
  • Subsidy for the HVV-ProfiTicket and the in-house canteen/cafeteria
  • A good working atmosphere


The actions of Plan International Deutschland e.V. are shaped by our values of solidarity, tolerance, freedom, equality and justice. We live diversity and therefore expressly welcome applications from all members of society.

Please apply till 29nd August 2022. Due to the urgency, we reserve the right to start the recruitment process before the deadline. We expect a valid work permit for the EU and offer a national contract. The position will be based in Hamburg/Germany (exclusively remote work is not possible).

Please apply online in English or German (CV & cover letter). Please also indicate your salary expectations and earliest possible start date.

Kategorien: Jobs

How “Longtermism” is Shaping Foreign Policy | Will MacAskill

UN Dispatch - 15. August 2022 - 17:43

Longtermism is a moral philosophy that is increasingly gaining traction around the United Nations and in foreign policy circles. Put simply, Longtermism holds the key premise that positively influencing the long-term future is a key moral priority of our time.

The foreign policy community in general and the the United Nations in particular are beginning to embrace longtermism.  Next year at the opening of the UN General Assembly in September 2023, the Secretary General is hosting what he is calling a Summit of the Future to bring these ideas to the center of debate at the United Nations.

Will MacAskill is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He is the author of the new book What We Owe the Future which explains the premise and implications of Longtermism including for the foreign policy community, particularly as it relates to mitigating catastrophic risks to humanity.

Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  | Podcast Addict  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public 

 

 

Transcript lightly edited for clarity

What is longtermism? 

Will MacAskill [00:00:00] The Earth will remain habitable for hundreds of millions of years. The stars will only finish shining in tens of trillions of years. So, we really have an enormous potential future ahead of us. If we don’t cause our own extinction. Longtermism is about taking seriously just how big the future might be and how high the stakes are in potentially shaping it. And then thinking, what are the events that could occur in our lifetime that could potentially impact the entire course of humanity’s future and then trying to act so that we meet those challenges and positively steer humanity onto a better path.

Why is our current moment inspiring the popularity of longtermism?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:03:13] And one of the key assumptions of your book is that we’re living in this unique moment of human history that can perhaps have an outsized impact on humanity’s long-term potential. What makes this moment so special?

Will MacAskill [00:03:29] The key thing that makes this moment so special is how much change there is at any moment where the rate of economic growth and technological progress that we’re currently experiencing is historically unprecedented. You know, while we were hunter gatherers, growth rates were very close to zero. As agriculturalists, growth rates were at about 0.1 percent. They’re know something like 30 times greater than that: roughly 3% per year. And that means we’re just moving, compared to historical standards, very quickly through the kind of tree of possible technologies. And I actually think we’re very unusual compared to the future as well, where we’ve been growing or making this rapid progress for only two or three centuries. And I think it’s just simply not possible that could continue for more than thousands of years, where if this current rate of growth lasted just 10,000 years, well, then we would have something like a trillion times the whole world’s economic output for every atom within reach and that just seems kind of impossible. So, it seems like we’re at this period of moving unusually quickly through our technological development, and that brings risks and benefits. So, the benefits so obvious, I think our technological advances have done an enormous amount today to increase the material well-being of people alive today and I think that could continue into the future. But technology has big risks as well. So, you know, harnessing the power of the atom gave us nuclear power, clean source of energy, but also gave us the nuclear bomb, something that’s very dangerous and potentially destructive. And I think future technologies have this kind of double-edged aspect too, in particular, the development of very advanced artificial intelligence, and then also advances in biotechnology, in particular the ability to engineer new types of pathogens.

Why is the current stage of humanity described as being in adolescence or like being a teenager?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:05:21] One analogy that I’ve drawn from longtermist philosophers like yourself and Toby Ord, as well, is that, you know, a typical mammal species lasts about, what, 700,000 to 1 million years? And we’re in that kind of dangerous, like preadolescence or adolescent phase where we have power, but we don’t know what to do with it.

Will MacAskill [00:05:41] Yeah, that’s exactly right. So, in the book, I compare humanity to a reckless teenager where we’re like a teenager in two ways. So, the first way is that we have most of our life ahead of ourselves, at least potentially, where the typical mammal species last about a million years. Homo sapiens have been around for about 300,000 years. So, if we’re just doing the average, then we would have 700,000 years more to go. I think humanity could last much longer than that. The Earth will remain habitable for hundreds of millions of years. The stars will only finish shining in tens of trillions of years. So, we really have an enormous potential future ahead of us if we don’t cause our own extinction. But then the second aspect of the way in which we’re like a reckless teenager is that we are making decisions that could potentially impact the entire course of this future. So, in the book, I talk about how I was a very risk seeking teenager. I did some dangerous things. I liked to climb buildings. At one point, I nearly died.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:06:44] You fell through a roof glass ceiling, I read.

Will MacAskill [00:06:46] Yeah, I fell through a skylight on top of the roof of a hotel and punctured my side. And I have this, like, several inch long scar on the side of my body to date. And luckily, I got off unharmed, but it could have been much worse. And if that had happened, that would have meant I would have lost out on something like 60 years of life. I mean, either way, even though the fact that I didn’t, I think that was one of the kinds of most high stakes and foolish decisions I made as a teenager. And I think similarly, the human race at the moment has the potential to destroy itself. Nuclear weapons, I think, give us a warning shot of this. I think advances in biotechnology give potentially far greater destructive power as well. We’re at the point where we can modify viruses to make them more destructive and this is something we can already be due to some extent. Well, it would be much easier for the use of that technology to kill billions of people and that’s very worrying. And then the second way in which your decisions as a teenager can be very impactful if you make decisions about, you know, not just decisions that will kill you, but decisions that will impact the whole course of the rest of your life. So, in my own case, this was, you know, a decision to study philosophy, to live by a certain set of values to pursue a certain career. In the same way, I think humanity is deciding what are the values that it should live by in the long term, where there are some decisions, such as the formation of a world government or the first space settlements, or the development of greater than human level artificial intelligence, that could impact at least the broad outlines of not just the present generation, but actually the entire trajectory of human civilization.

Why is the United Nations embracing longtermism?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:08:30] So it’s not often that I have moral philosophers on this podcast. And one of the reasons I wanted to speak with you was not just because your book is really interesting, but because also longtermist thinking is becoming increasingly embraced, I think, in the foreign policy community in general, but at the United Nations in particular, and this has been especially true, I think, over the last couple of years. Just to give listeners some background, in 2020 to mark the 75th anniversary of the U.N., member states of the U.N. tasked the secretary general to come up with ideas and proposals and basically an overall vision to strengthen multilateralism and global cooperation. This process culminated last year in a report called Our Common Agenda and what was interesting to me about this report is that it was explicitly framed as a kind of social contract with future generations. And there are also some, like very concrete proposals to embed longtermist thinking into the U.N. system. This included, among other things, a proposal to create a special envoy for future generations who’d report to the secretary general. And perhaps even more ambitious from an institutional perspective, there’s an idea in that report to revive the old Trusteeship Council, which was an original organ of the U.N. that helped oversee the decolonization of countries but has been defunct since like the mid 1990s. And the idea is to repurpose this council and then have it focus on the well-being of future peoples. And then even next year, during the opening of the U.N. General Assembly, when heads of state from around the world come to New York, there’s going to be a summit of the future to continue to build on these ideas. So, there’s like a lot going on in the U.N. system that is either embracing directly of this kind of philosophy or at least very adjacent to it. What do you see as the implications of the U.N. embracing longtermism?

Will MacAskill [00:10:26] Well, I think it’s very exciting. I think it’s an enormous positive step forward where the U.N. has this huge soft power and soft influence in terms of global agenda setting, where we saw the Millennium Development Goals and then the Sustainable Development Goals as really setting an agenda for kind of what should we be most concerned about? What should we be focusing on? How should we be measuring progress? And so, I’m absolutely delighted that the U.N. is now taking the interests of future generations very seriously and taking actions in that direction, too. One reason I think that this could be particularly useful and impactful is that many of the challenges that seem to be most important from the perspective of positively steering the future involve global public goods. So, things where if all the different countries around the world could cooperate, then they would engage in a certain set of actions. But given that cooperation is difficult, perhaps they will act more in their narrow self-interest, and that actually makes everyone worse off. So, climate change is a very familiar example of an area where getting global cooperation to lower emissions is just extremely difficult indeed, even though I think it would be to the benefit of everyone if there was this global agreement to have some sort of carbon price, global agreement to invest enormous amounts into clean energy. The Montreal Protocol is an example of successful international global coordination, where scientists identified chlorofluorocarbons as incredibly damaging to the ozone layer, and countries of the world managed to get together and say, we’re going to ban this stuff, and that was hugely impactful. And so when I look to the future, some of the new threats and challenges we face, such as in biotechnology and such as from artificial intelligence, it might be that we really want some sort of global, coordinated, cooperative response where perhaps that’s an agreement where we’re not going to invest in the most dangerous forms of biotechnological research that could create new pathogens, or perhaps there are even certain areas of AI that we actually want to like regulate on a global scale or slow down at least on a global scale because we think that they pose more risks and dangers and are unlike most uses of AI that will be extremely beneficial. And the U.N. has that convening power, it has that soft power, and so it could potentially help in these ways.

What is the Summit of the Future?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:12:58] Are there any specific outcomes you’d be looking towards from, say, the summit of the future or more broadly, this whole process of reinvigorating multilateralism in the short term that you think are both achievable and also might have significant long-term impact?

Will MacAskill [00:13:20] I think in the short term, the main thing I’d hope for is a cultural impact, sort of cultural change, because I really think that longtermist thought is in its early days, and I think that’s especially true when it comes to politics and policy. So, I think there does need to be enormously more research and thought done into kind of what’s optimal regulation, governance, policy, say, around these new technologies. But I could imagine the summit of the future being this watershed moment, perhaps like Earth Day in I think was 1970, which is this watershed moment for the idea of environmentalism, where after that point, the idea that we should have serious concern about the natural environment became kind of part of moral common sense. Obviously, people disagree to various amounts, but it’s a legitimate idea on the table. I think the summit of the future could have that similar cultural effect where we think, okay, yeah, it’s obvious that we should be concerned not just about the present generation, but about what the world looks like for our grandchildren and their grandchildren in turn. And then not only that, but we should also be looking to technologies that are just on the horizon, that we’re making rapid progress towards such as artificial intelligence and biotechnology and take a kind of proactive response to ensure that we navigate them in a way that’s going to be beneficial for all humanity and for the long term.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:14:49] So in the UN system there’s this like horrible term, just in terms of like what it does to the English language, when you mainstream something as a verb. So, I’m taking it from you that within the UN you’d like to see them mainstream longtermism.

Will MacAskill [00:15:04] Yeah, for sure. At least to make the idea no longer the province of wacky science fiction writers, which I think it really doesn’t need to be, but instead something that people in positions of power can take seriously and start thinking about.

What are the biggest existential threats to humanity today?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:15:20] And that’s why I wanted to mention Our Common Agenda, because that really is a key first step in making longtermism more mainstream within the UN system. One other sort of key implication of longtermist thinking to foreign policy writ large is the emphasis that longtermism places on mitigating existential threats to humanity. Basically, you can’t have a beautiful future, you know, if everyone’s dead. Where might these risks come from today? And then I’d like to ask you about where they may come from in the future.

Will MacAskill [00:15:56] So if there was going to be a risk right now, I think it would be most likely to come from war, from particular, a war between the great powers of the world such as Russia, the US, India, China, and the particular ones are the US and Russia because of their very large nuclear stockpiles. I think an all-out nuclear war would be the worst thing that ever happened in human history, where among the direct casualties would be tens of millions, maybe hundreds of millions of people dead, but then there’d be a significant risk of a nuclear winter, so global cooling, as a result of the soot lofted into the stratosphere from just so many buildings burning. That could cause very widespread famine, could cause billions of people to die and, you know, that’s certainly terrifying. And I think also, you know, it would be both just one of the worst things that could happen for people alive today and I think it would make the future of humanity look a lot more bleak. And I mean, certainly most of the time, I think people don’t appreciate just how great the risks are from war in general or from nuclear weapons in particular. A leading scholar on the risk of great power war, Bear F. Braumoeller who has a book “Only the Dead”, says at the conclusion of one of his chapters on what’s the chance of a kind of a war that’s as bad or worse than World War II. At the end of this chapter, he considered typing ‘We’re all going to die’ and leaving it at that, but then thought that he should perhaps say something kind of more actionable. But he thinks that war that’s worse than World War II is, you know, a really significant chance within our lifetime, 20% or more. If you look at forecasters it’s actually even higher, maybe it’s like one in three or even 40%. And so, these risks are really very high, and I think we should be making every effort to ensure we don’t enter anything like a kind of war between great powers ever again. So that’s the kind of risk right now and I do think that risk might increase into the future. I think this gets compounded by technology going into the future. One that I will highlight in particular is this ability to engineer new viruses. So, we can already make viruses more deadly or more infectious. We can kind of upgrade their destructive properties.

Why is biotechnology research so dangerous?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:18:21] It’s called gain of function research.

Will MacAskill [00:18:23] Exactly: gain of function research. That ability will only get more powerful over time. It’ll also just only get cheaper over time and we as a society have a decision. Do we just allow that to continue in an unfettered way or do we say, look, there are some areas of this technology that we really should be slowing down and in particular, weaponization of this technology. We have seen enormously large and very well-staffed bioweapons programs in the past from varying countries, the largest of which was the USSR. Should we have active work to try and reduce that by as much as possible? Or should we just have this laissez faire approach? And I think we should at least be thinking very seriously about, okay, how are we dealing with this? What are the ways in which we can harness the amazing benefits we’ll get out of advances in biotechnology without also imposing these risks? Where I mentioned, an all-out nuclear war would kill hundreds of millions or even billions of people if that were also supplemented with advanced bioweapons, then I really think that it could be almost everyone in the world that dies, could be a catastrophe that we just don’t ever come back from.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:19:31] And again, just to emphasize, this is research that’s happening now and it’s not terribly well regulated.

Will MacAskill [00:19:37] Yes. This is not science fiction. You can talk to leading experts in biology and epidemiology like Professor Kevin Esvelt at MIT or Marc Lipsitch at Harvard, who are ringing the alarm bell and saying, look, this technology could be really dangerous if it’s used in the wrong way. We need to be ahead of the game here on how we regulate it, what we choose to invest in and what not.

How could artificial intelligence pose an existential threat to humanity?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:19:59] So another thing that is not science fiction, but also unlike the issues you just discussed, not terribly appreciated by the foreign policy community, is the potential risk that results from the misuse or what’s known as the misalignment of artificial intelligence. Can you explain that potential catastrophic or even existential risk to humanity for those who might not have heard of it before?

Will MacAskill [00:20:31] So we are developing over time better and better artificially intelligent systems. At the moment, these systems are generally fairly narrow. We do a small number of tasks and maybe they are exceptionally good at playing Go, or exceptionally good at playing chess or doing calculation, but aren’t kind of very general. They can’t do a wide range of tasks in the way that humans can. And there are some things that artificial intelligence can’t do at all. You can’t just put an AI in charge of a company and then have that company run well or something, but progress is really quite impressive. In fact, in the last ten years, we now have language models that can engage in reasonable conversations that could write — as a test, I do this marking for Oxford University, like undergraduate essay mocking, and I got a recent language model to just give me answers to the essay questions, so get it to write philosophy exam.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:21:28] How did you score on them?

Will MacAskill [00:21:31] It was GPT-3 I asked to do this, and it would have been in the bottom 10% of Oxford students, but not the bottom 1 or 2%. So, in the English classification, a first is kind of the top ten, 15% of students, a 2:1 is the majority of students, a 2:2 is the kind of bottom 10% ish, and then sometimes you get lower than that. And I think it would have got a 2:2. But I think if it had been marked by other examiners who didn’t know they wouldn’t have thought, ‘Oh, this is an AI.’ They would have just thought this is a student who has some strengths in particular, and the ability to structure an essay well, but is confused about certain things. You know, it’s also able to now do math proofs — You can type in a kind of text prompt like an astronaut riding a unicorn in the style of Andy Warhol, and the machine learning model will just produce that image.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:22:19] I have a great image on my desktop of a man typing at a computer in the style of El Greco.

Will MacAskill [00:22:25] It’s pretty phenomenal.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:22:27] So, you know, these all seem somewhat harmless right now. Where does the risk come from?]

Will MacAskill [00:22:34] The risk comes from much more advanced A.I. systems, where the explicit goal of many leading A.I. labs is to build what’s called AGI, artificial general intelligence, and that is A.I. systems that are as good as humans are at a fairly wide variety of tasks. So, if you took any kind of arbitrary task that you might want to do and gave it to this system, an AGI, it would do it at least as well as a very good human at that task. And why is this a risk? Well, one reason for thinking it’s a risk is that it could accelerate the rate of technological progress and maybe quite rapidly, because at that point, then you have AI systems that can make better versions of themselves. So, you’re able to automate a process of machine learning, in fact, automate the process of AI development. And according to kind of standard economic models, we just like make radically faster progress. So that length of time between us getting an AI system that’s about as good as humans in general, and the time at which we get an AI system that’s radically better than humans across all domains might be very short. It might be months or years rather than centuries. And then secondly, well, what do we do now in a world where the smartest beings are digital rather than human? It looks quite worrying because it looks from our perspective, it looks very much like the situation that the chimpanzees are in with respect to us, where the reasons humans are the kind of ecologically dominant species on the planet is because we have much greater collective intelligence than other mammals. And so, the fate of the chimpanzees, you know, that’s not really in their hands anymore, it’s in human hands, they’re not really in control of their own future. And so, the core worry is the misaligned AI, that is AI that might have its own goals that might be very different from human goals, is that at the point where it becomes far greater in intelligence than human beings are, then we’re out of the loop. We no longer are in control of our own future because they AI systems themselves are just much more powerful, much more able than us. And so, if they want to and they’re good reasons to think that maybe they would want to, they could take power, take control, and start pursuing whatever their own goals are. And it would see kind of humanity as a threat, something to quash or even kill off altogether. And that is something that I think is very worrying, because we want to have a future that’s guided by values that we think are good rather than values that might be kind of very alien from our perspective.

How can humans protect themselves from potentially dangerous AI advancements?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:25:25] And again, you know, this might sound like the realm of science fiction, but, you know, it is the trajectory that we are currently on. I take it that, again, one of your arguments for why this is a particularly pivotal moment in human history is that we have the opportunity to create systems or mechanisms or processes to mitigate that specific risk from AI.

Will MacAskill [00:25:50] Absolutely, and in terms of it not being science fiction, I mean, very many leading machine learning researchers, so Stuart Russell is one of the most eminent computer scientists of our time, literally wrote the textbook on AI, he is extremely concerned about this. He now runs an institute at Berkeley called the Center for Human Compatible AI to work on this issue. At the major A.I. Labs, there are now teams who are working on safety as well. And yes, there are ways in which we can make progress on this. So, one thing we can do is what’s called interpretability research, which is basically just trying to understand what these models are doing, where the way we create existing AI models is by just training them on huge amounts of data. So, we know all of the inputs that have gone in, and we then can start seeing what outputs it produces. But we don’t really know kind of how the system is reasoning like what sort of algorithm it’s producing. And so, there’s work to try and help us understand that and that would help as these systems are more powerful, it’s less like a black box, and we’re just trying to guess what goals the system is pursuing and more that we actually understand the A.I. systems mind and intentions. A second thing we can do is start using these smaller models and see can we elicit the sort of very particular behavior we might want to see? So, can we make language models non-deceptive so that they don’t lie? And it turns out actually that’s quite hard to do, but the hope is that if you can make this work for the smaller language models, then that can guide us and help us make these much more powerful systems, you know, honest or harmless or even helpful, you know, in the same way that we made the kind of less powerful models honest and harmless, too.

Does climate change pose an existential threat to humanity?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:27:40] So I’m glad we spent a bit of time talking about A.I. because I think for the audience listening to this show, the risks from nuclear accidents or nuclear use and bioweapons are sort of intuitive, but AI is sort of new to them and certainly also fairly new to me since I’ve been reading your work and the work of others. Where does climate change fit into your spectrum of catastrophic or existential risks that might prevent humanity from having a bright future?

Will MacAskill [00:28:14] I mean, I think climate change is this huge challenge and even in the kind of best-case scenario, hundreds of thousands or maybe millions of people will die as a result of climate change. I think it’s unlikely to directly pose the kind of existential catastrophe, that’s a very high bar, one that, you know, kills everyone or almost everyone on the planet. I had some researchers do a really deep dive into this to understand it better, and it seems like that’s pretty unlikely to happen. I’ve also commissioned kind of expert forecasters; they also think it’s very unlikely to happen. So, if climate change were to contribute to existential risk, it would be more by aggravating other issues, such as by increasing the risk of war or other kind of tensions between different countries, or just even like being distracting, like people are too busy taking care of the problems inflicted by climate change rather than focusing on other issues that could be very pressing. And so, I think it’s an enormous challenge. I actually think it’s one that we’re like starting to handle pretty well. I think there’s been a recent change in the past few years or decade where the fruits of a long time of environmental activism are starting to show where China and the EU are making very ambitious pledges to go net zero by 2050 or 2060. And there’s just this outstanding, incredible drop in the cost of clean tech, in particular solar, which I think means that the worst-case climate scenarios are much less likely to happen than one might have thought even five years ago and so there’s still plenty more work to be done but I actually think it’s something that we’re starting to get under control and makes me feel somewhat more optimistic. In contrast, some of these other issues like biotechnology, like A.I. It’s kind of like the situation was with climate change in the 1950s, where we’re starting to understand the risks and enormous gains to be had by acting quickly, by, you know, being proactive rather than waiting until the problem is already with us. And so that’s why I feel like we have this opportunity right now to have a particularly great impact by getting ahead of the game on some of these new technologies that could be at least, and maybe even more, damaging than climate change.

Is it possible to balance current issues and the goals of longtermism?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:30:36] Finally, effective altruism came on my radar about a decade ago through my work as a journalist covering global health and development issues. I’d been covering this space for a while and then seemingly all of a sudden, a whole new crop of people became interested and supportive of efforts to combat extreme poverty and embraced the key global health interventions, particularly around malaria and the deployment of long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets. And your book, Doing Good Better, was very influential in making a convincing argument that people should do things like support anti malaria efforts among global health causes. I’m curious, therefore, to learn how you balance supporting efforts to reduce suffering in the here and now with this more long-term vision of building a better future for generations of people who have not yet been born.

Will MacAskill [00:31:30] It’s this extreme challenge. I call it the utter horror of effective altruism or just the horror of just trying to do good where you realize that there are all of these problems in the world. Whatever you do, no matter how many people you help, there will be literally millions of other people that you have not been able to help so you need to make these tough tradeoffs and prioritize and it’s just super hard. Within effective altruism, I’m really happy and very keen for the community to be diverse and represent a lot of different perspectives on doing good for the people, depending on how much they’ve been moved by the different arguments. And it’s still the case that the large majority of funding within effective altruism goes to global health and well-being. I do think, though, that at the moment, if you look at how the world as a whole prioritizes something like $250 billion per year get spent on global health and development, in terms of foreign aid flows. How much money gets spent tackling unprecedented technological risks, the sorts of things that could really impact the very long-term future? I think it’s more on the order of like tens to hundreds of millions of dollars. And so, you know, there’s maybe something like a factor of a thousand difference in terms of how many resources are going to each of these areas and that makes me think, look, if we’re pushing the world kind of on the margin, I think it’s more important to push the world to taking more seriously these risks that could be enormously destructive and damaging in both the short term and the long term because they’re just not currently on people’s radar.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:33:08] Well, Will after this conversation, hopefully it’s on a few more people’s radar. I sincerely appreciate you speaking with me. Your book is fascinating. I really strongly recommend the foreign policy community read the book, wrestle with its implications, because, you know, as we discussed at the outset, it is gaining traction in the foreign policy community and in the United Nations in particular and your book is an excellent introduction and deep exploration of these ideas. Thank you.

Will MacAskill [00:33:36] Thank you. It’s great being on.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:33:45] Thank you for listening to Global Dispatches. Our show is produced by Mark Leon Goldberg and edited and mixed by Levi Sharp.

The post How “Longtermism” is Shaping Foreign Policy | Will MacAskill appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Programme Officer (gn) Central & West Africa (Berlin) - WWF Deutschland

greenjobs - 15. August 2022 - 17:13
IntroDer World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) ist eine der bekanntesten Naturschutzorganisationen der Welt. Mit Projekten in über hundert Ländern verfolgen wir das Ziel, die biologische Vielfalt unseres Planeten zu erhalten. Genau dort, wo es drauf ankommt.Der WWF Deutschland ist ein selbstständiger Teil dieses globalen Netzwerkes. Durch eigene Initiativen und qualifizierte Lobbyarbeit in Öffentlichkeit, Wirtschaft und Politik setzen wir die Ziele des WWF in Deutschland in Taten um. [...]
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Landtagsabgeordneter besucht Außenstelle Stuttgart

Engagement Global - 15. August 2022 - 16:29

Sebastian Cuny, Mitglied des Landtages Baden-Württemberg, besuchte während seiner Sommertour am 11. August die Außenstelle Stuttgart. Im Gespräch mit Gabriele Winkler, die die Außenstelle leitet, informierte er sich über die Angebote und Programme von Engagement Global. Cuny kam 2021 neu ins Landesparlament und wurde gleich entwicklungspolitischer Sprecher seiner Fraktion, der SPD. Als Abgeordneter vertritt Cuny die Wahlkreise Neckar und Bergstraße. Dort ist aktuell auch die Außenstelle Stuttgart mit Aktionen der entwicklungspolitischen Bildungsarbeit aktiv.

Sebastian Cuny zeigte sich im Gespräch begeistert davon, wie die 17 Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung in der Erwachsenenbildung thematisiert werden. In seinem Wahlkreis will er schauen, in welchen Bildungseinrichtungen Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung verankert ist. Persönlich ist er der Meinung, dass man konkret und vor Ort ansetzen muss – und gar nicht früh genug beginnen kann. Denn bei seinem siebenjährigen Sohn erlebe er es täglich: Kinder tragen Themen in die Familien. Deshalb sei er überzeugt, dass Globales Lernen schon bei den Kleinen beginnen muss.

Kategorien: Ticker

Sales Manager Europa (m/w/d) (Illerkirchberg) - Fosera

greenjobs - 15. August 2022 - 15:42
Wir bei Fosera entwickeln mit Leidenschaft innovative und zuverlässige Solarsysteme für die 2 Milliarden Menschen, die noch immer ohne zuverlässigen Zugang zum Stromnetz leben. Unsere Produktpalette umfasst kleine Solarsysteme für den grundlegenden Energiebedarf für Beleuchtung oder das Aufladen von Handys, sowie größere Lösungen für Fernseher oder Kühlschränke.Wir sind ein junges, schnell wachsendes Unternehmen im B2B-Solargeschäft mit Hauptsitz in Ulm und Tochtergesellschaften in Thailand und Äthiopien. [...]
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Gewalt und Elend in Afghanistan: Friedensbewegung mahnt Hilfen für die Bevölkerung an

SID Blog - 15. August 2022 - 15:09
Nutzt gesperrtes afghanisches Staatsvermögen zur Linderung der katastrophalen Lage

Ein Jahr nachdem mit der Evakuierungsoperation des Auswärtigen Amtes vom 16.-26. August 2021 für Deutschland der Krieg am Hindukusch endete, ist die Situation in Afghanistan katastrophal. Der hungernden Bevölkerung muss dringend geholfen werden. Das eingefrorene afghanische Staatsvermögen (sieben Milliarden US-Dollar in den USA und drei Milliarden in Europa) muss für humanitäre Zwecke freigegeben werden. Außerdem fordern wir die Aufarbeitung der Rolle Deutschlands im Krieg gegen Afghanistan durch die vom Bundestag am 8. Juli 2022 eingesetzte Enquete-Kommission.

Die Bilanz des Nato-Krieges, an dem Deutschland 20 Jahre lang beteiligt war, ist für die Menschen und für Werte wie Demokratie und Freiheit verheerend. Neben Hunderttausenden von Toten und Kriegsversehrten sind die Folgen der Militärintervention mehr Armut und mehr Flüchtlinge sowie eine Hungersnot. 95 Prozent der schätzungsweise 39 Millionen Einwohner:innen Afghanistans haben laut UNO nicht genug zu essen. Mit einem Bruttosozialprodukt von 469 US-Dollar pro Kopf im Jahr 2021 gehört das Land nach wie vor zu den ärmsten Ländern der Erde. Die Flüchtlingszahlen haben sich zwischen 2015 und 2021 auf 2,8 Millionen verdoppelt. Die Sicherheitslage bleibt besorgniserregend.

Schon vor der Machtübernahme durch die Taliban waren Frauen und Mädchen in Afghanistan geschlechtsspezifischer Diskriminierung und Gewalt ausgesetzt, berichtet Amnesty International. Zwischen Januar und Juni 2021 registrierte das afghanische Ministerium für Frauenangelegenheiten 1.518 Fälle von Gewalt gegen Frauen, darunter 33 Morde. Außerdem: Schläge, Belästigung, Zwangsprostitution, Verweigerung von Unterhaltszahlungen sowie Zwangs- und Frühverheiratungen.

Die vom Bundestag am 8. Juli 2022 eingesetzte Enquete-Kommission „Lehren aus Afghanistan für das künftige vernetzte Engagement Deutschlands" muss folgende Themen abarbeiten:
• die völkerrechtlichen Verstöße der militärischen Interventionen in Afghanistan und in benachbarten Staaten aufklären,
• die von deutscher Seite verfolgten Ziele, deren Begründungen und die verfolgten Interessen klären,
• die humanitären Folgen des NATO-Einsatzes, die Zahl der direkt durch Kriegshandlungen getöteten oder verwundeten Menschen, ggf. auch Hinweise auf die Täter erfassen,
• die von Deutschland aufgebrachten finanziellen und materiellen Mittel für den Afghanistaneinsatz und damit zusammenhängende weitere Einsätze dokumentieren.

Sie muss die Frage beantworten, ob die Aussage des Bundesverteidigungsministeriums „es ging um Freiheit, Demokratie und Menschenrechte… Zwei Jahrzehnte kämpfte die NATO für die Zukunft des Landes" tatsächlich haltbar ist.
Was im Einzelnen untersucht werden soll, finden Sie im Anhang aufgelistet.

Schon jetzt müssen wir feststellen: Militärinterventionen dürfen kein Mittel deutscher Außenpolitik sein. Sie werden uns als vermeintlich schnelle Lösung präsentiert, um Ruhe und Sicherheit in einem fremden Land herzustellen – bringen aber wie im Fall Afghanistans vor allem Gewalt und Elend über die dortige Zivilbevölkerung.

Kooperation für den Frieden; Bundesausschuss Friedensratschlag; Attac-Arbeitsgruppe Globalisierung und Krieg; pax christi Diözesanverband Rottenburg-Stuttgart

Angaben zu Quellen:
https://unric.org/de/afghanistan21072022/
UndataApp zu Afghanistan
https://unama.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/sg_report_on_afghanistan_june_2021.pdf
https://www.amnesty.de/informieren/amnesty-report/afghanistan-2021#section-23289082
https://www.bundeswehr.de/de/aktuelles/schwerpunkte/abzug-afghanistan

Anlage

Forderungen zur Einrichtung einer Enquete Kommission
zum Afghanistan-Krieg (2001 bis 2021)


Der zwanzigjährige „Krieg gegen den Terror" wütete schlimmer als der Terror von 9/11 selbst, forderte hohe Opferzahlen und stärkte nicht nur in Afghanistan dschihadistische Gruppen. Die aus Friedensforschung und -bewegung vorgetragenen Vorschläge, auf die mörderischen Ereignisse des September 2001 mit internationalen juristischen, zivilen und polizeilichen Maßnahmen zu reagieren, wurden ignoriert. Eine gerichtliche Aufarbeitung des Anschlags fand nie statt, sowenig wie eine offizielle völker- und menschenrechtliche Untersuchung des Krieges.
Die schrecklichen Leiden der afghanischen Bevölkerung in den letzten 40 Jahren mahnen die deutsche und die internationale Öffentlichkeit, kein zweites Afghanistan mehr zuzulassen! Wir begrüßen deshalb die Einrichtung einer Enquete-Kommission „Bilanz 20 Jahre zivil-militärische Intervention in Afghanistan" und haben für sie folgende Forderungen und Vorschläge.

Die Kommission untersucht und bilanziert mit unabhängiger wissenschaftlicher Unterstützung und unter Beteiligung zivilgesellschaftlicher Vertreter*innen (u.a.)
1. die völkerrechtlichen Aspekte der militärischen Interventionen in Afghanistan und benachbarten Staaten.
2. die Interessen und Ziele der jeweiligen US-Regierungen und die der anderen, am NATO-Einsatz beteiligten, Staaten.
3. die von deutscher Seite verfolgten Ziele, deren Begründungen und die dahinter liegenden Interessen.
4. die humanitären Kosten des NATO-Einsatzes, die Zahl der direkt durch Kriegshandlungen getöteten oder verwundeten Menschen, etwa mittels repräsentativer Umfragen in Afghanistan und unter Flüchtlingen außerhalb, die ggf. auch Hinweise auf die Täter erfassen.
5. Vorwürfe der Einflussnahme auf die UN-Mission durch beteiligte Regierungen und Streitkräfte, Angaben über zivile Opfer niedrig zu halten und potentielle Menschenrechtsverletzungen zu verharmlosen.
6. die Konsequenzen für eine demokratische Mitbestimmung aus der Diskrepanz zwischen politisch-parlamentarischen Entscheidungen für den fortgesetzten militärischen Auslandseinsatz und einer wachsenden Mehrheit der Bevölkerung, die ihn ablehnte.
7. die von Deutschland aufgebrachten finanziellen und materiellen Mittel für den Afghanistaneinsatz und damit zusammenhängende weitere Einsätze.
8. den Umfang, die Bedingungen und Kosten des Gesundheitssystems für verletzte oder traumatisierte Soldat*innen nach ihren Einsätzen in Afghanistan.
9. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen zivil-militärischer Zusammenarbeit am Beispiel des Afghanistan-Einsatzes.
10. die durch die zivil-militärischen Interventionen gewollt oder ungewollt erreichten sozialen, politischen und materiellen Veränderungen in Afghanistan und deren Nachhaltigkeit.
11. Verstöße deutscher Soldat*innen gegen Menschenrechte im Rahmen der Einsätze, inklusive des KSK.
12. den Zusammenhang zwischen der Entwicklung der Zahl von Opfern und Einsatzregeln der NATO-Streitkräfte. Aufzuklären ist inwieweit deutsche Stellen ggf. Kenntnis über Verstöße gegen das humanitäre Völkerrecht durch Verbündete hatten und die Bundesregierung durch Bereitstellung nachrichtendienstlicher Informationen an Verbündete, Beihilfe dabei [bei möglichen Kriegsverbrechen] leistete.
13. die Rolle von US-amerikanischen Militäreinrichtungen und Kommandozentralen, insbesondere in Ramstein, bei den Drohnenkriegen und deren Opfern.
14. die Mitverantwortung der Bundesregierung für die Behandlung/Folter von Häftlingen in Guantanamo.

Die Enquete Kommission entwickelt
1. Vorschläge zur politischen Aufarbeitung der vorgefallenen Verletzungen von Völker- und Menschenrechten und für deren zukünftiger Vermeidung und Wiedergutmachung.
2. ein Konzept der Reparationsleistungen für das Land zur Vorlage für den Bundestag.
3. im Laufe des Enquete-Prozesses gewonnene Kenntnisse über Zeitpunkte und Möglichkeiten für diplomatische und zivile Alternativen der Konfliktlösung zu den militärischen Einsätzen.

Global Governance

GDI Briefing - 15. August 2022 - 14:36

This chapter assesses the political impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on global governance. We start by discussing the range of expectations for global governance arrangements, considering the stated objectives of the goals. We then assess the early performance of governance arrangements in terms of shifts in policy and practice against these expectations. Our research shows the impact of the Sustainable Development Goals is largely discursive, with limited transformative outcomes on governance practices. The High-level Political Forum, created to assess global progress towards the implementation of the goals, has failed to provide political leadership and promote coherence across the United Nations system. Our research also shows that the Sustainable Development Goals initiated peer-learning among governments and other actors, yet with limited evidence that this has led to structural transformation towards sustainability. As certain ambitions of the Global Goals have been part of ongoing debates in global governance, our review finally highlights that observable changes often reflect long-term reform trajectories that are not causally linked to the launch of the goals.

Kategorien: english

Global Governance

DIE - 15. August 2022 - 14:36

This chapter assesses the political impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on global governance. We start by discussing the range of expectations for global governance arrangements, considering the stated objectives of the goals. We then assess the early performance of governance arrangements in terms of shifts in policy and practice against these expectations. Our research shows the impact of the Sustainable Development Goals is largely discursive, with limited transformative outcomes on governance practices. The High-level Political Forum, created to assess global progress towards the implementation of the goals, has failed to provide political leadership and promote coherence across the United Nations system. Our research also shows that the Sustainable Development Goals initiated peer-learning among governments and other actors, yet with limited evidence that this has led to structural transformation towards sustainability. As certain ambitions of the Global Goals have been part of ongoing debates in global governance, our review finally highlights that observable changes often reflect long-term reform trajectories that are not causally linked to the launch of the goals.

Kategorien: Ticker

Auf dem Weg zu einem grünen G7-Wasserstoff-Aktionspakt

Germanwatch - 15. August 2022 - 14:35
Auf dem Weg zu einem grünen G7-Wasserstoff-Aktionspakt

Im Mai 2022 kündigten die G7-Umwelt-, Klima- und Energieminister:innen den G7-Wasserstoff-Aktionspakt (G7-HAP) an. Dieser legt anhand von sechs Schwerpunktbereiche dar, wie die G7 die Entwicklung eines globalen kohlenstoffarmen und grünen Wasserstoffmarkts unterstützen will. Deutschland sollte die verbleibende G7-Präsidentschaft dafür nutzen, um diese Bereiche zu konkretisieren. Am wichtigsten ist, dass die G7 ihren Fokus klar auf grünen Wasserstoff legen und gleich zu Beginn des Marktaufbaus Nachhaltigkeitsstandards erarbeiten und etablieren.

Wir empfehlen den G7-Staaten:

  1. Ziele, Funktionen und Zeitpläne des G7-HAP zu spezifizieren
  2. Den Mehrwert im Vergleich zu anderen multilateralen Wasserstoffprogrammen zu erhöhen
  3. Grünen Wasserstoff klar zu priorisieren
  4. Vom Austausch über Best Practices für nachhaltigen Wasserstoffproduktion hin zu einer gemeinsamen Definition von Nachhaltigkeitsstandards zu gelangen
  5. Eine gemeinsame Vision für ein glaubwürdiges Monitoring- und Zertifizierungssystem zu entwickeln

Alle Details können Sie in unserer englischsprachigen Studie auf der englischen Version unserer Website nachlesen.

Publikationstyp Stellungnahme Autor:innen Andrea Triki, Kuat Abeshev, Alexandra Goritz und David Ryfisch Seitenanzahl 10 Themen Klima Internationale Klimapolitik . Weiterführende LinksOffener Brief: G7-Präsidentschaft nutzen für mehr Nachhaltigkeit bei Wasserstof…G7-Gipfel in Elmau: Ergebnisse und nächste SchritteEine Chance, die Klimafinanzierung zu verbessernVon Glasgow nach ElmauBereit für die G7-Präsidentschaft? Beteiligte Personen Echter NameAndrea Triki Referentin für Wasserstoff und Klimapolitik +49 (0)30 / 57 71 328-24 wiesholzer@germanwatch.org Echter NameAlexandra Goritz Referentin für G7, Klimaschutz und Finanzierung +49 (0)30 / 57 71 328-32 goritz@germanwatch.org Echter NameDavid Ryfisch Teamleiter Internationale Klimapolitik +49 (0)228 / 60 492-22 ryfisch@germanwatch.org Echter NameKuat Abeshev Studentischer Mitarbeiter +49 (0)30 / 57 71 328-0 kuat.abeshev@germanwatch.org

Unabhängigkeit säen, Vielfalt ernten

AgrarKoordination - 15. August 2022 - 14:30
Kulturpflanzen gemeinschaftlich weiterentwickeln, neue Sorten frei zugänglich machen und Züchtungswissen teilen – so sieht es der Ansatz der Saatgut Commons vor. Umweltprobleme wie der Verlust an Biodiversität, Dürren oder Überschwemmungen stellen die konventionelle Landwirtschaft zukünftig vor große Herausforderungen. Gleichzeitig zählt diese aber auch zu den Hauptverursachern der genannten Umweltprobleme. Zudem sorgt die Markt- und Machtkonzentration im globalen Ernährungssystem für Abhängigkeiten vieler Landwirt*innen von großen Saatgut-/ Agrarkonzernen. Saatgut Commons bieten hier einen alternativen Lösungsansatz, der zum Erhalt der Biodiversität und zur Unabhängigkeit der Landwirt*innen beiträgt.
Kategorien: Hamburg

USA tops this year’s Financial Secrecy Index

D+C - 15. August 2022 - 14:15
According to the Tax Justice Network, G7 members are slowing down global progress regarding financial transparency

According to the Tax Justice Network (TJN), a Britain-based civil-society organisation, G7 nations are complicit in having allowed Russian oligarchs hide their wealth. At a time when they are trying to make sanctions effective in response to Russia’s war in Ukraine, “they need to be looking at themselves”, says Alex Cobham, the Network’s chief executive. Financial secrecy facilitates tax evasion, corruption, money laundering and illicit financial flows in general. It also makes it harder to impose sanctions effectively.

The TJN uses 20 indicators to assess to what extent a country facilitates financial secrecy. The indicators include laws on banking secrets, registers of company ownership and cooperation on sharing tax information internationally. The more loopholes a country’s financial system has, the more it provides “financial secrecy services” in the FSI jargon.

According to the TJN, transparency is generally improving due to reforms in various countries and more international cooperation. However, it accuses five G7 nations of slowing down the trend. “The US, UK, Germany, Italy and Japan cut back that global progress by more than half,” Cobham stated in May.

According to this year’s Financial Secrecy Index (FSI), the top twelve sinners are:

  • The USA
  • Switzerland
  • Singapore
  • Hong Kong
  • Luxembourg
  • Japan
  • Germany
  • United Arab Emirates
  • The British Virgin Islands
  • Guernsey
  • China
  • The Netherlands

Britain follows in the 13th spot, ranking below two of its dependent territories (Guernsey and Virgin Islands).

How countries foster financial secrecy differs, but there are common patterns. Transactions made by companies, which do not disclose their owners, help mafia gangs or corrupt politicians to launder black money. Real estate investments are a way to store hidden wealth, especially when shell companies make the payments. Where whistleblowers at financial institutions are penalised, moreover, illegitimate secrets are more likely to be kept. Lax law enforcement is another issue. The TJN explicitly accuses Germany of only “underwhelming implementation” of new transparency laws.

The FSI is compiled every two years. This time, 141 jurisdictions were assessed. The FSI includes estimates concerning how important a specific jurisdiction is to the world economy. The countries that top the FSI thus do not necessarily have the most secretive financial systems, but their impact on other countries is reckoned to be particularly strong.

Financial secrecy is an international issue because it helps super rich actors to escape regulations (see Hans Dembowski on www.dandc.eu). The TJN is in favour of establishing a global asset register. Such an institution could cover all individuals internationally who own assets worth more than € 10 million. The most prominent policymaker to endorse this idea is probably Mario Draghi, Italy’s prime minister and former president of the European Central Bank. Prominent economists such as Joseph Stiglitz, Thomas Piketty or Gabriel Zucman support the proposal as well.

Link
Tax Justice Network, 2022, press release: US tops financial secrecy ranking as G7 countries upend global progress on transparency.
https://taxjustice.net/press/us-tops-financial-secrecy-ranking-as-g7-countries-upend-global-progress-on-transparency/

Chimezie Anajama wrote this article as an intern at D+C/E+Z. She recently received her masters degree in development management from Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
vivienchime@gmail.com
Twitter: @mschimezie

Kategorien: english

USA an der Spitze des aktuellen Financial Secrecy Index

E+Z - 15. August 2022 - 14:15
Laut Tax Justice Network bremsen G7-Mitglieder Fortschritt in Richtung Finanztransparenz

Das in Britannien ansässige Tax Justice Network (TJN) urteilt, G7-Nationen trügen dazu bei, dass russische Oligarchen ihren Reichtum verbergen könnten. In einer Zeit, in der sie Russlands Angriff auf die Ukraine mit wirksamen Sanktionen ahnen wollten, sollten sie einen strengen Blick auf sich selbst werfen, urteilt TJN-Geschäftsführer Alex Cobham. Intransparente Finanzverhältnisse ermöglichen grundsätzlich Steuerhinterziehung, Korruption, Geldwäsche und fragwürdige Transaktionen. Sie machen auch wirksame Sanktionen schwieriger.

Anhand von 20 Indikatoren bewertet das TJN, inwiefern ein Land Intransparenz ermöglicht. Zu den Kriterien gehören Gesetze über Bankgeheimnisse, die Qualität von Firmenregistern und die Bereitschaft zur internationalen Kooperation bei steuerrelevanten Informationen. Je mehr Lücken ein nationales Finanzsystem hat, desto mehr bietet dieses Land im FSI-Sprachgebrauch „Geheimnisdienstleistungen“ an.

Dank Reformen in verschiedenen Ländern und verstärkter grenzüberschreitender Zusammenarbeit wächst die Transparenz laut TJN insgesamt. Fünf G7-Mitglieder bremsten die Entwicklung aber. Wegen der USA, Britannien, Deutschland, Italien und Japan sei der internationale Fortschritt nur halb so schnell, wie er sonst wäre, urteilte Cobham im Mai. Dem aktuellen FSI zufolge sind die zwölf wichtigsten Sünder:

  • USA
  • Schweiz
  • Singapur
  • Hongkong
  • Luxemburg
  • Japan
  • Deutschland
  • Vereinigte Arabische Emirate
  • Britische Jungferninseln
  • Guernsey
  • China
  • Niederlande

Britannien folgt auf Rang 13 hinter zwei abhängigen Territorien (Jungferninseln und Guernsey). Die jeweiligen Staaten ermöglichen Intransparenz auf verschiedene Weisen, das TJN erkennt aber Muster. Wenn Firmen Transaktionen vornehmen können, ohne ihre Eigentümer zu nennen, hilft das Mafiaorganisation oder korrupten Politikern, Schwarzgeld zu waschen. Immobilienanlagen dienen oft dazu, Vermögen zu verbergen, besonders wenn anonyme Firmen involviert sind. Wo Whistleblower in Finanzinstitutionen bestraft werden, werden Finanzgeheimnisse seltener gelüftet. Lasche Strafverfolgung ist ein weiteres Problem. Deutschland wirft das TJN ausdrücklich vor, neue Transparenzregeln ohne Nachdruck umzusetzen.

Das FSI wird alle zwei Jahre erstellt. Diesmal wurden 141 Territorien untersucht. Der Index bewertet auch, wie wichtig sie jeweils für die Weltwirtschaft sind. Spitzenreiter agieren also nicht unbedingt am intransparentesten, aber ihre internationale Bedeutung wird für besonders groß gehalten.

Methodisches Problem

Die Methode, nach der der FSI ermittelt wird, ist kompliziert. Das gilt selbstverständlich für alle Indizes, die mehrere Aspekte eines Phänomens erfassen sollen. Es lässt sich immer darüber streiten, was wie stark gewertet werden soll, sodass Indizes grundsätzlich nie so objektiv sind, wie ihre klaren Zahlen erscheinen. Intransparenz ist allerdings besonders schwer zu messen, da Geheimnisse per Definition unbekannt sind. Folglich gibt es kaum unmittelbare Daten. Auch raffinierte mathematische Modelle geben nur Hinweise auf die Realität, offenbaren sie aber nicht.

Intransparenz hat jedoch große internationale Relevanz, weil sie Superreichen ermöglicht, staatlichen Regeln zu entkommen (siehe Hans Dembowski auf www.dandc.eu). Das TJN spricht sich für die Einrichtung eines internationalen Anlageregisters aus, das alle Menschen mit einem Privatvermögen von mehr als 10 Millionen Dollar erfassen sollte. Als vermutlich profiliertesten Politiker, der dies unterstützt, nennt das TJN Mario Draghi, den italienischen Premierminister und früheren Präsidenten der europäischen Zentralbank. Prominente Ökonomen wie Joseph Stiglitz, Thomas Piketty und Gabriel Zucman seien ebenfalls mit an Bord.

Link
Tax Justice Network, 2022, Pressemitteilung
https://taxjustice.net/press/us-tops-financial-secrecy-ranking-as-g7-countries-upend-global-progress-on-transparency/

Chimezie Anajama hat diesen Beitrag als Praktikantin bei E+Z/D+C geschrieben.
vivienchime@gmail.com
Twitter: @mschimezie

Kategorien: Ticker

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