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Central bank mandates, sustainability objectives and the promotion of green finance

DIE - 6. April 2021 - 18:15

This paper examines the extent to which addressing climate-related risks and supporting sustainable finance fit into the current set of central bank mandates and objectives. To this end, we conduct a detailed analysis of central bank mandates and objectives, using the IMF’s Central Bank Legislation Database, and compare these to current arrangements and sustainability-related policies central banks have adopted in practice. To scrutinise the alignment of mandates with climate-related policies, we differentiate between the impact of environmental factors on the conventional core objectives of central banking and a potential supportive role of central banks with regard to green finance and sustainability. Of the 135 central banks in our sample, only 12% have explicit sustainability mandates, while another 40% are mandated to support the government’s policy priorities, which in most cases include sustainability goals. However, given that climate risks can directly affect central banks’ traditional core responsibilities, most notably monetary and financial stability, even central banks without explicit or implicit sustainability objectives ought to incorporate climate-related physical and transition risks into their core policy implementation frameworks in order to efficiently and successfully safeguard macro-financial stability.

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Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2021: The yawning gap between development finance needs and political ambition

Global Policy Watch - 6. April 2021 - 18:10

By Bodo Ellmers

In the lead-up to the UN’s Financing for Development Forum that takes place virtually from April 12-15, the 2021 edition of the Financing for Sustainable Development Report has been released. The report is published by the so-called Inter-Agency Task Force (IATF), which comprises numerous UN entities, but also the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. It is widely considered the most comprehensive source of data and analysis on development finance topics.

This year’s edition was heavily influenced by the COVID-19 crisis. It analyses the impact of the crisis on different sources of finance, as well as the response of different development finance providers on it. The thematic chapter deals with “risk-informed sustainable finance and development”. Exploring risk and resilience in relation to development finance has been considered relevant by some UN Member States, as the COVID-19 crisis has exposed various vulnerabilities to shocks. Civil society stakeholders however argued during the consultative process leading to the report that this was the wrong focal issue at the wrong time, and the IATF should have rather devoted their energy to explore crisis mitigation and recovery strategies, as the COVID-19 crisis is still ongoing.

Findings from the special initiative “Financing for Development in the Era of COVID-19 and Beyond” are included in various chapters of the report. The initiative which was co-convened by the UN Secretary-General and the Prime Ministers of Canada and Jamaica resulted in a 130-page strong menu of development finance options released in autumn 2020.

The report suggests a number of policy options for the second year of the COVID-crisis, mainly informing the upcoming ECOSOC Financing for Development Forum, but also other fora such as the IMF and World Bank Spring Meetings, the G20 process, and governments’ policy-making on national level. This year’s recommendations are grouped in three categories:

Immediate action to avoid a lost decade

The objective for this set is to address the pandemic and its socio-economic fallout, primarily in economically weaker countries, in order to avoid a lost decade of development and a more unequal world. The options are primarily related to liquidity support: An issuance of Special Drawing Rights by the IMF, alongside their voluntary redistribution from richer countries that do not need them to poorer countries who do, an extension of the G20’s and Paris Club’s Debt Service Suspension Service (DSSI), and last but not least a call for richer countries to scale up official development assistance (ODA) as committed.

Additional ODA should be used among others to fully finance the COVAX-facility and thus enable universal and affordable access to COVID-19 vaccines. Added last minute to the final version of the report – the unedited advanced draft is usually made available online for stakeholder consultation – was an early replenishment of IDA 20, the World Bank concessional lending facility for Low Income Countries.

The IATF’s analysis in the chapter on “International Public Finance” finds that ODA accounted for only US$ 155 billion or 0.3% of donor countries’ GNI in 2019, less than half of the committed 0.7%. The funding gap of the ACT-Accelerator, to which COVAX belongs, in February 2021 was still US$ 22.9 billion of 33.2 billion, or more than two thirds. The World Bank had accelerated IDA disbursement in 2020, following its commitment to provide positive net flows to developing countries. Contrary to the IMF and bilateral creditors, the World Bank has so far refused to provide any liquidity support in form of debt relief or debt suspension to borrower countries. The option to allocate Special Drawing Rights has also received wide support from CSOs, as evident by an open letter signed by more than 240 CSOs, and seems to be a done deal now as also the new government of the USA has expressed their support.

Rebuilding better: investing in a sustainable recovery and fixing the system

The second set of recommendations build on the assumption that societies and economies were on an unsustainable development path even before this crisis hit. Recovery strategies must therefore change the trajectory, the direction and purpose of investments, and the overarching financial architecture. To do so, the IATF suggests aligning recovery packages with the SDGs and the UN´s climate targets, refraining from a premature phasing out of fiscal support measures, and implementing progressive tax policies.

Drawing on the expertise of the many specialized UN agencies in the IATF, the report’s thematic chapter on “domestic public resources” analyzes in detail how different the size of fiscal support packages were, as well as the coverage of social protection measures. This is a consequence of the different levels of fiscal space in developed countries on one end, and of the Least Developed Countries on the other.

When it comes to tax systems, the analytical part of the report finds that tax progressivity has declined since the 1980s and cites data on how personal income tax rates for the rich top-earners have been falling over the years. However, in what follows, the IATF report focuses on excise taxes and environmental taxes, which impact taxpayers like consumption taxes and thus tend to be regressive. Devoting sufficient space to discussing how to create truly progressive tax system had been a more logical continuation.

The IATF recognizes the need to massively scale up investments in sustainable infrastructure if the SDGs are to be met. Public finance should be scaled-up by additional grants or concessional loans with ultra-long (50 years) maturities. Debt swaps can reduce debt burdens while at the same time securing funding for the Agenda 2030 and climate action. In order to reduce borrower risks related to development finance, the IATF recommends to make public debt state-contingent, meaning to include clauses in loan contracts which would automatize debt relief when a shock such as a natural disaster or a pandemic hits.

In addition, the report suggests using blended financing instruments which use public resources to subsidize private investments or provide guarantees for them. For aligning private finance to the SDGs, the report lists a range of regulatory and voluntary measures. For example, better and more coherent global standards for the disclosure of sustainability-related information by private firms and investment banks, or the reorientation of capital markets and the redesign of private firms’ incentive structures and corporate governance models towards sustainability. CSOs following financing for development discussions have repeatedly expressed concerns that voluntary standards and incentives are insufficient to make private businesses and investments SDG-compatible.

Future-proofing the system 

The third cluster of policy recommendations are related to future-proofing global economic governance and the international financial architecture. The report remains rather vague here, probably because the negotiation processes are ongoing, and perhaps because the agencies involved in drafting it have not found a clear consensus on all conflicting issues either.

However, areas addressed include tax systems, especially building a system for digital taxation that takes the needs of developing countries into account, and reducing harmful tax competition overall. A shortcoming is however that the report does not fully reflect the 14 elaborated reform proposal of the UN’s FACTI panel, whose final report was released in February 2021 and suggest, among others, initiating a process for a UN Tax Convention.

Moreover, the IATF stresses that the debt architecture needs a reform that goes beyond the DSSI. Debt relief and effective institutions have been hot topics since the COVID-19 crisis started to impact on debt sustainability and threatened to push many heavily indebted developing countries over the brink. The UN Secretary-General convened an extraordinary high-level event to discuss the matter on 29 March 2021. According to the analytical chapter of the report, debt service costs in developing countries have risen steadily over the past decade. They now absorb 25% of tax revenue in developing countries overall, and even close to 30% in Small Island Developing States.

The question of which countries should receive debt relief, and for what reason, remains one of most contested questions in international policy-making today, which led to some last-minute changes to country-eligibility related language in the final version of the IATF report. The report suggests a move towards greater debt transparency and better standards for responsible lending and borrowing, but remains disappointingly weak when it comes to creating effective institutions for debt crisis resolution. The call for a sovereign debt workout mechanism, for example, is not reflected in the 2021 IATF report, despite the dark clouds on the debt horizon and the obvious short-comings of the existing regime.

The report’s policy recommendations are to some extent a negotiated outcome of the agencies involved in the IATF. Especially on topics like debt crisis solutions there tend to be different views between, for example, the Bretton Woods Institutions on the one side, and certain UN agencies such as UNCTAD on the other.

It remains to be hoped that political constraints both within the IATF and within the membership of the United Nations can be overcome before it is too late for the Agenda 2030 and the billions of people affected by the COVID-19 crisis. UN Secretary-General António Guterres warned in his foreword to the report: “Financing for sustainable development is at a crossroads. Either we close the yawning gap between political ambition and development financing, or we will fail to deliver the SDGs by the deadline of 2030.”

The 2021 UN Financing for Development Forum is one of the spaces where the recommendations that the IATF made, as well as the ones that it did not include in its 2021 report, can be put into practice. Unfortunately, the zero draft of the Forum’s outcome document indicates that some UN Member States’ political ambition still has upward potential.

The post Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2021: The yawning gap between development finance needs and political ambition appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

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Hindernisse bei der Beschaffung, Herstellung und Verteilung von Covid-19-Impfstoffen abbauen

Unicef - 6. April 2021 - 16:45
Statement von UNICEF-Exekutivdirektorin Henrietta Fore zum Weltgesundheitstag
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Уулзалт, хураамж ба мэдээллийн урсгал: Монгол улсад уул уурхайн болон усны бодлогыг зохицуулах нь (Mongolian version of: Forums, fees and data flows - coordinating mining and water policy in Mongolia)

DIE - 6. April 2021 - 14:43

Эрдэс болон металл олборлох нь олборлолтод шаардлагатай усны хэмжээ, хаягдал ус хаях болон усны нөөцөд үзүүлэх боломжит бохирдлын хувьд усанд томоохон ул мөр үлдээдэг. Иймд уул уурхай болон усны салбар хооронд зохицуулалт хийх нь маш чухал. Уул уурхайн усны нөөц болон усны нөөцөөс хамааралтай орон нутагт үзүүлэх сөрөг нөлөөллийг бууруулах зорилготой энэ хүрээний олон тооны хэрэгслүүдийг гаргасан байдаг. Үүнд байгаль орчинд нөлөөлөх байдлын үнэлгээ (БОНБҮ), эдгээр үйл явцуудад болон голын сав газрын менежментэд оролцогч талуудын оролцоог хангах, уурхайд хаягдал ус цэвэрлэх сэдэлжүүлэлтийн төлбөрийн схемүүд зэрэг багтана. Хэрэгсэл бүрт нэлээд хэдэн урьдчилсан нөхцөлийг бүрдүүлэх хэрэгтэй учраас тэдгээрийг хэрэгжүүлэх эсэх, хэрхэн хэрэгжүүлэх нь үндэсний, бүсийн болон дотоодын байдлаас хамаарна.

Энэ судалгааны хураангуй тайланд Монгол улсыг бид жишээ судалгааны тохиолдол болгон авч, оролцогч талуудын оролцоо, хаягдал ус цэвэрлэх сэдэлжүүлэлт хоёр нь зохицуулалтыг сайжруулах үндсэн хоёр стратеги гэж үзнэ. Бид эдгээр стратегийг бодлогод хэрхэн хөрвүүлж, хоёр зэргэлдээ голын сав газарт бодитоор хэрхэн хэрэгжүүлснийг үнэлнэ. Ингэхдээ доогуур түвшний захиргааны нэгжүүд дэх хүн хүчний болон санхүүгийн чадавх, устай холбоотой мэдээллийн хүртээмжийг байгалийн нөөцийн үр дүнтэй засаглалын урьдчилсан нөхцөл гэж тусгайлан анхаарч үзнэ. Монгол улсын засаглалын систем олон тооны үйл явцуудаар оролцогч талуудын оролцоог хангадаг гэж заадаг бөгөөд хамгийн чухал нь голын сав газрын олон талт платформууд (ГСГОТП) болон БОНБҮ-ний журмын дагуу хийгддэг орон нутгийн хэлэлцүүлгүүдээр дамжуулан хангах гэдгийг бид олж тогтоосон. Гэхдээ

одоогоор судалгааны бүсийн ГСГОТП нь ихэнхдээ доогуур түвшний захиргааны ажилтнуудыг оруулан гишүүдээ шинэчлэх гэж байгаа ба энд орон нутгийн хэлэлцүүлэг бараг хийгддэггүй.Хаягдал усыг цэвэрлэх сэдэлжүүлэлтийн чиглэлээр Монгол улс 2019 оны зун Ус бохирдуулсны төлбөрийн тухай хуулийн нэмэлт, өөрчлөлтийг баталсан бөгөөд одоогоор хэрэгжүүлэх гарын авлагыг боловсруулж байна.Хүндрэлүүд нь сав газрын усны чанарын мэдээллийг цуглуулах болон хангалттай дээж авах, шинжилгээ хийх баталгаатай холбоотой. Энэ нь хамаарах мэдээллийг авах эсвэл үнэлэхэд хүндрэлтэй тулгардаг, доогуур түвшний захиргааны нэгжүүдийн хүн хүч, санхүүгийн чадавх хязгаарлагдмал байгаатай холбоотой. Бид дараах арга хэмжээг зөвлөж байна. Үүнд:

  • Тэнцвэртэй хүртээмж болон платформ дахь хэлэлцүүлгийг хангахын тулд нийгэм, эдийн засгийн байдлын ялгааг харгалзан хувийн хэвшил болон иргэний нийгмийн төлөөллийг түлхүү оролцуулах хэлбэрээр ГСГОТП дахь оролцогч талуудын ялгаатай байдлыг бий болгох
  • БОНБҮ-ний хүрээнд олон нийтийн хэлэлцүүлгийг идэвхжүүлэх (уул уурхайн лиценз авах болон БОНБҮ-г батлуулах гэх мэт) ба Засгийн газраас баталсан дүрэм, журмуудыг нээлттэй болгох, энэ хүрээнд хариуцлага тооцдог болох
  • Усны мэдээллийг олон нийтэд илүү хүртээмжтэй болгох
  • Уул уурхайн хаягдал усыг хаяхын өмнө цэвэрлэхэд урамшуулал олгохын тулд Ус бохирдуулсны төлбөрийн тухай хуулийг хурдхан хэрэгжүүлэх
  • Эрх мэдлээ хэрэгжүүлэх боломжийг нь бүрдүүлэхийн тулд доогуур түвшний захиргааны байгууллагуудыг чадавхжуулах ба ГСГОТП-д санхүүжилт олгох.
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Tax expenditure reporting and domestic revenue mobilization in Africa

DIE - 6. April 2021 - 11:15

The use of tax expenditures (TEs) is an important fiscal practice that is often overlooked in public spending debates. The fiscal cost as well as the lack of effectiveness of TEs can be significant. This chapter describes the state of TE reporting across the world, focusing on Africa. It begins by explaining in detail what TEs are and what their role in government expenditure is. It proceeds by offering examples of the fiscal cost of these provisions, their (in)effectiveness, and the reasons why they are often hard to remove. The main portion of the chapter focuses on the lack and inconsistency of TE reporting. The chapter provides the first results of the “Global Tax Expenditures Database” (GTED), an ongoing project aiming to increase transparency and boost research in the TE field. The GTED reveals that over 64% of African countries do not provide any information on their TEs, while most of the countries that do report on TEs leave out important information such as the policy objectives and beneficiaries of those provisions. Lastly, using the available data, the chapter reports that, on average, TEs in African countries account for 2.8% of GDP and 17.8% of total tax revenue, and being as high as 7.8% (in Senegal) and 58.4% (in Mauritania), respectively.

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Weltgesundheitstag: Die Hälfte der Weltbevölkerung hat keinen Zugang zu Gesundheitsversorgung

DSW - 6. April 2021 - 7:55
DSW: „Verhütungsmittel gehören zur gesundheitlichen Grundversorgung”

Hannover, 6. April 2021. Anlässlich des Weltgesundheitstages am 7. April macht die Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung (DSW) darauf aufmerksam, dass noch immer die Hälfte der Weltbevölkerung keinen Zugang zu einer guten Gesundheitsversorgung hat. Dabei zeigt die Covid-19-Pandemie, wie anfällig unsere hochmobilen Gesellschaften für infektiöse Krankheiten sind und wie wichtig eine funktionierende und flächendeckende Gesundheitsversorgung für die Prävention und Eindämmung von Pandemien ist.

Krisen verschärfen bestehende Ungleichheiten

Globale Gesundheitskrisen verschärfen bestehende gesundheitliche, soziale und geschlechterbasierte Ungleichheiten. Aufgrund der Corona-Pandemie hatten laut dem Bevölkerungsfonds der Vereinten Nationen (UNFPA) nahezu 12 Millionen Frauen in Ländern mit niedrigem und mittlerem Einkommen („Entwicklungsländern“) zeitweise keinen Zugang zu Verhütungsmitteln. Dies führte zu 1,4 Millionen unbeabsichtigten Schwangerschaften. Gerade Mädchen und junge Frauen haben oft nicht Zugang zu der Versorgung, die sie benötigen, um eine ungewollte Schwangerschaft zu vermeiden, eine Geburt gesund zu überstehen oder eine Schwangerschaft sicher und legal abbrechen zu können.

Reproduktive Rechte nicht vernachlässigen

„Zugang zu Sexualaufklärung, Verhütungsmitteln und einer professionellen medizinischen Versorgung während Schwangerschaften und Schwangerschaftsabbrüchen sind wichtige Bausteine universeller Gesundheitsversorgung“, betont Jan Kreutzberg, Geschäftsführer der DSW. „Die Regierungen weltweit sind aufgerufen, allen Menschen Zugang zu Services im Bereich sexueller und reproduktiver Gesundheit zu ermöglichen, damit sie ihr Recht auf sexuelle Selbstbestimmung wahrnehmen können. Überall und zu jeder Zeit.“

Pressebild
  • Bild Weltgesundheitstag
  • Bildunterschrift: Noch ein weiter Weg: Nur die Hälfte der Weltbevölkerung hat Zugang zu guter Gesundheitsversorgung. © DSW / Brian Otieno
Über die DSW

Die Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung (DSW) ist eine international tätige Entwicklungsorganisation. Ihr Ziel ist es, zu einer zukunftsfähigen Bevölkerungsentwicklung beizutragen. Daher unterstützt sie junge Menschen dabei, selbstbestimmte Entscheidungen über ihre Sexualität und Verhütung zu treffen. Gleichzeitig bringt sie sich auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene in politische Entscheidungsprozesse in den Bereichen Gesundheit, Familienplanung und Gleichstellung der Geschlechter ein.

Die Pressemitteilung können Sie hier als PDF herunterladen.

Der Beitrag Weltgesundheitstag: Die Hälfte der Weltbevölkerung hat keinen Zugang zu Gesundheitsversorgung erschien zuerst auf DSW.

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Wie die "Future Says_"-Initiative Big Tech-Unternehmen zur Verantwortung ziehen will

reset - 6. April 2021 - 5:03
Eine neue globale Initiative arbeitet daran, ein andere Verteilung der Kräfte im Tech-Ökosystem zu erreichen. Sie will die Macht von "Big Tech" einschränken und sucht Wege, wie Technologie von den Menschen für die Menschen gebaut und gestaltet werden.
Kategorien: Ticker

New Trade Agreements in Asia

SWP - 6. April 2021 - 0:00

With the signing of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on 15 November 2020, the announcement of the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) on 30 December, and the prospects of enlarging the Compre­hensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), trade policy with and within Asia is gathering speed. In the greater East Asia region, consisting of Japan, South Korea, China and the Association of Southeast Asian nations (ASEAN), economic integration via trade, investment, supply chains and digital connectivity will accelerate. In contrast, regions that remain on the outside – i.e. North America, Europe and India – surely fear that trade flows will be diverted. At the same time, geo­politics have become a determining factor of trade policy. Any agreement also represents political positioning in the context of the Sino-American rivalry, or at least a reinsurance against the risks of economic or technological decoupling. What are the economic and political perspectives of these trade and investment agreements? What goals and strategies are the relevant actors pursuing? And what are the con­sequences for Europe’s trade policy?

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Knowledge diplomacy and the future(s) of global cooperation

DIE - 5. April 2021 - 10:05

Scientific and expert knowledge is central to any sustainable future. Because consensual knowledge establishes the parameters within which decisions can be made despite complexity and uncertainty, it assumes a facilitating function. This can be for example well observed on how national strategies to achieve sustainability are developed, legitimized, implemented, and assessed. Policy-makers consult scientific experts to better understand problem issues and to come up with evidence-based solutions that can be jointly accepted by any political ideology and by the constituents. At the same time, the reliance of policy-making to scientific knowledge increases the demand or need to be critical of the emerging scientific authority or technocracy. In the context of transformation to sustainability (T2S) where the outcomes of bargaining and persuasion games represent new lock-ins, the ability or the inability to influence the definition of these lock-ins through equitable access to knowledge is integral to the legitimacy of T2S.
Knowledge diplomacy (and how it leads up to consensual knowledge) is an important driver of creating visions and narratives on sustainable futures. At the same time, the transformation process towards sustainability creates new norms for example in governance and social relations that have implications to how knowledge diplomacy is conducted. Expanding access to education as a strategy to reduce income inequality is more likely to empower a broader citizen participation in consensual knowledge making and thus in policy-making. Building on the author’s work on Sustainable Development Pathways, this article introduces three possible futures scenarios of how knowledge diplomacy can unfold depending on how access to scientific and expert knowledge translates into convening power: convergent cosmopolitan society (melting pot 1), convergent liberal world (melting pot 2), and divergent glocality (salad bowl).

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"Christliche Umweltethik. Grundlagen und zentrale Herausforderungen"

#HOCHN - 5. April 2021 - 0:00

Am 15. April 2021  wird das Buch "Christliche Umweltethik. Grundlagen und zentrale Herausforderungen", geschrieben von Markus Vogt, online vorgestellt. 

WAS Buchvorstellung WER Alle Interesssierten WANN 15.04.2021, 19.00-20.30 Uhr

Ethik und Theologie haben sich zunehmend als wichtige Stimmen im Umweltdiskurs etabliert. Für die notwendige „Große Transformation“ fehlt es nicht primär an ökologischem Wissen und technischen Möglichkeiten, sondern an einem tieferliegenden Wandel der kulturellen Grundeinstellungen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet das Buch eine systematische umweltethische Reflexion.

Weitere Informationen zu der Veranstaltung sind hier (Link) hinterlegt.

Foto: wal_172619/pixabay

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Belen aus Ecuador: Tradition und Tatendrang

Unicef - 3. April 2021 - 9:00
Als Kayambi gehört die 16-jährige Belen zu einer indigenen Volksgruppe in Ecuador. Seit vier Jahren engagiert sie sich für ihre Gemeinschaft und lässt alte Rituale wieder aufleben.
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Covid-19 response ineffective, lacking in human rights-based approach – CPDE

CSO Partnership - 2. April 2021 - 14:03

In a recent webinar, global civil society platform CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) described the pandemic response around the world as ineffective and seriously lacking in terms of human rights and the Leave No One Behind principle, drawing from its multistakeholder research World in lockdown, development on hold: A special CPDE report on the (in)effectiveness of the Covid-19 response.

Dr. Michael Ryan, Executive Director of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Emergencies Programme and keynote speaker at the event, echoed the findings: “A lot of communities right now are in the rearview mirror and not being observed through the lens of equity and human rights. This pandemic is uneven around the world, it’s uneven in its impacts. It’s been a great revealer: it peeled away the bandages from old wounds in our society and it’s also revealed and driven new inequities.”

Dr. Ryan lamented that while there had been great examples of community resilience and international cooperation, including in the civil society, to fight the pandemic, the world is “not doing a really good job at ensuring that basic human rights are being upheld: the right to health, the right to have access to health, the right to personal dignity, and in some cases, Covid-19 has been actually utilised as a means of denying people their rights. “We got an F, in terms of not leaving everyone behind,” he adds.

In the CPDE study, Co-Chair Beverly Longid, and Latin America and the Caribbean region’s Josefina Villegas shared that many states have used the pandemic to attack human rights and civil liberties, such as the freedoms of movement, association, and organisation, and that some countries have deployed excessive police force, instead of comprehensive medical solutions as the primary response to the pandemic.

The attacks on democratic rights and spaces, the research explains, “limit systems and mechanisms for promoting effective development cooperation (EDC) principles in the pandemic response and undermined the position of civil society organisations (CSOs) as development partners and independent actors in their own right.” At the same time, the study recognises that despite the pandemic’s challenges and the shrinking of civic space, CSOs have continued to engage in advocacy work, helping create alternative development plans especially for the marginalised, to leave no one behind.

On the subject of Covid-19 and its impact on implementing the effectiveness agenda at country level, Ulrika Modeer, Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator, and Director of the Bureau of External Relations and Advocacy at the United Nations Development Programme, explained that the pandemic’s main challenge to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) would be the growing inequalities – between poor and rich countries, and inside rich countries as well – which have enabled the spread of the pandemic. She also pointed to the need to look at the principle of development effectiveness and challenge countries, donors, and government to leverage resources around it.

Meanwhile, in her session ‘Making aid transparent, predictable and accountable to improve the effectiveness of the pandemic response,’ Gabriella Fesus, Head of Social Inclusion and Protection, Health and Demography, European Commission, spoke of the Commission’s efforts to mobilise resources, including financial and technical support, and acknowledged that there is a need to improve the system, and develop further ownership, alignment, and inclusiveness.

Independent researcher for the CPDE International Civil Society Organisations (ICSO) sector Catherine Turner found the same impacts on international civil society, in their research. CSOs, she explained, faced limitations to their operating environment, in the form of shrinking civic space and movement restriction, as well as concerns around funding and being excluded by the government from decision-making, even as they are being engaged by governments.

Helen Holm, coordinator for Covid-19 response at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), accepting Dr. Ryan’s point regarding the world’s failure in promoting human rights in its pandemic response, and talked about how donors can do better in applying the effective development cooperation principles in the pandemic response in order to truly Leave No One Behind and deliver results. For instance, she explains that Sida early on recognised the need to support civil society, even more as restrictive measures were put in place.

Finally, Monica Asuna, Deputy Chief Economist at the National Treasury of Kenya, shared challenges in addressing the country’s priority concerns, especially the need for social assistance to the heavily affected and for health equipment and other resources to fight the pandemic, in her segment on whether Covid-19 responses are respecting the EDC principle on Country Ownership.

The discussions were moderated by CPDE Co-Chair Justin Kilcullen.

CPDE is an open platform that unites civil society organisations from around the world on the issue of effective development cooperation (EDC). It strives to make development more effective by reshaping the global aid architecture and empowering CSOs working on the ground.

To download the study and learn more, visit CPDE’s webpage on its Covid-19 engagements, csopartnership.org/covid-19.#

 

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Corona-Impfungen für die ärmsten Familien

Unicef - 1. April 2021 - 16:45
Überall auf der Welt haben Menschen auf einen Impfstoff gegen das Coronavirus gewartet. Nun sind erste Impfstoffe zugelassen. Der Impfstart erscheint als Licht am Ende des Tunnels. UNICEF und seine Partner setzen alles daran, dass dieses Licht für alle Kinder und ihre Familien scheinen kann.
Kategorien: Ticker

???? Rethinking the world: it's going to take more than "new lenses" - CONCORD Newsletter March 2021

SID Blog - 1. April 2021 - 15:46
r Director's blog RETHINKING THE WORLD: IT'S GOING TO TAKE MORE THAN "NEW LENSES"

For a long time now, I've been mulling over how difficult it is for decision-makers to move on from a general understanding of the fact that 'things have gone rather pear-shaped' to their being convinced that a fundamentally new approach to the world is needed in order to rebuild better.

As I see it, it's not about solving the current problems – by addressing things issue by issue - but about putting in place profoundly new ways of working.  Which requires totally new ways of thinking. Only in this way, will we really solve inequalities and ensure we all have a far greater sense of well-being and freedom to lead our lives in a way that suits us. It was Albert Einstein who once said that we cannot solve our problems using the same thinking that created the problem.

And yet time and again, this is what we see among EU decision-makers.

Tanya Cox,
CONCORD Director


Read more

CONCORD NEWS OF THE MONTH SCOREBOARD FOR THE EU'S ACTIONS TO TACKLE INEQUALITIES The EU and its Member States have committed to tackling inequalities in partner countries. But, are commitments being translated into action? By analysing some of the EU's most recent actions, our scoreboard evaluates whether or not this approach has been taken – or if inequalities have been addressed at all. This in-depth analysis provides valuable insights to #MainstreamEquality in the future.

Our scoreboard APPROVAL OF THE PROVISIONAL AGREEMENT ON NDICI Last week, the European Parliament and the Council committees approved the provisional agreement on the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI). CONCORD Europe prides itself in having successfully influenced – with its members – the negotiations since the beginning, providing additional views and recommendations to the European Parliament and the Member States.

Read provisional agreement BOSCH FOUNDATION FUND We are very excited to share the wonderful news that the Robert Bosch Foundation has agreed to fund a new piece of work within CONCORD.  This will allow us to focus (even more deeply) on examining inequalities and how the EU and Member States address them, as well as putting a spotlight on digitalisation as a key EU priority and how it may influence inequalities of all kinds in partner countries.

Learn more UPDATES FROM OUR NETWORK INTERSECTIONALITY BETWEEN CLIMATE CRISIS AND SRHR The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) has recently released a position paper that discusses the impacts of the climate crisis on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), such as unavailable services in affected areas and harmful impacts on maternal health. IPPF describes its priorities for advocacy and engagement on the issue as a healthcare provider and advocate. 

Learn more EDUCATION IS IN A STATE OF GLOBAL EMERGENCY In April 2020, 90% of the student population were not able to receive an education due to school closures as many governments' response to stop the spread of the virus. In a joint position paper, our members call the EU to ensure that education is prioritised in countries where it's needed the most. It also identifies how the EU should support education at a national level by applying a gender and inclusion lens to all aspects of education.

Learn more EAEA's GRUNDTVIG AWARD Each year, the European Association for the Education of Adults (EAEA) Grundtvig Award highlights initiatives that produce new ideas, foster partnerships and advance understanding of how we can work in adult education. This time, EAEA Grundtvig Awards will be given to the best projects or initiatives promoting digitalisation and democracy. Applications are open until 10 April 2021.

Learn more A SAFETY NET AGAINST POVERTY: DISABILITY-INCLUSIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION Light for the World put together this issue brief on disability-inclusive social protection, outlining what social protection is, and its relevance to persons with disabilities. Including a short listing of social protection global policy framework, as well as key recommendations to ensure its inclusivity and in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Learn more JOB OPPORTUNITIES EU Partnership Officer
Organisation: Handicap International Federation
Deadline: 2 April 2021 Finance Officer
Organisation: CONCORD
Deadline: 5 April 2021 Consultant(s): Statistician for AidWatch 2021
Organisation: CONCORD
Deadline: 5 April 2021 Consultant(s): Writer for AidWatch 2021
Organisation: CONCORD
Deadline: 5 April 2021 CEO
Organisation: ActionAid Ireland
Deadline: 6 April 2021 Director of EU Advocacy & Policy
Organisation: World Vision
Deadline: 23 April 2021 CALLS FOR PROPOSALS & OPPORTUNITIES The latest open calls for proposals from DG INPTA

From 24 February 2021 to 24 March 2021 Add your news

Disclaimer: CONCORD cannot guarantee that information from external sources and links contained on this site is up to date or be responsible for external content contained in website links.




Online-Seminar: Dünge(r)-Mittel für die Klimakrise?

INKOTA - 1. April 2021 - 13:22
  • Was? Online-Seminar „Dünge(r)-Mittel für die Klimakrise? Der Einfluss von mineralischem Dünger auf Klima und Böden – und agrarökologische Alternativen“, u.a. mit einem Gast aus Mosambik
  • Wann? Dienstag, 20. April 2021, 17:30-19:00 Uhr
  • Wo und wie? Die Veranstaltung findet als Online-Seminar (Zoom) statt. Jetzt anmelden!
Weltweit boomt das Geschäft mit synthetischen Düngemitteln: Der globale Markt für Düngemittel wird auf einen Wert von rund 155 Milliarden US-Dollar geschätzt. In Folge einer zunehmend industrialisierten Landwirtschaft wird heute etwa fünfmal so viel synthetischer Stickstoffdünger eingesetzt wie noch vor 50 Jahren. Für das Klima ist dies extrem schädlich: Allein bei der Herstellung einer Tonne werden fast 3 Tonnen CO2 ausgestoßen. Es geht aber auch anders. Die Landwirtschaft kann wichtige Dienstleistungen für die Ökosysteme erbringen. Gesunde, agrarökologisch bewirtschaftete Böden sind bedeutende Kohlenstoffspeicher und fruchtbare Böden sind eine der wichtigsten natürlichen Ressourcen auf unserer Erde. In den meisten afrikanischen Ländern ist der synthetische Düngemitteleinsatz bislang verhältnismäßig gering. Doch das wollen viele Regierungen, Stiftungen und Entwicklungsorganisationen ändern. Mit Subventionen versuchen sie die Verfügbarkeit von Mineraldünger zu steigern, in der Hoffnung die Erträge so zu erhöhen. In dem Online-Seminar möchten wir folgenden Fragen nachgehen:
  • Ist dieser synthetische Ansatz die Lösung für die Herausforderungen in der kleinbäuerlichen Landwirtschaft?
  • Welche Folgen hat dies für die Umwelt und lokale Wirtschaftsstrukturen?
  • Wer profitiert davon?
  • Welchen politischen Einfluss nehmen globale Düngemittelkonzerne?
  • Und welche agrarökologischen Alternativen gibt es?
Wir wollen Zusammenhänge zwischen synthetischen Düngemitteln, Klimawandel und Bodenfruchtbarkeit aus verschiedenen Perspektiven erläutern und mit dem Publikum diskutieren. Dabei werden wir den Blick auf Deutschland und Mosambik richten. Referent*innen:
  • Luís Muchanga, Direktor des Bauernverbands União Nacional de Camponeses (UNAC) in Mosambik
  • Prof. Birgit Wilhelm, Professorin für Ökologischer Pflanzenbau an der Fachhochschule Erfurt
  • Gideon Tups, Doktorand am Geografischen Institut der Universität zu Köln
Moderation:
  • Christine Wiid, Projektreferentin Mosambik, INKOTA
  • Lena Bassermann, Referentin Welternährung und globale Landwirtschaft, INKOTA
Das Online-Event findet auf Deutsch und Portugiesisch mit Simultanübersetzung statt. Jetzt zur Veranstaltung anmelden! Weitere Informationen: Zur Studie „Falsche Versprechen: Die Allianz für eine Grüne Revolution in Afrika (AGRA)“ Zur Newsseite „Klima gerecht“ Erfahren Sie mehr über unsere Arbeit in Mosambik Erfahren Sie mehr über das Thema Agrarökologie Erfahren Sie mehr über den Arbeitsbereich „Welternährung und globale Landwirtschaft“
Kategorien: Ticker

01. April 2021

ONE - 1. April 2021 - 12:08
1. Welthandel erholt sich schneller als erwartet

Wie Deutschlandfunk, die Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung und Zeit Online berichten, erholt sich der Welthandel laut Welthandelsorganisation (WTO) nach der Corona-Krise schneller als gedacht. Die WTO erwarte in diesem Jahr eine Zunahme des globalen Warenverkehrs um 8 Prozent. Gleichzeitig haben vor allem der Nahen Osten, Südamerika und Afrika mit Import-Rückgängen um fast 9 Prozent zu kämpfen. Der Zugang zu Impfstoffen trage am meisten zu einer schnellen Erholung bei, betont WTO-Chefin Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. Daher müssen die Kapazitäten zur Herstellung auch in Entwicklungsländern ausgeweitet werden. In einem Gastbeitrag in der Frankfurter Rundschau appellieren auch Lucia Puttrich und Tanja Gönner an eine nachhaltige Unterstützung im Umgang mit der Pandemie und deren Folge. Weil die Voraussetzungen dafür in Afrika ungleich schlechter seien als in Europa, werden die Auswirkungen dort verheerender sein. Das Handelsblatt verweist auf Entwicklungsminister Gerd Müller, der prophezeit, dass an den Folgen der Pandemie mehr Menschen in Schwellen- und Entwicklungsländern sterben werden als an dem Virus selbst.

2. China: Knebelkredite für Entwicklungsländer

Eine Studie des Kieler Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) zeigt, dass China auf Geheimverträge bei Krediten setzt. Das thematisieren untere anderem die Süddeutsche Zeitung, Deutsche Welle, Arte.tv, Spiegel und Welt. Dem IfW liegen 100 eigentlich geheime Kreditverträge Chinas mit 24 Entwicklungsländern in einem Volumen von 36,6 Milliarden Dollar vor. Die Kreditbedingungen erschweren es den Ländern, die sich  wegen der Corona-Pandemie in einer finanziellen Notlage befinden, “ihre Schuldensituation in den Griff zu bekommen”, so die Autor*innen der Studie. Schon länger argumentieren Forscher*innen und Ökonom*innen, dass China vermehrt versuche, Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländer über Kredite abhängig zu machen. So könne sich das Land  leichter Zugang zu Großprojekten wie Häfen und Straßen sichern. 

3. Milliardengewinn mit Corona-Impfstoff

Philip Plickert schreibt in der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung über die Gewinne der Pharmakonzerne mit dem Corona-Impfstoff. Pfizer prognostiziere 15 Milliarden Dollar Mehrumsatz, Moderna erwarte 18 Milliarden Dollar. AstraZeneca hingegen habe sich vertraglich gebunden, während  der Pandemie keinen Gewinn zu erzielen und verkaufe den Impfstoff zum Selbstkostenpreis. Tatsächlich gelte das AstraZeneca-Vakzin global mit Abstand als das kostengünstigste und sei damit auch für Entwicklungsländer erschwinglich. Bei einer ähnlich hohen Bepreisung seines Impfstoffes hätte AstraZeneca nach Schätzungen mehr als 20 Milliarden Pfund einnehmen können.

The post 01. April 2021 appeared first on ONE.

Kategorien: Ticker

Eins von acht Ländern gibt mehr für Schulden aus als für Bildung, Gesundheit und soziale Sicherung zusammen

Unicef - 1. April 2021 - 8:30
Laut einem heute veröffentlichten Bericht des UNICEF-Forschungsinstituts Innocenti gab schon vor der Covid-19-Pandemie rund eines von acht Ländern weltweit mehr für Schulden aus als für soziale Leistungen.
Kategorien: Ticker

Künstliche Intelligenz im Umwelt- und Klimaschutz – Unser Gastartikel gibt einen Überblick

reset - 1. April 2021 - 5:22
Die Fachzeitschrift ÖkologischesWirtschaften beschäftigt sich mit sozial-ökologischen Wirtschaftsthemen und wird vom Institut für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IÖW) und die Vereinigung für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (VÖW) herausgegeben. Wir freuen uns, in der Sonderausgabe zu Digitalisierung und Nachhaltigkeit mit einem Gastartikel dabei zu sein.
Kategorien: Ticker

IB fordert stabilen Bundeshaushalt für Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

SID Blog - 1. April 2021 - 0:51

Der Internationale Bund fordert in Zeiten der Pandemie Solidarität mit ärmeren Ländern
"Niveau von 12,4 Milliarden Euro im Haushalt für Entwicklungszusammenarbeit halten!"

Der Internationale Bund (IB) fordert für den Bundeshaushalt 2022 eine verlässliche und kontinuierliche Finanzierung der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ). Damit unterstützt die Organisation den Verband für Entwicklungspolitik und Humanitäre Hilfe (VENRO) in seinen entsprechenden Forderungen.

"Internationale Verständigung und Zusammenarbeit gehören zu den Gründungszielen des IB und müssen gerade in der Corona-Pandemie gelebt werden, um die Nachhaltigkeitsziele zu verwirklichen und der wachsenden Armut Einhalt zu gebieten", fordert Petra Merkel, Präsidentin des Internationalen Bundes.

Nach Angaben der Weltbank leben momentan 120 Millionen Menschen mehr in extremer Armut als vor der Pandemie. In vielen Ländern gibt es keine sozialen Sicherungssysteme oder andere Unterstützungsleistungen, geschweige denn eine akzeptable Gesundheitsversorgung.

Insbesondere ärmere Länder sind von den Folgen der Pandemie betroffen. "Deutschland gehört zu den reichsten Staaten der Welt. Auch die nächste Bundesregierung muss dieses Engagement fortsetzen und ein deutliches Signal aussenden, dass sie ihre Solidarität mit den Entwicklungsländern auch während der Pandemie zeigt. Der EZ-Haushalt für das Jahr 2022 sollte mindestens auf dem Niveau von 2021 gehalten werden, mit einer Höhe von rund 12,4 Milliarden Euro", erklärt Petra Merkel.

Im Jahr 2020 hat die Bundesregierung zum ersten Mal das Ziel erreicht, 0,7 Prozent des Bruttonationaleinkommens (BNE) für Entwicklungszusammenarbeit bereitzustellen. Diese Vorgabe wurde bereits 1970 beschlossen, jedoch erst 50 Jahre später Wirklichkeit.

Turkey’s Presidential System after Two and a Half Years

SWP - 1. April 2021 - 0:00

Turkey’s new Presidential System has failed to realise the goals that it was said to achieve with its introduction despite the disapproval of half the population.

Contrary to the ruling party’s claims in favour of the new governance system, two and a half years after its introduction, parliament is weaker, separation of powers is undermined, the judiciary is politicised, institutions are crippled, economic woes are mounting and authoritarian prac­tices prevail.

Despite the almost unlimited and unchecked power that the new system grants to the President over institutions, his space for political manoeuvre is, surprisingly, narrower than it was in the parliamentary system.

Providing the otherwise divided opposition a joint anchor of resistance, the Presidential System unintentionally breathed life into the inertia of Turkey’s political party setting.

The formation of splinter parties from the ruling party, primarily address­ing the same conservative electorate, alongside the changing electoral logic with the need to form alliances to win an election, poses a serious challenge to the ruling party and its leader – the President.

Despite the oppositional alliance’s electoral victory in 2019 local elec­tions, it is at the moment unclear whether the forming parties share a common vision for steps towards democratic repair.

Together with the institutional havoc caused by the Presidential System, the blurry outlook of the opposition requires caution about an easy and rapid positive transformation. While the European Union should be realistic in regard to expectations towards democratic reform, it should also strike a balance between cooperation in areas of mutual benefit and confronting Ankara when necessary to protect the interests of the Euro­pean Union and its member states.

 

 

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