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The French response to the Corona Crisis: semi-presidentialism par excellence

GDI Briefing - 19. Januar 2038 - 4:14

This blog post analyses the response of the French government to the Coronavirus pandemic. The piece highlights how the semi-presidential system in France facilitates centralized decisions to manage the crisis. From a political-institutional perspective, it is considered that there were no major challenges to the use of unilateral powers by the Executive to address the health crisis, although the de-confinement phase and socio-economic consequences opens the possibility for more conflictual and opposing reactions. At first, approvals of the president and prime minister raised, but the strict confinement and the reopening measures can be challenging in one of the European countries with the highest number of deaths, where massive street protests, incarnated by the Yellow vests movement, have recently shaken the political scene.

Kategorien: english

The COVID-19 pandemic and related crises call for higher levels of ODA

CSO Partnership - 14. April 2021 - 7:45

Today, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) announced that over the course of 2020 DAC donors allocated 161.2 billion USD of official development assistance (ODA), more commonly known as ‘development aid’. Despite the long-standing commitment to contribute 0.7% of gross national income (GNI) towards ODA, the 2020 figures show that only 32 cents for every $100 in national income was allocated to addressing global development and humanitarian challenges. Such low ODA levels are both economically unwise and morally flawed, given the current pandemic and interconnected crises, including climate change, conflict, fragility, and rising poverty and inequalities.

COVID-19 is not a fleeting crisis – it has already left a lasting impact on all aspects of our societies, disrupting 25 years of global progress against poverty and inequalities in a matter of months. The world’s most marginalised are disproportionately affected. COVID-19 is pushing an estimated 150 million people into extreme poverty, and 137 million to the brink of starvation, representing an increase of over 80% in acute hunger since before the pandemic began.

Before the pandemic, donors were already off-track to achieve their international aid commitments. The consequences of COVID-19 requires the DAC community to considerably increase its ODA levels. ODA is a vital resource for supporting those most in need to help counter the negative trends coming from the pandemic, compounded by the climate emergency and persisting conflicts and fragility. In 2020, DAC donors prioritised their national responses towards COVID at the expense of international aid. This 2021, a substantial and immediate increase in ODA levels must be the top priority to ensure the achievement of the 2030 Agenda on time. Now is the time to move beyond mainly protecting existing aid budgets as the released figures show.

76 civil society organisations across the world are calling on DAC members to fulfill and exceed the 0.7% target for ODA and the 0.15% to 0.2% target for Least Developed Countries (LDCs), prioritising unconditional grants and technical support. We urge the DAC to work with the experience of partner countries, DAC members and other stakeholders to ramp up the role of aid in support of health, education, social protection, peacebuilding, and conflict prevention in the midst of this unfinished crisis. Furthermore, we call on donors to uphold the integrity of ODA, building on decades of lessons for effective development cooperation, and to uphold human rights and development effectiveness principles.

 

Media contact :
Matthew Simonds, Global Coordinator DAC-CSO Reference Group: msimonds@csopartnership.org
Mark Pascual, Media Coordinator DAC-CSO Reference Group: mpascual@realityofaid.org

 

Signed by:

  1. ACEP – Associação para a Cooperação Entre os Povos, Portugal
  2. Act Church of Sweden, Sweden
  3. Act Alliance, Global
  4. ActionAid International, Global
  5. Action Santé Mondiale, France
  6. Aid Watch Canada, Canada
  7. AKÜ – Estonian Roundtable for Development Cooperation, Estonia
  8. Alliance Sud, Switzerland
  9. Ambrela, Slovakia
  10. AQOCI – Association québécoise des organismes de coopération internationale, Canada
  11. Bond – the International Development Network, United Kingdom
  12. Canadian Foodgrains Bank, Canada
  13. Canadian Lutheran World Relief, Canada
  14. Care International, Global
  15. Caritas Europa, Regional
  16. CBM – Global Disability Inclusion, Global
  17. CCEDNet – Canadian Community Economic Development Network, Canada
  18. Centre for Research and Advocacy Manipur, India
  19. CNCD-11.11.11 – Centre National de Coopération au Développement, Belgium
  20. Commonwealth Medical Trust, United Kingdom
  21. CONCORD – European NGO confederation for Relief and Development, Regional
  22. CONCORD Sweden, Sweden
  23. Cooperation Canada, Canada
  24. Co-operative Development Foundation of Canada, Canada
  25. Coordinadora de ONGDs – Spain
  26. Coordination Sud, France
  27. Council for People’s Development and Governance, Philippines
  28. Cordaid, the Netherlands
  29. CPDE – CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness, Global
  30. Crosol, Croatia
  31. CSPPS – Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding, Global
  32. DemNet, Hungary
  33. Development and Peace — Caritas Canada, Canada
  34. Diakonia, Sweden
  35. EILER – The Ecumenical Institute for Labor Education and Research, Philippines
  36. Eurodad – the European Network on Debt and Development, Regional
  37. Global Citizen, Global
  38. Global Policy Forum, Global
  39. Global Responsibility, Austria
  40. Grandmothers Advocacy Network, Canada
  41. Fingo – Finnish Development NGOs, Finland
  42. ForumCiv, Sweden
  43. FORS – Czech Forum for Development Cooperation, Czech Republic
  44. Ibon Foundation, Philippines
  45. Ibon International, Global
  46. Inter Pares, Canada
  47. Islamic Relief Canada, Canada
  48. JANIC – Japan NGO Center for International Cooperation, Japan
  49. KAIROS – Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, Canada
  50. KOO – Co-ordination Office of the Austrian Bishops’ Conference for International Development and Mission, Austria
  51. McLeod Group, Canada
  52. Nash Vek Public Foundation, Kyrgyzstan
  53. NEADS – North-East Affected Area Development Society, India
  54. ONE, Global
  55. Oxfam International, Global
  56. PIANGO, Pacific Islands Association of Non-Governmental Organisations, Regional
  57. Plataforma ONGD Portuguesa, Portugal
  58. Reality of Aid, Global
  59. Reality of Aid – Africa, Regional
  60. Reality of Aid – Asia and the Pacific, Regional
  61. Rihrdo – Rural Infrastructure and Human Resources Development organisation, Pakistan
  62. RIPESS – Intercontinental Network for the Promotion of Social Solidarity Economy, Global
  63. SOCODEVI, Canada
  64. Swedish Development Partner, Sweden
  65. Taiwan Aid, Taiwan
  66. Tanzania Coalition on Debt and Development, Tanzania
  67. Tearfund, Canada
  68. United Church of Canada, Canada
  69. UPADI – UPA Développement International, Canada
  70. Veterinarians without Borders, Canada
  71. Wemos, the Netherlands
  72. WILPF – Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom – Sweden, Sweden
  73. Women for Water Partnership, the Netherlands
  74. World Accord, Canada
  75. World Vision – EU Representation
  76. 11.11.11, Belgium

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Ensuring that no one and no place are left behind thanks to local governments [Promoted content]

EURACTIV.com - 14. April 2021 - 7:00
“Local and regional governments represent a key partner for the EU Delegations” writes Frédéric Vallier, Secretary General of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), on behalf of PLATFORMA. He signed the foreword of a study on EU Delegations...
Kategorien: english

Significant but insufficient progress in financial support for developing countries

OECD - 13. April 2021 - 17:29
By José Antonio Ocampo, Professor at Columbia University and former UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs and Finance Minister of Colombia Recent events and particularly last week’s meeting of the Bretton Woods institutions have generated significant advances in international financial co-operation, particularly in support of developing countries. The latter is crucial, as a large … Continue reading Significant but insufficient progress in financial support for developing countries
Kategorien: english

EU aid spending surges amid COVID pandemic

EURACTIV.com - 13. April 2021 - 16:28
Development aid from the EU increased by more than 25% last year as funding for programmes to combat COVID-19 and support poorer countries surged, according to data published by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development on Tuesday (13 April).
Kategorien: english

Area Studies Must Be Decolonised

EADI Debating Development Research - 13. April 2021 - 9:23
The discipline’s existence reflects an enduring Western belief in the inferiority of knowledge production specific to different cultures By David Simon If you thought that area studies sounded like an odd name for an odd discipline, you’d be right. Its genesis reflects an enduring tension within academia between supposedly systematic (“disciplinary”) and geographically specific knowledge production – deriving from …
Kategorien: english, Ticker

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: Black Sea Region Development Effectiveness Principles Workshop

CSO Partnership - 13. April 2021 - 4:51

FOND Romania officially announces its Call for Applications for the Regional Workshop on Developing the Capacity of the CSOs from the Black Sea Region in Implementing the Development Effectiveness Principles.

The Regional Workshop on Developing the Capacity of the CSOs from the Black Sea Region in Implementing the Development Effectiveness Principles/ODA Transparency and Accountability will mainly target CSO representatives from the Black Sea NGO Forum (in particular the CSO Sustainability and Resilience Working Group), from the EU member states and non-EU, engaged in International Development Cooperation activities.

The main topics to be addressed during the programme will be CSO Development Effectiveness Principles, with an emphasis on transparency and accountability of the ODA financing.

The workshop will be delivered between May-June 2021 and comprises five modules of learning (online training and coaching/mentoring) with a focus on innovative approaches in: impact assessment, digital transformation and human rights, digital storytelling techniques, building equitable and sustainable partnerships, impact and accountability automation.

The general communication during the Training Programme will be held in English.

The training will be delivered by Mr. Gabriel Brezoiu, Ms. Alexandra Peca and Ms. Diana Ionita.

Timeline:
May 13th, 16:00 GMT+3 (Bucharest time)
May 20th, 16:00 GMT+3 (Bucharest time)
May 27th, 16:00 GMT+3 (Bucharest time)
June 3rd, 16:00 GMT+3 (Bucharest time)
June 10th, 16:00 GMT+3 (Bucharest time)

In order to apply for our Program, please take a few minutes to fill in this online form.

The deadline for submitting applications is the 26th of April 2021.

Please note that the application must be filled in English only. Multiple or 2 to 3 applications from the same organization are encouraged. The form is available here: https://bit.ly/3mIcfRF. #

Kategorien: english, Ticker

A new multilateralism for the post-COVID world: What role for the EU-Africa partnership?

GDI Briefing - 12. April 2021 - 23:16

Multilateralism has been in trouble for a while, particularly at the global level. Yet, the European Union (EU) and its member states have remained among its staunchest supporters. In their June 2019 Council Conclusions, EU leaders drew the outlines of a common European vision to uphold, extend and reform the multilateral system. Against an increasingly complex and contested geopolitical backdrop, these goals were further developed in the recent EU Communication on Multilateralism, published in February 2021.
Key messages:
• In the wake of COVID-19, European leaders have reaffirmed their support for multilateralism and their hope of reforming and carrying forward the multilateral system. This was most recently stated in the EU’s Communication on Multilateralism of February 2021. Strengthening multilateral cooperation will require partners. The African Union (AU) with its 55 member states could be an important partner, but it cannot be taken for granted.
• To build meaningful cooperation with African actors and work together towards constructive multilateralism, the EU and its members must accept that African states have their own views of shifts in the global order and the desirability of further change. For greater legitimacy of the multilateral system, the EU must move beyond simply protecting the status quo, combining its stance as a defender of human rights and other universal norms and values with support for reforms and efforts to strengthen meaningful African participation in multilateral fora.
• The EU must support reform of the UN Security Council to ensure that Africa gains proper representation. In the meantime, the EU should take further steps towards substantive cooperation. This includes improving internal coordination; increasing outreach to the A3, the AU and concerned African states; and working with the A3 early in the drafting process for resolutions that affect Africa.
• The EU should make the most of the G20 Italian Presidency in 2021 to facilitate participation of African actors in this forum, which has increasing sway over a range of sensitive issues for African countries, such as debt relief. The G20 should seek to build consensus around an inclusive recovery agenda, to “build back better” and advance structural cooperation in the financial and health sectors.
• COVID-19 has demonstrated the importance of health as an urgent area of multilateral cooperation. The EU should seek to work closely with African actors to reform and improve multilateral structures in the health domain, to respond effectively to the ongoing crisis and for future preparedness. This should include supporting African countries in developing local bio manufacturing capabilities, working together to reform and strengthen the World Health Organization (WHO) and to fully implement the “One Health” approach.
• The EU should engage with African countries now to formulate a common and mutually beneficial vision and position for the international climate and environmental negotiations set for this year. Particularly, this concerns decisions on the post-2020 biodiversity framework and post-2025 climate finance target and reporting standards. Key topics include the role of nature-based solutions in addressing and integrating multiple environmental issues and provision of more funds for climate adaptation.

Kategorien: english

Guterres calls for ‘paradigm shift’ to recover from COVID setbacks

UN #SDG News - 12. April 2021 - 18:43
A “paradigm shift” aligning the private sector with the global goals is needed to address the challenges of the future, including those triggered by COVID-19, the UN chief said on Monday, addressing the Financing for Development (FfD) Forum. 
Kategorien: english

Guterres calls for ‘paradigm shift’ to recover from COVID setbacks

UN ECOSOC - 12. April 2021 - 18:43
A “paradigm shift” aligning the private sector with the global goals is needed to address the challenges of the future, including those triggered by COVID-19, the UN chief said on Monday, addressing the Financing for Development (FfD) Forum. 
Kategorien: english

What is Driving a Surge in Violence and Insecurity in Niger?

UN Dispatch - 12. April 2021 - 17:07

For the last several months Niger has experienced a surge in attacks against civilians by violent extremists. This includes a series of attacks in March in which hundreds of civilians have been killed. In one particularly egregious act of violence, men on motorbikes conducted coordinated assaults on three villages, killing over 130 civilians on March 24.

This region of west Africa, known as the Sahel, has experienced profound and growing security challenges in recent years. But according to my guest today Ornella Moderan, what distinguishes this new iteration of insecurity in Niger is that civilians are being targeted on the basis of their ethnicity.

Ornella Moderan is the Sahel Program Head for Institute for Security Studies. and I caught up with her recently from Niamey, Niger. She was in Niamey at a significant moment in the history of Niger. On April 2, for the first time since the country’s independence in 1960, there was a peaceful transfer of power from one civilian leader to the next. That almost did not happen because just a few days earlier there was an attempted coup, which was repelled.

We kick off discussing what is driving increasing violence in the southwest of Niger and then turn to a conversation about recent political events in the country. Towards the end of the interview Ornella Moderan makes some important points about the efficacy of a military strategy to combat violent extremism that is being undertaken by a coalition of countries in the region and backed by France, called the G5 Sahel, and argues for a more comprehensive approach to insecurity in the region.

If you have 25 minutes and want to better understand what is driving insecurity in Niger and this part of the Sahel, have a listen

Apple Podcasts  | Google Podcasts |  Spotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

The post What is Driving a Surge in Violence and Insecurity in Niger? appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

For greater vaccine equity, first fix these misconceptions

OECD - 12. April 2021 - 15:36
By Philip Schellekens, Senior Economic Advisor, World Bank Group  As we start to see the light at the end of the pandemic’s dark tunnel, inequities in the distribution of vaccines across countries are coming under intense scrutiny. Unequal vaccine distribution is not necessarily unfair—after all, some population groups are more vulnerable than others. Yet relative … Continue reading For greater vaccine equity, first fix these misconceptions
Kategorien: english

How has the MCC responded to the challenges of COVID-19?

Brookings - 12. April 2021 - 15:02

By Alexia Latortue, David Dollar

Alexia Latortue, the deputy chief executive officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), joins David Dollar for a conversation about the MCC and how it has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Latortue and Dollar discuss strategies for building infrastructure and institutional capacity in developing countries, concerns over growing debt levels in many countries, and challenges facing U.S. foreign assistance programs today. 

 

Related content:

Reimagining the global economy: Building back better in a post-COVID-19 world

Success of Mount Coffee Hydropower Plant Helps Liberia Shine Brighter

How inclusive is growth?

 

The Millennium Challenge Corporation provides financial support for the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings. 

      
Kategorien: english

First ever human space flight signalled 'new era for humanity'

UN #SDG News - 12. April 2021 - 14:15
The United Nations is marking the International Day of Human Space Flight on Monday, celebrating the achievements of astronauts who are “stretching the boundaries” of where civilization can go, beyond the stratosphere. 
Kategorien: english

Introducing the New Workstreams of the CCLNRM Workgroup

SNRD Africa - 12. April 2021 - 13:09
Yvonne Otieno found a way to fight food waste
Kategorien: english

Wie Wissensnetzwerke ihr transformatives Potential entfalten

GDI Briefing - 12. April 2021 - 10:19

Die Pandemie macht es deutlicher denn je: Bei globalen Krisen sitzen wir alle im selben Boot. Um schnell einen Impfstoff zu entwickeln, waren enorme Investitionen, Wissen, die Vernetzung globaler Wertschöpfungsketten und Infrastruktur sowie interdisziplinäre und transnationale Teams von Wissenschaftler*innen notwendig. Auch Herausforderungen wie den Klimawandel, Finanzkrisen oder Cyberkriminalität bewältigt kein Land im Alleingang. Die heutige Welt ist vernetzt, komplex und vielschichtig. Wissensnetzwerke sind ein Instrument, um gemeinsam Probleme zu definieren und Lösungen zu erarbeiten. Um dies leisten zu können, müssen sie interdisziplinär und transnational ausgerichtet sein sowie die einzelnen Bereiche der Welt als Ganzes betrachten. Das Managing Global Governance (MGG)-Netzwerk des Deutschen Instituts für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) ist ein Beispiel für solch ein Wissensnetzwerk. Es hat zum Ziel, nachhaltige Veränderungsprozesse auf sozialer, wirtschaftlicher und ökologischer Ebene voranzutreiben. Das Netzwerk dient dabei jungen Expert*innen aus verschiedenen Disziplinen und Ländern als Plattform, um an Lösungsansätzen zur langfristigen Steigerung des (globalen) Gemeinwohls zu arbeiten.

Wie kann das gelingen?

Die über zehnjährige Erfahrung des MGG-Netzwerks zeigt, dass es sich lohnt, in drei Dinge zu investieren: Vertrauen, eine gemeinsame Vision und Strukturen, die innovative Aktivitäten fördern.

Vertrauen ist der erste Grundpfeiler von Beziehungen, ohne die Netzwerke nicht funktionieren. Erfolgreiche Wissensnetzwerke bedürfen der stetigen Pflege von Beziehungen, um Vertrauen zu generieren und zu erhalten. Vertrauen erleichtert es, zusammenzuarbeiten und gemeinsam Probleme zu lösen. Entscheidungsprozesse werden effizienter, je höher das Vertrauen in die Netzwerkmitglieder, ihre Fähigkeiten und ihre Reputation aufgrund erfolgreicher Zusammenarbeit ist. Vertrauensvolle Kooperation stärkt Kreativität und Innovation. Anhand von greifbaren Konzepten wie Verlässlichkeit, Vorhersehbarkeit, Ehrlichkeit, Offenheit und persönlicher Nähe kann Vertrauen in der Praxis gesteigert werden. Vertrauensbildende Maßnahmen müssen ein Grundelement sämtlicher Netzwerkaktivitäten sein. Im MGG-Netzwerk wird immer Zeit für persönlichen Austausch eingeplant. Nur wenn ich meine Partner*innen kenne, kann ich ihnen auch vertrauen. Wichtig ist auch verlässliche, transparente und offene Kommunikation. Eine kontinuierliche Feedback- und Reflexionskultur stärkt das gegenseitige Vertrauen.

Eine gemeinsame Vision für das Netzwerk zu entwickeln, ist der zweite wichtige Grundpfeiler, um Potenzial für gesellschaftliche Transformation innerhalb eines Wissensnetzwerks zu entfalten. Eine solche Vision besteht aus geteilten Werten und Überzeugungen und setzt den Rahmen für die praktische Arbeit des Netzwerks. Nur wenn klar ist, „warum“ das Netzwerk „was“ erreichen will, kann auch detailliert am „wie“ gearbeitet werden. Besonders erfolgreich ist eine Netzwerk-Vision, wenn sie partizipativ im Netzwerk erarbeitet wird. Beispielsweise wurde im MGG-Netzwerk diskutiert: Was ist das Narrativ unseres Netzwerks, welche Werte machen uns aus? Welche Vision haben wir für die nächsten Jahre? Worin sind wir besonders gut? An welchen Punkten kann unsere Arbeit ansetzen, um besonders effektiv zu sein? Solch ein Prozess stärkt das Gemeinschaftsgefühl, definiert einen Rahmen für zukünftige Aktivitäten und beschreibt das grundlegende Ziel des Netzwerks. Auch wenn dies auf den ersten Blick aufwändig erscheint, wird ein Netzwerk langfristig davon profitieren.

Starke Netzwerke brauchen starke Strukturen. Besonders sinnvoll für Wissensnetzwerke, die gemeinwohlorientierte Transformation zum Ziel haben, ist es, Strukturen für Selbstorganisation zu etablieren. Selbstorganisation hat den Vorteil, dass die Projektentwicklung durch intrinsische Motivation der Netzwerkmitglieder vorangetrieben wird, da sie ihrer eigenen Leidenschaft folgen können. In großen heterogenen Netzwerken wie dem MGG-Netzwerk hat sich Selbstorganisation bewährt, um vielfältige Projekte voranzutreiben, ohne durch zentrale Steuerungsprozesse blockiert zu werden. Ermöglicht wird dies in Formaten wie den MGG Network Days, die den Raum und die Unterstützung bieten, um kreativ und in Gemeinschaft eigene Projekte zu entwickeln und diese im besten Fall selbstorganisiert weiter auszuführen. Auch virtuelle Kommunikationsplattformen sind ein sinnvolles Mittel, um eine selbstorganisierte Zusammenarbeit zu ermöglichen.

Um globalen Herausforderungen effektiv, schnell und flexibel begegnen zu können, lohnt es sich, in starke Netzwerke zu investieren. Vertrauensvolle Beziehungen in Netzwerken ermöglichen schnelle Entscheidungen. Strukturen, die Selbstorganisation fördern, bringen Innovationen hervor. Eine gemeinsame Vision lässt alle an einem Strang ziehen. In durch MGG initiierten Aktivitäten wie z.B. neuen Ausbildungsformaten im öffentlichen Dienst zur Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 zeigt sich, wie eine solche Netzwerk-Kultur zu konkreten Veränderungen führen kann.

Kategorien: english

Somalia: ‘Prioritize the national interest’ international partners urge, as political stalemate continues

UN ECOSOC - 11. April 2021 - 17:44
The UN and international partners working to support a lasting peace and democratic election process across Somalia, said on Sunday that they were highly concerned by the current situation there, calling on Somali leaders to “prioritize the national interest” and resolve their political impasse.
Kategorien: english

The new 'Concept on EU Peace Mediation': boosting EU capacities in crisis response and conflict resolution?

GDI Briefing - 11. April 2021 - 12:19

A decade after the adoption of the ‘Concept on Strengthening EU Mediation and Dialogue Capacities’, the EU presented the new ‘Concept on EU Peace Mediation’ in December 2020. Despite the 2009 concept’s importance for strengthening EU mediation capacities, there had been a persistent plea for updating the mediation concept in order to better outline the EU’s priorities and objectives in peace mediation and adapting them to a new geopolitical context. The new concept clearly delivers on these points.
The birth of the EU’s new concept on mediation and its enhanced ambition sensibly align with the EU’s unveiled ambition for a greater ‘geopolitical’ role. As the new concept underlines, the EU’s peace mediation efforts add to its geopolitical power and should not be seen as opposed to a vision of the EU becoming a more assertive global actor. Although the new framework is a positive step towards a politically and operationally more coherent EU mediation practice, open questions remain regarding the political and institutional conditions of an effective practical implementation of the new concept.
Going forward, the EU should further invest in institutionalising cooperation with member states in mediation, improve communication practices regarding its mediation activities and mainstream the mediation concept into its strategic and programming documents.

Kategorien: english

Making Kenya’s Farmers More Climate Resilient

SNRD Africa - 11. April 2021 - 9:10
Yvonne Otieno found a way to fight food waste
Kategorien: english

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