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Bringing global development closer to home

ODI - 2. Juli 2020 - 0:00
The development sector must become more visible in debates about issues at home, rather than just commenting on what is happening 'out there.'
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The Global Reset Dialogue

ODI - 2. Juli 2020 - 0:00
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Invitation: Web conversation “Building better without building back a broken system”

Global Policy Watch - 1. Juli 2020 - 22:19

Web conversation in the run-up to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
Building better without building back a broken system
Lessons from the global COVID-19 crisis and its impact on the SDGs

Monday, 6 July 2020, 8:30-10:00am EDT

Please register here

The COVID-19 pandemic will have a massive impact on the implementation of the SDGs and the fulfilment of human rights. The looming global recession will dramatically increase unemployment, poverty and hunger worldwide. Moreover, the crisis threatens to further deepen discrimination and inequalities. In many countries the macroeconomic situation had already deteriorated before the outbreak of the virus. A vicious circle of debt and austerity policies undermined socio-economic development in many countries.

Many now demand to build back better. But does “building back” really lead to the urgently needed transformational change? What kind of policies and strategies are necessary to ensure that human rights, gender justice and sustainability goals form integral components of all stimulus packages and government responses to the current crisis? How to revalue the importance of care and to rebuild global public services?

These questions will be discussed in this year’s report Spotlight on Sustainable Development 2020. It is closely related to the theme of the HLPF 2020. With this virtual side event, we will present preliminary findings to be found in the report later this year.

Brief Statements by

Roberto Bissio, Coordinator of Social Watch
María Graciela Cuervo, General Co-coordinator of Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN)
David Boys, Deputy General Secretary of Public Services International
Kate Donald, Director Human Rights in Economic and Social Policy at the Center for Economic and Social Rights

Coments by

Ziad Abdel Samad, Executive Director of the Arab NGO Network for Development
Stefano Prato, Executive Director of the Society for International Development
Barbara Adams, President of Global Policy Forum

Moderator/Facilitator

Bodo Ellmers, Director of Sustainable Development Finance, Global Policy Forum Europe
Elisabeth Bollrich, Global Economy Expert at Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

Please register here. Participants will receive the login details for the web conversation upon registering for this event.

The post Invitation: Web conversation “Building better without building back a broken system” appeared first on Global Policy Watch.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

'Bold and creative’ solutions needed for a sustainable, post-pandemic economy

UN ECOSOC - 1. Juli 2020 - 17:58
Unless the world acts now, the COVID-19 pandemic and accompanying global recession, will trigger “years of depressed and disrupted economic growth”, the UN chief warned on Wednesday.   
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'Bold and creative’ solutions needed for a sustainable, post-pandemic economy

UN #SDG News - 1. Juli 2020 - 17:58
Unless the world acts now, the COVID-19 pandemic and accompanying global recession, will trigger “years of depressed and disrupted economic growth”, the UN chief warned on Wednesday.   
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Re-imagining cities in the COVID-19 era

OECD - 1. Juli 2020 - 17:11
By Robert Muggah, Principal, SecDev Group This blog is part of a series on tackling COVID-19 in developing countries. Visit the OECD dedicated page to access the OECD’s data, analysis and recommendations on the health, economic, financial and societal impacts of COVID-19 worldwide. The COVID-19 pandemic is quietly and radically reconfiguring cities around the world. It has already brought several … Continue reading Re-imagining cities in the COVID-19 era
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No panacea

D+C - 1. Juli 2020 - 16:04
REDD+ money is reinvested in forest protection and sustainable land use

REDD+ is about countries getting paid for reducing emissions. Money is disbursed as a reward for slowing down deforestation, increased afforestation or other protective measures. How does that work?
Well, it is a complex process. First of all, countries that want to benefit from REDD+ payments must build the needed capacities in political, institutional and technical terms. They not only need a national REDD+ strategy, but must also measure the extent of their country’s forest cover. Moreover, they need a mechanism to disburse funds. The people who live in the forest and depend on them must be involved. They often belong to indigenous peoples and other marginalised communities. The data national forest monitoring systems generate are essential for any REDD+ scheme. Satellites are used to assess how the forest cover changes, and annual emissions are calculated on that basis. The point of reference is the average trend of several previous years. If deforestation is reduced, the country is rewarded with results-based payments. Currently, one ton of reduced emissions is worth five dollars. The money must be reinvested in forest protection and sustainable land use.

Does that work out well?
It is too early to tell. The first rules were only defined in 2013 in the Warsaw Framework for REDD+. The multilateral funds that disburse money had to be established too. Examples include the Green Climate Fund, the FCPF Carbon Fund and the BioCarbon Fund. Disbursements have only begun recently. In the meantime, most countries have laid the foundations for taking part in REDD+. Germany added momentum from 2012 on with the REDD Early Movers Programme. In its context, we are cooperating with nations and subnational regions where deforestation has been slowing down and relevant institutions exist. We have started implementing REDD+ in Columbia, Ecuador and the two Brazilian states of Acre and Mato Grosso.

Has implementation lead to results?
Well, the programme has helped to raise awareness, both among government agencies and in society in general, for why forests matter, what indigenous people need and how to build institutions. That matters. Moreover, farmers who cultivate rubber and Brazil nut are now contributing to sustainable forestry. That said, deforestation is still getting worse in many tropical countries. Things were getting better in Brazil for some time, but now the trend has been reversed again. In other countries, however, deforestation is indeed slowing down. Indonesia is an example and it will soon receive REDD+ money. It is too early to make a final assessment, but REDD+ will certainly not prove to be a panacea. Logging, conversion of forests to farmland and mining are important drivers of deforestation. These issues must be addressed by private-sector companies and financial-sector institutions, including some based in Western countries.

Originally private-sector involvement was planned to be an important part of REDD+ funding. Now it is actually rather small. What is the reason?
It had been the intention from the beginning that one day the carbon reduction could be traded on a carbon market. Currently, the funding is ODA-based, so public money is used. That’s also how the multilateral funds that disburse the money work. Emissions trading is becoming ever more important, however. Demand is growing. A prominent example is the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) which is currently accrediting REDD+ programmes.

Is five dollars per ton of carbon not too small an incentive?
Getting the incentive right is obviously essential. Five dollars may indeed not be enough. Norway has recently offered Gabon ten dollars in a REDD+ programme. That might become the trend. Most multilateral funds, so far, have agreed to pay five dollars. That does not mean that a higher price cannot be agreed in the next phase.

Johannes Berliner works as a consultant for KfW Development Bank.
https://www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de

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Corporate tax revenue and foreign direct investment: potential trade-offs and how to address them

GDI Briefing - 1. Juli 2020 - 12:38

Corporate tax revenue and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) are two key development finance sources according to the Addis Ababa Action Agenda for Financing for Development. These sources are important for developing countries to finance public goods and mobilize private investment for sustainable development. However, certain tax policies can have ambiguous effects on corporate tax revenue and FDI and challenge the joint mobilization of the two sources.
Against this background, the paper discusses potential trade-offs faced by developing countries, when mobilizing corporate tax revenue and FDI jointly, and provides solutions how to address these trade-offs. A first trade-off exists between corporate tax incentives aimed at attracting FDI and the objective of increasing corporate tax revenue. A second trade-off results from the fact that policies that aim to protect corporate tax bases from erosion caused by tax avoidance and profit shifting may disincentivize FDI.
The trade-offs can be addressed by reforms of the international tax system, while good national non-tax investment conditions are indispensable. The Inclusive Framework on BEPS has worked out reform proposals on a minimum corporate tax rate and on taxing the digital economy adequately which are currently discussed by its members.  Many developing countries now actively participate in these discussions on future international tax rules. To avoid harmful trade-offs, countries need to consider the costs amd benefits of new tax rules and policies on both, their tax revenues and FDI attraction.

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Die deutsche EU-Ratspräsidentschaft 2020: Welche Priorität haben Nachhaltigkeitsagenda und SDGs?

Global Policy Forum - 1. Juli 2020 - 12:24
Deutschland übernimmt ab dem 1. Juli 2020 für sechs Monate die Präsidentschaft im Rat der Europäischen Union (EU). Dies geschieht zu einer Zeit, in der die EU durch die Corona-Pandemie vor die größte Herausforderung in ihrer Geschichte gestellt ist. Neben der Bewältigung der unmittelbaren Krise und des damit einhergehenden Wirtschaftseinbruchs muss dem Klimawandel und seinen Folgen weiter Rechnung getragen werden.

Das neue Briefing des Global Policy Forums skizziert, welche Priorität Nachhaltigkeitsagenda und SDGs dabei haben.
Kategorien: english, Ticker

Environmental destruction

D+C - 1. Juli 2020 - 10:39
Poverty is an important driver of deforestation in sub-Saharan countries

In Côte d’Ivoire, about 80 % of the original forest cover has disappeared. Much of it has given way to cocoa and coffee plantations. Many wonder if at least some of the country’s pristine forests can be saved. The EU REDD Facility, which supports action on reducing climate-relevant emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, reckons that the annual rate of deforestation in Côte d’Ivoire is about three percent.

Things look similarly bad in Nigeria. According to Muhtari Aminu-Kano, who heads the non-governmental Nigerian Conservation Foundation, 96 % of the original forests are gone. He says the main drivers of deforestation are the growing population’s demand for more farmland and firewood as well as the timber business. Aminu-Kano warns that biodiversity is being lost and that this trend will have harmful impacts on people.

Poor people’s survival strategies matter in other places as well. The WWF, an international non-governmental organisation, reports that two African regions are among the “deforestation fronts” which will account for 80 % of global forest losses in the next 10 years: the Congo basin and Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya on the Indian Ocean. The main causes are said to be small-scale agriculture and the demand for firewood and charcoal. The WWF considers unsustainable logging, mining and infrastructure construction to be important secondary causes in both regions.

It is worth emphasising that, in the WWF assessment, poor people’s needs are especially important. They are prevalent in many other sub-Saharan countries (for the Ugandan example, see Gloria Laker Aciro Adiiki in Focus section of D+C/E+C e-Paper 2020/04). The implication is that alleviating poverty is necessary to stop deforestation. More productive livelihoods and smallholder farming are needed. Poor people’s access to electric power and more efficient energy resources matters as well. These are huge challenges with an immediate bearing on forests, though many relevant policy interventions do not tackle forest issues directly.

Nonetheless, it is certainly necessary to regulate the logging industry and implement forest protection schemes. In some cases, better law enforcement would do the job. For example, there is a long-standing pattern of rosewood being illegally harvested in Senegal and smuggled to the Gambia, from where it is exported to China. According to the BBC, the trafficking is worth up to $ 50 million annually.

Large-scale forest programmes can be hard to implement. An example is the Great Green Wall. The idea is to use afforestation as a means to stop desertification on the Sahara’s southern fringes. A forest belt of trees is to be planted along a stretch of almost 8,000 km length from Senegal in the West to Djibouti in the East. The African Union endorsed this project in 2007, but so far, not much progress has been made.

The Nigerian environmentalist Nnimmo Bassey appreciates the Great Green Wall in principle, but he has pointed out that involving the local people is essential for the long-term success (see Tribune section of D+C/E+Z e-Paper 2019/03). That is, of course, true of forest-related policies in general.

Liberia is a small West African country with the forest cover that is still comparatively dense. There are disputes over forest use, however. Large-scale plantations have been spreading, especially where the timber industry cleared land. Efforts are now being made to give local people more say in community management. As a study published by the independent World Resources Institute concluded, women matter in particular. Though they often have a deep understanding of related issues because they depend on forest resources, they tend to be excluded from decision-making processes. Having to take care of their families, they are not expected to become engaged in politics and typically lack the time for such engagement anyway. More gender justice would thus contribute to a healthier environment.

Karim Okanla is a media scholar and freelance author based in Benin.
karimokanla@yahoo.com

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Get to Know Jannik Giesen, the New Project Manager in the Sustainable Business and Entrepreneurship (SBE) Team

SCP-Centre - 1. Juli 2020 - 9:08

With a background in consultancy in the field of strategy and organisational development, Jannik will work closely with businesses aiming to reshape business models in support of more sustainability.

What drew you to work in sustainability?

I was brought up with a high sensitivity towards sustainable behaviour. So not surprisingly, sustainable thinking and acting always took a significant part in my private life. Over the last years, I developed the wish to take this mindset, commitment, and passion into the professional level. Being part of the CSCP, I aim to widen my personal grasp of levers and initiatives towards more sustainability at all levels of life. As I believe sustainability to be one of the most pressing challenges of our times, and one that requires a lot more effort by society and each of its members, it feels like the right topic to invest my time.

Why did you apply to work for the CSCP?

As a Wuppertal native, being born and raised in the city, I have always kept an eye out for interesting, forward-thinking Wuppertal-based organisations. This is how the CSCP came to my attention. From the first homepage visit I felt drawn to its concept of delivering hands-on sustainable solutions through international and interdisciplinary collaboration. With its truly international team, the diverse backgrounds and interests of its members, and the broad fields of action covering a whole range of sustainability topics, the CSCP fascinated me. So, I decided to follow my intuition and join the team, wishing to build more in-depth expertise in sustainability topics and contribute my own experiences and skills to a good cause.

What would you highlight from your past experience and how does that relate to the CSCP?

As a consultant, I worked on a broad range of topics, functions and industries for several years. This experience provided me with a good understanding of the complex influence and decision-making procedures in both large and medium-sized companies. I look forward at using these insights and experiences in changing existing mindsets and structures in private enterprises. Also, the general skills acquired during this time, like reducing complexity, developing suitable solutions and delivering those in a comprehensive and appealing manner, could be an added value to the CSCP’s excellence in project management. Apart from that, I collected some experience as an international volunteer, working in practical ecology iEcuador and with young artists and activists in Nairobi, Kenya. As these placements were self-organised and somewhat off the beaten tracks of development work, I gained some interesting insights and perspectives which I’ll be happy to share, discuss and build upon with the new colleagues and partners of the CSCP.

For further question, please get in contact with Jannik Giesen.

 

Der Beitrag Get to Know Jannik Giesen, the New Project Manager in the Sustainable Business and Entrepreneurship (SBE) Team erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Die deutsche EU-Ratspräsidentschaft steht vor einer Herkulesaufgabe

GDI Briefing - 1. Juli 2020 - 8:00

Heute übernimmt Deutschland für sechs Monate die Präsidentschaft im Rat der Europäischen Union. Der Vorsitz steht unter dem Motto „Gemeinsam. Europa wieder stark machen“. Schon vor der Corona-Pandemie stand mit den Verhandlungen zum Brexit und zum Mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen eine schwierige Agenda bevor. Als Teil der Budgetverhandlungen muss Deutschland jetzt zusätzlich den EU-internen Wiederaufbauplan auf den Weg bringen und damit die Weichen für eine sozial inklusive, ökologisch nachhaltige und wirtschaftlich erfolgreiche Zukunft der EU stellen. Außerdem muss die Ratspräsidentschaft sich dafür einsetzen, dass sich die EU im geopolitischen Wettbewerb zwischen den USA und China positioniert und neue Allianzen findet.

Als größtes EU-Land hegen andere Staaten traditionell besonders hohe Erwartungen gegenüber Deutschland. Gleichzeitig sind die Einflussmöglichkeiten der EU-Ratspräsidentschaft durch den Lissabon-Vertrag seit 2010 stark begrenzt. Deutschlands letzte Präsidentschaft war in 2007. Die Schaffung eines dauerhaften Präsidenten des Europäischen Rates, derzeit Charles Michel, und eines Hohen Vertreters für die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, derzeit Josep Borrell, haben dazu geführt, dass die Präsidentschaft weniger Kompetenzen im EU-Entscheidungsprozess und der Repräsentation der EU nach Außen innehat.

Inwiefern die Ratspräsidentschaft Einfluss nehmen kann, kommt stark auf die Umstände, auf sie selbst und ihre Beziehungen zu den EU-Institutionen und anderen Mitgliedsstaaten an. Grundsätzlich hat sie eher die Rolle, Prozesse zu strukturieren und Kompromisse zu fördern als die Agenda zu setzen. Die Präsidentschaft kann jedoch gerade in Krisenzeiten eine wichtige Rolle spielen. Beispielsweise kam 2016 dem niederländischen Vorsitz eine unerwartete Aufgabe bei der Verhandlung des EU-Türkei-Abkommens („Flüchtlingspakt“) zu, weil der damalige Präsident des Europäischen Rates Donald Tusk sich primär auf die Verhandlungen mit Großbritannien im Vorfeld des Brexit-Referendums konzentrierte.

Zu Beginn ihrer Amtszeit hat EU-Kommissionspräsidentin Ursula von der Leyen Eckpunkte für einen European Green Deal vorgelegt und eine “geopolitische Kommission” eingefordert, die auch einen stärkeren Fokus auf die Reform multilateraler Institutionen setze. Dieser Kurs hat angesichts der Folgen der Corona-Pandemie an Bedeutung gewonnen, weil sie den geopolitischen Wettbewerb verschärft hat und die Transformation zur Nachhaltigkeit nur gelingen kann, wenn die Wiederaufbauprogramme dem nicht entgegenwirken.

Der deutsche Ratsvorsitz sollte sich daher dafür einsetzen, dass die Umsetzung des European Green Deal nicht nur EU-intern vorankommt. Zusätzlich sollte er auch dessen globale Dimension stärker in den Blick nehmen. Der Green Deal hat unmittelbare Auswirkungen auf Drittländer. Wenn die EU beispielsweise den Anteil erneuerbarer Energien erhöht, hat dies erhebliche Konsequenzen für erdölexportierende Länder in Afrika. Gleichzeitig bringt es für die globalen Klimaziele wenig, wenn die EU hier alleine voranschreitet. Da der Green Deal nicht nur eine Klima- sondern auch eine wirtschaftspolitische Agenda ist, bietet er die Chance mit internationalen Partnern in einen offenen Dialog über zukunftsfähige Gesellschaftsmodelle zu treten.

Während die USA durch die Corona-Pandemie stark erschüttert sind und die transatlantische Allianz Kollateralschäden erleidet, inszeniert sich China weltweit als Vorbild und verlässlicher Kooperationspartner bei der Pandemiebekämpfung. Um zumindest Teile der regelbasierten multilateralen Ordnung zu bewahren, braucht Europa dringend neue Partner. Die Kooperation mit afrikanischen Ländern gewinnt dadurch an Bedeutung. Die EU sollte deswegen die anstehenden Gipfeltreffen und insbesondere den vorgesehenen Gipfel mit der Afrikanischen Union (AU) nutzen, um ihre Beziehungen zu wichtigen globalen Partnern neu zu ordnen. Die EU sollte die Gelegenheit nutzen und sehr genau hinhören, welche Erwartungen afrikanische Partner an die EU richten. Das gilt insbesondere im Hinblick auf die Unterstützung der Panafrikanischen Freihandelszone. Auf dieser Basis sollten die AU-EU- Beziehungen dialogorientierter werden.

Durch die Corona-Pandemie bietet sich auch die Möglichkeit, endlich Fortschritte in der Integration der EU-Entwicklungspolitik zu machen. In Brüssel wird regelmäßig betont, dass die EU in der Entwicklungspolitik eine Supermacht sei, weil sie mehr als die Hälfte aller Entwicklungsgelder weltweit vergibt. In der Praxis haben die EU-Akteure ihre Entwicklungspolitik in den letzten Jahren zwar enger abgestimmt – seit April dieses Jahres auch unter dem „Team-Europe“- Ansatz. Von einem einheitlichen Auftreten ist die EU jedoch weit entfernt. Die EU-Integration in der Entwicklungspolitik kommt nicht durch Tabellen mit Finanzbeiträgen voran, sondern erfordert echte Investitionen und Anstrengungen im Bereich des „Working better together“. Dieser Ansatz sollte auch jenseits der Corona-Pandemie ausgebaut werden und zu einer echten Vertiefung der Zusammenarbeit führen.

In der Geschichte der EU haben Krisen eine wichtige Rolle bei der Weiterentwicklung des europäischen Integrationsprojektes gespielt. Die deutsche Präsidentschaft erfolgt nun inmitten einer solchen Krise. Die Agenda der deutschen EU-Ratspräsidentschaft ist damit eine Herkulesaufgabe und gleichzeitig eine riesige Chance, zentrale Weichen für eine verantwortungsvolle globale Rolle der EU zu stellen.

Dieser Text ist Teil einer Sonderreihe unseres Formats Die aktuelle Kolumne, die die Folgen der Corona-Krise entwicklungspolitisch und sozioökonomisch einordnet. Sie finden die weiteren Texte hier auf unserer Überblicksseite.

Kategorien: english

Impacts of COVID-19 disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable: UN chief

UN ECOSOC - 30. Juni 2020 - 22:45
Addressing poverty eradication on Tuesday in front of the General Assembly, UN chief António Guterres warned that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are falling “disproportionately on the most vulnerable: people living in poverty, the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized groups”.
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Impacts of COVID-19 disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable: UN chief

UN #SDG News - 30. Juni 2020 - 22:45
Addressing poverty eradication on Tuesday in front of the General Assembly, UN chief António Guterres warned that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are falling “disproportionately on the most vulnerable: people living in poverty, the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized groups”.
Kategorien: english

Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery

OECD - 30. Juni 2020 - 18:08
By the Co-Chairs of the OECD Development Communication Network (DevCom): Nanette Braun, Chief, Communications Campaigns Service, UN Department of Global Communications, Amalia Navarro, Director of Communications, Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) and Mathilde Schneider, Director of Communications, French Development Agency (AFD) This blog is part of a series on tackling COVID-19 in developing countries. Visit the OECD dedicated page to access the OECD’s data, … Continue reading Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery
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Hard times forecast for global job recovery in 2020, warns UN labour agency chief

UN ECOSOC - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:15
The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on jobs has been much worse than expected initially, the head of the UN labour agency said on Tuesday, in an appeal to Governments, workers and employers, to agree on a sustainable economic recovery plan to reduce inequalities laid bare by the pandemic.
Kategorien: english

Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis

Reality of Aid - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:02

   Developing countries in Asia Pacific are trapped in the vicious cycle of debt. To say that the region is in distress or is in crisis is an understatement, and for decades, developing countries have been spending more of their revenues to pay their dues at the expense of the needs of their peoples. The COVID-19 pandemic heightened the reliance of developing countries to debt and while international finance institutions (IFIs) rapidly provided stimulus […]

The post Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis appeared first on Reality of Aid.

Kategorien: english

30.06.2020 Minister Müller: Refugee and crisis region around Syria still needs our support

German BMZ - 30. Juni 2020 - 13:00
At the conference on supporting Syria and the region, 53 countries made their pledges for Syria and its neighbouring countries. Commenting on Germany's engagement, German Development Minister Gerd Müller said: "Ten years into the civil war, eleven million people in Syria and in the neighbouring countries that are severely affected by the refugee crisis depend on assistance from the international community. The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated the situation. In Syria, nine million people do ...
Kategorien: english

VI Webinario EU-LAC / VI Webinar EU-LAC

EU-LAC Foundation - 30. Juni 2020 - 12:16

Enfrentando el Cambio Climatico en la era del Covid-19 / Tackling Climate Change in the era of Covid-19

Kategorien: english, Hamburg

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