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Impacts of COVID-19 disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable: UN chief

UN #SDG News - 30. Juni 2020 - 22:45
Addressing poverty eradication on Tuesday in front of the General Assembly, UN chief António Guterres warned that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are falling “disproportionately on the most vulnerable: people living in poverty, the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized groups”.
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Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery

OECD - 30. Juni 2020 - 18:08
By the Co-Chairs of the OECD Development Communication Network (DevCom): Nanette Braun, Chief, Communications Campaigns Service, UN Department of Global Communications, Amalia Navarro, Director of Communications, Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) and Mathilde Schneider, Director of Communications, French Development Agency (AFD) This blog is part of a series on tackling COVID-19 in developing countries. Visit the OECD dedicated page to access the OECD’s data, … Continue reading Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery
Kategorien: english

Hard times forecast for global job recovery in 2020, warns UN labour agency chief

UN ECOSOC - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:15
The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on jobs has been much worse than expected initially, the head of the UN labour agency said on Tuesday, in an appeal to Governments, workers and employers, to agree on a sustainable economic recovery plan to reduce inequalities laid bare by the pandemic.
Kategorien: english

Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis

Reality of Aid - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:02

   Developing countries in Asia Pacific are trapped in the vicious cycle of debt. To say that the region is in distress or is in crisis is an understatement, and for decades, developing countries have been spending more of their revenues to pay their dues at the expense of the needs of their peoples. The COVID-19 pandemic heightened the reliance of developing countries to debt and while international finance institutions (IFIs) rapidly provided stimulus […]

The post Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis appeared first on Reality of Aid.

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30.06.2020 Minister Müller: Refugee and crisis region around Syria still needs our support

German BMZ - 30. Juni 2020 - 13:00
At the conference on supporting Syria and the region, 53 countries made their pledges for Syria and its neighbouring countries. Commenting on Germany's engagement, German Development Minister Gerd Müller said: "Ten years into the civil war, eleven million people in Syria and in the neighbouring countries that are severely affected by the refugee crisis depend on assistance from the international community. The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated the situation. In Syria, nine million people do ...
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Dialogue Forum: Towards More Food Waste Reduction Measures

SCP-Centre - 30. Juni 2020 - 11:00

More than 80 participants, including representatives from wholesale and retail, other economic sectors, science, civil society and politics, gathered in an online meeting in June 2020 to discuss food waste reduction measures and further coordinate their collaboration towards less food waste along the entire supply chain.

A measurable reduction of food waste – being among the key priorities of the Dialogue Forum – was the focus of the online meeting’s agenda.

In a lively and fruitful exchange, the following concrete approaches were discussed:

  • Longer shelf life of fruit and vegetables through ‘coating’
  • Availability of bread and baked goods
  • The offer of blemished fruit and vegetables
  • Avoidance and improved management of returns
  • Better redistribution and donation

The CSCP is facilitating the bilateral talks between interested parties and it will also support the follow up phase towards concretisation of all suggestions that derived out of the online meeting. The discussed reduction measures could be conducted as ‘demonstration projects’ in the framework of the Dialogue Forum either from companies individually on the premise of sharing experiences with others or by several companies in the form of sector initiatives.

Some of these measures derived out of promising, innovative and upscalable ideas to reduce food waste, which were gathered earlier in 2020. Watch the video pitches to find out more about these ideas!

The Dialogue Forum for Food Waste Reduction in Wholesale and Retail is carried out by the CSCP in collaboration with the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut.

The project is supported by funds of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) based on a decision of the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany via the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) under the Federal Program for Ecological Farming and Other Forms of Sustainable Agriculture.

For further information please contact Nora Brüggemann.

Der Beitrag Dialogue Forum: Towards More Food Waste Reduction Measures erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

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BROWNBAG SESSION | AIIB & NDB: Paradigm Shift or Rehashing Corporate-led Development?

Reality of Aid - 30. Juni 2020 - 10:56

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank (NDB) have touted themselves as the much-needed alternatives to the Western-dominated traditional International Finance Institutions (IFIs) like the World Bank Group (WBG) and International Monetary Fund (IMF). The two new banks entered the development financing landscape to much fanfare with their mandate of catering to the development needs of the South, particularly in building sustainable infrastructure. Five years into their operation, how do they […]

The post BROWNBAG SESSION | AIIB & NDB: Paradigm Shift or Rehashing Corporate-led Development? appeared first on Reality of Aid.

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Call for Applications for weiter_wirken Capacity Building Programme is Open – Apply Now!

SCP-Centre - 30. Juni 2020 - 9:20

Are you engaged in a sustainability project and currently looking for ways how to maximise your positive impact? Moreover, are you keen on exploring which insights and tools might help you to reach this goal? Our training programme, weiter_wirken – Communicating Sustainability Successfully (Nachhaltigkeit Erfolgreich Vermitteln), is designed to support professionals and volunteers from the NGO sector in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) in achieving more sustainable behaviours within their target groups. The call for application is now open – apply here until 31 August 2020 to become part of a unique network of people striving for more sustainability in NRW. The programme is in German.

Changing behaviours towards greater sustainability is key, yet a very complex task to achieve. Oftentimes, sustainable intentions are not matched with sustainable actions. For example, according to Growth from Knowledge (GfK), while 45% of German consumers indicate that sustainability considerations influence their fashion purchasing decisions, fair fashion continues to only account for 0.3% of total sales in Germany. Overcoming this intention-action gap not only requires challenging existing belief systems and unsustainable practices, but also coming up with creative ways to introduce and promote more sustainable ones.

The training programme ‘weiter_wirken’ – Communicating Sustainability Successfully (Nachhaltigkeit Erfolgreich Vermitteln) addresses precisely this gap. Building upon the success of our international counterpart, the Academy of Change (AoC), ‘weiter_wirken’ offers a comprehensive capacity building programme based on insights from behaviour and communication science. It is designed specifically for professionals and volunteers from non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in NRW who work on fostering sustainable behaviours. Through a series of workshops, the participants are trained on how to generate greater impact with their sustainability projects and enable their target groups to engage in more sustainable behaviours.

At the same time, participants of the weiter_wirken training programme also become part of a wide networking and learning space, as sustainability-oriented organisations from various areas will exchange their experiences, discuss challenges and share their knowledge.

Programme Details

The programme is free of charge and consists of four full-day, in-person workshops at different locations in NRW, beginning at the end of October 2020. For more details about the workshops and the respective topics, please check out our programme page.

Due to the limited number of spaces available (maximum of 20), participants will be selected through an open application process to ensure a fair, transparent and high-quality selection procedure.

Sounds interesting? Then, apply now! Applications can be sent until 31 August, 2020.  We look forward to engaging with you for greater impact and more sustainable behaviours!

‚weiter_wirken‘ is a non-profit initiative of the CSCP and its cooperating partners Stiftung Umwelt und Entwicklung Nordrhein-Westfalen and ecosign/ Akademie für Gestaltung. The project is funded by the Stiftung Umwelt und Entwicklung Nordrhein-Westfalen and runs until summer 2021.

For further questions, please contact Christian Malarciuc.

Der Beitrag Call for Applications for weiter_wirken Capacity Building Programme is Open – Apply Now! erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Women on the move: female perspectives enhance safety in public spaces

GIZ Germany - 30. Juni 2020 - 7:43
: Fri, 06 Mar 2020 HH:mm:ss
An initiative is providing new impetus in the transport sector to make travel better and safer for women in particular. In Bogotá, new ideas are already improving safety in public spaces.
Kategorien: english

War crashes higher education systems – countries like Somalia need a system-wide reboot

ODI - 30. Juni 2020 - 0:00
The system-wide damage to higher education caused by conflict can only be addressed through systems thinking and collective effort.
Kategorien: english

Water cooperation between States ‘key’ to  Blue Nile dam project

UN ECOSOC - 29. Juni 2020 - 22:57
The Blue Nile is “critical for the livelihoods and development” of Egyptians, Ethiopians and Sudanese, the top UN official for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs told the Security Council on Monday, urging those States to reach a construction agreement on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
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Global Health and the Future We Want — A UN 75 Consultation

UN Dispatch - 29. Juni 2020 - 16:01
Part 3: A Consultation about Global Health

The United Nations turns 75 year this year. Rather than celebrate with a diamond jubilee, the United Nations is instead embarking on a listening tour. The UN is seeking feedback from as many people in as many communities as possible, all around three big questions:

What Kind of World do We Want to Create?

Are We on Track? What is Needed to Bridge the Gap?

Here in the United States, the United Nations Association is hosting “global consultations” around these questions. They are gathering groups to solicit input that will be relayed to leadership at the United Nations ahead of a major meeting in September to mark the UN’s anniversary.

Today’s episode is part three of a three part series that gives listeners an inside look into how the UN is commemorating its anniversary. In part one of this series, I moderated a global consultation that discussed those big questions, but using the lens of gender equality. In part two, we used discussed those questions in the context of climate and the environment. 

In today’s episode, I moderate a consultation about global health. This episode kicks off with my 15 minutes interview with Kate Dodson, Vice President for Global Health at the United Nations Foundation. We discuss the COVID-19 pandemic  — specifically how the World Health Organization and other United Nations entities are responding. We also discuss what reforms might make the WHO more effective at responding to future global health emergencies.

After that interview concludes, the consultation begins. For the podcast, I edited this down to include some of the questions and answers discussed.


Get the podcast to listen later Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

Take the UN75 survey

The post Global Health and the Future We Want — A UN 75 Consultation appeared first on UN Dispatch.

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COVID-19 and the global contraction in foreign direct investment

OECD - 29. Juni 2020 - 14:54
By Adnan Seric, Research and Industrial Policy Officer at the Department of Policy Research and Statistics (PRS) at the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), and Jostein Hauge, Research Fellow at the Centre for Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy (Institute for Manufacturing) at the University of Cambridge This blog is part of a series on tackling … Continue reading COVID-19 and the global contraction in foreign direct investment
Kategorien: english

Regulating corporate power for a better tomorrow

Global Policy Forum - 29. Juni 2020 - 13:56

Civil society organizations from across the world publish a statement urging member states from the UN Human Rights Council to continue negotiations towards a UN Treaty on Transnational corporations and human rights.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Together for a Green Recovery

SCP-Centre - 29. Juni 2020 - 12:28

The COVID-19 imposed lockdown has brought most of the European economies to a sudden halt. As governments and businesses look for ways to rebuilt, the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform, of which the CSCP is a member, stresses the ultimate need to link recovery to the European Green Deal and joins the call to act now for a sustainable and just future for all.

The economic shock has been significant: GDP has fallen, supply chains have been tested, some state systems have been over-burdened, market insecurity has increased, and more. As we step up our efforts in defining the recovery strategy, we must ensure that the end of one crisis does not mean the beginning of another.

The recovery plan is a great opportunity to rethink our society and develop a prosperity model that addresses economic, social, and environmental needs and priorities at the same time. The Coordination Group of the European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform (ECESP), to which the CSCP is a member, takes note of the Green Recovery Call to Action, signed by numerous policy makers, businesses, representatives of associations and initiatives, and more. The Coordination Group also stresses the need for a coordinated approach that leaves no one behind.

The Call for Action underlines the importance of a green recovery strategy aimed at rebooting and boosting our economies. In order to trigger a new European economic model, which is more resilient, more protective, more sovereign, and more inclusive, all investments and recovery efforts have to built around the EU Green Deal principles.

The Call for Action highlights that ‘the transition to a climate-neutral economy, the protection of biodiversity and the transformation of agri-food systems have the potential to rapidly deliver jobs, growth and improve the way of life of all citizens worldwide, and to contribute to building more resilient societies.’

The CSCP and its ECESP partners believe that the recovery plans at the local, national, and EU level must enshrine the fight against climate change as the core of the economic strategy and turn these plans into concrete actions and investments. The group also acknowledges the huge social impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and therefore higlights the imperative need of making sure that the climate-neutral economy transition is a just and fair one.

The European Circular Economy Stakeholder Platform (ECESP) is deeply engaged in accelerating the transition towards climate neutrality through circular economy. In the light of the Green Recovery Call to Action, the ECESP stresses its commitment to share knwoledge, expertise, and inititatives through the platform and help shape investment decisions that lead to a sustainable economic recovery.

The Green Recovery Call to Action is signed by hundreds of policy makers, businesses, associations, initiatives and more.


Der Beitrag Together for a Green Recovery erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Behaviour Change Insights to Go: Listen to the New Podcast from Our Academy of Change!

SCP-Centre - 29. Juni 2020 - 11:43

Are you curious about why people behave the way they do? Would you like to learn more about behavioural insights and their role in achieving more sustainability? Then, hit play – the first episode of the newly launched Academy of Change (AoC) podcast series explores the topic of Insights together with field expert, Lizzie Kenyon.

It happens all too often: Our good intentions are not matched by our actions. This gap between what we aim for and what we actually do has great implications in the way public policy, economic decisions, or awareness raising campaigns are received and made sense of by people.

Behavioural insights are becoming increasingly important in explaining why people behave the way they do, what provides and does not provide incentives, how they respond to change and much more.

In addition, insights into real-life situations in which people make decisions like, how they discard their waste, if they buy a more sustainable product or recycling their old phones – are crucial for designing successful behaviour change interventions. Without proper understanding of the root causes of such decisions, interventions may miss the point and not lead to the more sustainable behaviour that most of us strive for anyway.

In the Insights episode, we discuss behaviour insights and their support towards more sustainable behaviours. Our guest speaker, Lizzie Kenyon, Director of the Centre for Social Innovation at Keep Britain Tidy highlights that “the first thing that goes into one’s mind when thinking about insights is assumptions”. In Kenyon’s words, “insights can help us to address those assumptions, to take a step back and ask: Do we actually know that, that is what is driving that particular behaviour? Could there be multiple drivers that play a role here?”

To find out more about these as well as many real-life examples of how insights support behavioural change interventions that have a real impact –

Download our Insights podcast now!

The podcast series is part of the Academy of Change (AoC) training programme and it offers complementary views on selected behavioural change topics. Through insightful conversations with experts in the field, the topics are explored from a practical perspective in order to serve listeners from different fields and areas of interest.

The Academy of Change (AoC) is a non-profit initiative of the CSCP, Behaviour Change (BC) and the International Civil Society Centre (ICSC). The AoC is funded by the KR Foundation.

For further question, please contact Mariana Nicolau.

Der Beitrag Behaviour Change Insights to Go: Listen to the New Podcast from Our Academy of Change! erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

‘Putting Solutions on the Table’ Webinar: Approaches and Interventions for More Sustainable Food Consumption Behaviours

SCP-Centre - 29. Juni 2020 - 10:14

How can food consumption behaviours and solution-oriented interventions trigger an EU-wide shift towards a more sustainable future? Moreover, how are these behaviour interventions applied in real life contexts? The VALUMICS webinar “Putting Solutions on the Table: Successful Approaches and Interventions to Support more Sustainable Food Consumption Behaviours in the EU”, 16 July 2020, 15:00 CET, will explore these questions with an outstanding line-up of food and behaviour change experts, who will share and discuss pilot interventions and strategies suitable for the food industry and policy makers. Register here to join us!

Food is one of the strongest levers to optimise human health and environmental sustainability. Food consumption accounts for at least 25% of the average material footprint of a European citizen, which is about three times larger than its estimated sustainable level, studies suggest[1]. From a carbon emission perspective, current European eating patterns are based on carbon intensive behaviours[2], such as daily consumption of animal-derived products that can cause as much as 20 times more carbon emissions than the plant-based counterpart per gram of protein[3]. Therefore, a significant global dietary shift and the reduction of high impact food consumption are necessary in order to be able to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement[4].

A shift to a sustainable food system can bring environmental, health, economic and social benefits. Therefore, the most pressing question is: How to halve the consumption of high impact foods in Europe in the next decades and thereby,­ reduce its footprint?

The aim of the VALUMICS webinar ‘Solutions on the Table’ is to share and discuss insights from existing evidence from hands-on, behaviourally-informed pilot interventions and strategies suitable for the food industry and policy makers in order to drive more sustainable food consumption practices.

The webinar will look into food consumption behaviour patterns in the EU, decision-making drivers and solution-oriented interventions tested in real-life contexts, particularly in food retail stores, to pilot actions and learn what can support the shift towards more sustainable food consumption, e.g. by supporting the increase of plant-based products in people’s diets.

Date: 16 July 2020
Time: 15:00-16:30 CET
Language: English
Cost: Free

Join the webinar and become part of the discussion – register here!

For further information, please contact Mariana Nicolau.



[1] Leppänen et al., 2011

[2] Akenji et al., 2019

[3] Leahy, 2019

[4] Willett, W. et al., 2019

Der Beitrag ‘Putting Solutions on the Table’ Webinar: Approaches and Interventions for More Sustainable Food Consumption Behaviours erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Migration und die Agenda 2030: Es zählt nur, wer gezählt wird - Migrant*innen und Geflüchtete in den Zielen nachhaltiger Entwicklung

GDI Briefing - 29. Juni 2020 - 9:45

Unter dem Leitgedanken „Leave no one behind“ hat sich die Weltgemeinschaft mit der Agenda 2030 zum Ziel gesetzt, die Lebensbedingungen armer und marginalisierter Bevölkerungsgruppen zu verbessern. Zu ihnen gehören in vielen Fällen auch Geflüchtete und Migrant*innen. Um Fortschritte in der Umsetzung der Agenda 2030 sichtbar zu machen, wurde ein strukturierter Prozess aufgesetzt. Hierfür sind die Ziele nachhaltiger Entwicklung (Sustainable Development Goals – SDGs) maßgebend. Die gesonderte Berücksichtigung von Geflüchteten und Migrant*innen in dieser Fortschrittsüberprüfung war von Anfang an vorgesehen. Dies stellt jedoch hohe Anforderungen an die Datenverfügbarkeit: Um im strukturierten Überprüfungsprozess der SDGs Veränderungen in der Lebenssituation migrantischer Bevölkerungsgruppen nachvollziehbar zu machen, bedarf es nach Migrationsstatus aufgeschlüsselte Daten. Diese Aufschlüsselung ermöglicht es, Rückschlüsse auf das Wohlergehen der Geflüchteten und Migrant*innen zu ziehen. Ziel 17.18 der Agenda 2030 fordert explizit die differenzierte Berücksichtigung dieser Bevölkerungsgruppe in den personenbezogenen SDGs sowie den hierfür notwendigen Kapazitätsausbau im Bereich der Datenerhebung.
Zensusdaten, Daten aus nationalen Verwaltungsregistern und Stichprobenerhebungen stellen mögliche Quellen zur Erreichung dieser Zielsetzung dar; allerdings unterscheiden sich diese Datensätze hinsichtlich ihrer Reichweite und Fähigkeit, verschiedene Arten von Informationen zu erfassen und bilden jeweils nur einen Teil der Realität ab. Fünf Jahre nach Verabschiedung der SDGs ist die Bilanz daher ernüchternd: Nach wie vor fehlen in den meisten Ländern nach Migrationsstatus disaggregierte Daten. Damit wächst die Gefahr, dass sich bestehende Benachteiligungen verstetigen oder verstärken. Im Kontext ihres umfassenden Engagements für die Umsetzung der SDGs sollte sich die Bundesregierung dafür einsetzen, dass Geflüchtete und Migrant*innen im Follow-Up- und Review-Prozess der Agenda 2030 systematisch berücksichtigt werden. Für die von der VN ausgerufene „Dekade der Umsetzung“ leiten sich hieraus folgende Empfehlungen ab:
•    Harmonisierung von Migrationsdefinitionen: Bei der Datenerhebung sollten die von der VN-Statistikkommission empfohlenen Definitionen verwendet werden.
•    Unterstützung der Datenerhebung: Die personellen und finanziellen Kapazitäten der nationalen Statistikbehörden in Partnerländern sollten systematisch gestärkt werden.
•    Stärkung von Synergien: Zwischen migrationsspezifischen Datenzentren und übergeordneten, eng mit dem SDG-Prozess verbundenen Dateninitiativen sollten Brücken geschlagen werden.
•    Ausbau von Migrationsexpertise im SDG-Prozess: Um Veränderungen in der Lebenssituation von Migrant*innen und Geflüchteten stärker zu berücksichtigen, sollte Migrationsexpertise systematischer als bisher in die Vorbereitung der SDG-Reviews eingebunden werden.

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Auf Covid-19 muss eine tiefgreifende Transformation der Steuersysteme folgen

GDI Briefing - 29. Juni 2020 - 9:00

Die aktuelle Krise zeigt einmal mehr, wie wichtig leistungsfähige und gut regierte Staaten sind, wenn es darum geht, elementare Probleme kollektiv zu lösen. Steuersysteme werden eine Schlüsselrolle spielen, um die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Folgen der Covid-19-Pandemie in Entwicklungsländern abzufedern und nach der Pandemie eine möglichst rasche und nachhaltige wirtschaftliche Erholung zu befördern.

Der zusätzliche Finanzbedarf der öffentlichen Haushalte wird dabei vor allem in den ärmeren Ländern gewaltig sein. Wichtige Einnahmequellen, wie der Export von Naturressourcen oder der Tourismus, sind auf unbestimmte Zeit eingebrochen. Schätzungen der Weltbank sagen zum Beispiel für Afrika voraus, dass je nach Ausmaß der Krise mit einem Rückgang der staatlichen Einnahmen um 12 bis 16 Prozent zu rechnen ist. Für das Jahr 2020 wird eine durchschnittliche Erhöhung der Haushaltsdefizite um 3,5 Prozentpunkte des Bruttoinlandsprodukts prognostiziert.

Viele Entwicklungsländer befinden sich noch in der Lockdown-Phase der Pandemie. In dieser Phase geht es vor allem um Steuererleichterungen, die den Unternehmen kurzfristig Liquidität verschaffen, so wie zum Beispiel der Aufschub fälliger Steuerzahlungen. Danach folgt eine Phase der Lockerungen, in welcher Steuererleichterungen als Konsum- oder Investitionsanreize eingesetzt werden, um die Wirtschaft wieder anzukurbeln. Viele Industrienationen befinden sich momentan in dieser Phase, in der eine Balance zwischen effektiven Steueranreizen für die Wirtschaft und ausreichenden Staatseinnahmen zur Finanzierung der erhöhten Ausgaben gefunden werden muss. Spätestens mit dem Ende der Pandemie müssen zusätzlich langfristige Maßnahmen in den Blick genommen werden, um die öffentlichen Finanzsysteme resilient und zukunftsfähig zu machen.

Doch welche Möglichkeiten haben die Regierungen, um kurzfristig steuerliche Anreize für Investitionen und wirtschaftliche Notfallprogramme zu gewähren, ohne mittel- und langfristig die Finanzierung der wachsenden Staatsausgaben zu gefährden? Gerade ärmere Länder haben hier häufig nur wenig finanziellen Spielraum für Konjunkturpakete.

Zum einen müssen die Steuersysteme auf eine breitere Basis gestellt werden. Eine effektivere Besteuerung der wohlhabenden Privathaushalte und Vermögen ist notwendig. Viele Staaten erzielen zum Beispiel kaum Einnahmen aus Grundsteuern oder aus privaten Einkommenssteuern. Gerade solche Steuern fördern aber die Progressivität und Fairness der Steuersysteme, weil sie die Leistungsfähigkeit wohlhabender Steuerzahler stärker berücksichtigen.

Zum anderen müssen Steuerhinterziehung und -vermeidung – welche jährlich weltweit zu Milliardeneinbußen an Steuereinnahmen führen – entschlossen verfolgt werden. Hierfür ist es wichtig, in den Steuerbehörden die Qualität der Steuerdaten und -register, aber auch die Kapazitäten der Steuerprüfung zu erhöhen. Digitalisierung und Automatisierung bei der Führung von Registern, dem Rechnungswesen und dem Austausch von Informationen, sowohl national zwischen Behörden als auch international zwischen Ländern, sind dafür zentrale Ansatzpunkte.

Doch die erforderlichen Maßnahmen können die ärmeren Entwicklungsländer alleine nicht stemmen. Sie sind besonders bei der Bekämpfung von Steuerhinterziehung und -vermeidung durch Großkonzerne auf internationale Zusammenarbeit angewiesen. Vor allem muss dem intransparenten Geschäftsgebaren der sogenannten Steueroasen und dem globalen Unterbietungswettbewerb bei den Unternehmenssteuern ein Ende gesetzt werden. Zu Letzterem ist die Einführung einer globalen Mindeststeuer im Gespräch. Sie ist gegenwärtig Gegenstand von Verhandlungen unter dem Dach der OECD und sollte zügig umgesetzt werden.

Die Entwicklungsländer werden daneben weitere Finanzmittel benötigen, die ihnen nur teilweise in Form von Krediten zufließen können. Die vielfach diskutierten Finanztransaktionssteuern könnten eine weitere Einnahmequelle für Staaten bilden. Außerdem könnten über Steuern auf große Vermögen und Erbschaften mehr Mittel mobilisiert werden – besonders wenn es gelingt, die G20-Länder hier zu einem gemeinsamen Vorgehen zu bewegen. Eine international abgestimmte Besteuerung digitaler Dienstleistungen, etwa der großen Technologie-Unternehmen, könnte staatliche Steuereinnahmen zudem stärken. Der Rückzug der USA aus den OECD-Gesprächen zur Besteuerung der digitalen Wirtschaft ist kein positives Signal in diese Richtung. Er sollte jedoch nicht als endgültige Niederlage multilateraler Lösungen hingenommen werden, sondern als Warnung und Ermutigung für die anderen Länder, weitere Anstrengungen für gemeinsame Lösungen zu unternehmen.

Die Weltwirtschaftskrise 2008/2009 hatte neben vielen negativen Auswirkungen eine positive Folge: Sie hat die internationale Kooperation in Steuerfragen enorm vorangebracht. Derartige Impulse brauchen wir nun auch zur Bewältigung der Covid-19 Pandemie. Es geht dabei nicht nur darum, mehr Einnahmen zu generieren, sondern vor allem darum, mehr Gerechtigkeit in der Einnahmengenerierung zu schaffen. Dazu müssen Steuergerechtigkeit und –fairness öffentlich stärker diskutiert werden. Denn wie die finanziellen Mittel zur Bewältigung der Krise erhoben und eingesetzt werden, wird sich auch auf die Legitimität der Staaten und den sozialen Zusammenhalt auswirken.

Dieser Text ist Teil einer Sonderreihe unseres Formats Die aktuelle Kolumne, die die Folgen der Corona-Krise entwicklungspolitisch und sozioökonomisch einordnet. Sie finden die weiteren Texte hier auf unserer Überblicksseite.

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