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Entrepreneurship in Northeastern Syria

GDI Briefing - 29. November 2022 - 10:01

Drawing on the institutional approach, we describe the remarkable expansion of entrepreneurship in an under conflict area (Amuda-North east Syria), and explore its possible role in the future peace in Syria. Our findings indicate that; with the collapse of formal institutions constraining entrepreneurship, the disruption of supply chains and the weakness of new institutions; the entrepreneurs can depend on informal institutions that embrace entrepreneurship and deploy individual and social resources to exploit productive opportunities. Furthermore, those entrepreneurs have a possible positive role in the future development and peace.

Kategorien: english

Shantayanan Devarajan

Brookings - 28. November 2022 - 19:26

By Jeannine Ajello

Shantayanan Devarajan is a nonresident senior fellow with the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings and a professor of the practice of international development at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service.

He spent 28 years at the World Bank, where he was the senior director for development economics; the chief economist of the South Asia, Africa, and Middle East and North Africa regions and of the Human Development Network; and research manager for public economics. Before joining the World Bank, he was on the faculty of Harvard Kennedy School.

The author or co-author of over 150 publications, his research covers public economics, trade policy, natural resources and the environment, political economy, and general-equilibrium modeling of developing countries. Born in Sri Lanka, Shanta received his bachelor’s in mathematics from Princeton University and his doctorate in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

      
Kategorien: english

Protected: Childcare to Promote Education

SNRD Africa - 28. November 2022 - 18:54

There is no excerpt because this is a protected post.

The post Protected: Childcare to Promote Education appeared first on SNRD Africa.

Kategorien: english

Forward detrending for heteroskedasticity-robust panel unit root testing

GDI Briefing - 28. November 2022 - 14:01

The variances of most economic time series display marked fluctuations over time. Panel unit root tests of the so-called first and second generation are not robust in such cases. In response to this problem, a few heteroskedasticity-robust panel unit root tests have been proposed. An important limitation of these tests is, however, that they become invalid if the data are trending. As a prominent means of drift adjustment under the panel unit root hypothesis, the (unweighted) forward detrending scheme of Breitung suffers from nuisance parameters if the data feature time-varying variances. In this article, we propose a weighted forward-detrending scheme. Unlike its unweighted counterpart, the new detrending scheme restores the pivotalness of the heteroskedasticity-robust panel unit root tests suggested by Demetrescu and Hanck and Herwartz et al. when applied to trending panels with heteroskedastic variances. As an empirical illustration, we provide evidence in favor of non-stationarity of health care expenditures as shares of GDP in a panel of OECD economies.

Kategorien: english

Wie entfalten transnationale Wissensnetzwerke Wirkung?

GDI Briefing - 28. November 2022 - 13:10

Die aktuellen globalen Herausforderungen erfordern eine wirksame länder- und sektorenübergreifende Zusammenarbeit. Transnationale Netzwerke sind für heterogene Akteur*innengruppen ein Kooperationsraum, in dem sie gemeinsames Verständnis für globale Probleme schaffen, Fachwissen teilen, gemeinsame Lösungen entwickeln und Veränderungsprozesse einleiten können. Dass globale Netzwerke Wirkung entfalten, ist jedoch keine Selbstverständlichkeit; nicht jedes Netzwerk ist erfolgreich. Das Programm „Managing Global Governance“ (MGG) ist ein politikrelevantes Netzwerk mit Akteur*innen aus Brasilien, China, Deutschland und anderen EU-Ländern, Indien, Indonesien, Mexiko und Südafrika. Seine 15-jährige Geschichte zeigt, wie sich Netzwerke langfristig entwickeln und Wirkung erzielen können.

MGG bringt Regierungseinrichtungen, Think Tanks und Forschung sowie Organisationen aus Zivilgesellschaft und Wirtschaft zusammen, die sich auf globale Fragen, insbesondere die Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung der Vereinten Nationen und das globale Gemeinwohl konzentrieren. Das Programm verzahnt dafür Qualifizierung, Forschung und politischen Dialog. Es wird vom Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) finanziert. Seit 2007 ist die MGG Academy zentrales Element des Programms. Sie bringt junge Führungskräfte aus allen teilnehmenden Ländern zusammen und verknüpft akademisches Wissen mit Leadership-Coaching, um im Rahmen konkreter Projekte transformativen Wandel zu erzielen. Heute nehmen mehr als 430 Alumni und rund 100 Partnerinstitutionen an den Forschungs- und Beratungsprojekten des Netzwerks teil. Alle Aktivitäten stärken damit MGG als nachhaltiges System der Wissenskooperation.

15 Jahre MGG zeigen, wie transnationale Netzwerke auf verschiedenen Ebenen Wirkung entfalten können. Auf individueller Ebene konnten externe Evaluierungen bestätigen, dass MGG Academy Absolvent*innen ihre transformativen Kompetenzen entwickeln und eigene Netzwerke aufbauen können, mit positiven Effekten auf ihre berufliche Karriere. Zudem können sie Problemlösungskapazitäten in ihren Heimatorganisationen einbringen und Veränderungen auf Organisationsebene anstoßen. Dies ist etwa durch die Integration von Nachhaltigkeitsfragen in das Forschungsportfolio oder die Einrichtung neuer Forschungsprogramme geschehen. MGG hat zudem eine nachhaltige Internationalisierung von Perspektiven und Fachwissen in den Organisationen, einschließlich IDOS, bewirkt. Das Netzwerk ist Teil ihrer strategischen Infrastruktur geworden.

Auf Ebene der Organisationen hat MGG auch dadurch Veränderungen angestoßen, dass Netzwerkmitglieder Kandidat*innen für die MGG Academy oder neue Partner*innen und Themen für die Zusammenarbeit vorschlagen, fachspezifische oder Länder-Gruppen bilden und neue Instrumente zur Erweiterung des Tätigkeitsbereichs entwickelt, zum Beispiel durch Drittmittel finanzierte Projekte. PRODIGEES (2020–2025) ist ein Beispiel dafür. Als Teil des EU-Rahmenprogramms Horizont 2020 wurde es von MGG-Partnerorganisationen entwickelt und bietet ein strukturiertes Forschungs- und Gastwissenschaftler*innenprogramm, um den Zusammenhang von Digitalisierung und nachhaltiger Entwicklung zu untersuchen. Nach dem Vorbild von MGG entwickelt IDOS eine African-German Leadership Academy, um die Zusammenarbeit mit und zwischen afrikanischen Reformpartnerländern zu stärken. Im Rahmen von MGG wurde auch eine weitreichende Zusammenarbeit zwischen nationalen Verwaltungshochschulen in allen MGG-Ländern initiiert, die die Aus- und Fortbildungsangebote zu nachhaltiger Entwicklung im öffentlichen Sektor mitgestaltet.

Das MGG-Netzwerk entfaltet auch auf institutioneller Ebene systemische Wirkung. Das geschieht beispielsweise durch die Beteiligung an zentralen Global Governance-Foren, wie T20/G20, BAPA+40 oder dem Hochrangigen Politischen Forum der Vereinten Nationen. Des Weiteren hat das Netzwerk die Entwicklung des BMZ-Positionspapiers für die Zusammenarbeit mit globalen Partnern unterstützt. Nicht zuletzt gestalten MGG-Mitglieder Diskussionen und Kooperationsstrukturen auf UN-Ebene mit, etwa im Bereich der freiwilligen Nachhaltigkeitsstandards.

Das Potenzial eines Netzwerks, Veränderungen anzustoßen, hängt von der Zusammensetzung und den Verbindungen der Akteur*innen ab. Netzwerke können Länder, politische Ebenen und Disziplinen zusammenbringen, Grenzen überwinden und Veränderungen mit den „richtigen Leuten zur richtigen Zeit“ umsetzen. Damit das Fachwissen einer heterogenen Gruppe von Mitgliedern tatsächlich genutzt werden kann, ist thematische Flexibilität entlang größerer gemeinsamer Bezugspunkte, wie dem globalen Gemeinwohl, nötig. So können die Interessen der Netzwerkmitglieder und aktuelle Entwicklungen berücksichtigt werden. Die Relevanz eines Netzwerks, die Identifikation mit ihm und die Motivation für die Mitwirkung an seinen Aktivitäten hängen in hohem Maße von der Auswahl der Kooperationsbereiche und einer gemeinsamen Definition der Ziele ab. Dies erfordert interaktive und partizipative Methoden sowie ausreichend Ressourcen, um komplexe Koordinationsprozesse innerhalb des Netzwerks zu ermöglichen. Vertrauen ist in diesem Zusammenhang ein Schlüsselfaktor, der Kommunikation auch in Zeiten politischer Spannungen ermöglicht. Der Aufbau eines vertrauensvollen Umfelds braucht jedoch Zeit. Dies widerspricht oft dem Wunsch nach schnellen Kooperationsergebnissen, die Netzwerke für internationale Zusammenarbeit attraktiv machen und in Anforderungen von Mittelgeber*innen formuliert werden.

Die langfristige Vision von Netzwerken Wirkung – idealerweise auf globale institutionelle Systeme – zu erzielen, muss daher von kurzfristigen Erfolgen begleitet werden, die eher auf individueller und organisationaler Ebene zu erwarten sind. Eine langfristige Orientierung ist zugleich der Schlüssel zur schrittweisen Institutionalisierung der Kooperationsstrukturen, zum Aufbau von Reputation und zur Integration weiterer Akteur*innen und Instrumente, die notwendig sind, um systemisch Wirkung zu erzielen. Die 15-jährige Geschichte des MGG-Netzwerks zeigt, dass Netzwerke durch diese Kombination globale Herausforderungen auf verschiedenen Ebenen gleichzeitig angehen können.

Kategorien: english

Where privacy meets politics: EU–Kenya cooperation in data protection

GDI Briefing - 28. November 2022 - 12:20

The global competition for digital leadership is in full swing. Between U.S. surveillance capitalism and Chinese state-led digital surveillance, the EU seeks to promote its interests through what it calls a “human centric” model, which it believes will achieve a “safe and open global Internet”. Among the list of proposed tools to realise this agenda, the EU’s regulatory power stands out. Home to the world’s most advanced privacy and data protection regime, the EU stresses the importance of legislative alignment in partner countries as a means to realise a human-centric digital future. However, the EU’s desire to use regulatory externalisation to achieve its concept of human-centric digitalisation is weighted with the assumption that African partners’ social and political notions of privacy align with the EU’s. We use the case of Kenya to understand why there could be limits to how the EU can externalise its regulatory standards and procedures in practice. The externalisation of regulatory frameworks in the digital arena creates new opportunities for commercial cooperation. However, these prospects have to be balanced with the political and social aspects of securitisation and privacy in order to achieve the wider governance and human rights goals of EU cooperation.

Kategorien: english

Africa–Europe cooperation and digital transformation

GDI Briefing - 28. November 2022 - 12:14

Digitalisation and digital technologies are not only essential for building competitive and dynamic economies; they transform societies, pose immense challenges for policymakers, and increasingly play a pivotal role in global power relations. Digital transformations have had catalytic effects on African and European governance, economies, and societies, and will continue to do so. The COVID-19 pandemic has already accelerated the penetration of digital tools all over the globe and is likely to be perceived as a critical juncture in how and to what purpose the world accepts and uses new and emerging technologies. This book offers a holistic analysis of how Africa and Europe can manage and harness digital transformation as partners in a globalised world. The authors shed light on issues ranging from economic growth, youth employment, and gender, to regulatory frameworks, business environments, entrepreneurship, and interest-driven power politics. They add much-needed perspectives to the debates that shape the two continents’ digital transformation and innovation environments. This book will interest practitioners working in the areas of innovation, digital technologies, and digital entrepreneurship, as well as students and scholars of international relations. It will also be relevant for policymakers, regulators, decision-makers, and leaders in Africa and Europe.

Kategorien: english

Shining light or risky business? A review of UN guidance on INFFs

CSO Partnership - 28. November 2022 - 9:24

Countries in the Global South face a dire economic situation already on the sharp end of the climate emergency, they now face compounding shocks from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and spill-overs from geopolitical instability, including the war in Ukraine. It is estimated that the cumulative effect of these crises could push an additional 263 million people into extreme poverty this year.

Against this dark backdrop, Integrated National Financing Framework (INFF) – an approach by which countries can put together strategies for financing their national ‘sustainable development’ priorities – have been said to offer a “shining light.”

Titled Shining light or risky business? A critical review of the UN’s guidance on Integrated National Financing Frameworks, this paper casts doubt as to whether, in their current form, INFFs can really live up to this claim or whether their “light” may be leading countries in risky directions whilst distracting from the fundamental structural solutions that are really needed to achieve economic justice in the Global South. It highlights three main areas of concern regarding how these Frameworks are promoted and implemented:

  • INFFs may distract attention in global policy processes away from wider economic justice imperatives
  • they erode local peoples’ ownership of the financing strategies that affect their lives
  • they may be encouraging countries to favour risky reforms.

There is no doubt that in such dark economic times, “shining lights” are sorely needed. But the analysis in this paper suggests that INFFs, as they are currently promoted and implemented, are at best a false dawn – and at worst risk intensifying the darkness. The further promotion of the INFFs is problematic until the key concerns paper are resolved. This would mean:

  • changing the discourse on the role of INFFs in Financing for Development
  • a central role for representative civil society organisations and peoples’ movements
  • enabling free choices on whether and how to implement INFFs
  • rebalancing INFF policy options away from risky reforms.

This CPDE paper, situated within the current global challenges, follows the paper published in July 2021,“Ambition and concerns: An overview of the INFF. It is based on a detailed desk review of the INFF guidance documents published by the United Nations (UN) Department for Economic and Social Affairs, together with other documents from the UN Financing for Development process and from international stakeholders playing a prominent role in the INFF process. The key findings were discussed in an official side event to the UN High Level Political Forum in July 2022.

Watch the event on INFF here.

CPDE is grateful for Polly Meeks’ leadership on this report and would like to thank the CSO colleagues and expert practitioners that provided suggestions and comments. This CPDE project was coordinated by Luca De Fraia for the ICSO Sector.#

The post Shining light or risky business? A review of UN guidance on INFFs appeared first on CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

How does urban rail development in China and India enable technological upgrading?

GDI Briefing - 28. November 2022 - 8:30

The socioeconomic wellbeing of urban areas depends on a well-functioning transportation system that makes it easier for people to access goods and services. Whereas most urban areas in emerging economies are expanding in size and human population, high motorisation and inadequate public transport services have resulted in congestion, traffic accidents and increasing transport-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Urban rail development can help address the current transportation problem because trains can move a large number of people at high speed, provide reliable services, contribute to lower GHGs and have a low accident rate. However, urban rail is expensive and requires many technical and technological capabilities often unavailable in emerging economies because they are technology latecomers. This paper examines how two emerging economies, China and India, have adopted industrial policies to develop local capabilities for urban rail technology. The paper shows how the Chinese government has moved from purchasing urban rail technology from multinational companies (MNCs) to the current situation where it has developed local capabilities, owns rail technology patents and competes with the same MNCs on the international market. The paper also demonstrates how India is gradually improving the local manufacturing of rail subsystems as opposed to importation. Overall, the paper suggests a pathway to industrial policy adoption that demonstrates how emerging economies can catch up with urban rail technology development to address their local transportation needs.

Kategorien: english

Senator Jeanne Shaheen on Congressional Support for Ukraine and Shoring Up Democracy in The Balkans | Live from the Halifax International Security Forum

UN Dispatch - 28. November 2022 - 4:00

Senator Jeanne Shaheen, Democrat from New Hampshire, lead a large bi-partisan Congressional delegation to the Halifax International Security Forum in Halifax, Nova Scotia in mid-November. We just days after the US House of Representatives was confirmed to flip to Republican control following the US mid terms. With that change in power comes a degree of uncertainty around the extent to which Congress can be relied upon to continue its support for Ukraine’s defense.

Senator Shaheen discusses how Congress’ approach to Ukraine may change when the Republicans gain control of the house next year, as well as the situation in the western Balkans, where Senator Shaheen recently returned from an official trip to the region in which she observed the Bosnian elections. She explains how Russian meddling may undermine democratic gains in the region and how Congress can better support democracy in the region.

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Transcript lightly edited for clarity

How Will the New Congress Treat US Aid to Ukraine?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:00:00] Anyone in Serbia who thinks that their future may lie with Russia, they just need to look at what’s happening in Ukraine and question whether that’s the future they want. That [changes in aid] remains to be seen, but certainly there is strong bipartisan support for the United States’ involvement in the allied effort to support Ukraine. And we reiterated that yesterday. I’m here with a bipartisan delegation from Congress, both six senators, three members of the House. My co-lead of this delegation is the ranking member, so the top Republican on the Foreign Relations Committee. Every place we have been, we have pointed out that the voices that have raised concerns, raised questions about the U.S. support for Ukraine are the small minority, they are the extreme voices, and that there continues to be a strong bipartisan majority in support of Ukraine.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:03:22] As we enter the new year, what do you foresee being Congress’s top priorities regarding Ukraine?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:03:30] I think continuing to ensure that the resources are there, both humanitarian and the support for weapons systems and continuing the diplomatic effort. I think one of the things that has been so important has been the exchange between Ukrainians who have come to meet with members of Congress, members of Congress who have gone to Ukraine even after the war to see what’s happening there, to point out to President Zelensky and the Ukrainians that we continue to support them, and talking about why this support is important, I think is really critical. One of the stories that I have told my constituents in New Hampshire is of a meeting that I had with some women of the Ukrainian military. And one of the things that one of those soldiers said to me I found so urgent. She said, we are here to ask you for weapons so that we can fight the Russians, so that you don’t have to. And I think it’s that connection to our own national security, to the importance of defending democracy around the world that we need to continue to remind people of.

How does Congress fund humanitarian efforts in Ukraine?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:04:47] Beyond the provision of military aid and funding military aid, are there other opportunities you foresee the incoming Congress could have regarding other types of funding, humanitarian funding, or more broadly supporting diplomatic efforts around Ukraine?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:05:04] Well, I think all of the above, it’s certainly supporting those diplomatic efforts. We had a hearing with a member of our State Department in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee this past week. And one of the questions that she got asked was about the morale in Ukraine. She had just come back from a visit to Kyiv to meet with our embassy staff and leaders of Ukraine and she talked about how high the morale was there in the embassy and that we recognize the sacrifices that Ukrainians are making; that personnel from the United States, from other countries who are serving in Ukraine are making, and we are here to stand behind them to support that. So those are diplomatic efforts. There is a lot of discussion about how we continue to support the grain shipments out of Ukraine so that the people in Africa and other parts of the world that are experiencing famine can get the food they need and help them understand that it is Russia that is trying to prevent those shipments from getting out of Ukraine. So, I think there are a lot of efforts that continue partly in official ways, like through the committee hearing process, but also through individual meetings that members have with each other and that we’re having with people from other parts of this allied effort, but also from Ukraine.

How has the Western Balkans been affected by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:06:33] So I know earlier this year you traveled to the Western Balkans. This is an area that has for many years been particularly vulnerable to Russian meddling and Russian malign influence. Are you seeing evidence of that in the wake of Ukraine? Or perhaps to put this another way, what political impact have you seen unfold in the Western Balkans stemming from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:07:00] Yeah, absolutely. We continue to see Russian efforts to destabilize the Western Balkans, particularly to look at ways to stir up tensions that already exist in the region, to stir up conflict. I was there the beginning of October for the elections in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and one of the things we heard as I was visiting polling places and talking to people was about the disinformation that’s coming out of Russia to try and stir up those ethnic conflicts, support for the Republic of Serbs and their leader in trying to urge them to secede from the country of Bosnia-Herzegovina. So those continue. We see that in Serbia, where they’ve had historic ties to Russia, and China, by the way, is operating in the region in ways that are destabilizing.

How is China involved in the politics of the Western Balkans?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:07:56] Can you elaborate on China’s operations in the region? This is not something you hear too often about. What did you see?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:08:03] Well, one of the things that we heard about is the effort to set up cultural centers to provide funding for an infrastructure project, something that we’ve seen across as part of their Belt and Road initiative. We’re seeing those conversations happening in the Western Balkans as well. I had a chance this morning to meet with the defense minister from Kosovo, and it’s one of the things he talked about that they’re seeing.

How can Congress support democracy in the Western Balkans?

Mark L. Goldberg [00:08:30] So what could Congress do to shore up Democratic gains in the Western Balkans? You know, the soft underbelly of Europe, it’s often called. What opportunities, what can Congress do to support democratic gains there?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:08:43] Well, one of the things we need to do is pay attention to what’s happening. That’s at the most basic level, and that means going to the region. I was pleased that when I went in April, we went to Serbia, Kosovo, and Bosnia Herzegovina, and it was a bipartisan delegation. There were three senators who went. One of them had never been to the Western Balkans before. And so, making sure that we understand, have a better understanding of what’s going on there and what the people are asking for support. One of the things I heard this morning from the defense minister was the importance of Western investment in Kosovo, and I think that’s true across the Western Balkans. I have legislation that would try and encourage that kind of investment from the U.S. into the Western Balkans. So, I think we need to look at how we can encourage economic support, trade, obviously, and how we can continue to support efforts to make sure that stability continues in the country. So, efforts to try and encourage Kosovo and Serbia to resolve the differences that exist between those two countries, to try and encourage Croatia to play a positive role in the region, to try and look at things like the U4 mission that just got reauthorized at the U.N. to ensure that there is a European military force that continues in Bosnia Herzegovina so that it helps maintain stability. So, there’s a whole range of things that we need to do, and we need to continue to focus on that.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:10:15] In the coming year, from your perch in Washington, D.C., are there any indicators you’ll be looking towards in the Western Balkans that will suggest to you whether or not the democratic gains will be consolidated, or alternatively, if perhaps Russian meddling is accelerating?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:10:34] Well, certainly a breakthrough between Serbia and Kosovo would be critical, I think, to see progress, looking at a breakthrough in Bosnia Herzegovina that allows them to form a government and move forward after their recent elections. They have been years without being able to form a government. Looking at Croatia and the role that they’re playing in Bosnia and hope that that would be positive in ways that would encourage stability in the country.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:11:02] I’m wondering if perhaps paradoxically, you think Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has maybe encouraged Serbia to perhaps engage more directly with Kosovo? You saw at the United Nations, for example, Serbia really vocally supporting Ukraine on some key votes. Have you seen any evidence that Serbia is more willing to negotiate with Kosovo beyond that rhetorical support that Serbia has given at the United Nations?

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:11:30] Well, I think that remains to be seen. There’s actually a meeting happening in Brussels tomorrow between the leaders of Serbia and Kosovo with the European Union high representative. And hopefully one of the lessons for the Western Balkans of Russia’s unprovoked, brutal war in Ukraine is that that could happen to them. And for anyone in Serbia who thinks that their future may lie with Russia, they just need to look at what’s happening in Ukraine and question whether that’s the future they want. Do they want a future where there is a brutal dictator who can come in at any time, who can kill people, rape people, destroy cities? Or do they want the Western values that are being offered by the EU and NATO that say we are going to respect human rights, we are going to give people the opportunity for good jobs and prosperity in the future, and we are going to support those efforts. I think that’s the choice that people are facing.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:12:37] Well, Senator, thank you so much.

Senator Jeanne Shaheen [00:12:39] Thank you.

Mark L. Goldberg [00:12:47] Thank you for listening to Global Dispatches. Our show is produced by me, Mark Leon Goldberg, and edited and mixed by Levi Sharp.

The post Senator Jeanne Shaheen on Congressional Support for Ukraine and Shoring Up Democracy in The Balkans | Live from the Halifax International Security Forum appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

The Right to Development?

DEVELOPMENT - 28. November 2022 - 0:00

Protected: Rural Development Goes Feminist — The Interview

SNRD Africa - 26. November 2022 - 15:49

There is no excerpt because this is a protected post.

The post Protected: Rural Development Goes Feminist — The Interview appeared first on SNRD Africa.

Kategorien: english

Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps?

OECD - 25. November 2022 - 15:24

By Welby Leaman, Senior Director Global Policy Strategy, Walmart, Ana Valero, Director of Public Affairs and Regulatory for Latin America, Telefónica and Amy Alvarez, AVP, International External and Regulatory Affairs, AT&T

As the shift towards digitalisation intensifies, closing digital gaps between and within countries is paramount to ensuring inclusive development. For this reason, beyond supporting connectivity, regulations should prioritise closing digital gaps across regions, businesses or socioeconomic groups, lowering the rural-urban divide and eliminating disparities linked to education and gender.

The post Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Phyllis Cuttino calls for Malpass' ouster

Devex - 24. November 2022 - 18:02
Kategorien: english

Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking

OECD - 24. November 2022 - 17:41

By David McNair, Executive Director for Global Policy at The ONE Campaign and Non-Resident Scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Daouda Sembane, CGD Distinguished Nonresident Fellow and/or AfriCatalyst CEO

African countries have more than doubled their debt stocks in the last decade. In an era of historically low interest rates that made sense, given the continent’s massive infrastructure needs, high security spending and rising social expenditure driven by a rapidly growing population. But that era is now over.

The post Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

CSR.digital Highlights: Staying Sustainable in Times of Crisis Through Digitalisation

SCP-Centre - 24. November 2022 - 13:37

In October 2022, the North-Rhein Westphalian (NRW) state-wide Centre for Business and Digital Responsibility, CSR.digital invited entrepreneurs and representatives from business, politics and civil society to the Design Offices Düsseldorf to discuss how sustainable digitalisation can enable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in NRW to position themselves for the future, even in times of crisis.

Since its launch in 2020, the CSR.digital project has linked business, science, and civil society actors as well as start-ups, chambers of commerce and business associations. Through numerous activities and different formats, the project informed and supported them to jointly develop solutions for entrepreneurial challenges in the age of digitalisation and sustainability. Focusing on fields of action such as corporate culture, Circular Economy, digital leadership, or responsibility in the supply chain, CSR.digital opened up new ways of leveraging digitalisation to achieve more sustainability. For example, CSR.digital has served as a platform for innovative companies and advisory organisations, such as Effizienz-Agentur NRW and NRW.BANK, which promote investments in innovative digital and sustainable solutions.

During the event, over 60 participants took part in the creative format “The Resilience Workshop”, getting insights into the work of successful companies such as Vytal, a provider of reusable systems or Wildling Shoes, a pioneer in sustainable work culture. The team of Gut Einern in Wuppertal, led by Jörg Heynkes, provided a glimpse into an entrepreneurial future that enables sustainable living and working with the help of digital technologies. The aim of the format was to stimulate discussions on how digital technologies can be used in support of social and environmental efforts.

The CSR.digital team presented an excerpt of a booklet titled “Workbook for the double transformation of medium-sized businesses in NRW”, which will be published soon. The head of CSCP’s Sustainable Business and Entrepreneurship Team, Patrick Bottermann noted: “With the booklet, we want to offer companies the opportunity to take action quickly and independently, without having to generate prior knowledge book by book. Literally, all SMEs we have collaborated with within the scope of this project want to work on the topics of sustainability and digitalisation, preferably in a way that creates synergies. But there is a great need for implementation-oriented and practical support. That’s what we want to address with the booklet.”

The NRW Minister for Economic Affairs, Industry, Climate Protection and Energy, Mona Neubaur, who attended the event, emphasised: “The mega trends challenge companies to be more self-motivated. It is a matter of shaping change and finding convincing answers to the requirements of a modern, digital, sustainable and competitive economy with the respective products and processes. This requires considerable efforts, which should not be taken alone, but through cooperation and supported knowledge transfer.”

The CSR.digital was carried out by the CSCP in collaboration with the NRW Chamber of Commerce (IHK NRW) and the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU).

For further questions, please contact Patrick Bottermann.

 

The post CSR.digital Highlights: Staying Sustainable in Times of Crisis Through Digitalisation appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Radical Alternatives or Ambivalent Engagements? Development Understandings from the Global South

EADI Debating Development Research - 24. November 2022 - 9:33
By Alba Castellsagué and Sally Matthews / New Rhythms of Development blog series Critiques of development have historically problematised the dominant models of economic growth and the controversial ideas of modernity and progress. Since the sixties, many have attempted to advance more sustainable understandings of development, with proposals emerging from a wide range of approaches: …
Kategorien: english, Ticker

More fiscal space is needed when states prove too “small”

D+C - 24. November 2022 - 9:29
In response to multiple crises, governments must be able to invest assertively

This distorted worldview has been very powerful since the early 1980s. Back then,  Britain’s Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was a  protagonist of the paradigm shift towards the “small” state.  Now the short tenure of Liz Truss in the same office in 2022 may prove to be another turning point. 

In Thatcher’s tradition, Truss wanted to impress financial markets by cutting taxes. To provide essential services, she planned to increase sovereign debt. She hoped that policy would attract investors to Britain. Instead, the markets she wanted to please rejected her reckless approach. To stabilise the pound, the central bank had to raise interest rates drastically, making real-economy investments in Britain less attractive. Higher borrowing costs, moreover, now exacerbate Britain’s budget constraints.

Multiple crises reinforced by inflation

The international community must cope with multiple crises, which are reinforced by inflation. The Covid-19 pandemic was disruptive, and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has compounded problems. We have seen how costly the neglect of healthcare and pandemic preparedness can be. The war, moreover, ended any notion of the peace dividend that the end of the Cold War offered.

Growing need makes social-protection spending more important. Military spending is going up in many places too. Subsidies to help businesses survive in difficult times are indispensable as well. National budgets are stretched accordingly. Sovereign debt has increased fast in many places. While things are especially desperate in developing countries, all governments currently lack the fiscal space they need. Prudent taxation and debt sustainability thus belong high on policymakers’ agenda. How to make urgent investments feasible in times of rising interest rates is another important issue.

The key to solving global problems is international cooperation. Unfortunately, the complex and fragmented landscapes of multilateral institutions is not up to task (see Anna-Katharina Hornidge on www.dandc.eu). These institutions report to national governments, and an individual country can sabotage global consensus. As the sense of rivalry between major powers has grown, multilateral policymaking will remain incremental and piecemeal.

Nationalist egotism is unacceptable

It bears repetition that the nationalist egotism that motivates Russia’s imperialist war in Ukraine is unacceptable. It is compounding all other global problems and thus amounts to an attack on all of humankind (see a previous comment of mine on www.dandc.eu).

Nationalist egotism of the Brexit variety has proven harmful too, of course. The campaign to leave the EU was an example of plutocrat populism, sponsored by super-rich individuals who made people believe they were worse off due to the EU’s pooling of sovereignty (see another previous comment of mine on www.dandc.eu). What those oligarchs really resented was coordinated regulation across the EU, which protects people and the environment from market dynamics’ external effects. They hoped Brexit would result in race to the bottom.

Humankind does not need small states. We need competent and responsible governments.

Hans Dembowski is editor in chief of D+C Development and Cooperation / E+Z Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit.
euz.editor@dandc.eu

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