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COVID-19 upends ‘entire generation’ of 600 million South Asian children

UN #SDG News - 23. Juni 2020 - 12:09
Without urgent action, COVID-19 will continue to unravel decades of progress across South Asia, destroying the “hopes and futures of an entire generation”, warns a new report released on Tuesday by the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.
Kategorien: english

"TEAM EUROPE" Corona package for partner countries: More honesty and fresh money needed

Global Policy Forum - 23. Juni 2020 - 11:23

The figure sounds impressive: With a total amount of 36 billion euros the EU wants to help its partner countries in the Global South to deal with the economic and social consequences of the Corona virus crisis. However, the official communication by the EU no longer discloses which part of the package is fresh money and which part is reallocated from existing programs.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

The Academy of Change Second Round Kicked Off Virtually with 50 Participants from 25 Countries

SCP-Centre - 23. Juni 2020 - 10:22

The capacity building programme, which focuses on integrating behavioural insights into the work of international NGOs, launched its second round in a virtual gathering across 10 different time zones and with an outstanding line-up of expert speakers on behaviour change topics.

The CSCP tapped into its expertise with digital collaborative tools to turn the opening event into an insightful and interactive webinar during which expert speakers shared their knowledge on some of the key elements related to behaviour change as a powerful means for improving our societies’ sustainability performance.

Becky Rowe, founder of Revealing Reality spoke about the role of behaviour insights as a means of understanding people in their own habitat, challenging our own assumptions, and viewing the world from different perspectives. Models as a method to diagnose behaviours, design behavioural strategies, and work as checklists for key tasks before, during, and after interventions, were the focal point of the presentation of Dr. Joe Hale, Research Associate at the UCL Centre for Behaviour Change. Toby Park, Head of Energy and Sustainability at the Behavioural Insights Team (BIT), also emphasised the need to shift away from understanding people as strictly rational beings and presented various tools that could be used in support of positive behaviour change. Jonathan Breckon, from NESTA and Director of the Alliance for Useful Evidence, provided an overview of the different approaches to evaluate behaviour change interventions and exploring the nexus between evidence and policy-making.

In addition to these valuable insights, the AoC participants will have the opportunity to follow a full-fledged programme consisting of seven different modules. The AoC modules cover the following: Behavioural and decision-making insights, models and tools of understanding and changing behaviours, designing and implementing behaviour change interventions, as well as learning how to evaluate related impact. The programme will run for four months. You can find detailed information about the Academy of Change programme here.

The Academy of Change (AoC) is a unique capacity building programme on sustainable behaviour change, designed for NGO leaders working on climate change and sustainability. The AoC enables its participants to incorporate evidence-based expertise and insights about citizens’ behaviours into their strategies and projects, generating greater impact from their activities.

Did you miss the chance to apply for the AoC second round? Don’t worry, we are happy to announce that a third round will be held in 2021. Get in touch with the AoC team to be informed or sign up for the Academy of Change newsletter for the latest updates.

The Academy of Change (AoC) is a non-profit initiative of the Collaborating Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production (CSCP), Behaviour Change (BC) and the International Civil Society Centre (ICSC). The AoC is funded by the KR Foundation.

For further information, please contact Mariana Nicolau.

Der Beitrag The Academy of Change Second Round Kicked Off Virtually with 50 Participants from 25 Countries erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

It can’t be done alone: why coordination is vital in responding to education crises

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Coronavirus has led to education disruption across the world, coordination by humanitarian actors to ensure education continuity is crucial.
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Policy financing and taxation

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Investigating equitable and sustainable social policy financing options and implementation.  
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Work and inclusive growth

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Investigating jobs and livelihoods to ensure the future of work benefits all involved and social and labour policies are fit for purpose.
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Risk, resilience and emergencies

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Analysing vulnerability and supporting the delivery of social protection, education and health services.
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Education and health

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Analysing inequalities in education and health and policy reform with the aim of strengthening education and health systems.
Kategorien: english

Social protection

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Supporting the design and implementation of effective social protection policy and systems.
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Poverty and inequality

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Rigorous analysis of poverty and inequality by an inter-disciplinary team to inform evidence-based policy for poverty and inequality reduction.
Kategorien: english

DFID and FCO merger: our experts' views

ODI - 23. Juni 2020 - 0:00
Our experts reflect on opportunities and challenges of the Department for International Development's merger with Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Kategorien: english

The 10 Most Neglected Refugee and Displacement Crises in the World

UN Dispatch - 22. Juni 2020 - 17:34

Millions of people are forced to flee their homes every year as a result of conflict and persecution. But not all these emergencies receive the same amount of attention. In 2019, nine out of the top 10 most neglected displacement crises were in Africa, according to a recent report by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), and at the top of the list was Cameroon for the second year in a row.

“The deep crises represented by millions of displaced Africans are yet again the most underfunded, ignored and deprioritized in the world,” said Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the NRC, in a press release. “They are plagued by diplomatic and political paralysis, weak aid operations and little media attention. Despite facing a tornado of emergencies, their SOS calls for help fall on deaf ears.”

Last year, Jan Egeland appeared on the Global Dispatches podcast to explain why Cameroon is experiencing such a profound displacement crisis, with hundreds of thousands of people forced to flee their homes.

 

The NRC looked at crises in 41 countries – each with more than 200,000 displaced people – and ranked the top 10 based on three criteria: lack of political will, lack of media attention and lack of international aid. According to the report, the most neglected displacement crises in 2019 were:

Cameroon

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Venezuela

Mali

South Sudan

Nigeria

Central African Republic (CAR)

Niger

 

China and North Korea were not included in the NRC’s analyses “due to lack of information and reliable figures.”

In Cameroon, three different crises caused mass displacement across the country in 2019. First, clashes worsened last year between the government and militant group Boko Haram, which carried out more than 100 attacks in the Far North region. Nearly half a million people were forced to flee by the end of the year. Second, violent political conflicts in the northwest and southwest of the country have given rise to a quickly deteriorating humanitarian crisis over the last three years. In November, UNICEF reported that nearly 2 million people were in need – 80 percent more than the year before. Almost 700,000 people were internally displaced, according to the NRC, while another 52,000 fled the country altogether. Third, food insecurity and violence from neighboring CAR caused 230,00 refugees to flee to eastern Cameroon by the end of the year. An agreement between the two countries and the UN Refugee Agency only managed to help about 3,000 refugees return home to CAR.

Despite facing three intensifying crises, Cameroon received scant international media attention last year – partly due to limited access for journalists – which contributed to being one of the lowest-funded humanitarian appeals in the world. By the end of the year, only 43 percent of the appeal was funded The report says the year was also “devoid of successful mediation and saw little pressure on conflict parties to stop attacking civilians.”

The situation wasn’t much better in the other nine countries that made the NRC’s list. For example, conflict has displaced 6.4 million people within the DRC, second only to Syria (13 million). Last year, it also faced the second largest hunger crisis in the world after Yemen and major disease outbreaks, including Ebola and measles. Yet, only 37 percent of the UN’s aid appeal for the country was funded by the end of the year. This was Burkina Faso and Niger’s first time on the list.

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic hit, the world entered 2020 with nearly 80 million people displaced from their homes. Now, as the virus makes its way across Latin America and Africa, wreaking health and economic devastation, the NRC report says these countries need more support than ever.

“COVID-19 is spreading across Africa, and many of the most neglected communities are already devastated by the economic shocks of the pandemic,” said Egeland. “We need solidarity with these conflict-stricken communities now more than ever, so the virus does not add more unbearable disaster to the myriad of crises they already face.”

The report provides recommendations to policymakers, donors, journalists, humanitarian organizations and the public on ways to raise awareness of the world’s most neglected crises, especially as these countries face more uncertainty and instability in 2020.

The post The 10 Most Neglected Refugee and Displacement Crises in the World appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

How Big Data and New Technologies Can Advance Climate Security

UN Dispatch - 22. Juni 2020 - 17:17

How can data and novel technologies can be put to better use in the service of peace building, resilience, and other aspects of climate security? In part two of the Climate Security Series, produced in partnership with CGIAR, we examine how big data can advance progress on climate security.

Four panelists from diverse fields grapple with how data and technology can support climate security.

Panelists: 

Elisabeth Gilmore, Associate Professor in the Environmental Science and Policy Program in the Department of International Development, Community, and Environment at Clark University. She is also a Senior Associate Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo PRIO and Visiting Scientist at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development COMOD  

Andy Jarvis, Associate Director General, Research Strategy and Innovation, The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT

Enrica Pocari, Chief Innovation Officer and Director of Technology at the UN World Food Programme

Maarten van Aalst, Director of the International Federation of the Red Cross Climate Center

Get the podcast to listen later Apple Podcasts  | Google Podcasts |  Spotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

 

The post How Big Data and New Technologies Can Advance Climate Security appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

Quel est le meilleur robot de cuisine ?

UN Food and Hunger - 22. Juni 2020 - 15:23

Bien que le repas soit indispensable dans notre quotidien, on rencontre encore des personnes qui détestent faire la cuisine parce qu’ils n’ont pas le temps. Certains décident alors d’investir dans un robot de cuisine capable de remplacer plusieurs appareils afin de permettre la réalisation de plats gourmands et de desserts avec une facilité déconcertante. Ils vous garantissent non seulement un gain de temps, mais vous redonnent aussi le plaisir de cuisiner. Mais comment choisir entre les divers robots de cuisine répondant à diverses appellations de robot ménager multifonction, robot culinaire chauffant, robot cuiseur multifonctions…

Quels sont les critères pour choisir un meilleur robot de cuisine ?

Le choix d’un robot de cuisine obéit à des critères précis sans lesquels il nous serait difficile d’avoir du plaisir à faire la cuisine :

La gestion de la température

La nouveautés de ces dernières années est d’investir dans un robot de cuisine capable de vous dicter les diverses étapes dans la réalisation de mets des plus simples aux plus élaborés, ce qui implique de cuire ces aliments. De nombreux modèles sont aujourd’hui pourvus de cette fonction. Ils se programment et vos aliments cuisent en même temps qu’ils sont mélangés ou ils sont cuits à la vapeur pendant qu’une sauce se prépare dans le bol inférieur.

La solidité, la fiabilité ou la durée de vie nécessaire pour les usages sur le long terme

Le but est ici de s’assurer d’une longue durée de vie du modèle convoité en dépit d’un usage fréquent. Seuls les avis des utilisateurs vous renseignera sur la fiabilité et la durée de vie des robots cuiseurs. Certaines marques jouissent d’une sérieuse réputation mais l’arrivée sur le marché de produits similaires moins chers et tout aussi performants pourrait à terme mettre à mal ces derniers.

La puissance et les accessoires pour une utilisation améliorée

Il va s’en dire sue la puissance du moteur et la résistance sont à prendre en considération. Cependant, le nombre de fonctions l’est tout autant. Ainsi, vous pouvez investir dans un modèle qui remplacera un maximum de petits appareils de cuisine : pour cuire dans le bol ou une cuisson à la vapeur, mijoter, créer des sauces, hacher, fouetter, moudre, émulsionner, pétrir, mélanger, mixer, émincer, remuer, concasser etc.

Notre sélection des meilleurs robots de cuisine

En nous basant sur certaines caractéristiques de résistance, de puissance, de multifonctionnalité… nous sommes parvenus à sélectionner les meilleurs modèles de robot de cuisine tels que :

  • le Kenwood CCL401WH Multi notamment pour l’équilibre de ses caractéristiques et son bol de grande capacité (XXL de 4,5 litres) ;
  • le Moulinex Companion XL qui reste un vrai assistant gastronomique au regard de sa multifonctionnalité ;
  • le LIVOO – Robot culinaire chauffant qui emporte le meilleur rapport qualité/prix avec son coût extrêmement attrayant.

The post Quel est le meilleur robot de cuisine ? appeared first on burudi.net.

Kategorien: english

ALDI Süd, Lidl, Edeka, Netto, Norma, Biocompany and More Join the Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste

SCP-Centre - 22. Juni 2020 - 14:46

The Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste is building a solid ground for joint efforts in reducing food waste in retail and wholesale. The official signatories include major retailers such as ALDI Süd, Lidl, Edeka, Netto, Norma, Transgourmet, Biocompany and more, implying great potential for more positive impact.

The Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste in Wholesale and Retail (HandelsforumRVL) aims to achieve more precise measurements of food waste in the German wholesale and retail sector as well as a binding target agreement for this sector. In addition, the Dialogue Forum supports the implementation of innovative projects for food waste reduction.

So far, 16 wholesale and retail companies have officially underlined their joint commitment in reducing food waste by signing the declaration of participation to the Dialogue Forum. The Dialogue Forum is open and looks forward to welcoming new members.

Nora Brüggemann, project coordinator and moderator of the information exchange welcomes the current milestone and adds, “In the first few months of the joint exchange, we have been able to promote the co-design process with great success. With their commitment to contribute and test waste data collection processes, the signatories can directly support the new food waste reporting commitments towards the EU.”

Brüggemann also notes that, “Despite the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic, the companies have agreed in intensifying the development and implementation of additional measures for further food waste reduction in and at the interfaces to the retail sector”.

On 23 June 2020, the Dialogue Forum will hold its next online meeting to discuss ideas in tackling food waste as well as further reduction measures (earlier inspirations were collected with the help of 10 video pitches). Representatives from the retail and the wholesale as well as civil society, policy, and other food companies will be part of the meeting. If you are interested in joining the discussion, which will be held in German, please reach out to Nora Brüggemann.

The dialogue forum is carried out by the CSCP in collaboration with the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut. The project is supported by funds of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) based on a decision of the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany via the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) under the Federal Program for Ecological Farming and Other Forms of Sustainable Agriculture.

Current members of the Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste in Wholesale and Retail are:

  • Alnatura
  • ALDI SÜD
  • BIO COMPANY
  • CHEFS CULINAR West GmbH & Co. KG, Niederlassung Wöllstein
  • Edeka
  • HelloFresh Deutschland
  • Lidl
  • Netto
  • NORMA
  • METRO Deutschland
  • Querfeld
  • PENNY
  • REWE
  • tegut… gute Lebensmittel
  • Transgourmet Deutschland
  • WASGAU

For further information please contact Nora Brüggemann.

Der Beitrag ALDI Süd, Lidl, Edeka, Netto, Norma, Biocompany and More Join the Dialogue Forum for Reduction of Food Waste erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Working in fear

D+C - 22. Juni 2020 - 12:18
Journalists exposing crime and corruption in Guatemala work in an atmosphere of fear and impunity

Guerra had received death threats before the attack and made this known on social media. But the national police ignored the information, according to the Guatemala Journalists Association. And the newly expanded Prosecutor’s Office for Crimes against Journalists says it was unaware of threats against Guerra prior to the attack.

Guatemala is a dangerous place for journalists. Since 2007, 20 journalists have been killed in the country, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco). In addition to killings there have been uncounted numbers of threats, acts of intimidation, and attacks that have not resulted in death.

Other forms of obstruction include censorship, self-censorship out of fear and restricted access to official information. Journalists writing about drug trafficking and other organised crime, public mismanagement and activities of the country’s security forces are the most likely to encounter various forms of interference.

Reporters Without Borders (Reporteros Sin Fronteros, RSF) ranks Guatemala 116th out of 180 countries in its 2019 World Press Freedom Index, unchanged from its 2018 ranking. “Exposing political or administrative corruption and embezzlement can lead to threats and physical violence,” RSF says. “Murders of journalists are still frequent, and Guatemala continues to be one of the Western Hemisphere’s most dangerous countries for the media.”

Similarly, the Committee to Protect Journalists, an international advocacy organisation, reports that “conditions for press freedom in the country are fundamentally flawed. Without legal reforms, a genuine government commitment to transparency, and resources to combat impunity in attacks on the press, journalists will remain at risk.”

The background to reprisals against journalists is widespread corruption in government and business. Transparency International’s 2019 Corruption Perception Index ranks Guatemala as 146th out of 180 countries.

The risks to journalists are highest in rural areas, where journalists live in close proximity to those they investigate, and typically have nowhere to hide. Violent crimes carried out against journalists reporting corruption by local authorities typically go unsolved.

In addition to facing reprisals for their reporting, journalists deal with obstruction when searching for public information. The new government of President Alejandro Giammattei has promised improvements in access to information, but at the same time it has moved to centralise the flow of government information. The new government is also looking into accrediting journalists who cover the president – a procedure that until now has not been considered necessary in Guatemala.

Meanwhile, the Prosecutor's Office of Crimes against Journalists, which was created to improve the situation, has problems carrying out its job. The organisation lacks the funds to deal with the large number of claims of violence against journalists.

In 2012, Guatemala joined an international declaration pledging to protect journalists. More than seven years later, journalists are waiting for this commitment to be translated into meaningful measures. While they wait, they continue to work in an atmosphere of fear.

 

Links

UNESCO observatory of killed journalists – Guatemala:
https://en.unesco.org/themes/safety-journalists/observatory/country/223718

RSF – Guatemala:
https://rsf.org/en/guatemala

CPJ – Guatemala:
https://cpj.org/reports/2020/03/guatemala-giammattei-journalists-online-harass-discredit-corruption-environment.php

Gildaneliz Barrientos is a journalist in Guatemala.
gildacol54@gmail.com

Kategorien: english

Wachsende Ungleichheit kann die Auswirkungen der Pandemie noch verschlimmern

GDI Briefing - 22. Juni 2020 - 10:41

Wie sich Covid-19 auf unseren Alltag auswirkt, ist nicht zu übersehen. Weniger offensichtlich sind die unmittelbaren Auswirkungen der Pandemie auf die Armut in der Welt. Der wirtschaftliche Verlust, der aktuell weltweit auf etwa 5,2 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts (BIP) geschätzt wird, vermittelt nur ein unvollständiges Bild der tatsächlichen gesellschaftlichen und menschlichen Kosten. Die Berechnung könnte ähnlichen Verzerrungen unterliegen wie viele Klimafolgenabschätzungen. So erscheint der absolute Verlust in wohlhabenden Gebieten häufig größer, was aber lediglich darauf zurückzuführen ist, dass es dort in wirtschaftlicher Hinsicht mehr zu verlieren gibt. Bezüglich der Auswirkungen auf ihren Lebensunterhalt sind jedoch ohnehin bereits gefährdete Gemeinschaften am stärksten betroffen. Jeder Nettoverlust bedeutet für sie den Verlust eines größeren Teils ihres ohnehin knappen Einkommens, und die Wirkungen werden weit über Einkommensschocks hinausgehen.

Es ist daher wichtig, die Folgen der Pandemie für die globale Armut abzuschätzen und zu prüfen, inwieweit dadurch unsere Fähigkeit beeinträchtigt wird, die extreme Armut global zu beseitigen, wie es die Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung bis zum Jahr 2030 vorsehen. Dieser Aufgabe hat sich ein Team der Weltbank angenommen. Das Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) und die Weltbank haben in diesem Zuge ein Modell entwickelt, dass die globale Armut bis 2030 ebenso wie die Rolle simuliert, die eine Veränderung von Ungleichheiten für die Erreichung des Armutsziels spielt. Laut dieses Modells können durch die Covid-19-Pandemie weltweit etwa 70 Millionen Menschen zusätzlich in extreme Armut fallen.

Bedenkt man, dass das Einkommensniveau, bei dem eine Person im weltweiten Vergleich als extrem arm gilt, der durchschnittlichen Armutsgrenze in mehreren der ärmsten Länder entspricht, ist dieser Trend wahrlich besorgniserregend. Tritt das Ergebnis der Simulation ein, müssen etwa 70 Millionen Menschen zusätzlich mit etwas weniger als zwei Dollar (genauer gesagt 1,90 USD mit der Kaufkraftparität von 2011) pro Person und Tag auskommen. Zu den rund 600 Millionen Menschen, die schon jetzt in extremer Armut leben, kämen also noch über 10 Prozent hinzu. Noch viele mehr werden in die darüber liegende Kategorie der zwar nicht extremen, aber immer noch sehr großen Armut fallen.

Eine weitere wichtige Frage ist, wie sich die globale Rezession in verschiedenen Einkommensgruppen innerhalb der Verteilung niederschlagen wird. Die obige Schätzung von 70 Millionen zusätzlichen Armen geht davon aus, dass die Einkommen innerhalb der gesamten Einkommensverteilung gleich stark sinken werden. In den Entwicklungsländern sind von den „Lockdown“-Maßnahmen jedoch viele Menschen betroffen, die im informellen Sektor oder in prekären Arbeitsverhältnissen arbeiten. Viele dieser Geringverdiener werden möglicherweise für einige Monate einen Großteil ihres Einkommens verlieren. Sie sind also überproportional benachteiligt, wodurch sich die Ungleichheit noch verstärkt. Der Rückgang des BIP kann sich also innerhalb der Einkommensverteilung unterschiedlich stark niederschlagen. Die Verteilungseffekte der Rezession müssen also berücksichtigt werden.

Da über die Verteilungseffekte noch keine Daten vorliegen, lässt sich nur simulieren, wie sich die Veränderungen der Ungleichheit auf die geschätzte Armut auswirken. Wenn die Ungleichheit gemessen am Gini-Index, einem Standardmaß zur Darstellung von Ungleichheit, weltweit um 1 Prozent ab- oder zunimmt, könnte die Zahl der zusätzlichen extrem Armen entsprechend 55 oder 85 Millionen betragen. Eine solche prozentuale Veränderung der Einkommensverteilung bewegt sich im Rahmen dessen, was in einem beliebigen Land innerhalb eines Jahres üblich ist. Der Unterschied zwischen den Zahlen würde sich auf etwa 40 bis 100 Millionen Menschen vergrößern, wenn die Veränderung der Ungleichheit in der Größenordnung von 2 Prozent liegt. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass sich die Ungleichheit in allen Ländern auf die gleiche Weise ändert ist sehr gering. Dennoch erhält man so eine Vorstellung von der Bandbreite der Ergebnisse, wenn man Veränderungen bei der Verteilung berücksichtigt: Sollte der Gini-Index um 2 Prozent sinken, könnte dies die Auswirkungen der Pandemie auf die globale Armut fast halbieren. Eine Steigerung um 2 Prozent würde sie um fast 50 Prozent verstärken.

Für die politischen Entscheidungsträger der Welt und vor allem für die entwicklungspolitischen Akteure ist daher nicht nur die aggregierte Auswirkung der Pandemie entscheidend, sondern auch die wichtige Rolle der Bekämpfung der Ungleichheit für die Abschwächung der wirtschaftlichen und sozialen Folgen. Unsere Berechnungen zeigen, dass den Regierungen auch bei stagnierendem Wirtschaftswachstum eine außerordentliche Verantwortung zukommt. Sie müssen nicht nur antizyklisch handeln, um das Wachstum anzukurbeln – idealerweise mit Investitionen in eine ökologisch nachhaltige Weltwirtschaft – sondern auch die Lebensgrundlagen von Menschen in den unteren Einkommenssegmenten sicherstellen. Das beinhaltet insbesondere die Vertiefung und Ausweitung sozialer Sicherung, sowie die Stärkung weiterer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung von Ungleichheit, wie zum Beispiel progressiver Besteuerung und Investitionen in ländliche Infrastruktur. Politisches Handeln muss sich jetzt darauf konzentrieren, die ungleichen Auswirkungen der Pandemie abzumildern und dafür zu sorgen, dass die wirtschaftlichen Maßnahmen in ihrer Gesamtheit geeignet sind, Ungleichheit zu verringern.

Mario Negre ist Ökonom und Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter im Forschungsprogramm Transformation der Wirtschafts- und Sozialsysteme am Deutschen Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).

Daniel Gerszon Mahler is Ökonom und Young Professional in der Development Data Group der Weltbank

Christoph Lakner ist Senior Economist der Development Data Group bei der Weltbank.

Dieser Text ist Teil einer Sonderreihe unseres Formats Die aktuelle Kolumne, die die Folgen der Corona-Krise entwicklungspolitisch und sozioökonomisch einordnet. Sie finden die weiteren Texte hier auf unserer Überblicksseite.

Kategorien: english

Gloomy outlook

D+C - 22. Juni 2020 - 9:38
Kenya is struggling to cope with the Covid-19 challenges

The World Bank reckons the economic outlook to be gloomy for Kenya because of the disease, with GDP expected to contract. The Bank says that is a “a rare, severe event.”  

Kenya reported its first confirmed Covid-19 case on 12 March. The government responded fast. It immediately:

  • restricted travel,
  • closed all learning institutions,
  • suspended public gatherings and religious services,
  • imposed a nighttime curfew, and
  • instructed anyone who could to work from home.

It is promoting preventive practices and enforcing social distancing in public places. Repression has been harsh, however, and the Independent Policing Oversight Authority reported in June that officers killed at least 15 people.

Since the first case was reported, there has been a gradual increase of new infections. By 17 June, almost 3,900 Covid-19 cases were counted and 105 patients were reported dead. Public health officials expected the peak to come in August or September. Health-care investments are being ramped up, but Kenya’s health-care delivery system is clearly overburdened. According to the news agency Reuters, the country only has 518 intensive-care beds with 94 % already occupied by non-Covid-19 patients. When the pandemic peaks, Kenya may need 4,500 ventilators. There are only 297 in the country.

With nearly 50 million people, Kenya is the largest economy in East Africa. An estimated 60 % to 70 % of its urban people live in crowded slums that lack basic services and are perfect breeding grounds for infectious diseases. Sanitation is a problem even in the best of times. Adequate hygiene is hardly possible, and self-quarantine seems a far-fetched idea. It came as no surprise that the national health ministry identified densely populated areas in Nairobi as Covid-19 hotspots.   

Endemic poverty makes masses of people more vulnerable. According to official data, almost a third (36.1%) of Kenyans live below the poverty line. Informal laborers account for more than 80 % of the workforce. They lack social protection, so unemployment means desperate poverty.  

Compounding the problems, the country’s sector has been hit hard. Deloitte, the multinational accountancy firm, expects export revenues to decline by at least 25 % ($ 1.5 billion) this year. Productivity in the cut-flower industry has dropped by 90 %. The tourism sector has come to standstill. The economic slowdown has become self-reinforcing moreover. As consumers and businesses spend less, incomes are declining too and spending must be reduced further.   

Kenya must maintain a delicate balance. The great challenge is to keep the rate of new infections low enough for the health system to cope whilst restarting the economy at the same time.  

Across Africa, the scenario is bleak. The health risks must not be underestimated.  The UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) has warned that even with intense social distancing, the continent of 1.3 billion may see nearly 123 million cases this year, and 300,000 people could die of the disease. Kenya is a comparatively prosperous country. Economies and health sectors tend to be weaker elsewhere.

Mahwish Gul is a consultant from Pakistan who specialises in development management and has recently moved to Nairobi.  
mahwish.gul@gmail.com

Kategorien: english

The AoC Catalyst First Round Has Kicked-Off

SCP-Centre - 22. Juni 2020 - 9:27

Representatives of leading environmental and social Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) came together virtually for the official launch of the first round of the Catalyst, a special Academy of Change (AoC) programme aimed at accelerating the integration of behaviour change know-how in the daily work of NGOs.

The Catalyst participants include representatives of NGOs such as Greenpeace International, RSPB, Fingo, CEED Bulgaria, WRAP, HESPUL, Rare, CIDSE, Association of Concsious Consumers, and Foodture. All of them have successfully completed the Academy of Change capacity building programme, a prerequisite to join the Catalyst.

The main goal of the Catalyst is to support NGOs in undertaking  organisational change by providing tailor-made tools and supporting them in turning sustainable behaviour change knowledge into an asset for their daily work. The Catalyst also aims to enable NGOs to design and implement behaviour change pilot interventions, alone or in collaboration with other Catalyst peers, in order to have first-hand experience with behaviour change work and implement behavioural knowledge in a real-life setting. Moreover, the Catalyst will offer NGO peer exchange and mutual support on various behaviour change topics.

The Catalyst programme activities will cover six sequential modules that reflect and are built around the needs and interests of the Catalyst participants. The modules foster the development of a set of skills that range from internalising the topic of behaviour change in organisations, to communicating the importance of behaviour change, engaging colleagues in the work, applying it in practice, and exploring new formats for developing behaviour change interventions. In order to foster co-creation approaches and peer-to-peer learning, participants will have active roles in each of the modules to support the delivery of the module/tool exercise, share concrete experiences or ideas for action.

Especially exciting are the pilot interventions which the Catalyst participants will design and implement collaboratively with one another throughout the programme’s duration. Check the Academy of Change website or follow AoC on Twitter to receive further updates as well as first results from the pilots!

Do you think the Catalyst could help you and your NGO? Then, taking part in the Academy of Change Programme (AoC) would be your first step. You can find more details about AoC  here. For other ideas or suggestions, please get in touch with the Academy of Change team.

 

Der Beitrag The AoC Catalyst First Round Has Kicked-Off erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Adolescent refugee challenges under Covid-19

ODI - 22. Juni 2020 - 0:00
In commemoration of World Refugee Day, we examine age and gender specific vulnerabilities among adolescent refugees.
Kategorien: english

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