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Environmental destruction

D+C - 1. Juli 2020 - 10:39
Poverty is an important driver of deforestation in sub-Saharan countries

In Côte d’Ivoire, about 80 % of the original forest cover has disappeared. Much of it has given way to cocoa and coffee plantations. Many wonder if at least some of the country’s pristine forests can be saved. The EU REDD Facility, which supports action on reducing climate-relevant emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, reckons that the annual rate of deforestation in Côte d’Ivoire is about three percent.

Things look similarly bad in Nigeria. According to Muhtari Aminu-Kano, who heads the non-governmental Nigerian Conservation Foundation, 96 % of the original forests are gone. He says the main drivers of deforestation are the growing population’s demand for more farmland and firewood as well as the timber business. Aminu-Kano warns that biodiversity is being lost and that this trend will have harmful impacts on people.

Poor people’s survival strategies matter in other places as well. The WWF, an international non-governmental organisation, reports that two African regions are among the “deforestation fronts” which will account for 80 % of global forest losses in the next 10 years: the Congo basin and Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya on the Indian Ocean. The main causes are said to be small-scale agriculture and the demand for firewood and charcoal. The WWF considers unsustainable logging, mining and infrastructure construction to be important secondary causes in both regions.

It is worth emphasising that, in the WWF assessment, poor people’s needs are especially important. They are prevalent in many other sub-Saharan countries (for the Ugandan example, see Gloria Laker Aciro Adiiki in Focus section of D+C/E+C e-Paper 2020/04). The implication is that alleviating poverty is necessary to stop deforestation. More productive livelihoods and smallholder farming are needed. Poor people’s access to electric power and more efficient energy resources matters as well. These are huge challenges with an immediate bearing on forests, though many relevant policy interventions do not tackle forest issues directly.

Nonetheless, it is certainly necessary to regulate the logging industry and implement forest protection schemes. In some cases, better law enforcement would do the job. For example, there is a long-standing pattern of rosewood being illegally harvested in Senegal and smuggled to the Gambia, from where it is exported to China. According to the BBC, the trafficking is worth up to $ 50 million annually.

Large-scale forest programmes can be hard to implement. An example is the Great Green Wall. The idea is to use afforestation as a means to stop desertification on the Sahara’s southern fringes. A forest belt of trees is to be planted along a stretch of almost 8,000 km length from Senegal in the West to Djibouti in the East. The African Union endorsed this project in 2007, but so far, not much progress has been made.

The Nigerian environmentalist Nnimmo Bassey appreciates the Great Green Wall in principle, but he has pointed out that involving the local people is essential for the long-term success (see Tribune section of D+C/E+Z e-Paper 2019/03). That is, of course, true of forest-related policies in general.

Liberia is a small West African country with the forest cover that is still comparatively dense. There are disputes over forest use, however. Large-scale plantations have been spreading, especially where the timber industry cleared land. Efforts are now being made to give local people more say in community management. As a study published by the independent World Resources Institute concluded, women matter in particular. Though they often have a deep understanding of related issues because they depend on forest resources, they tend to be excluded from decision-making processes. Having to take care of their families, they are not expected to become engaged in politics and typically lack the time for such engagement anyway. More gender justice would thus contribute to a healthier environment.

Karim Okanla is a media scholar and freelance author based in Benin.
karimokanla@yahoo.com

Kategorien: english

Get to Know Jannik Giesen, the New Project Manager in the Sustainable Business and Entrepreneurship (SBE) Team

SCP-Centre - 1. Juli 2020 - 9:08

With a background in consultancy in the field of strategy and organisational development, Jannik will work closely with businesses aiming to reshape business models in support of more sustainability.

What drew you to work in sustainability?

I was brought up with a high sensitivity towards sustainable behaviour. So not surprisingly, sustainable thinking and acting always took a significant part in my private life. Over the last years, I developed the wish to take this mindset, commitment, and passion into the professional level. Being part of the CSCP, I aim to widen my personal grasp of levers and initiatives towards more sustainability at all levels of life. As I believe sustainability to be one of the most pressing challenges of our times, and one that requires a lot more effort by society and each of its members, it feels like the right topic to invest my time.

Why did you apply to work for the CSCP?

As a Wuppertal native, being born and raised in the city, I have always kept an eye out for interesting, forward-thinking Wuppertal-based organisations. This is how the CSCP came to my attention. From the first homepage visit I felt drawn to its concept of delivering hands-on sustainable solutions through international and interdisciplinary collaboration. With its truly international team, the diverse backgrounds and interests of its members, and the broad fields of action covering a whole range of sustainability topics, the CSCP fascinated me. So, I decided to follow my intuition and join the team, wishing to build more in-depth expertise in sustainability topics and contribute my own experiences and skills to a good cause.

What would you highlight from your past experience and how does that relate to the CSCP?

As a consultant, I worked on a broad range of topics, functions and industries for several years. This experience provided me with a good understanding of the complex influence and decision-making procedures in both large and medium-sized companies. I look forward at using these insights and experiences in changing existing mindsets and structures in private enterprises. Also, the general skills acquired during this time, like reducing complexity, developing suitable solutions and delivering those in a comprehensive and appealing manner, could be an added value to the CSCP’s excellence in project management. Apart from that, I collected some experience as an international volunteer, working in practical ecology iEcuador and with young artists and activists in Nairobi, Kenya. As these placements were self-organised and somewhat off the beaten tracks of development work, I gained some interesting insights and perspectives which I’ll be happy to share, discuss and build upon with the new colleagues and partners of the CSCP.

For further question, please get in contact with Jannik Giesen.

 

Der Beitrag Get to Know Jannik Giesen, the New Project Manager in the Sustainable Business and Entrepreneurship (SBE) Team erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Die deutsche EU-Ratspräsidentschaft steht vor einer Herkulesaufgabe

GDI Briefing - 1. Juli 2020 - 8:00

Heute übernimmt Deutschland für sechs Monate die Präsidentschaft im Rat der Europäischen Union. Der Vorsitz steht unter dem Motto „Gemeinsam. Europa wieder stark machen“. Schon vor der Corona-Pandemie stand mit den Verhandlungen zum Brexit und zum Mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen eine schwierige Agenda bevor. Als Teil der Budgetverhandlungen muss Deutschland jetzt zusätzlich den EU-internen Wiederaufbauplan auf den Weg bringen und damit die Weichen für eine sozial inklusive, ökologisch nachhaltige und wirtschaftlich erfolgreiche Zukunft der EU stellen. Außerdem muss die Ratspräsidentschaft sich dafür einsetzen, dass sich die EU im geopolitischen Wettbewerb zwischen den USA und China positioniert und neue Allianzen findet.

Als größtes EU-Land hegen andere Staaten traditionell besonders hohe Erwartungen gegenüber Deutschland. Gleichzeitig sind die Einflussmöglichkeiten der EU-Ratspräsidentschaft durch den Lissabon-Vertrag seit 2010 stark begrenzt. Deutschlands letzte Präsidentschaft war in 2007. Die Schaffung eines dauerhaften Präsidenten des Europäischen Rates, derzeit Charles Michel, und eines Hohen Vertreters für die Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik, derzeit Josep Borrell, haben dazu geführt, dass die Präsidentschaft weniger Kompetenzen im EU-Entscheidungsprozess und der Repräsentation der EU nach Außen innehat.

Inwiefern die Ratspräsidentschaft Einfluss nehmen kann, kommt stark auf die Umstände, auf sie selbst und ihre Beziehungen zu den EU-Institutionen und anderen Mitgliedsstaaten an. Grundsätzlich hat sie eher die Rolle, Prozesse zu strukturieren und Kompromisse zu fördern als die Agenda zu setzen. Die Präsidentschaft kann jedoch gerade in Krisenzeiten eine wichtige Rolle spielen. Beispielsweise kam 2016 dem niederländischen Vorsitz eine unerwartete Aufgabe bei der Verhandlung des EU-Türkei-Abkommens („Flüchtlingspakt“) zu, weil der damalige Präsident des Europäischen Rates Donald Tusk sich primär auf die Verhandlungen mit Großbritannien im Vorfeld des Brexit-Referendums konzentrierte.

Zu Beginn ihrer Amtszeit hat EU-Kommissionspräsidentin Ursula von der Leyen Eckpunkte für einen European Green Deal vorgelegt und eine “geopolitische Kommission” eingefordert, die auch einen stärkeren Fokus auf die Reform multilateraler Institutionen setze. Dieser Kurs hat angesichts der Folgen der Corona-Pandemie an Bedeutung gewonnen, weil sie den geopolitischen Wettbewerb verschärft hat und die Transformation zur Nachhaltigkeit nur gelingen kann, wenn die Wiederaufbauprogramme dem nicht entgegenwirken.

Der deutsche Ratsvorsitz sollte sich daher dafür einsetzen, dass die Umsetzung des European Green Deal nicht nur EU-intern vorankommt. Zusätzlich sollte er auch dessen globale Dimension stärker in den Blick nehmen. Der Green Deal hat unmittelbare Auswirkungen auf Drittländer. Wenn die EU beispielsweise den Anteil erneuerbarer Energien erhöht, hat dies erhebliche Konsequenzen für erdölexportierende Länder in Afrika. Gleichzeitig bringt es für die globalen Klimaziele wenig, wenn die EU hier alleine voranschreitet. Da der Green Deal nicht nur eine Klima- sondern auch eine wirtschaftspolitische Agenda ist, bietet er die Chance mit internationalen Partnern in einen offenen Dialog über zukunftsfähige Gesellschaftsmodelle zu treten.

Während die USA durch die Corona-Pandemie stark erschüttert sind und die transatlantische Allianz Kollateralschäden erleidet, inszeniert sich China weltweit als Vorbild und verlässlicher Kooperationspartner bei der Pandemiebekämpfung. Um zumindest Teile der regelbasierten multilateralen Ordnung zu bewahren, braucht Europa dringend neue Partner. Die Kooperation mit afrikanischen Ländern gewinnt dadurch an Bedeutung. Die EU sollte deswegen die anstehenden Gipfeltreffen und insbesondere den vorgesehenen Gipfel mit der Afrikanischen Union (AU) nutzen, um ihre Beziehungen zu wichtigen globalen Partnern neu zu ordnen. Die EU sollte die Gelegenheit nutzen und sehr genau hinhören, welche Erwartungen afrikanische Partner an die EU richten. Das gilt insbesondere im Hinblick auf die Unterstützung der Panafrikanischen Freihandelszone. Auf dieser Basis sollten die AU-EU- Beziehungen dialogorientierter werden.

Durch die Corona-Pandemie bietet sich auch die Möglichkeit, endlich Fortschritte in der Integration der EU-Entwicklungspolitik zu machen. In Brüssel wird regelmäßig betont, dass die EU in der Entwicklungspolitik eine Supermacht sei, weil sie mehr als die Hälfte aller Entwicklungsgelder weltweit vergibt. In der Praxis haben die EU-Akteure ihre Entwicklungspolitik in den letzten Jahren zwar enger abgestimmt – seit April dieses Jahres auch unter dem „Team-Europe“- Ansatz. Von einem einheitlichen Auftreten ist die EU jedoch weit entfernt. Die EU-Integration in der Entwicklungspolitik kommt nicht durch Tabellen mit Finanzbeiträgen voran, sondern erfordert echte Investitionen und Anstrengungen im Bereich des „Working better together“. Dieser Ansatz sollte auch jenseits der Corona-Pandemie ausgebaut werden und zu einer echten Vertiefung der Zusammenarbeit führen.

In der Geschichte der EU haben Krisen eine wichtige Rolle bei der Weiterentwicklung des europäischen Integrationsprojektes gespielt. Die deutsche Präsidentschaft erfolgt nun inmitten einer solchen Krise. Die Agenda der deutschen EU-Ratspräsidentschaft ist damit eine Herkulesaufgabe und gleichzeitig eine riesige Chance, zentrale Weichen für eine verantwortungsvolle globale Rolle der EU zu stellen.

Dieser Text ist Teil einer Sonderreihe unseres Formats Die aktuelle Kolumne, die die Folgen der Corona-Krise entwicklungspolitisch und sozioökonomisch einordnet. Sie finden die weiteren Texte hier auf unserer Überblicksseite.

Kategorien: english

Impacts of COVID-19 disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable: UN chief

UN ECOSOC - 30. Juni 2020 - 22:45
Addressing poverty eradication on Tuesday in front of the General Assembly, UN chief António Guterres warned that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are falling “disproportionately on the most vulnerable: people living in poverty, the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized groups”.
Kategorien: english

Impacts of COVID-19 disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable: UN chief

UN #SDG News - 30. Juni 2020 - 22:45
Addressing poverty eradication on Tuesday in front of the General Assembly, UN chief António Guterres warned that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are falling “disproportionately on the most vulnerable: people living in poverty, the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized groups”.
Kategorien: english

Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery

OECD - 30. Juni 2020 - 18:08
By the Co-Chairs of the OECD Development Communication Network (DevCom): Nanette Braun, Chief, Communications Campaigns Service, UN Department of Global Communications, Amalia Navarro, Director of Communications, Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) and Mathilde Schneider, Director of Communications, French Development Agency (AFD) This blog is part of a series on tackling COVID-19 in developing countries. Visit the OECD dedicated page to access the OECD’s data, … Continue reading Engaging citizens for sustainable development: Core business for a better recovery
Kategorien: english

Hard times forecast for global job recovery in 2020, warns UN labour agency chief

UN ECOSOC - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:15
The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on jobs has been much worse than expected initially, the head of the UN labour agency said on Tuesday, in an appeal to Governments, workers and employers, to agree on a sustainable economic recovery plan to reduce inequalities laid bare by the pandemic.
Kategorien: english

Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis

Reality of Aid - 30. Juni 2020 - 17:02

   Developing countries in Asia Pacific are trapped in the vicious cycle of debt. To say that the region is in distress or is in crisis is an understatement, and for decades, developing countries have been spending more of their revenues to pay their dues at the expense of the needs of their peoples. The COVID-19 pandemic heightened the reliance of developing countries to debt and while international finance institutions (IFIs) rapidly provided stimulus […]

The post Cancelling Debt in Asia Pacific: Tackling the COVID-19 Health and Economic Crisis appeared first on Reality of Aid.

Kategorien: english

30.06.2020 Minister Müller: Refugee and crisis region around Syria still needs our support

German BMZ - 30. Juni 2020 - 13:00
At the conference on supporting Syria and the region, 53 countries made their pledges for Syria and its neighbouring countries. Commenting on Germany's engagement, German Development Minister Gerd Müller said: "Ten years into the civil war, eleven million people in Syria and in the neighbouring countries that are severely affected by the refugee crisis depend on assistance from the international community. The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated the situation. In Syria, nine million people do ...
Kategorien: english

VI Webinario EU-LAC / VI Webinar EU-LAC

EU-LAC Foundation - 30. Juni 2020 - 12:16

Enfrentando el Cambio Climatico en la era del Covid-19 / Tackling Climate Change in the era of Covid-19

Kategorien: english, Hamburg

Dialogue Forum: Towards More Food Waste Reduction Measures

SCP-Centre - 30. Juni 2020 - 11:00

More than 80 participants, including representatives from wholesale and retail, other economic sectors, science, civil society and politics, gathered in an online meeting in June 2020 to discuss food waste reduction measures and further coordinate their collaboration towards less food waste along the entire supply chain.

A measurable reduction of food waste – being among the key priorities of the Dialogue Forum – was the focus of the online meeting’s agenda.

In a lively and fruitful exchange, the following concrete approaches were discussed:

  • Longer shelf life of fruit and vegetables through ‘coating’
  • Availability of bread and baked goods
  • The offer of blemished fruit and vegetables
  • Avoidance and improved management of returns
  • Better redistribution and donation

The CSCP is facilitating the bilateral talks between interested parties and it will also support the follow up phase towards concretisation of all suggestions that derived out of the online meeting. The discussed reduction measures could be conducted as ‘demonstration projects’ in the framework of the Dialogue Forum either from companies individually on the premise of sharing experiences with others or by several companies in the form of sector initiatives.

Some of these measures derived out of promising, innovative and upscalable ideas to reduce food waste, which were gathered earlier in 2020. Watch the video pitches to find out more about these ideas!

The Dialogue Forum for Food Waste Reduction in Wholesale and Retail is carried out by the CSCP in collaboration with the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut.

The project is supported by funds of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) based on a decision of the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany via the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) under the Federal Program for Ecological Farming and Other Forms of Sustainable Agriculture.

For further information please contact Nora Brüggemann.

Der Beitrag Dialogue Forum: Towards More Food Waste Reduction Measures erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

BROWNBAG SESSION | AIIB & NDB: Paradigm Shift or Rehashing Corporate-led Development?

Reality of Aid - 30. Juni 2020 - 10:56

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank (NDB) have touted themselves as the much-needed alternatives to the Western-dominated traditional International Finance Institutions (IFIs) like the World Bank Group (WBG) and International Monetary Fund (IMF). The two new banks entered the development financing landscape to much fanfare with their mandate of catering to the development needs of the South, particularly in building sustainable infrastructure. Five years into their operation, how do they […]

The post BROWNBAG SESSION | AIIB & NDB: Paradigm Shift or Rehashing Corporate-led Development? appeared first on Reality of Aid.

Kategorien: english

Call for Applications for weiter_wirken Capacity Building Programme is Open – Apply Now!

SCP-Centre - 30. Juni 2020 - 9:20

Are you engaged in a sustainability project and currently looking for ways how to maximise your positive impact? Moreover, are you keen on exploring which insights and tools might help you to reach this goal? Our training programme, weiter_wirken – Communicating Sustainability Successfully (Nachhaltigkeit Erfolgreich Vermitteln), is designed to support professionals and volunteers from the NGO sector in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) in achieving more sustainable behaviours within their target groups. The call for application is now open – apply here until 31 August 2020 to become part of a unique network of people striving for more sustainability in NRW. The programme is in German.

Changing behaviours towards greater sustainability is key, yet a very complex task to achieve. Oftentimes, sustainable intentions are not matched with sustainable actions. For example, according to Growth from Knowledge (GfK), while 45% of German consumers indicate that sustainability considerations influence their fashion purchasing decisions, fair fashion continues to only account for 0.3% of total sales in Germany. Overcoming this intention-action gap not only requires challenging existing belief systems and unsustainable practices, but also coming up with creative ways to introduce and promote more sustainable ones.

The training programme ‘weiter_wirken’ – Communicating Sustainability Successfully (Nachhaltigkeit Erfolgreich Vermitteln) addresses precisely this gap. Building upon the success of our international counterpart, the Academy of Change (AoC), ‘weiter_wirken’ offers a comprehensive capacity building programme based on insights from behaviour and communication science. It is designed specifically for professionals and volunteers from non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in NRW who work on fostering sustainable behaviours. Through a series of workshops, the participants are trained on how to generate greater impact with their sustainability projects and enable their target groups to engage in more sustainable behaviours.

At the same time, participants of the weiter_wirken training programme also become part of a wide networking and learning space, as sustainability-oriented organisations from various areas will exchange their experiences, discuss challenges and share their knowledge.

Programme Details

The programme is free of charge and consists of four full-day, in-person workshops at different locations in NRW, beginning at the end of October 2020. For more details about the workshops and the respective topics, please check out our programme page.

Due to the limited number of spaces available (maximum of 20), participants will be selected through an open application process to ensure a fair, transparent and high-quality selection procedure.

Sounds interesting? Then, apply now! Applications can be sent until 31 August, 2020.  We look forward to engaging with you for greater impact and more sustainable behaviours!

‚weiter_wirken‘ is a non-profit initiative of the CSCP and its cooperating partners Stiftung Umwelt und Entwicklung Nordrhein-Westfalen and ecosign/ Akademie für Gestaltung. The project is funded by the Stiftung Umwelt und Entwicklung Nordrhein-Westfalen and runs until summer 2021.

For further questions, please contact Christian Malarciuc.

Der Beitrag Call for Applications for weiter_wirken Capacity Building Programme is Open – Apply Now! erschien zuerst auf CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Women on the move: female perspectives enhance safety in public spaces

GIZ Germany - 30. Juni 2020 - 7:43
: Fri, 06 Mar 2020 HH:mm:ss
An initiative is providing new impetus in the transport sector to make travel better and safer for women in particular. In Bogotá, new ideas are already improving safety in public spaces.
Kategorien: english

War crashes higher education systems – countries like Somalia need a system-wide reboot

ODI - 30. Juni 2020 - 0:00
The system-wide damage to higher education caused by conflict can only be addressed through systems thinking and collective effort.
Kategorien: english

Water cooperation between States ‘key’ to  Blue Nile dam project

UN ECOSOC - 29. Juni 2020 - 22:57
The Blue Nile is “critical for the livelihoods and development” of Egyptians, Ethiopians and Sudanese, the top UN official for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs told the Security Council on Monday, urging those States to reach a construction agreement on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
Kategorien: english

Global Health and the Future We Want — A UN 75 Consultation

UN Dispatch - 29. Juni 2020 - 16:01
Part 3: A Consultation about Global Health

The United Nations turns 75 year this year. Rather than celebrate with a diamond jubilee, the United Nations is instead embarking on a listening tour. The UN is seeking feedback from as many people in as many communities as possible, all around three big questions:

What Kind of World do We Want to Create?

Are We on Track? What is Needed to Bridge the Gap?

Here in the United States, the United Nations Association is hosting “global consultations” around these questions. They are gathering groups to solicit input that will be relayed to leadership at the United Nations ahead of a major meeting in September to mark the UN’s anniversary.

Today’s episode is part three of a three part series that gives listeners an inside look into how the UN is commemorating its anniversary. In part one of this series, I moderated a global consultation that discussed those big questions, but using the lens of gender equality. In part two, we used discussed those questions in the context of climate and the environment. 

In today’s episode, I moderate a consultation about global health. This episode kicks off with my 15 minutes interview with Kate Dodson, Vice President for Global Health at the United Nations Foundation. We discuss the COVID-19 pandemic  — specifically how the World Health Organization and other United Nations entities are responding. We also discuss what reforms might make the WHO more effective at responding to future global health emergencies.

After that interview concludes, the consultation begins. For the podcast, I edited this down to include some of the questions and answers discussed.

 

Get the podcast to listen later Apple Podcasts  | Google PodcastsSpotify  |  Stitcher  | Radio Public

Take the UN75 survey

The post Global Health and the Future We Want — A UN 75 Consultation appeared first on UN Dispatch.

Kategorien: english

COVID-19 and the global contraction in foreign direct investment

OECD - 29. Juni 2020 - 14:54
By Adnan Seric, Research and Industrial Policy Officer at the Department of Policy Research and Statistics (PRS) at the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), and Jostein Hauge, Research Fellow at the Centre for Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy (Institute for Manufacturing) at the University of Cambridge This blog is part of a series on tackling … Continue reading COVID-19 and the global contraction in foreign direct investment
Kategorien: english

Regulating corporate power for a better tomorrow

Global Policy Forum - 29. Juni 2020 - 13:56

Civil society organizations from across the world publish a statement urging member states from the UN Human Rights Council to continue negotiations towards a UN Treaty on Transnational corporations and human rights.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

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