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Eight billion people, one humanity; Development milestone ‘testament’ to power of health and science

UN #SDG News - 11. November 2022 - 13:00

Next week, the world’s population is due to reach eight billion, which the UN chief is describing as “a testament to scientific breakthroughs and improvements in nutrition, public health and sanitation”.

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Local Solutions Against Climate Change

SNRD Africa - 11. November 2022 - 12:29

Masterclass on the Data Powered Positive Deviance method

The post Local Solutions Against Climate Change appeared first on SNRD Africa.

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Securing Women’s Land Rights

SNRD Africa - 11. November 2022 - 1:25

It's all about transforming power relations — the case Madagascar

The post Securing Women’s Land Rights appeared first on SNRD Africa.

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Development as Liberation

DEVELOPMENT - 11. November 2022 - 0:00
Abstract

At a point in history where the worlds social and ecological boundaries are at a true testing point, this article presents some thoughts and questions around the tensions between reformist and revolutionary actions and ends in presenting dreaming as a tool towards emancipation. Through these thoughts, collective action is a central cog towards meaningful progress.

How To Empower Women To Take up Climate Resilient Solutions

SNRD Africa - 10. November 2022 - 17:57

Using an educative gender game accessible via simple mobile phone in Zambia

The post How To Empower Women To Take up Climate Resilient Solutions appeared first on SNRD Africa.

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Our New Project KochCup Will Inspire Trainee Chefs to Create Healthy and Sustainable Meals

SCP-Centre - 10. November 2022 - 14:12

The far-reaching effects of our diets and food production on the climate and biodiversity through land, resource and water consumption are a call on all relevant actors to take action and make environmentally-friendly food available and accessible to everyone.

International football tournaments enjoy great social and media attention in Germany and across Europe, offering an opportunity to raise awareness on topics of societal interest beyond football. The 17th UEFA Football Championship (EURO 2024) hosted by Germany will be an event of great magnitude: one month, 24 teams, 10 cities, 70,000 fans in the final, and a multi-million audience in Europe and across the world.

To raise awareness on as well as mainstream environmentally-friendly food, the KochCup project will organise a competition with German trainee chefs that will run in parallel with the EURO 2024 tournament.

About 150 trainees of different cooking schools around Germany will be motivated and supported by the project to create their own environmentally-friendly recipes. They will compete against each-other in the preliminary rounds in 10 German host cities in order to qualify for the final event in Berlin, where the EURO 2024 final will also take place. In the preparation and implementation of the preliminary rounds, the project team will maintain close cooperation with the participating vocational schools.

All winners (from the regional preliminary rounds as well as the final in Berlin) will receive awards and their recipes will be highlighted on the project website, shared with the media, and on social media. The restaurants and catering businesses in which the winners work will also receive materials to support them increase the visibility of the new recipes.

The competition will be accompanied by an expert advisory board and a jury of food and environmental experts as well as cooks and athletes, who serve both as advisors and multipliers. The project will support the inclusion of winning recipes in restaurant menus and catering businesses.

Throughout the entire competition phase, the CSCP and its project partner, tippingpoints will make the content accessible to the broad public in various ways. The recipes will be judged by a professional jury, but an additional online voting by the audience will ensure that the wider public is also on board. Moreover, the project will engage with local and national media in sharing project updates in order to create widespread awareness on the topic.

The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Consecration, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection.

For further questions, please contact Alexander Mannweiler.

Photo by Gabriella Clare Marino on Unsplash.

The post Our New Project KochCup Will Inspire Trainee Chefs to Create Healthy and Sustainable Meals appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

CPDE at COP27: Global civil society demands world leaders to deliver climate justice towards Just Transition

CSO Partnership - 10. November 2022 - 10:16

CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE)’s delegation at the 27th session of the Conference of Parties (COP27) is calling on world leaders to upscale and deliver on climate finance commitments in order to meet the urgent need for sustainable and effective climate response.

While the impacts of climate change are already breaching the adaptation limits of nations and communities, and little to zero progress has been made in delivering on the commitments made towards mitigation and adaptation since the past Conferences, our global civil society platform, together with the larger CSO movements, demands climate justice by pushing forward the following demands:

Realign climate finance with the Effective Development Cooperation (EDC) principles by incorporating democratic ownership, focus on results, transparency and accountability, and the inclusion of CSOs in climate-related discussions and decision-making processes. The latter is a very pressing issue as last COP26 had more delegates with the fossil fuel industry than Indigenous Peoples and participants from countries worst affected by the climate crisis. Moreover, Egypt, which hosts the COP, is typically repressive of activism domestically, with a very high number of activists, including climate activists, incarcerated under the current administration.

Decolonise climate finance in line with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) by upscaling commitments from developed countries, towards climate mitigation, and specifically loss and damage. It is also urgent to properly fund climate-induced migrations, internal and external displacement, relocation, and resettlement, and to increase access to financing and technology transfer for countries in the Global South. This also requires donors to prioritise grants over loans, and desist from double-counting climate finance commitments as Official Development Assistance (ODA).

Align climate resilience and response policies with the imperative for a Just Transition. This means putting people over profit, adopting a transformative and sustainable model for consumption and production, and refraining from financing unsustainable projects and false solutions that adversely affect the people, the environment, and the world’s biodiversity.

To build more on these demands, CPDE is co-hosting an official side event on 12 November 2022 centered on the issue of putting people and real solutions at the heart of climate action, where CPDE delegates will speak on operationalising development effectiveness principles in climate finance discourse, processes and negotiations.

Please visit the CPDE page on COP27 to read our publications and latest updates on our engagements.#

 

 

The post CPDE at COP27: Global civil society demands world leaders to deliver climate justice towards Just Transition appeared first on CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Mark Suzman on Gate’s 'shift' on climate

Devex - 10. November 2022 - 10:03
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Faten Aggad on Africa's COP 27 demands

Devex - 10. November 2022 - 9:59
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Iraks Suche nach dem Gesellschaftsvertrag: Ein Ansatz zur Förderung gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhalts und staatlicher Resilienz

GDI Briefing - 10. November 2022 - 8:49

Zweck dieser Studie ist es, die Beziehungen zwischen Staat und Gesellschaft im Irak durch die konzeptionelle Linse des Gesellschaftsvertrages zu betrachten. Aus diesem Zugang können sich zudem potenzielle Betätigungsfelder für außenstehende Akteure ableiten lassen – wie zum Beispiel die deutsche Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ) und die Technische Zusammenarbeit (TZ). Sie können dazu beitragen, die Neuverhandlung dieses angespannten Beziehungsgeflechts zu unterstützen. Dieser Analyse liegt das Verständnis eines Gesellschaftsvertrages zugrunde, welches das Verhältnis zwischen Regierten und Regierung primär als Verhandlungsprozess betrachtet und sich beispielsweise entlang der sogenannten 3Ps (participation/Beteili-gung, provision/öffentliche Güter und protection/Schutz-Rechtsstaat) operationalisieren lässt. Insofern fließen in das Verständnis zeitgenössische Ansätze ein, aber auch die klassischen Überlegungen der französischen und angelsächsischen Denker, welche die individuelle Freiheitseinschränkung im Gegenzug zu staatlich gewährleisteter Rechtssicherheit betonen.
Die Studie teilt sich dazu in drei Abschnitte. In einem ersten Schritt werden die schwache Staatlichkeit und die Zerrüttung der Gesellschaft im heuristischen Kontext des Gesellschaftsvertrages erörtert. Des Weiteren wird die Rolle externer Akteure bei der Entwicklung des Irak nach 2003 beschrieben. Dabei werden das politische Proporzsystem und dessen gesellschaftspolitische Implikationen näher beleuchtet. Im dritten Teil werden als Synthese der ersten beiden Abschnitte Überlegungen angestellt, wie externe Akteure aus der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit einen Beitrag zur friedlichen Ausverhandlung des dysfunktionalen irakischen Gesellschaftsvertrages leisten können. Diese Überlegungen vollziehen sich vor dem systemischen Hintergrund eines Rentenstaates mit hybrider Regierungsführung und sie nehmen sowohl die äußerst brüchige Beziehung zwischen Regierung und Bevölkerung in den Blick als auch die bislang tendenziell gescheiterten externen Interventionen. So zeigen sich die Schwachpunkte des über weite Strecken dysfunktionalen irakischen Gesellschaftsvertrages, die gleichzeitig Ansatzpunkte liefern, ihn zu verbessern und neu zu verhandeln.

Kategorien: english

The Foreign Policy Implications of the US Midterm Elections

UN Dispatch - 10. November 2022 - 4:00

During the time of this recording, Wednesday, November 9th, the final results of the US mid term elections are uncertain, but trending towards an outcome in which the Democrats are likely to hold the Senate and Republicans gain control of the House of Representatives.

At stake in these elections of course is control of Congress, which has a unique role to play in shaping US foreign policy. Congress approves budgets and spending on foreign affairs and foreign aid, confirms nominees for Ambassadors and senior positions at State Department, Defense Department and elsewhere, and provides oversight over the executive branch, among many other roles.

In this episode, originally recorded as a live Twitter Spaces, we are joined by Matt Duss, a visiting scholar in the American Statecraft program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to discuss the foreign policy implications of the US mid term elections. From 2017 to 2022, Matt Duss served as the foreign policy advisor to Senator Bernie Sanders.

In our conversation we discuss the role Congress plays in shaping US foreign policy before having a longer conversation about the concrete foreign policy implications of the the 2022 US Mid terms.

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The post The Foreign Policy Implications of the US Midterm Elections appeared first on UN Dispatch.

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What to expect at COP27

Devex - 9. November 2022 - 20:04
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The impact of carbon taxation and revenue redistribution on poverty and inequality

GDI Briefing - 9. November 2022 - 14:00

The global policy debate on just transitions is concerned with how to achieve a socially just and acceptable transition toward a climate-neutral and climate-resilient global economy. At the core of this debate is the assumption that efforts to combat environmental threats will not succeed unless combined with measures to reduce poverty and inequality. Our research explores the potential of carbon fiscal reforms, combining a carbon tax of levels deemed appropriate to achieve climate targets and the transfer of the revenues raised to vulnerable households.
The current energy and cost-of-living crisis shows the importance of protecting the poorest and most vulnerable households from price increases. It also shows the difficulty of achieving short- and long-term policy priorities. Despite the current spikes in energy prices, carbon fiscal reforms can achieve both social and environmental goals through simultaneously decreasing emissions and reducing poverty and inequality. They should act as an effective enabler of just transitions.
Carbon fiscal reform can avoid some environmental impacts by incentivising reductions in emissions. Carbon pricing has been increasingly advocated and is now at the centre of policy debates, including the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) and the recent German presidency of the world’s leading industrial nations (G7). But carbon fiscal reforms can also be used to raise revenue from carbon pricing instruments to offset the negative effects of higher prices on poorer households as well as further reaching distributional targets and poverty alleviation. Climate targets are negotiated every year, including at COP, hence it is critical to re-evaluate and improve estimates of the distributional impacts of climate policies such as carbon pricing.
Public acceptability of climate policies is key to their implementation, but it depends to a large extent on the perceived fairness of such policies. Recycling revenues from carbon taxes directly back to vulnerable households is likely to gain the approval of a large number of people, especially in low-income countries where the high proportion of the population involved in the informal economy means that lowering income tax does not benefit the poorest and most vulnerable sections of society. But the targeting of these direct transfers needs careful consideration.
Here, we assess the impact on poverty and inequality of a global carbon tax and national redistribution of revenues to vulnerable households. We look at different options for such redistribution, including a lump sum payment, the use of current social assistance programmes, and an expansion of social assistance following COVID-19.
We find that a carbon tax of US$50/tCO2 without revenue redistribution could increase global extreme poverty, but the redistribution of revenue from such a carbon tax could substantially reduce poverty by between 16% and 27% (110 to 190 million people), and reduce inequality (the average Gini coefficient would decline by between 4% and 8%), depending on the scenario. This shows that the way in which revenue from a carbon tax is redistributed greatly affects its impact, underlining the importance of policy design and targeting mechanisms. The recycling of revenues should also take into account the specific political economy of a country and consider international transfers.
These findings provide policy makers with a strong basis for informing discussions, starting off with those at COP27, in which ambitious climate targets and just transition should both remain central goals in the context of the ongoing international energy crisis.

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Finance for climate action: Scaling up investment for climate and development

Brookings - 8. November 2022 - 21:15

By Vera Songwe, Nicholas Stern, Amar Bhattacharya, Eleonore Soubeyran, Rob Macquarie, Danae Kyriakopoulou, Josué Tanaka

      
Kategorien: english

Africa’s youths can help solve the global tech talent shortage

Brookings - 8. November 2022 - 17:56

By Cecilia Värendh Månsson

With increased acceptance of remote work during the COVID-19 pandemic and with African youths’ increased interest in working for international companies, Africa’s 450 million working-age individuals could help address the global tech talent crisis. Despite this, global companies have not yet taken full advantage of finding tech employees from Africa. It is crucial that the public and private sectors as well as NGOs, philanthropic organizations, and entrepreneurs in Africa work together to unlock the potential of connecting African talent with international companies, benefitting both the global economy and African youth.

Global tech talent shortage

The world is experiencing a tech talent crisis. In the U.S. alone, there were 920,000 unfilled information technology (IT) positions and fewer than 50,000 computer science graduates to fill over 500,000 roles in 2020. In the same year, 79 percent of CEOs globally had concerns about tech talent shortages, and 61 percent of HR professionals around the world believed that tech talent shortages would be their biggest challenge in 2022.

The situation is projected to get worse by 2030. The demand to hire tech talent is expected to increase by 22 percent between 2020 and 2030, substantially faster than for all other occupations. This shortage could have cascading consequences: By 2030, it is estimated that the U.S. will lose $162 billion worth of revenue annually unless it finds more tech talent and that tech talent shortage could result in $8.5 trillion in unrealized annual revenues globally.

While many organizations have pursued  mitigating strategies including upskilling, reskilling, and redefining requirements to fill tech vacancies, it’s not enough to address the demand. An increasing number of companies are hiring engineers far beyond cities in which they have offices and it is estimated that software development outsourcing will increase by 70 percent between 2022 and 2023. Parallel to this trend, companies such as Deel and Remote are assisting organizations to hire compliantly in almost every country around the world.

The potential of Africa’s youths

Africa has the fastest-growing population in the world, with an annual growth rate of 2.45 percent in 2021, and the continent is already home to 450 million working-age individuals. The pool of African professional developers rose from 690,000 to 716,000 between 2020 and 2021, the equivalent of 3.8 percent. Despite these trends, global companies have not yet taken full advantage of finding tech employees from Africa. With Africa’s working-age population projected to be 1.3 billion in 2050, and with countries such as Kenya making it mandatory to teach programming skills in primary and secondary school, it is difficult to justify neglecting Africa as a hub for supplying tech savvy people to the rest of the world. Recruiting African talent to work remotely could unlock billions of dollars’ worth of revenue for global organizations, and it could unlock the potential of, and create visibility for, millions of African youths.

Challenges

While many private actors and NGOs are attempting to connect companies with African talent, the number of Africans working remotely for U.S. and European organizations has not nearly approached the scale of current hiring from India or Eastern Europe. I outline three reasons below.

  1. In sub-Saharan Africa, educational opportunities are limited, especially those that provide employable tech training. Apart from South Africa, computer science graduates from most sub-Saharan African universities are not prepared with the basics needed to start a career in tech. Curriculums simply are not sufficient to train students in job-ready programming skills.
  2. Lack of reliable and affordable infrastructure such as Wi-Fi and electricity makes it difficult for African tech talent to perform on par with their peers in other parts of the world. Africans face the most expensive charges for internet globally, which hinders their competition with programmers elsewhere, including in India and South America where infrastructure is more affordable.
  3. African cities lack the adequate networks, communities, tech ecosystems, and support necessary to foster the hard and soft skills required to work at international firms. A 2018 study comparing ecosystems and entrepreneurial activities in India and Kenya shows that mentorship and dense tech ecosystems influence the success and growth of almost every part of human lives—including educational and professional achievements. Importantly, it finds that where tech ecosystems are lacking (e.g., Nairobi), it is harder for locals to compete with international tech peers.
Policy recommendations

Emerging global market trends—increasing tech talent shortages, remote work acceptance, and Africa’s booming population and increased number of professional software developers—call for African leaders to adopt new policies for their countries to unlock the potential of their own populations. The time is certainly now: In a time where the global economy is projected to be heading into a recession, when companies need to cut spending, hiring tech talent from Africa with smaller salaries offers lucrative opportunities, something that African leaders can and should take advantage of.

African policy leaders should consider:

  • Engaging in public-private partnerships to provide vocational tech training for youth, focusing specifically on girls and women.
  • Incentivizing philanthropic development organizations and NGOs to focus on tech training programs at all levels.
  • Incentivizing youth to pursue education within tech and STEM subjects.
  • Subsidizing talent with reliable/affordable Wi-Fi and electricity.
  • Communicating to global organizations the benefit of hiring remote employees from Africa.
  • Motivating and assisting private actors such as entrepreneurs, venture capital firms, and big tech to invest in training African youth in tech.

As Makhtar Diop noted in his contribution to the Brookings Institution’s annual flagship report Foresight Africa, the African continent finds itself in a “once-in-a-generation moment of possibility. We have the chance to create a better, greener, and more inclusive future for Africa. That vision is within reach. … Building infrastructure, lifting small businesses, nurturing people—these are the investments that pay off for generations to come.” What should be added is that those kinds of investments would not only build the foundation for Africa’s future, they would place Africa in a position to resolve the global shortage of tech talent, making Africa a helping hand to the global economy, rather than a receiving one.

The potential is certainly there. But it can only be realized if leaders, entrepreneurs, and public, private, and charity actors work together to take advantage of Africa’s growing, young population to provide human capital to the rest of the world, benefiting the continent itself as well as the global economy.

      
Kategorien: english

Connections that matter: how the quality of governance institutions may be the booster shot we need to reduce poverty and inequality

GDI Briefing - 8. November 2022 - 14:07

Current global crises are complex. Tackling issues separately or in sequence will be futile. Transformation can happen only when multiple issues are tackled at the same time. To help do so, a new study by UNDP’s Oslo Governance Centre (OGC) and the German Development Institute (DIE/GDI) investigates how aspects of SDG 16 that are considered critical features of governance institutions – transparency, accountability and inclusion – help or hinder progress on key dimensions of SDG 1 on poverty and SDG 10 on inequality. The study is the first attempt to consolidate evidence on this link and fills a gap in the existing literature on how different SDGs can reinforce each other.
Based on a scoping literature review of 400+ academic papers, the study finds empirical evidence from across the globe that investing in accountable, transparent and inclusive governance can boost the reduction of poverty and inequality. For example, in election years, social benefits are better targeted to those with low incomes; reducing corruption is positively correlated with access to education and improved literacy rates; and civil society engagement enables the provision of health care access. It offers initial policy insights on why, how and with whom national actors can use the employed methodology to identify, prioritize and sequence governance policies with ‘booster effects’ in their own country.

Kategorien: english

Decarbonising cities: assessing governance approaches for transformative change

GDI Briefing - 8. November 2022 - 13:08

While cities are important emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG), they are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change; at the same time they constitute innovation hubs for climate action. For cities to fulfil their potential for global climate action, a thorough understanding of the governance of transformative change towards the decarbonisation of cities is necessary.
This study asks: Which governance approaches facilitate successful transformative change towards zero carbon in cities? It specifically addresses the three key aspects stakeholder involvement, financing, and impact assessment, and looks at how they contribute to transformative change – particularly to the dimensions CO2 reduction, the dynamics of transformation, and acceptance by citizens.
The empirical analysis is based on a mixed methods approach. An international survey involving city government officials of cities that are proactive in the fight against climate change was conducted in order to obtain an overview of socio-ecological transformation paths. In addition to this macro-level approach, in-depth case studies of three cities that are widely regarded as proactive on climate action in their respective world regions – Bonn, Quito and Cape Town – provide complementary insights.
The survey data show a generally positive tendency in the way local governments approach GHG emission reduction activities. Most of the participating cities engage in the mainstreaming of policies to address climate change in local decision-making and have established climate action plans and emission reduction targets; however, on actual climate action and the reduction of emissions, the picture is more mixed.
While stakeholder involvement is generally considered a key success factor in the survey responses and in the three case-study cities, stakeholders were seldom involved in a truly inclusive and cooperative way. While Bonn has gradually expanded citizen engagement, in Quito relations between the local government and stakeholder groups have often been short-term and project-bound, while a close connection between city government and academic institutions has been established in Cape Town.
In terms of finance, cities mostly rely on traditional financing sources such as intergovernmental transfers, local taxes and fees, as well as international grants to cities of the Global South. Additional funding through the generation of local revenues or market-based finance mechanisms is less widespread. Both Quito and Cape Town depend heavily on external funding from international organisations and donors, along with central government transfers, which are less relevant in Bonn. While building the metro is absorbing finances for additional climate action in Quito, perverse incentives exist in South Africa where cities receive revenues from re-selling fossil fuel-based energy to consumers. Bonn has recently started to experiment with a sustainability budget to align budgeting with sustainability and climate goals.
As far as impact assessment is concerned, most cities in the survey including the three case-study cities collect relevant data. However, systematic impact assessment or the incorporation of lessons learned from monitoring and evaluation into policy occur less frequently.
Despite its limitations, this study contributes to the theoretical and empirical discussions in the field of transformative urban governance by suggesting a conceptual framework for dimensions of success for transformative change, by combining survey and case study-based data, and by looking at finances and impact assessment which are two important governance dimensions that are not frequently investigated.

Kategorien: english

BOOM Receives the National UNESCO Award “Education for Sustainable Development”!

SCP-Centre - 8. November 2022 - 12:15

Launched in 2019, our BOOM holiday camps offered participants a unique opportunity to explore the jobs of the future and get insights into societal challenges, consumption trends, and ways to more sustainable lifestyles. Through the BOOM camps, teenagers and young adults had the chance to discover their strengths and be empowered to face the future with curiosity and enthusiasm. In October 2022, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the German UNESCO Commission recognised BOOM’s contribution by awarding the project with the National Award – Education for Sustainable Development 2022/2023.

Dr. Andrea Ruyter-Petznek, Head of the Education in Regions Unit, Education for Sustainable Development at the the Federal Ministry of Education and Dr. Roman Luckscheiter, Secretary General of the German UNESCO Commission awarded 22 actors for their outstanding commitment.

The 22 award-winning initiatives reach people with innovative educational offers, content and ideas, and empower learners to actively and responsibly participate in shaping a sustainable future.

BOOM was awarded on grounds of its exemplary commitment to sustainable development through education and a special dedication to the United Nations Global Sustainable Development Goals.

The BOOM project has hosted 10 camps in the period 2019-2022 on diverse topics such as ‘daily consumption’, ‘energy and mobility’, ‘building and living’, and ‘food’. In spite of the Covid-19 pandemic and at times under strict health and safety measures, the BOOM camps hosted a total of 221 participants.

The CSCP was responsible for content development such as workshop formats and camp design as well as planning the handicraft projects for all 10 camps. The award is a recognition and motivation for pedagogical teams, craftspeople, and the project partners to carry on the BOOM legacy beyond the project cycle and chart new pathways to support teenagers and adults shape a sustainable future with their careers.

For further questions, please contact Carina Diedrich.

The post BOOM Receives the National UNESCO Award “Education for Sustainable Development”! appeared first on CSCP gGmbH.

Kategorien: english, Ticker

Have the tables turned? What to expect from Kenya’s new “Hustler” President William Ruto

GDI Briefing - 8. November 2022 - 10:06

Kenya had awaited the presidential elections held on August 9, 2022 with bated breath. The elections were won by William Ruto, who defeated opponent Raila Odinga by just a few percentage points. Ruto succeeds Uhuru Kenyatta, who leaves office having served his two permitted terms. This Spotlight analyzes the reasons for Ruto’s success, and, reflecting on his political career, discusses what can be expected from his presidency. We argue that both his success and his career have been strongly influenced by Kenya’s political history and the power structures of political alliances—especially in the context of previous elections.

Kategorien: english

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