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Uniting civil society voices from around the world on the issues of development effectiveness
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Civil society platform to push development actors to deliver effectiveness promises

5. Dezember 2022 - 21:43

The CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) will ring the alarm for decision-makers to transform their “business-as-usual” approach and deliver on their effectiveness commitments towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in the 2022 Effective Development Cooperation (EDC) Summit taking place on December 12th to 14th in Geneva.

Taking place at the midpoint of Agenda 2030, the EDC Summit aims to build trust between the various stakeholders to uphold the effectiveness principles – democratic ownership, inclusive partnerships, focus on results, and transparency and accountability – in the current context of the pandemic, a deepening climate emergency, and many economic shocks.

Specific demands from CPDE directed to the Summit participants include:    The CPDE Key Asks are available here.

The Summit will bring together ministers, decision-makers on development co-operation policies and programs, civil society leaders, corporate leaders, and other key actors from trade unions, foundations, multilateral development banks, local and regional governments, parliamentarians, and academia.

Government representatives include those from Bangladesh, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Indonesia, Switzerland, and UK.

This will be the third High Level Meeting (HLM3) organised by theplatform Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC), the primary multi-stakeholder vehicle for driving development effectiveness.

For its part as the CSO representative to the GPEDC, CPDE is bringing 60 delegates from around the world to advocate the sector’s demands. The full delegation list is available here.

CPDE is an open platform unites civil society organisations (CSOs) from around the world on the issue of effective development cooperation. They collaborate with civil society organisations and networks in more than a hundred countries, and their members come from six regions and eight sectors: faith-based, feminist, indigenous peoples, international CSOs, labour, migrants, rural, and youth.#

 

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Shining light or risky business? A review of UN guidance on INFFs

28. November 2022 - 9:24

Countries in the Global South face a dire economic situation already on the sharp end of the climate emergency, they now face compounding shocks from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and spill-overs from geopolitical instability, including the war in Ukraine. It is estimated that the cumulative effect of these crises could push an additional 263 million people into extreme poverty this year.

Against this dark backdrop, Integrated National Financing Framework (INFF) – an approach by which countries can put together strategies for financing their national ‘sustainable development’ priorities – have been said to offer a “shining light.”

Titled Shining light or risky business? A critical review of the UN’s guidance on Integrated National Financing Frameworks, this paper casts doubt as to whether, in their current form, INFFs can really live up to this claim or whether their “light” may be leading countries in risky directions whilst distracting from the fundamental structural solutions that are really needed to achieve economic justice in the Global South. It highlights three main areas of concern regarding how these Frameworks are promoted and implemented:

  • INFFs may distract attention in global policy processes away from wider economic justice imperatives
  • they erode local peoples’ ownership of the financing strategies that affect their lives
  • they may be encouraging countries to favour risky reforms.

There is no doubt that in such dark economic times, “shining lights” are sorely needed. But the analysis in this paper suggests that INFFs, as they are currently promoted and implemented, are at best a false dawn – and at worst risk intensifying the darkness. The further promotion of the INFFs is problematic until the key concerns paper are resolved. This would mean:

  • changing the discourse on the role of INFFs in Financing for Development
  • a central role for representative civil society organisations and peoples’ movements
  • enabling free choices on whether and how to implement INFFs
  • rebalancing INFF policy options away from risky reforms.

This CPDE paper, situated within the current global challenges, follows the paper published in July 2021,“Ambition and concerns: An overview of the INFF. It is based on a detailed desk review of the INFF guidance documents published by the United Nations (UN) Department for Economic and Social Affairs, together with other documents from the UN Financing for Development process and from international stakeholders playing a prominent role in the INFF process. The key findings were discussed in an official side event to the UN High Level Political Forum in July 2022.

Watch the event on INFF here.

CPDE is grateful for Polly Meeks’ leadership on this report and would like to thank the CSO colleagues and expert practitioners that provided suggestions and comments. This CPDE project was coordinated by Luca De Fraia for the ICSO Sector.#

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SAVE THE DATE: Launch of CPDE Private Sector Watch

23. November 2022 - 5:34
Bridging the Gap: Ensuring private sector accountability in development cooperation

The CPDE PSE Task Force will be holding “Bridging the Gap: Ensuring private sector accountability in development cooperation” on 1 December 2022, 12 PM CET/ 7 PM Manila, in order to launch the Private Sector Watch Global Synthesis Report and Online Hub.

Register here!

In recent years, the private sector has emerged as a key development actor, as it is given a role in defining, pursuing and financing development. With this, there is a need to ensure that private sector entities promote responsible business behavior in development cooperation, promoting accountability, adhering to the development effectiveness principles and upholding the human rights-based approach. In this context, CPDE’s initiative on private sector engagement (PSE) is two-fold – monitoring existing PSE projects through the Private Sector Watch, and conducting outreach to social enterprises as potential partners in development cooperation through the Action Research on Key Actors in the Social Enterprises Sector.

The CPDE Private Sector Watch (PS Watch) aims to monitor private sector engagement in development cooperation through case studies from the network’s constituencies. Under the PS Watch, constituencies looked into specific country initiatives where private sector entities are partnering with governments for development, its impact on specific sectors of society, and their compliance with the Kampala Principles. These case studies are compiled into a Global Synthesis Report and an online hub.

The PS Watch Global Synthesis Report highlights common themes, trends and forwards policy recommendations for more effective private sector engagement. The PS Watch Online Hub is an online repository of development projects conducted with private sector entities, spanning across various countries, sectors, modalities and partnerships. The online hub will feature case studies from the PS Watch research, as well as the Action Research on Key Actors in the Social Enterprises Sector, in order to facilitate the continued monitoring of the private sector’s role in development cooperation and to highlight the impact of social enterprises in contributing to the development of their partner communities.

The launch aims to:

  • Discuss key findings and forward policy recommendations on PSE in time for the Effective Development Co-operation Summit
  • Facilitate dialogue and peer-learning among development actors on how to effectively implement private sector initiatives
  • Promote the watchdog function of CSOs and highlight the potential of social enterprises as potential partners for development cooperation

The event will be available in English, Spanish, and French. Register here!

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CPDE-LAC holds training on Network and Project Management

20. November 2022 - 0:06

CPDE-LAC held its regional training on network and project management last Thursday and Friday, 10 and 11 November. Both sessions were conducted over Zoom and were attended by more than 28 CSO representatives.

The content used in the training was based on the Cap Dev training and facilitator guides, which can be found here: https://csopartnership.org/capacity-development-for-csos

Participants came from the following countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region: Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina.

The first day dealt with the topic of Network Management. The following topics were addressed:

 

Introduction and discussion on CPDE LAC.
  1. Regional context, forms of programming, planning and coordination, involvement in global processes
  2. Challenges identified by the LAC Regional Assembly in network development and engagement.
  3. Plenary/questions and answers

     

CPDE as an advocacy network for the effectiveness agenda
  • Global Context: CPDE and the effectiveness agenda
  • Getting to know CPDE/ Advocacy Network Areas and Working Groups
  • CPDE Global Challenges
  • Q&A

     

     

Plenary – Discussion session 2 key questions
  1. How can we use CPDE as an advocacy tool from regional to global level?
  2. What could we commit to – place ourselves in something CPDE does e.g. Private Sector Engagement (PSE), Climate Finance (CF), Development Effectiveness (DE), Enabling Environment (EE), Triple Nexus Humanitarian, Development and Peace (HDP).

The second day was on Project Management where the sessions were divided as follows:

Session 1 – CPDE Project Cycle Management
  1. Identifying the challenges of development partners in project management
  2. Presentation of CPDE project cycle management
Plenary 1. What are the challenges of project implementation in your CSO?
2. How do you solve or plan to solve these challenges? Session 2 – Programming and monitoring EDC results
  1. Scope of partners’ current EDC programmes
  2. Presentation of CPDE programme areas and monitoring of outcomes
Plenary Workshop on development partners: (i) challenges in monitoring results
(ii) problem-solving measures to respond to challenges

You can access the slides used in the training here.

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CPDE policy brief calls for effectiveness in climate finance

14. November 2022 - 18:26

Through a policy brief, global civil society platform CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness called on development stakeholders to uphold effectiveness principles in the global climate finance architecture.

The four effectiveness principles, also known as the Busan Principles, are the following:

Country ownership. Countries set their own national development priorities, and development partners align their support accordingly while using country systems.
Focus on results. Development cooperation seeks to achieve measurable results by using country-led results frameworks and monitoring and evaluation systems.
Inclusive partnerships. Development partnerships are inclusive, recognising the different and complementary roles of all actors.
Transparency and mutual accountability. Countries and their development partners are accountable to each other and to their respective constituents. They are jointly responsible for ensuring that development cooperation information is publicly available.

“As the international community seeks to scale up the delivery of climate finance, there is growing interest on how effectiveness principles could be applied to ensure relevance and greater accountability of international climate finance effectively. This paper highlights some of the key issues of interest to the international community in this respect, drawing on insights from the literature on climate finance, and the development community’s experience and lessons in advocating for aid effectiveness.”

On this basis, the brief outlines an initial approach to examine the key components of effective global climate finance architecture, with reference to the administration and governance and the disbursement and implementation of climate change funding.

The document guided the platform’s engagements at the COP27 in Egypt. Download the full paper via this link.#

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No time to spare in addressing challenges in making climate finance effective

13. November 2022 - 9:12

The past months have reminded us yet again that we are, indeed, in a race against time. With the latest IPCC report revealing how the world is heading in every wrong direction possible in its decades-long fight against climate change, it may seem that all hope is lost and we are only left waiting for the inevitable end. Yet the best available science says the opposite. There is still hope, and we will not be condemned to a destruction-filled future, if we act fast.

That leaves world governments and corporations majorly responsible for the ongoing climate breakdown to take drastic, larger-than-life actions for the next three years. Actions that veer away from the ‘business as usual’ route. But carving a development path towards a just, climate-resilient future proves to be highly contentious and an equally political one, at that.

Current plans and voluntary pledges fail to make a significant impact on limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. And despite their large-scale commitments at Glasgow last year, developed nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom are leading the push for new fossil fuel infrastructure rise in arms spending thwarts aid crucial to achieving not only climate action and resilience but also the sustainable development goals (SDGs).

With a lack of a concrete, unified plan, as well as governments quickly watering down their responsibilities in jointly mobilising the long overdue USD 100 billion goal , we are nowhere near making finance flows consistent with much needed climate-resilient development.[1] This attests to the glaring truth that inasmuch as climate finance has always been integral to negotiations, it has done far from enough for developing nations — with calls from grassroots and vulnerable communities visibly falling on deaf ears .

As climate financing is rife with issues at the country level — more importantly in aligning national development strategies — achieving a just transition amid a crucial tipping point in history requires tackling with depth and urgency the challenges in governing, delivering, and monitoring effective climate finance.

No ODA as climate finance

Last year’s COP26 called on Parties to scale up their contributions in line with the increasing impacts of the climate crisis on developing countries. With ongoing talks expected to dominate COP27 this November, little discussion is raised at the policy level as to whether new and additional climate finance — those sourced outside existing official development assistance (ODA) flows and on top of the 0.7 per cent of donor countries’ gross national income (GNI) — is being met with significant results.

Despite a strong legal binding that puts emphasis on burden-sharing, more o the responsibility of developed nations to meet the incurred costs of their historic emissions, the crux would be on the terms “new” and “additional,” as they have never been properly defined nor their parameters set straight. The 2015 Paris Agreement further confused this notion of being on top of current development aid  by defining it [new and additional] as “a progression beyond previous efforts.”[2]

In a muddled state of affairs, bilateral country donors are given the leeway to define what is “new and additional” in their respective contributions. Almost all developed countries have included and reported climate finance in their ODA, consequently establishing their own benchmarks.[3] This lack of clarity results in the conflating and further cannibalising of ODA, stunting the growth and progress of climate finance while simultaneously compromising needed financing for development .

More loans are then consequently disseminated in the guise of climate aid to developing nations, as opposed to direct, accessible grants. Bilateral donors are no stranger to this practice. Headliner countries like Japan and France have provided a meagre 14 per cent and 10 per cent of their respective climate finance as grants in 2016-2018, despite contributing more than their fair share. The same has been observed in multilateral financing, with non-concessional loans making up the largest share of multilateral development banks’ (MDBs) climate aid in 2019 — amounting to 79 per cent or USD 30.9 billion.

Financing for adaptation continues to lag behind

As major parts of Africa contend with an unprecedented drought that poses to leave over 20 million people in extreme hunger and starvation, and amid other highly damaging catastrophes, calls for the urgent ramping up of adaptation finance have been growing. But patterns of current allocations do not bode well.

In 2019 alone, USD 20 billion went to adaptation projects — a far cry from the USD 50.8 billion provided to mitigation. With annual adaptation costs expected to reach USD 140-300 billion in 2030 amid such a worrying level of financial support, actions made so far towards striking a balance between adaptation and mitigation ultimately fail to echo the language of the Paris Agreement. This is aggravated by a lack of understanding and unified mechanism on how adaptation efforts are to be interpreted in practice and reported subsequently.

Disclosing inflated margins in projects then becomes an open secret in development aid and practice, further overstating the amount donors spend on climate adaptation. Strikingly clear in World Bank’s endeavours, a report by CARE revealed that 86 per cent of the budget for the Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project in Nepal was listed as adaptation finance regardless of the initiative being unrelated to climate change. Hand in hand with such over-reporting are the series of non-concessional loans and other non-grant instruments that only seek to cripple the already limited capacities of least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS).

With development actors opting to resort to schemes that further displace debt-ridden nations[4] in a crisis that is the least of their doing, continued calls for enhanced global adaptation financing and private sector leveraging will only be — yet again — met in vain should this injustice remain unaddressed.

Ambiguous mechanisms for transparency make way for disparate results

Southern developing countries’ trust in the current processes is vastly eroded by discrepancies in climate finance reporting. Coupled with this is a certain flexibility brought about by the continued lack of a common monitoring and evaluation system. An internationally agreed definition of climate finance is also yet to be settled, allowing space for a wide range of interpretations. In spite of this, assessments made by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) still mainly depend on what governments state in their national reports.

The Rio markers[5] set by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a prime example of how such accounting mechanisms impose risks in presenting exaggerated numbers that fail to accurately exhibit what has been provided and mobilised to the global South. Particularly, Japan’s OECD-based financial reporting method for projects that carry environmental themes has been found to be riddled with inconsistencies. Regardless of the extent to which each project truly addresses climate mitigation or adaptation as either a main or minor objective, no distinction is made as 100 per cent of the budget is reported as climate finance, mainly resulting in inflated figures.

This practice by Japan alone already contributes to the annual total for adaptation finance being 10 per cent lower than what developed-country donors disclosed to the OECD. Moreover, the UNFCCC has not signalled a compulsory reporting of net finance accounting for loan repayments, despite non-grant instruments’ dominant influence in the climate finance arena. As a reporting standard has yet to be unanimously agreed upon, results from calculation methods like these inevitably find their way into official reports — a complete antithesis of what effective climate finance should be:  transparent, accountable, and scaled up.

With the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) gearing towards monitoring developed nations’ progress in fulfilling the USD 20 billion deficiency in their joint climate pledge ahead of the November summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, we ought to see another huge disconnect between what has been achieved in numbers and how it translates into action and actual implementation.

No time to spare

All these challenges make one thing clear: the path towards a just transition cannot be achieved without channelling effective climate finance.

These ambiguities and loopholes in the whole climate finance cycle serve as another stern reminder that world leaders and key development actors have done the bare minimum. If widespread injustices are not addressed and urgently called upon, we risk navigating a mechanism plagued by further irregularities that only serve the rich and the most powerful. Pledges and commitments that equate to nothing but a string of empty promises. If left as is, grassroots communities would, for the nth time, get the shorter end of the stick in a battle they are already losing.

It is only through integrating a financing infrastructure that takes into account the importance of development cooperation, human rights, and inclusive decision-making that we can ensure that climate aid and reparations become key drivers to peoples’ empowerment. One that is predictable, adequate, and additional. One that seeks to create an enabling, participatory environment for all sectors of society. One that is effective through and through.

Until climate action sets out to be truly inclusive and reflective of the global South’s crucial role in the climate change discourse, our steadfast call towards upholding effective climate finance through the development effectiveness principles shall persist. We will continue sounding the horn.

Indeed, there’s no time to spare.#

[1] Article 2.1c of the Paris Agreement puts emphasis on the need to make “finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.”

[2] As per Article 9.3 of the Paris Agreement

[3] The OECD DAC’s criteria allows bilateral country providers to report climate finance as part of ODA if these are proven concessional, with a focus on people’s welfare and development..

[4] Despite a debt moratorium imposed amid the Covid crisis, at least 62 developing countries spent more on debt service than on healthcare in 2020 — according to Eurodad.

[5] The Rio markers for climate are commonly used by OECD DAC member countries as indicators for each spearheaded development activity and whether it targets climate objectives. Three scores are utilised: Marker 0 for projects carrying no climate objectives; Marker 1 for projects instilling one climate objective among several other ones; Marker 2 for projects with the climate as a principal objective. Countries employ different practices for Marker 1, whereas the full budget is reported for Marker 2. The finance share allocated is then reported to the UNFCCC.

Featured photo by Mika Baumeister on Unsplash

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CPDE at COP27: Global civil society demands world leaders to deliver climate justice towards Just Transition

10. November 2022 - 10:16

CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE)’s delegation at the 27th session of the Conference of Parties (COP27) is calling on world leaders to upscale and deliver on climate finance commitments in order to meet the urgent need for sustainable and effective climate response.

While the impacts of climate change are already breaching the adaptation limits of nations and communities, and little to zero progress has been made in delivering on the commitments made towards mitigation and adaptation since the past Conferences, our global civil society platform, together with the larger CSO movements, demands climate justice by pushing forward the following demands:

Realign climate finance with the Effective Development Cooperation (EDC) principles by incorporating democratic ownership, focus on results, transparency and accountability, and the inclusion of CSOs in climate-related discussions and decision-making processes. The latter is a very pressing issue as last COP26 had more delegates with the fossil fuel industry than Indigenous Peoples and participants from countries worst affected by the climate crisis. Moreover, Egypt, which hosts the COP, is typically repressive of activism domestically, with a very high number of activists, including climate activists, incarcerated under the current administration.

Decolonise climate finance in line with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) by upscaling commitments from developed countries, towards climate mitigation, and specifically loss and damage. It is also urgent to properly fund climate-induced migrations, internal and external displacement, relocation, and resettlement, and to increase access to financing and technology transfer for countries in the Global South. This also requires donors to prioritise grants over loans, and desist from double-counting climate finance commitments as Official Development Assistance (ODA).

Align climate resilience and response policies with the imperative for a Just Transition. This means putting people over profit, adopting a transformative and sustainable model for consumption and production, and refraining from financing unsustainable projects and false solutions that adversely affect the people, the environment, and the world’s biodiversity.

To build more on these demands, CPDE is co-hosting an official side event on 12 November 2022 centered on the issue of putting people and real solutions at the heart of climate action, where CPDE delegates will speak on operationalising development effectiveness principles in climate finance discourse, processes and negotiations.

Please visit the CPDE page on COP27 to read our publications and latest updates on our engagements.#

 

 

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SAVE THE DATE: BCSDN’s launch of research on civil society and private sector cooperation

7. November 2022 - 12:36

The Balkan Civil Society Development Network (BCSDN) is launching its research on the CSO–Private Sector engagement research, supported by the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness.

At the event, BCSDN’s partners – Albanian Center for Economic ResearchEuropean Policy Institute – Skopje (North Macedonia), and TRAG Foundation (Serbia) – will present their research findings, methodologies, and recommendations on enhancing CSO-Private Sector cooperation towards promoting civic space.

The detailed agenda for the event is available on here, along with a brief background. For any inquiries, get in touch with the BCSDN team at sml@balkancsd.net.

Sign up for the event via this link.

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CPDE to call for scaled up climate finance commitments at COP27

7. November 2022 - 6:54

At the COP27 in Egypt, global civil society platform CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) is set to call on global leaders to “upscale and deliver on climate finance commitments to meet the urgent need for sustainable and effective climate response.”

COP27 refers to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Conference of Parties (COP27), the 27th session of the Conference of Parties taking place from 5 to 18 November 2022 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. It will be attended by global leaders, civil society organisations, youth and women movements, academia, experts, researchers, media and private sectors.

Key discussions will focus on climate finance delivery strategy, climate resilient initiatives, operationalisation of the Loss and Damage, and the failure of the most vulnerable countries to receive adequate financing for the climate programs.

The CPDE delegation at COP27 is composed of Policy and Advocacy Coordinator Josefina Villegas and Capacity Development Coordinator Glenis Balangue from the CPDE Global Secretariat, and CPDE Climate Task Force members Ivan Enrile of Ibon International, Carola Mejia of Latindadd, Maggie Mwape of Center for Environmental Justice from Zimbabwe and CPDE’s Youth Constituency, Paul Belisario of the Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL), and Pefi King of the Pacific and Migrant constituencies. Advocacy efforts will also be coordinated with participating members from other constituencies (FBO, Labour, Feminist Group).

CPDE is co-hosting an official side event on 12 November centered around the issue of putting people and real solutions at the heart of climate action, and Carola Mejia will speak on operationalising development effectiveness principles in climate finance discourse, processes and negotiations.

CPDE will also be engaging the larger CSO movement coordinated around COP27 advocacy, on issues such as human rights, climate justice and civic space.

Stay updated about our COP27 engagement via this page.#

 

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CPDE Communications Workshop 2022 to focus on media relations and production

2. November 2022 - 11:33

To aid its members in amplifying their work around effective development cooperation (EDC) to the press, global civil society platform CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) is holding a communications workshop on media relations and production this November 8, 11, and 16, 2022, 4 to 6PM Philippines, 9 to 11AM France.

More specifically, CPDE aims to help members

  • build a robust relationship with journalists
  • make EDC content more attractive to the media
  • address challenges in media work, such as censorship, and media corporatization
  • reach a bigger audience through traditional and new media

Day 1 will focus on attracting media coverage, getting advocacies into publication, building relationships with media, and broadening the audience, and Days 2 and 3 will be about podcast-making. Resource speakers include seasoned journalists from Asia, as well as digital storytelling experts from Comundos.

The activity will be available in English and French. To register, visit this link.

CPDE would be more than happy to welcome all cause-oriented organisations, with the caveat that resource persons will be prioritising objectives related to media work around effective development cooperation.

Please keep visiting this link for more announcements. #

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CPDE Feminist Group shares demands on gender equality, women empowerment indicator

19. Oktober 2022 - 14:53

The CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) Feminist Group shares its findings and demands on the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC) Indicator 8, through a Position Paper.

Through CPDE, the CPDE Feminist Group participates in the GPEDC Monitoring Framework, where Indicator 8, same as SDG 5.c.1, refers to whether “Countries have transparent systems to track public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment.”

The inclusion of an indicator on women and gender equality was as a result of intensive international women’s movement struggle over the years to widen development partners’ commitments and accountability on women’s rights and gender equality. The indicator encourages governments to put in place a system to track and make public resource allocations which can then inform policy review, better policy formulation and more effective public financial management.

The CPDE Feminist Group invites women civil society organisations’ (CSOs) participation in monitoring SDG 5.c.1 at the country level to be able to advocate for financing for gender equality and empowerment of women and girls.

In this position paper, CPDE Feminist Group calls for stronger advocacy at the national level for monitoring, addressing challenges and reforming country systems to make commitments to women fully transparent and accountable. By tracking and making public gender equality allocations, governments promote greater transparency, and could result in better accountability.#

 

 

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PHOTO GALLERY: CPDE-LAC holds Regional Meeting and Assembly in Mexico

16. Oktober 2022 - 13:15

The Latin American and Caribbean constituency of the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE-LAC) held a meeting between its member organisations in Mexico City on 13, 14 and 15 October 2022.

After more than two years of not having face-to-face meetings due to the pandemic, the meeting brought together more than 15 organisations from 12 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean that have been engaged in the platform and are developing activities linked or related to its strategies, campaigns and advocacies, especially in the framework of its 2020-2023 Strategic Plan.

In addition to consolidating support and coordinating activities on the main CPDE themes (Effective Development Cooperation and as well as other related agendas: Agenda 2030, Climate Finance, Enabling Environment, Istanbul Principles, and Post-Covid Recovery among others), this meeting was used to analyse, discuss and mobilise action related to the Effective Development Summit (High Level Meeting – HLM3) to be held in Switzerland in December 2022.

In terms of on-the-ground support, it has been of interest to promote case studies, research, forums and capacity building for political action (mobilisation and advocacy) that collectively or individually to expand or improve our actions aimed at regional or country institutions.

The face-to-face meeting was divided into two forums: a space for analysis, reflection and proposals for action to implement the 2022-2023 plan; and CPDE-LAC’s Regional Assembly to review, validate and formalise its various internal governance structures.

The following coordinators, members and focal points were present:

  • CPDE-LAC Coordination
    • Georgina Muñoz, Nicaragua (RENICC/LATINDADD)
    • Henry Morales, Guatemala (Tzuk Kim-pop)
      Malena Famá, Argentina (Red Encuentro)
  • CPDE Steering Committee (SC)
    • Marita González, Argentina (Plataforma PAMPA 2030 and SC Co-chair)
  • CPDE-LAC sub-regional coordination
    • Laura Becerra, Mexico (DECA Equipo Pueblo) – Mexico and Central America representative
  • CPDE Global Secretariat
    • Josefina Villegas, Policy and Membership Coordinator
  • Sectoral and regional members/focal points
    • Angie Pino, Colombia (Actoría Social Juvenil, Youth Sector)
    • Ricardo Jiménez, Peru (Forum Solidaridad – Rural Sector – Food Sovereignty)
    • Rodrigo Machado, Brazil (PCFS – Rural Sector – Food Sovereignty)
    • Tania Sánchez, Bolivia (Coordinadora de la Mujer – Feminist Sector)
    • José Ramón Ávila, Honduras (ASONOG)
    • Heriberto Martín, Guatemala (Congcoop)
    • Rubén Quintanilla, El Salvador (Funsalprodese)
    • Mónica Centrón, Paraguay (Pojoaju)
    • Cristina Prego, Uruguay (Anong)
    • Jared Ortíz, Dominican Republic (Partnership NGO)
    • Pedro Paulo Bocca, Brazil (ABONG)
    • César Artiga, El Salvador (Asociación Generaciones de Paz, Sector Agenda Climática)
    • Georfra Moreno, Nicaragua (RENICC)

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Call for Proposals: CPDE Unmet Gala production and coordination

29. September 2022 - 14:45

CPDE is looking for consultants who can work on the production and coordination of the 2022 CPDE Unmet Gala, in time for the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC) High-Level Meeting 3 (HLM3) in Geneva, Switzerland this December.

CPDE Unmet Gala: A People’s Parade for Equality and Justice

Concept: A gathering of CSO leaders and partners to draw support for the civil society’s demands around effective development cooperation, donning attires representing causes/themes CPDE engages in and its messages for the Summit.

Please refer to the concept note or get in touch with CPDE Communications Manager Meg Yarcia at myarcia at csopartnership dot org for further information.#

 

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Training Needs Assessment for CPDE’s 2022 Communications Workshops

27. September 2022 - 10:34

The CPDE Communications Team is organising a series of workshops to support the global coordination of the platform’s activities and campaigns that is reflected through its communications work. The plan is to hold the workshops at the end of October and they will be open to all CPDE members and CSOs interested in issues related to Effective Development Cooperation (EDC).

In an effort to build the platform’s capacities and collectively address areas for improvement, we invite you to respond to a quick survey so that we can gain insight on your experiences, challenges and best practices in the following domains:

  1. Media Relations
  2. Hosting online events
  3. Digital content creation

The survey is available in English, Spanish and French.

With these workshops, CPDE aims to provide a space that 1) fosters stronger collaboration between CPDE members and units to improve media relations, event hosting and content creation; and 2) develops our capacities as a platform to tell more engaging stories to the media, produce more engaging content and organise online events more efficiently.

Last year, the Communications Team held two days of workshops on the CPDE brand, improving social media relations, search engine optimisation (SEO), building a communications strategy, CPDE’s advocacy work and designing communications materials.

We hope to continue this tradition of holding yearly workshops to attend to our network’s needs!

Follow this space for updates on the dates and agenda of the workshops.

 

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CPDE co-hosts session on civic freedoms and civil society participation at the Global Peoples’ Assembly 2022

22. September 2022 - 10:14

CPDE, CIVICUS, and Christian Aid co-hosted a session on civic freedoms and civil society participation last September 21, 2002 at the Global Peoples’ Assembly.

The Global People’s Assembly is a self-organised space during the United Nations General Assembly high-level week. It aims to bring the voices of the people to the forefront, at a time when decision-makers engage in high-level debate without people’s involvement.

The one hour- session aimed at showcasing the most recent trends as relates to civic space, enabling environment, and Covid-19 impacts, and to discuss why global discourse on the importance of civil society is at stark odds with realities at home, and suggest a possible approach of building trust towards meeting a common sustainable development agenda.

The worsening shrinking of civic space worldwide

Julieta Zubrigg and Ines Pousadela, senior researchers from CIVICUS were first to present on CIVICUS’ initiatives to monitor the state of civil society, civic space, and enabling environment around the world.

Zubrigg started by presenting the key trends on Civic Space in last year’s CIVICUS Monitor, CIVICUS’ global attempt to describe the current realities of civic spaces around the world. The report aims to share reliable information on the state of civic space, civic freedoms (freedoms of assembly, association, expression), by rating every country in 5 categories from open to closed civic space. In 2021, almost 90% of the world’s population lived in countries where civil society freedoms are compromised (obstructed, repressed, closed), and 25% in a completely closed civic space.

Over the past year, they observed a downgrading of civic space rating in many countries around the world. This translated in violations such as detention of protesters (90 countries in 2021), intimidation, harassment, HRDs detained, restrictive laws, journalists detained, excessive force (70 countries), attacks on journalists, censorship, protest disruption.

Among these violations, restrictive laws were observed to be on the rise in 2021 compared to the previous year – a result of governments using the pandemic to implement additional legal restrictions on civic freedoms.

Even though more severe violations are usually documented in countries that are more repressed, “Violations of civic space are documented everywhere – detention of  protesters, for example, can be observed in countries with closed and open civic spaces”, noted Zubrigg.

Overall, the trend of shrinking civic space that has been observed and monitored for years is continuing if not worsening due to the multiple crisis the world is facing.

Civic space and freedoms trends: despite growing pressure and attacks, civil society finds ways to claim peoples’ rights.

Despite growing restrictions, civil society has found ways to speak up and claim their rights. Pousadela from CIVICUS then presented 5 major trends affecting civic space and civil society in 2022, and how people responded to it:

  1. Rising costs of fuel and food are spurring public anger and triggering protests at economic mismanagement and corruption.

She noted that protests have been happening everywhere, even in very authoritarian and repressive contexts such as in India or in Sri Lanka.

 

 

 

  1. Democracy is under assault in various ways – but advances are still being made.

Attacks against democracy and democratic regressions have been observed through military coups, new authoritarian regimes, democracy subverted from within by elected and popular leaders who rewrite constitutions, and anti-rights groups gaining grounds. She said that even though the overall picture is dark, civil society can still find reasons for hope as democracy has been deepening in some countries such as Chile or Honduras.

 

 

  1. Despite anti-rights backlash, civil society is making progress in challenging exclusion and claiming rights.

It has been observed that neoconservative and very well-funded groups are denying rights to women, LGBTQI people, migrants, and refugees. Anti-right forces are indeed on the rise but 2021 also witnessed some civil society victories. Even though the case of the US occupied the headlines, there are many more countries in the world that have made progress on claiming women’s rights, LGBTQI rights, and reproductive health, than countries where we have seen regression, and this is thanks to civil society action.

 

  1. Civil society is keeping up the pressure for climate action.

After the climate mobilisations of 2019, movements expected 2020 to be the year of climate action but it turned out to be the year of the pandemic. Civil society is working to make this happen now, with a lot of expectations into COP27. Civil society has been urging political leaders to listen to scientists, and diversified its tactics, in part due to the pandemic. Pousadela noted that we are already starting to see some victories in climate litigation, and accountability of private sector and states.

 

 

  1. Conflicts and crisis are exposing the inadequacies of the international governance system – and civil society is pushing for reform.

Civil society is acting at the global level to make international institutions more opened and inclusive of civil society actors. However, we are seeing yet again how civil society which is usually key in making human rights and international institutions work, is denied access to these spaces.

You may access more detailed information about CIVICUS researches on civic space in CIVICUS 2022 State of Civil Society Report.

How Covid shrank civic space

Charles Gay, Global Program Advisor on Governance and Rights of Christian Aid was next to report on their organisation’s 2021 study “How Covid Shrank Civic Space,” which analyses the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on civic space, with a focus through primary data from Bangladesh and Nigeria, and case studies of specific effects on Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the UK and Colombia.

The study also presents alternative ways of organising for civil society, as well as recommendations to protect and expand civic space. Just like CPDE’s Covid research, Christian Aid’s research highlights “many States used the pandemic to restrict civic space and liberties such as freedom of speech and assembly,” and “a sharp increase in governments’ surveillance.” Christian Aid also observed a significant shift towards the private sector becoming close allies to the government and providing support or receiving funding. Meanwhile, freedom of assembly and activism have been curtailed through oppressive regulations.

Civic space restrictions have been exacerbated by increasing operational risk: in a number of countries with governments hostile to civic space, registration has become increasingly problematic and civil society organisations are more vulnerable to government actions. “The study highlights a lack of meaningful engagement and recognition of CSO role in development, and a lack of transparency from governments”, said Gay.

Alternative organising offers a partial solution: the move to online civic space has brought new opportunities for certain groups and increase in audience. Yet it has also brought new inequalities of access and participation for those who are digitally excluded. This was also one of the findings of CPDE Covid-19 research.

Recommendation from CPDE 2022 VNR Study

Josefina Villegas, CPDE Membership and Policy Coordinator, was next to present the results of CPDE 2022 VNR Study: Challenge the ways of old: CSO demands for urgent and extraordinary actions in Effective Development Co-operation towards pandemic recovery.

The annual CPDE Voluntary National Review (VNR) Study was published last July 2022, in time for the UNHLPF in New York. It aims to bring CSO perspectives on how the VNR processes are being conducted at country level, and give insight on the effectiveness of said processes.

She highlighted the lack of meaningful engagement and recognition of CSO role in development that was also mentioned by Charles Gay, and deplored that the progress on all Istanbul principles (country ownership, inclusive partnership, transparency and accountability, focus on results) have either remain stagnant or have declined.

In this context, CPDE calls for extraordinary action aligned with EDC toward possible pandemic recovery. Villegas insisted that EDC should be seen both as a framework enjoining all development actors, especially duty-bearers, into honoring their commitments, and also as an approach to development which strengthens multilateralism that actually responds to issues on the ground.

She concluded with the main recommendations of the study: the need for governments to accelerate cascading of the SDGs from the national to the local level; to mainstream the inclusion and significant participation of civil society, especially from the marginalised sectors, to the 2030 Agenda implementation; to unlock barriers to transparency of the 2030 Agenda by allowing citizen verification and scrutiny of SDG processes; to reform government processes and budget planning to be more evidence-based and results-oriented; and to establish national Covid-19 resiliency plan that leaves no one behind.

Building trust towards an enabling environment

Matt Simonds, CPDE Senior Policy and Liaison Officer, the last speaker, presented on the subject of Building Trust towards an Enabling Environment initiative, and on upholding the role of CSOs as development actors in their own rights.

“The SDGs themselves emphasise the need for inclusive partnerships and how government should engage with other actors, including but not limited to civil society,”, he argued.

Several global agreements recognise civil society’s role in development, but these are too often not respected by the signing States at the country level. According to him, “CSOs are currently hampered in their ability to fulfill their mandate and achieve the SDGs”, especially at the local level.

He explained that “the disabling environment is unique to each country,” pointing to the “need to focus efforts towards enabling environment at the national level, and bring all stakeholders at the negotiation table to build trust and enable fruitful collaborations between these different actors.”

During the open forum, a participant expressed hope to see civil society operate independently: “How can we get out of this rhetorical advocacy on building trust between governments and CSOs and let civil society operate somehow independently – not necessarily in opposition to governments but independently internationally?”

Matt Simonds responded by recalling the need to keep thinking and pushing for new enabling ways for civil society, from the local to international level: “The commitments at the global level are not translating into a reality of improved environment for civil society. We are trying to find solutions to reverse this trend.”

Global to Action against Poverty’s Ingo Ritz added that the purpose of the 2022 GPA is precisely to provide a space for CSOs to collaborate independently on these pressing issues.

Glenis Balangue eventually wrapped up the session with an activists’ favorite: “They tried to bury us and they didn’t know we were seeds.’ “As sprouts, we civil society members, grassroot organisations, and peoples’ organisations will continue to collaborate and fight repression and demand justice, not only for civil and political rights but also for social, economic, and cultural rights,” she concluded.

 

You may watch the full event recording below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CPDE to hold sessions on civic space, youth participation in climate action at Global People’s Assembly

16. September 2022 - 17:49

The CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness is co-organising two sessions at the Global People’s Assembly on Wednesday, 21 September 2022.

Held in time for the United Nations General Assembly high-level week, the Global People’s Assembly is a space that aims to bring the voices of the people to the forefront.

One session, on Civic Freedoms and Civil Society Participation, was organised in partnership with CIVICUS, and will happen 12:00 – 13:00 EST | 18:00 – 19:00 CET (register here). The other, co-hosted with MY World Mexico and available in Spanish, will tackle Youth meaningful engagement in climate action and SDGs in Latin America. It will be held 14:00 – 15:00 EST | 20:00 – 21:00 CET (register here) Check out the full Global People’s Assembly programme here for more information. #

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What does Effective Development Cooperation in Climate Finance look like?    

9. September 2022 - 8:34

In various arenas, environmental activists and advocates have opined that climate finance, if not climate action, must be anchored on principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities. But a bleak scenario has been steadily brewing for the past decade, with developed nations that should be at the forefront of providing climate aid and reparations leaving much to be desired in their commitments and pledges, as translated into their biennial reports and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).[1]

These days, voluntary, “nationally appropriated” contributions have become the new norm in climate aid delivery. The situation calls for heightened efforts to ensure that climate finance is first and foremost, effective, participatory and is attuned to the needs of Southern developing countries. These countries have been for so long paying the price for climate breakdown and the ensuing catastrophes — something that they have least contributed to themselves.

How do we guarantee that the promise of climate finance made continually by the world’s historic emitters year after year goes beyond mere lip service and endows lasting impact, especially at the country level?

In line with its advocacy to universalise Effective Development Cooperation (EDC), CPDE aims to bring the urgency of the climate emergency and its grave impacts on communities at the centre of development discourse. It argues that climate finance must be informed by the four development effectiveness principles: financing climate actions for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) must uphold democratic ownership, transparency and accountability, inclusive partnerships for development, and focus on country-determined results.

Current discussions and actions in the climate finance arena reveal multiple gaps in the application of these principles. These, in turn, hinder climate action towards reducing current GHG emissions and rising global temperature.

The call for effectiveness within climate finance presents an opportunity for all climate stakeholders. For civil society in particular, effectiveness will help develop the mechanism into one that includes and empower communities at the national, regional, and sectoral levels.

The proposal for an EDC-centred climate finance infrastructure and mechanism entails the following principles:

 

Country ownership that is both inclusive and democratic

Meeting the needs of the most vulnerable and marginalised does not end at allocating direct, adequate resources as quickly as possible. To be inclusive or effective, climate aid must gurantee developing countries set their own national development priorities. To meet that end, participation of country stakeholders and CSOs must also go beyond episodic consultation conducted by governments.

Enhancing inclusion and meaningful participation of CSOs in development planning and UNFCCC processes is part and parcel of making climate finance more accessible to the grassroots communities that ultimately bear the brunt of the climate crisis. This includes development partners and other relevant actors aligning their support to country systems and communities and territorial priorities, on top of acknowledging the traditional knowledge and skill sets held by people on the ground. . Within climate resources and investment leverage and negotiations, proposing false “zero emissions” and “net zero” approaches which are really fossil-fueled or fossil-dependent is known to be the most widespread and common practice. Fossil fuel projects are also still being approved[2], funded, and initiated, despite the latest IPCC report urgent recommendations.

 

Enhanced transparency and accountability at the country level

With too few mutual accountability mechanisms existing at the country level, we are risking a present and near future where developed countries’ accountability to NDCs remains increasingly weak, apart from it being voluntary. Moreover, this results in climate aid that is nowhere near being truly additional to ODA.

A meaningful country-level accountability mechanism is established when countries and their development partners build country-level processes that go beyond being consultative. Said processes must be accompanied by capacity development measures that aim to aid country stakeholders in using data to strengthen accountability.

Transparency in climate finance will then be achieved when deliberate steps are taken to ensure that all related information towards tracking development progress is publicly available for concerned citizens and country-level CSOs’ access.[3] This entails disaggregating existing and future data in tracking the reporting of ODA allotted to climate finance as well as rightfully addressing the yawning gap between grants and loans in the effective delivery of climate finance — putting(prioritising?)  people’s interests over profit.

 

Enabling environment for inclusive partnerships

Establishing an open civic space upholds inclusive partnerships as a core principle in achieving development cooperation. An open civic space is one which is free from harassment and human rights violations, and ensures sustained civic engagement and meaningful participation at the subnational level.

An enabling environment acknowledges what civil society can bring to the table, recognising that a whole-of-society approach is essential and influential in fostering human rights, inclusive decision-making, and transformative change in climate response.

All development actors must then step up in creating the legal and political regulations which enable the necessary space t for CSOs, allowing for o truly promoting climate finance partnerships with donors, community-based organisations, and local governments that focus on empowerment, decision-making, and capacity development. Hand in hand with this is ensuring climate finance will/shall never be weaponized at the expense not only of human rights and environmental defenders’ rights[4] but also of people and their communities, biodiversity, ecosystems and the environment.

 

Focus on country-determined results

While country-led frameworks are the foundation of inclusive development, a robust monitoring and evaluation system is equally crucial in assessing whether investments are reaping long-term benefits for recipient countries.

Results should lead to climate resilience. Climate finance will therefore be effective when the impacts of development objectives and outcomes are examined based on whether they fulfil “country-owned” strategies and priorities. This includes applying, regularly monitoring, and assessing adherence to the development effectiveness principles in the administration of climate finance, especially those furnished by bilateral donors, international financing institutions (IFIs), and multilateral development banks (MDBs).

Development cooperation can be achieved and further upheld by ensuring climate finance allocated in mitigation and adaptation projects produces long lasting transformative results. This also aligns with the global South’s call for an increase in adaptation resources, urgently upscaling the use of grants over loans to revert indebtedness trends linked to climate finance resource allocation, as well as incorporating the need for specific loss and damage climate finance.

As tactics posing as sustainable solutions threaten to jeopardise the essence of climate response/commitments and the communities in dire need of it, civil society must call for equity and justice to truly reflect how aid and reparations should be implemented in the just transition towards a sustainable future for all diverse forms of life in our planet. #

[1] Parties’ current NDCs are not on track in meeting the Paris Agreement’s goals, with identified problems ranging from a lack of adequate finance and capacity to insufficient political commitment and pandemic-related economic downturn.

[2] For instance, seven new oil and gas projects funded by the United Kingdom, United States, and Exxon Mobil among others have sprung left and right in Latin America, Africa, and the North Sea.

[3] 40% of the countries surveyed by CPDE in 2019 shared that access to required information at the national level was seen to be non-existent or very poor, with very few country-level CSOs accessing or using data from the OECD DAC or the IATI.

[4] The Escazú Agreement (Acuerdo de Escazú), entered into force in 2021, plays a significant role as the first regional treaty to regulate the legal protection of environmental and human rights defenders in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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Global People’s Assembly 2022: Time is Now: Act for peace, climate, and justice

8. September 2022 - 11:17

CPDE joins other civil society organisations at the Global People’s Assembly, which will take place virtually from the 20th to 22nd of September 2022.

The Global People’s Assembly is a self-organised space during the United Nations General Assembly high-level week. It aims is to bring the voices of the people to the forefront, at a time where decision makers engage in high-level debate without people’s involvement.

Activities include various sessions, on such topics as proposals for a more democratic UN, civic freedoms and civil society participation, gender equality and systemic challenges, financing for development, For its part, CPDE is organising a side-event on the meaningful engagement of youth in climate action and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Global People’s Assembly will culminate in a virtual Global Justice March on 22 September 2022, 10-11 UDT.

Sign on to a statement titled Time is Now: Act for peace, climate, and justice via this link. And to view the entire programme here.  #

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CPDE Statement on World Humanitarian Day

22. August 2022 - 17:23

The CPDE Task Force on Nexus Issues secretariat shared this statement last 19 August 2022 for this year’s World Humanitarian Day.

Conflicts and crises remain to be the primary causes of the need for humanitarian responses. This year, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimated that around 274 million people would need humanitarian assistance and protection. This estimate supersedes the previous highest figure as new conflicts and crises continue to emerge and as the Covid-19 pandemic continues to have a disrupting effect up to this day.

Although many vulnerable people are affected by war, violence, climate and food crises, national and regional instability, and disease outbreaks, the growth of international humanitarian assistance has stalled in the past few years. There have also been increased attacks on humanitarian workers, preventing critical supply delivery to affected populations and further threatening people’s human rights and livelihoods.

On today’s World Humanitarian Day, we are one in recognizing the importance of accessible humanitarian assistance and protection to people in conflict and crisis-stricken areas. We stand in solidarity with all humanitarian workers, volunteers, and civilians and support their way to recovery. We call on world leaders to responsibly address the issues of conflicts and crises and to uphold international humanitarian law to protect humanitarian workers and civilians. We call for strengthened cooperation between development and humanitarian partners towards the protection of human rights and welfare and the realization of our shared vision of just and lasting peace.

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