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Discussions on development opportunities and challenges
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Three challenges threatening the multilateral development system and possible solutions

2. Dezember 2022 - 17:14

By Abdoulaye Fabregas, Economist, Jieun Kim, Policy Analyst, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, and Olivier Cattaneo, Head, Policy Analysis and Strategy Unit, OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, and Adjunct Professor, Paris School of International Affairs in SciencesPo

Halfway into the implementation timeframe of Agenda 2030, the multilateral development system is under growing pressure, faced with the continued fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing war launched by Russia against Ukraine. The war has aggravated global inflationary pressures; food and energy prices are soaring, threatening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable. This week, the UN launched a record USD 51.5 billion humanitarian appeal for 2023. In this challenging context, our new report shows that the multilateral development system is confronting three paradoxes.

The post Three challenges threatening the multilateral development system and possible solutions appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Le numérique au service de l’éducation en Afrique de l’Ouest

1. Dezember 2022 - 15:41

Par Guy Mehou, Économiste Macro-Financier & Charles Millogo, Responsable de l‘Économie Numérique, La Banque Ouest Africaine de Développement (BOAD)

En Afrique subsaharienne, l’insuffisance de connectivité constitue encore un frein majeur au développement des systèmes éducatifs. L’accès à Internet dans les pays de l’Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) – estimé à 10.2 % au Niger et à 39.5 % au Sénégal – est en effet loin de la moyenne mondiale qui est à 56.7 % et des performances des pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes évaluées à 68.3 %. Aussi, non seulement posséder un ordinateur ou une tablette est réservé à un nombre limité, mais l’accès au réseau de communication électronique haut débit disponible et de qualité reste tout de même assez préoccupant.

The post Le numérique au service de l’éducation en Afrique de l’Ouest appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps?

25. November 2022 - 15:24

By Welby Leaman, Senior Director Global Policy Strategy, Walmart, Ana Valero, Director of Public Affairs and Regulatory for Latin America, Telefónica and Amy Alvarez, AVP, International External and Regulatory Affairs, AT&T

As the shift towards digitalisation intensifies, closing digital gaps between and within countries is paramount to ensuring inclusive development. For this reason, beyond supporting connectivity, regulations should prioritise closing digital gaps across regions, businesses or socioeconomic groups, lowering the rural-urban divide and eliminating disparities linked to education and gender.

The post Can digitalisation spur growth and close gaps? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking

24. November 2022 - 17:41

By David McNair, Executive Director for Global Policy at The ONE Campaign and Non-Resident Scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Daouda Sembane, CGD Distinguished Nonresident Fellow and/or AfriCatalyst CEO

African countries have more than doubled their debt stocks in the last decade. In an era of historically low interest rates that made sense, given the continent’s massive infrastructure needs, high security spending and rising social expenditure driven by a rapidly growing population. But that era is now over.

The post Why today’s debt crisis requires a different kind of thinking appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Growing green in Mozambique

23. November 2022 - 16:53

By Köeti Serôdio, Programme Manager Resilience (Humanitarian, Climate Action & Social Protection), Growing Green

Marta Uetela is a young Mozambican who is transforming the lives of people with disabilities. She founded the revolutionary green start-up BioMec, which developed the world’s first prosthetics and eco-wheelchairs made of recycled plastic marine litter.

Despite being the fifth most affected country by extreme weather over the past two decades, characterised by high levels of poverty and inequality and going through an armed conflict - Mozambique’s extraordinary resilience and determination is best expressed by its young, creative and determined population.  

Marta was able to grow her innovations through the financial, technical and mentoring support provided through Ireland’s Growing Green initiative. The initiative supports the identification, testing and promotion of local, low-cost, climate-sensitive and innovative solutions by enabling young entrepreneurs to grow their climate-positive businesses. It uses two funding strands: one supports trialling and testing ideas for small projects in their very early stages (the Head of Mission Fund); the other helps scale up promising initiatives that performed well and have sustainability and scalability potential (the Emerging Opportunities Fund).

The post Growing green in Mozambique appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How to close the gender care gap in Sub Saharan Africa

22. November 2022 - 16:23

By Madina M. Guloba, Development Economist and Senior Research Fellow at the Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC) in Kampala, Uganda

Due to gender bias and the patriarchal nature of many African economies, care work, especially unpaid, is considered a woman’s prerogative. This is often intertwined with negative social and cultural norms. In this context, is paternity leave a realistic solution to closing the gender care gap?

In my country, Uganda, the article 33 of the 1995 constitution codifies equal opportunities for women in the economic, social and political spheres, so that they can realise their full potential. It states that women have the right to affirmative action to redress the imbalances created by a history of sociocultural norms that undermine their status in society. Yet, it does not provide clear strategies for reducing the unpaid care workload at home and in workplaces

The post <strong>How to close the gender care gap in Sub Saharan Africa</strong> appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Scaling innovations to accelerate progress towards development and climate goals

21. November 2022 - 13:46

By Benjamin Kumpf, Head of OECD Innovation for Development Facility, Johannes F. Linn, Co-founder Scaling Up Community of Practice and Senior Fellow at Brookings Institution, and Parnika Jhunjhunwala, Junior Innovation Specialist at OECD Innovation for Development Facility

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C necessitates radical, quick and large-scale transformations, as echoed throughout the IPCC’s 1.5°C Special Report. The same is true for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. To achieve these transformations, we need disruptive, context-fitting, technological and social innovation, and to create incentives to ensure that once proven effective, innovations are scaled-up. Unfortunately, too many promising innovations fall into the ‘pilot project trap’ and fail to have an impact at the national, regional and global scales.

The post Scaling innovations to accelerate progress towards development and climate goals appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Four key practices for a more effective philanthropic sector

18. November 2022 - 15:47

By Larry Kramer, President, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The past two years have changed the terrain on which philanthropy works, not least by bringing overdue recognition to persistent racial, gender, and wealth disparities. This, in turn, has served as a call to action for philanthropy and international development institutions to examine how our own practices have contributed to creating or perpetuating inequity. More importantly, it is a call to do something about it.

We have, at the same time, seen a massive infusion of new capital into philanthropy, a by-product of huge fortunes that have been made in recent years. These new resources offer an opportunity for philanthropy to change as well as grow. We need to create a new “normal”, one that does a better job at advancing the goals and aspirations we talk about but seldom achieve.

The post Four key practices for a more effective philanthropic sector appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Africa’s COP: Where does West Africa stand with respect to the global climate agenda?

17. November 2022 - 11:14

By Brilé Anderson, OECD Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat

The year’s COP27 is being called ‘Africa’s COP’. Even though African countries bear little responsibility for global emissions, they bear some of the harshest impacts. But far from being passive observers, they are active participants in the global climate agenda.

All 17 West African countries have submitted nationally determined contributions (NDCs) - their plans to cut emissions and adapt to climate change under the Paris Agreement. NDCs offer insights for participants at COP27 into the region’s ambition, financing needs and ability to implement.

The post Africa’s COP: Where does West Africa stand with respect to the global climate agenda? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why do we need to invest in quality infrastructure?

7. November 2022 - 17:17

By Koki Hirota, Professor, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama University and Visiting Fellow, JICA Ogata Sadako Research Institute for Peace and Development

According to the principles adopted by the G20, quality infrastructure investment consists of six key components: maximising sustainable growth, economic efficiency throughout the life cycle, environmental considerations, resilience, social considerations and governance.

Infrastructure investment inherently has an inclusive dimension in a sense that it benefits a broad range of people. As infrastructure stock increases, so does its maintenance spending, thus smaller life cycle costs will enhance the sustainability of infrastructure services. Quality infrastructure investment aims not only to invest in resilience and sustainability, for instance through disaster risk reduction or renewable energy, but also for these objectives to be part of the selection criteria and design of all projects.

The post Why do we need to invest in quality infrastructure? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

De nouvelles perspectives énergétiques pour l’Afrique

19. Oktober 2022 - 14:04

Par Arnaud Rouget, Directeur du programme Afrique de l’Agence Internationale de l’Énergie

La pandémie a eu de lourdes conséquences sur le développement énergétique de l’Afrique. Alors que, depuis 2013, le nombre de personnes ayant accès à l’électricité augmentait - mettant ainsi le continent sur la bonne voie pour atteindre l’objectif de développement durable n°7 (« Énergie propre et d’un coût abordable ») d’ici 2030 – ce progrès s’est inversé pour la première fois en 2020. Ainsi, aujourd’hui, 600 millions d’africains vivent sans accès à l’électricité.

The post De nouvelles perspectives énergétiques pour l’Afrique appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Why Multilateral Development Banks Must Step Up on Debt Relief

13. Oktober 2022 - 9:29

By Rishikesh Ram Bhandary, PhD, Assistant Director of the Global Economic Governance Initiative at the Boston University Global Development Policy Center and Sara Jane Ahmed is the founder of the Financial Futures Center and Finance Advisor to the V20 Group of Finance Ministers

As creditors are often reluctant to participate in a debt restructuring unless other creditors participate, a guarantee facility hosted by the MDBs could secure payments to private creditors. This would incentivise the private sector to join the debt relief effort while reducing what countries owe. The Group of 20 (G20) appointed an independent expert group on capital adequacy frameworks for MDBs that has reaffirmed the amount of headroom – USD 500 billion to USD 1 trillion - that MDBs have to scale up their lending programmes.

The post <strong>Why Multilateral Development Banks Must Step Up on Debt Relief</strong> appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How can we improve development co-operation in fragile contexts?

12. Oktober 2022 - 10:35

By Jessica Voorhees, Digital Communications Officer, OECD

We live in an age of crises. Some places are better able to manage and absorb these shocks than others: countries and territories that are exposed to economic, environmental, political and societal risks, but lack the capacity to cope with them, are considered “fragile” by the OECD. This article explores how development actors can support these populations in addressing not only the impact of crises but also the root causes of fragility.

The post How can we improve development co-operation in fragile contexts? appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

It’s time to put productive capacities at the heart of every development strategy

7. Oktober 2022 - 16:45

By Paul Akiwumi, Director, Division for Africa, Least Developed Countries and Special Programme, UNCTAD and Ratnakar Adhikari, Executive Director, Enhanced Integrated Framework

Over the past two decades, the 46 least developed countries (LDCs) have recorded relatively robust economic growth, averaging an annual rate of 5.7% from 2001 to 2019. However, this growth has not necessarily translated into improved development outcomes:  many LDCs are still plagued by poverty, food insecurity and inequality.

These conditions worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic, when LDCs registered their worst socio-economic performance since the 1980s. Barring a few exceptions, LDCs have a limited capacity to react to exogenous shocks, which makes their socio-economic progress fragile. A number of factors undermine their resilience, notably limited  economic diversification and human capital development and weak production systems.

The post It’s time to put productive capacities at the heart of every development strategy appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

How women stabilise and grow economies in Africa

4. Oktober 2022 - 16:40

By Anzetse Were, Senior Economist at FSD Kenya

Women’s contributions to economic output and baseline economic welfare tend to be underestimated due the double injustice of unpaid care work and unpaid work. This double injustice denies women of the compensation, reward, recognition and upward income mobility that come with performing economic tasks - even when the output of those tasks is counted in official calculations. Most often, unpaid care work is neither formally counted as economic output, nor is it compensated. Instead, it is seen as women’s responsibility, due to their gender. This ultimately means that the immense amount of time, effort and skill women (and girls) put into the economy is invisible.

Unpaid care work denies women economic rewards for their time, effort and skills, while compromising their career and business trajectories. In Africa, women spend 3.4 more time in unpaid care work than men and women work more hours than men when unpaid care work and paid work are added together. Further, due to high fertility rates combined with women’s high labour force participation rates, 85% of women in Africa are employed and have care responsibilities.

The post How women stabilise and grow economies in Africa appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Tackling data scarcity in developing countries through public-private partnerships

29. September 2022 - 15:19

By Mustafizur Rahman, Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Bangladesh

Government agencies are the custodians of official data. They are in charge of reporting on national performance in SDG-related and other areas. However, in developing countries, lack of human resources, financial constraints and also lack of access to modern data generation tools often prevent agencies from producing the data countries need. In turn, without access to reliable data, policy makers struggle to take appropriate decisions and to assess and monitor progress of policy implementation.

Non-state actors, including think tanks, NGOs and the private sector, gather and produce significant amounts of information.  This trove of rich and useful data could serve as a powerful tool for policymakers to identify challenges, assess key variables, and quantify progress.

Can public-private partnerships be an effective means of addressing data gaps in developing countries?

The post Tackling data scarcity in developing countries through public-private partnerships appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english

Five ways to build resilience in Nigeria’s education system

15. September 2022 - 16:50

By Adedeji Adeniran, Director of Research at the Centre for the Study of the Economies of Africa (CSEA) and Thelma Obiakor, PhD Candidate at the London School of Economics and Political Science

Nigeria has the highest rate of out-of-school children, low literacy rates, and high inequalities between and within groups in terms of education access and learning outcomes. The pandemic further reduced school attendance by approximately 17%, particularly among adolescents aged 15 to 18, according to a working paper by Dessy et al. For many school-aged children, temporary school closures have become permanent.

Meanwhile, evidence suggests about half a year’s worth of learning loss on average across the country. In other African countries with data, the learning loss ranges from eight months (South Africa) to two years (Uganda).  

New thinking and innovations are required to rebuild Nigeria’s education system. Based on our research and practice in the sector, we have pinpointed five ways in which Nigeria’s education sector can achieve an inclusive recovery from the pandemic.

The post <strong>Five ways to build resilience in Nigeria’s education system</strong> appeared first on Development Matters.

Kategorien: english